Reference List

Last updated: Mon Dec 18 14:53:59 2017
Number of entries in database: 955
(c) Ross Bannister, Data Assimilation Research Centre, University of Reading, UK
Article typeAuthor(s)YearTitleJournalNo. pagesLocal link (and comments)
ArticleAbbas, MM and Michelsen, HA and Gunson, MR and Abrams, MC and Newchurch, MJ and Salawitch, RJ and Chang, AY and Goldman, A and Irion, FW and Manney, GL and others1996Seasonal variations of water vapor in the lower stratosphere inferred from ATMOS/ATLAS-3 measurements of H2O and CH4Geophysical Research Letters 23 (17) 2401--24044----
In proceedingsAlexander, GP2015PX436: General Relativity 0 (0) 1--133133general_relativity_px436.pdf
ArticleAlves, O and Robert, C2005Tropical Pacific Ocean model error covariances from Monte Carlo simulationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (613) 3643--365816----
Ensemble Kalman Filter
ArticleAmerault, Clark and Zou, Xiaolei2006Comparison of model-produced and observed microwave radiances and estimation of background error covariances for hydrometeor variables within hurricanesMonthly Weather Review 134 (3) 745--75814Amerault+Zou_2006.pdf
BookAmes, W. F.1958Numerical methods for partial differential equations 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleAmezcua, Javier and van Leeuwen, Peter Jan2014Gaussian anamorphosis in the analysis step of the EnKF: a joint state-variable/observation approachTellus A 66 (0) 0--01----
ArticleAmezcua, Javier and Goodliff, Michael and Van Leeuwen, Peter Jan2017A weak-constraint 4DEnsembleVar. Part I: formulation and simple model experimentsTellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography 69 (1) 1271564--12715641AmezcuaEtAl_2017.pdf
ArticleAncell, Brian C2013Nonlinear characteristics of ensemble perturbation evolution and their application to forecasting high-impact eventsWeather and Forecasting 28 (6) 1353--136513Ancell_2013.pdf
ArticleAnderson, Jeffrey L and Anderson, Stephen L1999A Monte Carlo implementation of the nonlinear filtering problem to produce ensemble assimilations and forecastsMonthly Weather Review 127 (12) 2741--275818----
Inflation factor
ArticleAndersson, Erik and Jarvinen, Heikki1999Variational quality controlQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 125 (554) 697--72226Anderson+Jarvinen_1999.pdf
ArticleAndersson, Erik and Fisher, Mike and Munro, Rosemary and McNally, Anthony2000Diagnosis of background errors for radiances and other observable quantities in a variational data assimilation scheme, and the explanation of a case of poor convergenceQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 126 (565) 1455--147218----
Randomisation method
ArticleAnderson, Jeffrey L2001An ensemble adjustment Kalman filter for data assimilationMonthly Weather Review 129 (12) 2884--290320----
ArticleAnderson, Jeffrey L2007Exploring the need for localization in ensemble data assimilation using a hierarchical ensemble filterPhysica D: Nonlinear Phenomena 230 (1) 99--11113----
ArticleAnderson, Jeffrey L2012Localization and sampling error correction in ensemble Kalman filter data assimilationMonthly Weather Review 140 (7) 2359--237113----
ArticleAndersson, Erik and Haseler, Jan and Unden, Per and Courtier, Philippe and Kelly, Graeme and Vasiljevic, Drasko and Brankovic, Cedo and Gaffard, Catherine and Hollingsworth, Anthony and Jakob, Christian and others1998The ECMWF implementation of three-dimensional variational assimilation (3D-Var). III: Experimental resultsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 124 (550) 1831--186030----
ArticleAndersson, E and Holm, E and Bauer, P and Beljaars, A and Kelly, GA and McNally, AP and Simmons, AJ and Thepaut, J-N and Tompkins, AM2007Analysis and forecast impact of the main humidity observing systemsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 133 (627) 1473--148513----
ArticleAndersson, Erik and Jarvinen, Heikki1999Variational quality controlQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 125 (554) 697--72226Anderson+Jarvinen_1999.pdf
Non-Gaussian
In proceedingsArbogast, E and Berre, L and Brousseau, P and Chabot, V and Desroziers, G and Menetrier, B and Michel, Y and Montmerle, T2015Development of 4DEnVar at Meteo-France 0 (0) 1--1717Desroziers_Boulder_07-10_March_2016_4DEnVar.pdf
Propagation of B without TLM and adjoint
ArticleArgaud, Jean-Philippe and Bouriquet, Bertrand and Hunt, Julian2009Data assimilation from operational and industrial applications to complex systemsMathematics Today 0 (0) 150--1523----
ECMI conference, 2008
ArticleAuger, Ludovic and Dupont, Olivier and Hagelin, Susanna and Brousseau, Pierre and Brovelli, Pascal2015AROME--NWC: a new nowcasting tool based on an operational mesoscale forecasting systemQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 141 (690) 1603--16119AugerEtAl_2015.pdf
ArticleAuligne, T and McNally, AP and Dee, DP2007Adaptive bias correction for satellite data in a numerical weather prediction systemQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 133 (624) 631--64212AuligneEtAl_2007.pdf
ArticleAuligne, T and Lorenc, A and Michel, Y and Montmerle, T and Jones, A and Hu, M and Dudhia, J2011Toward a new cloud analysis and prediction systemBulletin of the American Meteorological Society 92 (2) 207--2071AuligneEtAl_2011.pdf
ArticleAuligne, Thomas and Menetrier, Benjamin and Lorenc, Andrew C and Buehner, Mark2016Ensemble-Variational Integrated Localized Data AssimilationMonthly Weather Review 144 (10) 3677--369620AuligneEtAl_2016.pdf
ArticleAumann, Hartmut H and Chahine, Moustafa T and Gautier, Catherine and Goldberg, Mitchell D and Kalnay, Eugenia and McMillin, Larry M and Revercomb, Hank and Rosenkranz, Philip W and Smith, William L and Staelin, David H and others2003AIRS/AMSU/HSB on the Aqua mission: Design, science objectives, data products, and processing systemsIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 41 (2) 253--26412AumannEtAl_2003.pdf
ArticleAustin, Pauline M1987Relation between measured radar reflectivity and surface rainfallMonthly Weather Review 115 (5) 1053--107018----
ArticleBaker, Laura and Rudd, Alison and Migliorini, Stefano and Bannister, Ross2014Representation of model error in a convective-scale ensemble prediction systemNonlinear Processes in Geophysics 21 (0) 19--3921BakerEtAl2014.pdf
Rank histograms, spread-skill plot
ArticleBaker, Wayman E and Bloom, Stephen C and Woollen, John S and Nestler, Mark S and Brin, Eugenia and Schlatter, Thomas W and Branstator, Grant W1987Experiments with a three-dimensional statistical objective analysis scheme using FGGE dataMonthly Weather Review 115 (1) 272--29625----
ArticleBaldauf, Michael and Seifert, Axel and Forstner, Jochen and Majewski, Detlev and Raschendorfer, Matthias and Reinhardt, Thorsten2011Operational convective-scale numerical weather prediction with the COSMO model: description and sensitivitiesMonthly Weather Review 139 (12) 3887--390519BaldaufEtAl_2011.pdf
ArticleBaldwin, MP and Gray, LJ and Dunkerton, TJ and Hamilton, K and Haynes, PH and Randel, WJ and Holton, JR and Alexander, MJ and Hirota, I and Horinouchi, T and others2001The quasi-biennial oscillationReviews of Geophysics 39 (2) 179--22951----
ArticleBalgovind, R and Dalcher, A and Ghil, M and Kalnay, E1983A stochastic-dynamic model for the spatial structure of forecast error statisticsMonthly Weather Review 111 (4) 701--72222----
Rossby radius
In proceedingsBallard, Susan P and Macpherson, Bruce and Li, Zhihong and Simonin, David and Caron, Jean-Francois and Buttery, Helen and Charlton-Perez, Cristina and Gaussiat, Nicolas and Hawkness-Smith, Lee and Piccolo, Chiara and others2012Convective scale data assimilation and nowcasting 0 (0) 0--01BallardEtAl_2011.pdf
ArticleBallard, Susan P and Li, Zhihong and Simonin, David and Caron, Jean-Francois2016Performance of 4D-Var NWP-based nowcasting of precipitation at the Met Office for summer 2012Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 142 (694) 472--48716BallardEtAl_2016.pdf
ArticleBannister, Ross N2001Elementary 4D-VarDARC Technical Report 0 (2) 1--1616----
ArticleBannister, Ross N2002Assimilation of research satellite data into Met Office 3D-Var system. Part I: Forward models and adjoints for layer averaging operators for 3DVar - T, O3, RHDARC Technical Report 0 (3) 1--1313----
ArticleBannister, Ross2003On control variable transforms in the Met Office 3D and 4D Var., and a description of the proposed waveband summation transformationDARC Technical Report 5 (0) 1--4545----
ArticleBannister, Ross2003The method of least squares used to invert an orbit problemAmerican Journal of Physics 71 (12) 1268--12758----
ArticleBannister, RN and O'neill, A and Gregory, AR and Nissen, KM2004The role of the south-east Asian monsoon and other seasonal features in creating the `tape-recorder' signal in the Unified ModelQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 130 (599) 1531--155424----
General circulation model, Stratosphere-tropopsphere exchange, Stratospheric water vapour, Tropical tropopause
ArticleBannister, RN and Cullen, MJP2004The implementation of a PV-based leading control variable in variational data assimilation. Part 1: transformsDARC Technical Report 6 (0) 1--2929----
ArticleBannister2004Iterative solvers and minimization algorithms 0 (0) 1--1515----
ArticleBannister, Ross N2007Can wavelets improve the representation of forecast error covariances in variational data assimilation?Monthly Weather Review 135 (2) 387--40822----
In proceedingsBannister, Ross N and Cullen, Mike JP2007A regime-dependent balanced control variable based on potential vorticity 0 (0) 101--11212----
ArticleBannister, RN2007Collection of results on background error covariance modelsDARC Technical Report 7 (0) 1--2424----
ArticleBannister, RN2009A reduced rank Kalman filter 0 (0) 1--1515----
ArticleBannister, Ross N2008A review of forecast error covariance statistics in atmospheric variational data assimilation. I: Characteristics and measurements of forecast error covariancesQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 134 (637) 1951--197020----
Background error statistics, balance, calibration, multivariate, separability
ArticleBannister, Ross N2008A review of forecast error covariance statistics in atmospheric variational data assimilation. II: Modelling the forecast error covariance statisticsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 134 (637) 1971--199626----
Balance, control variable transforms, flow dependency, multivariate
ArticleBannister, Ross Noel and Katz, D and Cullen, MJP and Lawless, AS and Nichols, NK2008Modelling of forecast errors in geophysical fluid flowsInternational journal for numerical methods in fluids 56 (8) 1147--11537----
ArticleBannister, RN and Cullen, MJP2008New PV-based control variables for Met Office Var 0 (0) 1--1818----
In collectionBannister, RN2010The role of balance in data assimilation 0 (0) 393--3997----
ArticleBannister, Ross N2011Issues in the assimilation of the sources of a trace gas by inverse modellingComputers & Fluids 46 (1) 106--1127Bannister2011.pdf
Inverse modelling, cost function, B-matrix
ArticleBannister, Ross N and Migliorini, Stefano and Dixon, MAG2011Ensemble prediction for nowcasting with a convection-permitting model--II: forecast error statisticsTellus A 63 (3) 497--51216Bannister2011_ensemble.pdf
ArticleBannister, Ross N2015How is the Balance of a Forecast Ensemble Affected by Adaptive and Nonadaptive Localization Schemes?Monthly Weather Review 143 (9) 3680--369920----
ArticleBannister, RN2017A review of operational methods of variational and ensemble-variational data assimilationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 143 (0) 607--63327Bannister2017.pdf
ArticleBannister, RN and Martinez-Alvarado, O and Livings, DM and Wlasak M0Some challenges in moisture assimilation for the convective-scaleIn preparation 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleBanyai, L2012Some remarks on linear least squares fits with errors in both coordinatesActa Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica 47 (4) 441--45212Banyai_2012.pdf
ArticleBarker, Dale M and Huang, W and Guo, Yong-Run and Bourgeois, AJ and Xiao, QN2004A three-dimensional variational data assimilation system for MM5: Implementation and initial resultsMonthly Weather Review 132 (4) 897--91418----
ArticleBarker, DM2005Southern high-latitude ensemble data assimilation in the Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction SystemMonthly Weather Review 133 (12) 3431--344919----
ArticleBarker, DM and Lorenc, AC1999The use of synoptically-dependent background error structures in 3DVarMet Office VAR Scientific Documentation Paper 26 (11) 0--01----
Errors of the day
ArticleBarker, Dale and Huang, Xiang-Yu and Liu, Zhiquan and Auligne, Tom and Zhang, Xin and Rugg, Steven and Ajjaji, Raji and Bourgeois, Al and Bray, John and Chen, Yongsheng and others2012The weather research and forecasting model's community variational/ensemble data assimilation system: WRFDABulletin of the American Meteorological Society 93 (6) 831--84313----
ArticleBarkmeijer, Jan and Bouttier, Franccois and van Gijzen, Martin1998Singular vectors and estimates of the analysis-error covariance metricQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 124 (549) 1695--171319----
Referenced by Fisher and Andersson, 2001
ArticleBarkmeuer, J and Buizza, R and Palmer, TN19993D-Var Hessian singular vectors and their potential use in the ECMWF ensemble prediction systemQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 125 (558) 2333--235119----
Referenced by Fisher and Andersson, 2001
ArticleBartello, Peter and Mitchell, Herschel L1992A continuous three-dimensional model of short-range forecast error covariancesTellus A 44 (3) 217--23519----
ArticleBartello, Peter1995Geostrophic adjustment and inverse cascades in rotating stratified turbulenceJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 52 (24) 4410--442819----
ArticleBarthlott, Christian and Burton, Ralph and Kirshbaum, Daniel and Hanley, Kirsty and Richard, Evelyne and Chaboureau, Jean-Pierre and Trentmann, Jorg and Kern, Bastian and Bauer, Hans-Stefan and Schwitalla, Thomas and others2011Initiation of deep convection at marginal instability in an ensemble of mesoscale models: a case-study from COPSQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 137 (0) 118--13619BarthlottEtAl_2011.pdf
ArticleBarthlott, Christian and Davolio, Silvio2015Mechanisms initiating heavy precipitation over Italy during HyMex Special Observation Period 1: a numerical case study using two mesoscale modelsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 0 (0) 0--01Barthlott+Davolio_2015.pdf
ArticleBarwell, BR and Bromley, RA1988The adjustment of numerical weather prediction models to local perturbationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 114 (481) 665--68925----
ArticleBates, John J and Jackson, Darren L2001Trends in upper-tropospheric humidityGeophysical Research Letters 28 (9) 1695--16984----
ArticleBauer, Peter and Moreau, Emmanuel and Chevallier, Frederic and O'keeffe, Una2006Multiple-scattering microwave radiative transfer for data assimilation applicationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 132 (617) 1259--128123BauerEtAl_2006.pdf
ArticleBauer, Peter and Lopez, Philippe and Benedetti, Angela and Salmond, Deborah and Moreau, Emmanuel2006Implementation of 1D+ 4D-Var assimilation of precipitation-affected microwave radiances at ECMWF. I: 1D-VarQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 132 (620) 2277--230630BauerEtAl_2006a.pdf
ArticleBauer, Peter and Lopez, Philippe and Salmond, Deborah and Benedetti, Angela and Saarinen, Sami and Bonazzola, Marine2006Implementation of 1D+ 4D-Var assimilation of precipitation-affected microwave radiances at ECMWF. II: 4D-VarQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 132 (620) 2307--233226BauerEtAl_2006b.pdf
ArticleBauer, Peter and Geer, Alan J and Lopez, Philippe and Salmond, Deborah2010Direct 4D-Var assimilation of all-sky radiances. Part I: ImplementationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 136 (652) 1868--188518BauerEtAl_2010.pdf
ArticleBauer, Peter and Auligne, Thomas and Bell, William and Geer, Alan and Guidard, Vincent and Heilliette, Sylvain and Kazumori, Masahiro and Kim, Min-Jeong and Liu, Emily H-C and McNally, Anthony P and others2011Satellite cloud and precipitation assimilation at operational NWP centresQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 137 (661) 1934--195118BauerEtAl_2011.pdf
ArticleBauer, Peter and Ohring, George and Kummerow, Chris and Auligne, Tom2011Assimilating satellite observations of clouds and precipitation into NWP modelsBulletin of the American Meteorological Society 92 (6) 0--01BauerEtal_2011_BAMS.pdf
ArticleG.M. Baxter and S.L. Dance and A.S. Lawless and N.K. Nichols2011Four-dimensional variational data assimilation for high resolution nested modelsComput. Fluids 46 (0) 137--1415----
ArticleBeal, David and Brasseur, Pierre and Brankart, Jean-Michel and Ourmieres, Yann and Verron, Jacques2010Characterization of mixing errors in a coupled physical biogeochemical model of the North Atlantic: implications for nonlinear estimation using Gaussian anamorphosisOcean Science 0 (6) 247--2471BealEtAl_2010.pdf
ArticleBeal, Lisa M and Elipot, Shane2016Broadening not strengthening of the Agulhas Current since the early 1990sNature 540 (7634) 570--5734Beal+Elipot_2016.pdf
ArticleBean, BR and Dutton, EJ1968Radio MeteorologyNational Bureau of Standards Monograph 92 (613) 435--4351----
Do not have this paper
ArticleBeasley, T Mark and Erickson, Stephen and Allison, David B2009Rank-based inverse normal transformations are increasingly used, but are they merited?Behavior genetics 39 (5) 580--59516BeasleyEtAl_2009.pdf
Gaussian anamorphosis
ArticleBeck, Alexander and Ehrendorfer, Martin2005Singular-vector-based covariance propagation in a quasigeostrophic assimilation systemMonthly Weather Review 133 (5) 1295--131016----
Reduced rank Kalman filter
ArticleBell, William and Candy, Brett and Atkinson, Nigel and Hilton, Fiona and Baker, N and Bormann, Niels and Kelly, Graeme and Kazumori, Masahiro and Campbell, William F and Swadley, Steven D2008The assimilation of SSMIS radiances in numerical weather prediction modelsIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 46 (4) 884--90017BellEtAl_2008.pdf
ArticleBender, Michael and Dick, Galina and Ge, Maorong and Deng, Zhiguo and Wickert, Jens and Kahle, Hans-Gert and Raabe, Armin and Tetzlaff, Gerd2011Development of a GNSS water vapour tomography system using algebraic reconstruction techniquesAdvances in Space Research 47 (10) 1704--172017----
ArticleBenedetti, Angela and Stephens, Graeme L and Vukicevic, Tomislava2003Variational assimilation of radar reflectivities in a cirrus model. I: Model description and adjoint sensitivity studiesQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 129 (587) 277--30024----
Adjoint sensitivity studies, Cirrus microphysics model, Radar data assimilation
ArticleBenedetti, Angela and Stephens, Graeme L and Vukicevic, Tomislava2003Variational assimilation of radar reflectivities in a cirrus model. II: Optimal initialization and model bias estimationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 129 (587) 301--31919----
Cirrus cloud modelling, Radar data assimilation, Variational retrievals, Model error
ArticleBenedetti, A and Morcrette, J-J and Boucher, O and Dethof, A and Engelen, RJ and Fisher, M and Flentje, H and Huneeus, N and Jones, L and Kaiser, JW and others2009Aerosol analysis and forecast in the European centre for medium-range weather forecasts integrated forecast system: 2. Data assimilationJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 114 (0) 0--01----
ArticleBengtsson, Lennart and Hagemann, Stefan and Hodges, Kevin I2004Can climate trends be calculated from reanalysis data?Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 109 (0) 0--01----
ArticleBengtsson, Lennart and Hodges, Kevin I2005On the impact of humidity observations in numerical weather predictionTellus A 57 (5) 701--7088Bengston+Hodges_2005.pdf
ArticleBenjamin, Stanley G and Brewster, Keith A and Brummer, Renate and Jewett, Brian F and Schlatter, Thomas W and Smith, Tracy L and Stamus, Peter A1991An isentropic three-hourly data assimilation system using ACARS aircraft observationsMonthly Weather Review 119 (4) 888--90619----
Isentropic co-ordinates
ArticleBenjamin, Stanley G and Devenyi, Dezso and Weygandt, Stephen S and Brundage, Kevin J and Brown, John M and Grell, Georg A and Kim, Dongsoo and Schwartz, Barry E and Smirnova, Tatiana G and Smith, Tracy Lorraine and others2004An hourly assimilation--forecast cycle: The RUCMonthly Weather Review 132 (2) 495--51824BenjaminEtAl_2004.pdf
ArticleBennartz, R and Bauer, P2003Sensitivity of microwave radiances at 85--183 GHz to precipitating ice particlesRadio Science 38 (4) 0--01Bennartz+Bauer_2003.pdf
ArticleBennitt, Gemma V and Jupp, Adrian2012Operational assimilation of GPS Zenith Total Delay observations into the Met Office numerical weather prediction modelsMonthly Weather Review 140 (8) 2706--271914Bennitt+Jupp_2012.pdf
ArticleBergamaschi, Peter and Frankenberg, Christian and Meirink, Jan Fokke and Krol, Maarten and Villani, M Gabriella and Houweling, Sander and Dentener, Frank and Dlugokencky, Edward J and Miller, John B and Gatti, Luciana V and others2009Inverse modeling of global and regional CH4 emissions using SCIAMACHY satellite retrievalsJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 114 (0) 0--01----
ArticleBergthorsson, Pall and Doos, Bo R1955Numerical weather map analysisTellus 7 (3) 329--34012Bergthorsson+Doos_1955.pdf
Introduction of innovations and analysis increments
ArticleBerner, J and Ha, S-Y and Hacker, JP and Fournier, A and Snyder, C2011Model uncertainty in a mesoscale ensemble prediction system: Stochastic versus multiphysics representationsMonthly Weather Review 139 (6) 1972--199524----
ArticleBerner, J and Jung, Thomas and Palmer, TN2012Systematic model error: the impact of increased horizontal resolution versus improved stochastic and deterministic parameterizationsJournal of Climate 25 (14) 4946--496217----
ArticleBerner, Judith and Achatz, Ulrich and Batte, Lauriane and Bengtsson, Lisa and De La Camara, Alvaro and Christensen, Hannah M and Colangeli, Matteo and Coleman, Danielle RB and Crommelin, Daan and Dolaptchiev, Stamen I and others2016Stochastic parameterization: towards a new view of weather and climate modelsBulletin of the American Meteorological Society 0 (2016) 0--01BernerEtAl2017.pdf
ArticleBerre, Loik2000Estimation of synoptic and mesoscale forecast error covariances in a limited-area modelMonthly Weather Review 128 (3) 644--66724----
Diminishing geostrophic balance
ArticleBerre, Loik and ECATERINA cSTEFuANESCU, SIMONA and Belo Pereira, Margarida2006The representation of the analysis effect in three error simulation techniquesTellus A 58 (2) 196--20914----
NMC, Lagged NMC, Ensemble
In proceedingsBerre, Loik and Pannekoucke, Olivier and Desroziers, Gerald and Stefanescu, SE and Chapnik, B and Raynaud, L2007A variational assimilation ensemble and the spatial filtering of its error covariances: Increase of sample size by local spatial averaging 0 (0) 151--16818BerreEtal_ECMWF_2007.pdf
In proceedingsBerre, Loik and Desroziers, Gerald and Raynaud, Laure and Montroty, Remi and Gibier, Florian2009Use of consistent operational ensemble variational assimilation to estimate and diagnose analysis and background error covariances 0 (0) 15--173----
ArticleBerre, Loik and Desroziers, Gerald2010Filtering of background error variances and correlations by local spatial averaging: A reviewMonthly Weather Review 138 (10) 3693--372028Berre+Desroziers_2010.pdf
ArticleBerrisford, P and Brugge, R and Li, D and Steenman-Clark, L1998Diagnosis of the ECMWF re-analysis dataset by the Centre for Global Atmospheric ModellingAvailable from Department of Meteorology, University of Reading 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleBerrisford, P2002Isentropic potential vorticity inversions on the hemisphereAvailable from Department of Meteorology, University of Reading 0 (0) 0--01----
PV conservation, PV inversion, Invertibility
ArticleBerrisford, P2007A case study of cyclogenesis in an isentropic PV modelAvailable from Department of Meteorology, University of Reading 0 (0) 0--01----
Submitted in 2007
ArticleBertino, Laurent and Evensen, Geir and Wackernagel, Hans2003Sequential data assimilation techniques in oceanographyInternational Statistical Review 71 (2) 223--24119BertinoEtAl_2003.pdf
ArticleBick, T and Simmer, C and Tromel, S and Wapler, K and Hendricks Franssen, H-J and Stephan, K and Blahak, U and Schraff, C and Reich, H and Zeng, Y and others2016Assimilation of 3D radar reflectivities with an ensemble Kalman filter on the convective scaleQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 142 (696) 1490--150415BickEtAl_2016.pdf
ArticleBirman, Camille and Mahfouf, Jean-Franccois and Milz, Mathias and Mendrok, Jana and Buehler, Stefan A and Brath, Manfred2017Information content on hydrometeors from millimeter and sub-millimeter wavelengthsTellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography 69 (1) 1271562--12715621BirmanEtAl_2017.pdf
ArticleBishop, Craig H and Etherton, Brian J and Majumdar, Sharanya J2001Adaptive sampling with the ensemble transform Kalman filter. Part I: Theoretical aspectsMonthly Weather Review 129 (3) 420--43617----
ArticleBishop, Craig H and Hodyss, Daniel2007Flow-adaptive moderation of spurious ensemble correlations and its use in ensemble-based data assimilationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 133 (629) 2029--204416----
Covariance localization, local ensemble Kalman filter, smoother, SENCORP
ArticleBishop, Craig H and Hodyss, Daniel2009Ensemble covariances adaptively localized with ECO-RAP. Part 1: Tests on simple error modelsTellus A 61 (1) 84--9613----
Adaptive localization
ArticleBishop, Craig H and Hodyss, Daniel2009Ensemble covariances adaptively localized with ECO-RAP. Part 2: a strategy for the atmosphereTellus A 61 (1) 97--11115----
Adaptive localization
ArticleBishop, Craig H and Hodyss, Daniel2011Adaptive ensemble covariance localization in ensemble 4D-Var state estimationMonthly Weather Review 139 (4) 1241--125515Bishop+Hodyss_2011.pdf
ArticleBishop, Craig H and Hodyss, Daniel and Steinle, Peter and Sims, Holly and Clayton, Adam M and Lorenc, Andrew C and Barker, Dale M and Buehner, Mark2011Efficient ensemble covariance localization in variational data assimilationMonthly Weather Review 139 (2) 573--5808BishopEtAl_2011.pdf
ArticleBishop, Craig H and Satterfield, Elizabeth A2013Hidden error variance theory. Part I: Exposition and analytic modelMonthly Weather Review 141 (5) 1454--146815Bishop_Satterfield_2013i.pdf
ArticleBishop, Craig H and Satterfield, Elizabeth A and Shanley, Kevin T2013Hidden error variance theory. Part II: An instrument that reveals hidden error variance distributions from ensemble forecasts and observationsMonthly Weather Review 141 (5) 1469--148315Bishop_Satterfield_Shanley_2013ii.pdf
ArticleBloom, SC and Takacs, LL and Da Silva, AM and Ledvina, D1996Data assimilation using incremental analysis updatesMonthly Weather Review 124 (6) 1256--127116BloomEtAl_1996.pdf
IAU
ArticleBlumberg, WG and Turner, DD and Lohnert, U and Castleberry, S2015Ground-based temperature and humidity profiling using spectral infrared and microwave observations. Part II: actual retrieval performance in clear-sky and cloudy conditionsJournal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 54 (11) 2305--231915BlumbergEtAl_2015.pdf
BookBoas, Mary L2006Mathematical methods in the physical sciences 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleBocquet, Marc2005Reconstruction of an atmospheric tracer source using the principle of maximum entropy. II: ApplicationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (610) 2209--222315----
Sources and sinks, adjoint equations
ArticleBocquet, Marc and Pires, Carlos A and Wu, Lin2010Beyond Gaussian statistical modeling in geophysical data assimilationMonthly Weather Review 138 (8) 2997--302327----
ArticleBocquet, Marc2011Ensemble Kalman filtering without the intrinsic need for inflationNonlinear Processes in Geophysics 18 (5) 735--75016----
ArticleBocquet, M and Raanes, PN and Hannart, A2015Expanding the validity of the ensemble Kalman filter without the intrinsic need for inflationNonlinear Processes in Geophysics 22 (6) 645--6451----
ArticleBoffetta, Guido and Ecke, Robert E2012Two-dimensional turbulenceAnnual Review of Fluid Mechanics 44 (0) 427--45125Boffetta+Ecke_2012.pdf
ArticleBonavita, Massimo and Torrisi, Lucio and Marcucci, Francesca2008The ensemble Kalman filter in an operational regional NWP system: Preliminary results with real observationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 134 (636) 1733--174412----
Adaptive parameter estimation
ArticleBonavita, Massimo and Raynaud, Laure and Isaksen, Lars2011Estimating background-error variances with the ECMWF Ensemble of Data Assimilations system: some effects of ensemble size and day-to-day variabilityQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 137 (655) 423--43412Bonavita_et_al-2011.pdf
Ensemble of data assimilations, Sampling noise, Ensemble effective resolution
ArticleBonavita, Massimo and Isaksen, Lars and Holm, Elias2012On the use of EDA background error variances in the ECMWF 4D-VarQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 138 (667) 1540--155920----
10 members, filtered EDA used for variances
ArticleBonavita, Massimo and Holm, Elias and Isaksen, Lars and Fisher, Mike2016The evolution of the ECMWF hybrid data assimilation systemQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 142 (694) 287--30317Bonavita_et_al-2015.pdf
ArticleBormann, Niels and Bauer, Peter2010Estimates of spatial and interchannel observation-error characteristics for current sounder radiances for numerical weather prediction. I: Methods and application to ATOVS dataQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 136 (649) 1036--105015Bormann+Bauer_2010.pdf
ArticleBormann, Niels and Bonavita, Massimo and Dragani, Rossana and Eresmaa, Reima and Matricardi, Marco and McNally, Anthony2016Enhancing the impact of IASI observations through an updated observation-error covariance matrixQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 142 (697) 1767--178014BormannEtal_2016.pdf
Correlated observation errors
ArticleBen Bouallegue, Zied2013Calibrated short-range ensemble precipitation forecasts using extended logistic regression with interaction termsWeather and Forecasting 28 (2) 515--52410Bouallgue2013.pdf
ArticleBouallegue, Zied Ben and Theis, Susanne E and Gebhardt, Christoph2013Enhancing COSMO-DE ensemble forecasts by inexpensive techniquesMeteorologische Zeitschrift 22 (1) 49--5911BouallgueEtAl_2013.pdf
ArticleBen Bouallegue, Zied and Theis, Susanne E2014Spatial techniques applied to precipitation ensemble forecasts: from verification results to probabilistic productsMeteorological Applications 21 (4) 922--9298BouallgueEtAl_2014.pdf
Fuzzy probabilistic forecasts
ArticleBourke, William1972An efficient, one-level, primitive-equation spectral modelMonthly Weather Review 100 (9) 683--6897----
Spherical harmonics, Associated Legendre polynomials, first prinicples
In proceedingsBouttier, F1996Application of Kalman filtering to numerical weather prediction 0 (0) 61--9030----
Mentions weak justification for NMC method
In proceedingsBouttier, F2003The AROME mesoscale project 0 (0) 8--125----
ArticleBouttier, Franccois and Vie, Benoit and Nuissier, Olivier and Raynaud, Laure2012Impact of stochastic physics in a convection-permitting ensembleMonthly Weather Review 140 (11) 3706--372116----
ArticleBouttier, Franccois and Raynaud, Laure and Nuissier, Olivier and Menetrier, Benjamin2016Sensitivity of the AROME ensemble to initial and surface perturbations during HyMeXQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 143 (0) 390--40314BouttierEtAl_2016.pdf
ArticleBowler, Neill E and Arribas, Alberto and Mylne, Kenneth R and Robertson, Kelvyn B and Beare, Sarah E2008The MOGREPS short-range ensemble prediction systemQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 134 (632) 703--72220----
ArticleBowler, Neill E and Flowerdew, Jonathan and Pring, Stephen R2013Tests of different flavours of EnKF on a simple modelQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 139 (675) 1505--151915----
Ensemble forecasting, NWP, Data assimilation, Localization, Deterministic filter, Non-Gaussianity, Stochastic filters, 4D-Ens-Var
ArticleBowler, NE and Clayton, AM and Jardak, M and Jermey, PM and Lorenc, AC and Wlasak, MA and Barker, DM and Inverarity, GW and Swinbank, R2017The effect of improved ensemble covariances on hybrid variational data assimilationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 143 (703) 785--79713BowlerEtal_2017b.pdf
ArticleBowler, NE and Clayton, AM and Jardak, M and Lee, E and Lorenc, AC and Piccolo, C and Pring, SR and Wlasak, MA and Barker, DM and Inverarity, GW and others2017Inflation and localization tests in the development of an ensemble of 4D-ensemble variational assimilationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 143 (704) 1280--130223BowlerEtal_2017a.pdf
ArticleBrewer, AW1949Evidence for a world circulation provided by the measurements of helium and water vapour distribution in the stratosphereQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 75 (326) 351--36313----
ArticleBrier, Glenn W1950Verification of forecasts expressed in terms of probabilityMonthly Weather Review 78 (1) 1--33Brier-1950.pdf
ArticleBrooks, Michael2007Can you believe the weather?New Scientist 193 (2588) 32--354----
Performance statistics
ArticleBrousseau, Pierre and Berre, Loik and Bouttier, Franccois and Desroziers, Gerald2011Background-error covariances for a convective-scale data-assimilation system: AROME--France 3D-VarQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 137 (655) 409--42214----
Perturbed observations
ArticleBrousseau, Pierre and Berre, Loik and Bouttier, Franccois and Desroziers, Gerald2012Flow-dependent background-error covariances for a convective-scale data assimilation systemQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 138 (663) 310--32213----
Perturbed observations
ArticleBrousseau, Pierre and Seity, Yann and Ricard, Didier and Leger, Julien2016Improvement of the forecast of convective activity from the AROME-France systemQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 0 (0) 0--01BrousseauEtAl_2016.pdf
ArticleBrowne, PA and Budd, Chris J and Piccolo, C and Cullen, M2014Fast three dimensional r-adaptive mesh redistributionJournal of Computational Physics 275 (0) 174--19623----
ArticleG.H. Bryan and J.C. Wyngaard and J.M. Fritsch2003Resolution requirements for the simulation of deep moist convectionMon. Wea. Rev. 131 (0) 2394--241623----
ArticleBudd, Chris J and Williams, JF2009Moving mesh generation using the parabolic Monge-Ampere equationSIAM Journal on Scientific Computing 31 (5) 3438--346528----
ArticleBuehner, Mark2005Ensemble-derived stationary and flow-dependent background-error covariances: Evaluation in a quasi-operational NWP settingQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (607) 1013--104331----
NMC, Monte Carlo
ArticleBuehner, Mark and Gauthier, Pierre and Liu, Zhuo2005Evaluation of new estimates of background-and observation-error covariances for variational assimilationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (613) 3373--338311----
NMC
ArticleBuehner, Mark and Charron, Martin2007Spectral and spatial localization of background-error correlations for data assimilationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 133 (624) 615--63016----
ArticleBuehner, Mark2012Evaluation of a spatial/spectral covariance localization approach for atmospheric data assimilationMonthly Weather Review 140 (2) 617--63620Buehner2012.pdf
Wavelet-diagonal, Ensemble
ArticleBuehner, Mark and Houtekamer, PL and Charette, Cecilien and Mitchell, Herschel L and He, Bin2010Intercomparison of variational data assimilation and the ensemble Kalman filter for global deterministic NWP. Part I: Description and single-observation experimentsMonthly Weather Review 138 (5) 1550--156617----
En4DVar
ArticleBuehner, Mark and Houtekamer, PL and Charette, Cecilien and Mitchell, Herschel L and He, Bin2010Intercomparison of variational data assimilation and the ensemble Kalman filter for global deterministic NWP. Part II: One-month experiments with real observationsMonthly Weather Review 138 (5) 1567--158620----
En4DVar
ArticleBuehner, M and Morneau, J and Charette, C2013Four-dimensional ensemble-variational data assimilation for global deterministic weather predictionNonlinear Processes in Geophysics 20 (5) 669--68214----
Proving change from 4DVar to 4DEnVar is beneficial
ArticleBuehner, Mark and McTaggart-Cowan, Ron and Beaulne, Alain and Charette, Cecilien and Garand, Louis and Heilliette, Sylvain and Lapalme, Ervig and Laroche, Stephane and Macpherson, Stephen R and Morneau, Josee and others2015Implementation of deterministic weather forecasting systems based on ensemble--variational data assimilation at Environment Canada. Part I: The global systemMonthly Weather Review 143 (7) 2532--255928BuehnerEtAl_2015.pdf
ArticleBuehner, Mark and Shlyaeva, Anna2015Scale-dependent background-error covariance localisationTellus A 67 (0) 1--1717Buehner+Shlyaeva_2015.pdf
Alternative to Buehner 2012
In proceedingsBuehner, M and Gelaro, R and Alves, O and Dee, D and Kalnay, E and van Leeuwen, P-J and Lorenc, A and Miyoshi, T and Saunders, R and Schiller, A2015Chapter 3. Data assimilation methods and applications 0 (0) 37--6024wmo_1156_en.pdf
Filed under chapter 2 - Saunders et al 2015, library.wmo.int/pmb_ged/wmo_1156_en.pdf
ArticleBuizza, Roberto and Palmer, TN1995The singular-vector structure of the atmospheric global circulationJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 52 (9) 1434--145623Buizza+Palmer_1995.pdf
ArticleBuizza, Roberto and Palmer, Tim N1998Impact of ensemble size on ensemble predictionMonthly Weather Review 126 (9) 2503--251816Buizza+Palmer_1998.pdf
ArticleBuizza, R and Petroliagis, T and Palmer, T and Barkmeijer, J and Hamrud, M and Hollingsworth, A and Simmons, A and Wedi, N1998Impact of model resolution and ensemble size on the performance of an ensemble prediction systemQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 124 (550) 1935--196026BuizzaEtAl_1998.pdf
ArticleBuontempo, Carlo and Jupp, Adrian and Rennie, Michael2008Operational NWP assimilation of GPS radio occultation dataAtmospheric Science Letters 9 (3) 129--1335BuontempoEtAl_2008.pdf
ArticleBurgers, Gerrit and Jan van Leeuwen, Peter and Evensen, Geir1998Analysis scheme in the ensemble Kalman filterMonthly Weather Review 126 (6) 1719--17246----
Observations random variables, Perturbed observations required
BookBurt, Stephen2012The Weather Observer's Handbook 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleCampbell, William F and Bishop, Craig H and Hodyss, Daniel2010Vertical covariance localization for satellite radiances in ensemble Kalman filtersMonthly Weather Review 138 (1) 282--2909----
Obs space and model space localization, Computational efficiency
ArticleCandille, Guillem and Talagrand, Olivier2005Evaluation of probabilistic prediction systems for a scalar variableQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (609) 2131--215020Candille+Talagrand_2005.pdf
ArticleCandille, G and Talagrand, O2008Impact of observational error on the validation of ensemble prediction systemsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 134 (633) 959--97113Candille+Talagrand_2008.pdf
ArticleCardinali, Carla2009Monitoring the observation impact on the short-range forecastQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 135 (638) 239--25012----
ArticleCaron, Jean-Franccois and Fillion, Luc2010An examination of the incremental balance in a global ensemble-based 3D-Var data assimilation systemMonthly Weather Review 138 (10) 3946--396621Caron+Fillion_2010_balance.pdf
ArticleCaron, Jean-Franccois and Fillion, Luc2010An examination of background error correlations between mass and rotational wind over precipitation regionsMonthly Weather Review 138 (2) 563--57816Caron+Fillion_2010.pdf
ArticleCaron, Jean-Franccois and Barker, Dale and Ballard, Sue and Dixon, Mark and Migliorini, Stefano and Bannister, Ross and Vetra-Carvalhi, Sanita2011Generation of background error covariances for the nowcast demonstration projectMet Office Internal Report 0 (0) 1--1414----
ArticleCaron, Jean-Franccois2013Mismatching perturbations at the lateral boundaries in limited-area ensemble forecasting: A case studyMonthly Weather Review 141 (1) 356--37419Caron_2013.pdf
ArticleCaron, Jean-Franccois and Milewski, Thomas and Buehner, Mark and Fillion, Luc and Reszka, Mateusz and Macpherson, Stephen and St-James, Judy2015Implementation of deterministic weather forecasting systems based on ensemble--variational data assimilation at Environment Canada. Part II: The regional systemMonthly Weather Review 143 (7) 2560--258021CaronEtAl_2015.pdf
ArticleCarouge, C and Bousquet, P and Peylin, P and Rayner, PJ and Ciais, P2010What can we learn from European continuous atmospheric CO2 measurements to quantify regional fluxes -- Part 1: Potential of the 2001 networkAtmos. Chem. Phys 10 (6) 3107--311711----
ArticleCarouge, C and Rayner, PJ and Peylin, P and Bousquet, P and Chevallier, F and Ciais, P2010What can we learn from European continuous atmospheric CO2 measurements to quantify regional fluxes -- Part 2: Sensitivity of flux accuracy to inverse setupAtmos. Chem. Phys 10 (6) 3119--312911----
ArticleCarter, Ashley H2000A class of inverse problems in physicsAmerican Journal of Physics 68 (8) 698--7036----
ArticleCaumont, Olivier and Ducrocq, Veronique and Delrieu, Guy and Gosset, Marielle and Pinty, Jean-Pierre and Parent du Chatelet, Jacques and Andrieu, Herve and Lemaitre, Yvon and Scialom, Georges2006A radar simulator for high-resolution nonhydrostatic modelsJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 23 (8) 1049--106719CaumontEtAl_2006.pdf
ArticleCaumont, Olivier and Ducrocq, Veronique and Wattrelot, Eric and Jaubert, Genevieve and Pradier-Vabre, Stephanie20101D+ 3DVar assimilation of radar reflectivity data: a proof of conceptTellus A 62 (2) 173--18715CaumontEtAl_2010.pdf
ArticleCaumont, Olivier and Cimini, Domenico and Lohnert, Ulrich and Alados-Arboledas, Lucas and Bleisch, Rene and Buffa, Franco and Ferrario, Massimo Enrico and Haefele, Alexander and Huet, Thierry and Madonna, Fabio and others2016Assimilation of humidity and temperature observations retrieved from ground-based microwave radiometers into a convective-scale NWP modelQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 142 (700) 2692--270413CaumontEtAl_2016.pdf
ArticleCharlton, Andrew James and O'neill, A and Berrisford, P and Lahoz, WA2005Can the dynamical impact of the stratosphere on the troposphere be described by large-scale adjustment to the stratospheric PV distribution?Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (606) 525--54319----
ArticleCharney, Jule G and Drazin, Philip G1961Propagation of planetary-scale disturbances from the lower into the upper atmosphereJournal of Geophysical Research 66 (1) 83--10927----
Longer lengthscales in stratosphere due to forcing
ArticleChen, X and Akella, S and Navon, IM2012A dual-weighted trust-region adaptive POD 4-D Var applied to a finite-volume shallow water equations model on the sphereInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 68 (3) 377--40226----
ArticleChen, Yaodeng and Rizvi, Syed RH and Huang, Xiang-Yu and Min, Jinzhong and Zhang, Xin2013Balance characteristics of multivariate background error covariances and their impact on analyses and forecasts in tropical and Arctic regionsMeteorology and Atmospheric Physics 121 (1) 79--9820ChenEtAl_2013.pdf
ArticleChen, Jing and Wang, Yu and Li, Li and Zhao, Bin and Chen, Fajing and Li, Yinglin and Cui, Yingjie2013A unified verification system for operational models from regional meteorological centres of China Meteorological AdministrationMeteorological Applications 20 (2) 140--14910ChenEtAl_2013_China.pdf
ArticleChen, Yaodeng and Xia, Xue and Min, Jinzhong and Huang, Xiang-Yu and Rizvi, Syed RH2016Balance characteristics of multivariate background error covariance for rainy and dry seasons and their impact on precipitation forecasts of two rainfall eventsMeteorology and Atmospheric Physics 0 (0) 1--2222ChenEtAl_2016.pdf
ArticleCheng, Haiyan and Jardak, Mohamed and Alexe, Mihai and Sandu, Adrian2010A hybrid approach to estimating error covariances in variational data assimilationTellus A 62 (3) 288--29710----
Replace 4d-var error reduction directions with inverse Hessian, Galerkin projection.
ArticleChevallier, Frederic and Lopez, Philippe and Tompkins, Adrian M and Janiskova, Marta and Moreau, Emmanuel2004The capability of 4D-Var systems to assimilate cloud-affected satellite infrared radiancesQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 130 (598) 917--93216----
Clouds, Satellite observations
ArticleChevallier, Frederic and Breon, Franccois-Marie and Rayner, Peter J2007Contribution of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory to the estimation of CO2 sources and sinks: Theoretical study in a variational data assimilation frameworkJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 112 (0) 0--01----
ArticleChevallier, Frederic and Feng, Liang and Bosch, Hartmut and Palmer, Paul I and Rayner, Peter J2010On the impact of transport model errors for the estimation of CO2 surface fluxes from GOSAT observationsGeophysical Research Letters 37 (21) 1--55----
ArticleChevallier, Frederic and Palmer, Paul I and Feng, Liang and Boesch, Hartmut and O'Dell, Christopher W and Bousquet, Philippe2014Toward robust and consistent regional CO2 flux estimates from in situ and spaceborne measurements of atmospheric CO2Geophysical Research Letters 41 (3) 1065--10706----
ArticleChipilski, Hristo2016Rank based inverse normal transformation 0 (0) 1--1414----
Gaussian anamorphosis, Gaussianity tests
0 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleChown, Marcus2004Chaotic heavensNew scientist 0 (2436) 32--354----
Planetary allignment
ArticleChristakos, George2002On the assimilation of uncertain physical knowledge bases: Bayesian and non-Bayesian techniquesAdvances in Water Resources 25 (8) 1257--127418----
Conditionalization, Chernobyl
ArticleChristakos, G2003Critical conceptualism in environmental modeling and predictionEnvironmental science & technology 37 (20) 4685--46939----
ArticleChristakos, George2005Methodological developments in geophysical assimilation modelingReviews of Geophysics 43 (2) 0--01----
Epistemic cognition vs. ontologic assimilation
ArticleChung, Kao-Shen and Chang, Weiguang and Fillion, Luc and Tanguay, Monique2013Examination of situation-dependent background error covariances at the convective scale in the context of the ensemble Kalman filterMonthly Weather Review 141 (10) 3369--338719ChungEtAl_2013.pdf
ArticleCimini, Domenico and Hewison, Tim J and Martin, Lorenz and Guldner, Jurgen and Gaffard, Catherine and Marzano, Frank S2006Temperature and humidity profile retrievals from ground-based microwave radiometers during TUCMeteorologische Zeitschrift 15 (1) 45--5612CiminiEtAl_2006.pdf
Have only preview version
ArticleP.A. Clark and K.A. Browning and C. Wang2005The sting at the end of the tail: Model diagnostics of fine-scale three-dimensional structure of the cloud headQuart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc. 131 (0) 2263--229230----
In proceedingsClark, Peter2008Limited area modelling in CRM models 0 (0) 1--44----
ArticleClark, Adam J and Kain, John S and Stensrud, David J and Xue, Ming and Kong, Fanyou and Coniglio, Michael C and Thomas, Kevin W and Wang, Yunheng and Brewster, Keith and Gao, Jidong and others2011Probabilistic precipitation forecast skill as a function of ensemble size and spatial scale in a convection-allowing ensembleMonthly Weather Review 139 (5) 1410--14189ClarkEtAl_2011.pdf
ArticleClark, PA and Browning, KA and Morcrette, CJ and Blyth, AM and Forbes, RM and Brooks, B and Perry, F2014The evolution of an MCS over southern England. Part 1: ObservationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 140 (679) 439--45719ClarkEtAl_2014i.pdf
ArticleClark, PA and Browning, KA and Forbes, RM and Morcrette, CJ and Blyth, AM and Lean, HW2014The evolution of an MCS over southern England. Part 2: Model simulations and sensitivity to microphysicsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 140 (679) 458--47922ClarkEtAl_2014ii.pdf
ArticleClark, Peter and Roberts, Nigel and Lean, Humphrey and Ballard, Susan P and Charlton-Perez, Cristina2016Convection-permitting models: a step-change in rainfall forecastingMeteorological Applications 23 (2) 165--18117ClarkEtAl_2016.pdf
ArticleClayton, Adam2012Incremental analysis update (IAU) schemeUnified Model Documentation Paper 0 (31) 1--2727IAU_doc.pdf
ArticleClayton, AM and Lorenc, Andrew C and Barker, Dale M2013Operational implementation of a hybrid ensemble/4D-Var global data assimilation system at the Met OfficeQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 139 (675) 1445--146117----
Background error covariance, Covariance localization, MOGREPS
ArticleCohn, Stephen E and Da Silva, Arlindo and Guo, Jing and Sienkiewicz, Meta and Lamich, David1998Assessing the Effects of Data Selection with the DAO Physical-Space Statistical Analysis System*Monthly Weather Review 126 (11) 2913--292614----
PSAS
ArticleCollard, AD2007Selection of IASI channels for use in numerical weather predictionQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 133 (629) 1977--199115Collard_2007.pdf
ArticleCorazza, M and Kalnay, E and Patil, DJ and Yang, S-C and Morss, R and Cai, Ming and Szunyogh, I and Hunt, BR and Yorke, JA2003Use of the breeding technique to estimate the structure of the analysis "errors of the day"Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics 10 (3) 233--24311----
Errors of the day
ArticleCote, Jean and Gravel, Sylvie and Methot, Andre and Patoine, Alain and Roch, Michel and Staniforth, Andrew1998The operational CMC-MRB global environmental multiscale (GEM) model. Part I: Design considerations and formulationMonthly Weather Review 126 (6) 1373--139523CoteEtAl_1998.pdf
ArticleCourtier, Philippe and Talagrand, Olivier1990Variational assimilation of meteorological observations with the direct and adjoint shallow-water equationsTellus A 42 (5) 531--54919Courtier+Talagrand_1990.pdf
Jc term
ArticleCourtier, PHILIPPE and Thepaut, J-N and Hollingsworth, A1994A strategy for operational implementation of 4D-Var, using an incremental approachQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 120 (519) 1367--138721----
ArticleCourtier, P and Rabier, F1997The use of adjoint equations in numerical weather predictionAtmosphere-Ocean 35 (0) 303--32220----
Sensitivity
ArticleCourtier, Philippe and Andersson, E and Heckley, W and Vasiljevic, D and Hamrud, M and Hollingsworth, A and Rabier, F and Fisher, M and Pailleux, J1998The ECMWF implementation of three-dimensional variational assimilation (3D-Var). I: FormulationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 124 (550) 1783--180725----
ArticleCraig, George C and Keil, Christian and Leuenberger, Daniel2012Constraints on the impact of radar rainfall data assimilation on forecasts of cumulus convectionQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 138 (663) 340--35213CraigEtAl_2012.pdf
ArticleCullen, MJP and Davies, T1991A conservative split-explicit integration scheme with fourth-order horizontal advectionQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 117 (501) 993--100210----
ArticleCullen, MJP and Davies, T and Mawson, MH1993Unified model documentation paper No. 10: Conservative finite difference schemes for a unified forecast/climate modelUnified Model Documentation Paper 10 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleCullen, MJP1997New mathematical developments in atmosphere and ocean dynamics, and their application to computer simulationForecasting Research Scientific Paper 48 0 (0) 1--6161----
PV control variable
ArticleCullen, MJP2001New mathematical developments in atmosphere and ocean dynamics, and their application to computer simulationMet Office report 0 (0) 1--8484----
PV control variable, Chapter 8, Figures in FRSP No. 48
ArticleCullen, MJP2002Use of potential vorticity as a control variable within a 4d variational data assimilation systemECMWF Tech. Memo 358 0 (0) 1--2222----
Mass-wind coupling, Zero mode
ArticleCullen, MJP2003Four-dimensional variational data assimilation: A new formulation of the background-error covariance matrix based on a potential-vorticity representationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 129 (593) 2777--279620----
Mass-wind coupling, Zero mode
ArticleCullen, MJP2004Lecture notes 0 (0) 1--2121----
Gravity wave equation, Exeter Univ. lecture notes
In proceedingsCullen, MJP2004The governing equations and asymptotic approximations to them 0 (0) 9--4941----
SG 3d equations
BookM. J. P. Cullen2006A mathematical theory of large-scale atmosphere/ocean flow 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleCullen, Mike2007Modelling atmospheric flowsActa Numerica 16 (0) 67--15488----
ArticleCullen, MJP2010A demonstration of cycled 4D-Var in the presence of model errorQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 136 (651) 1379--139517----
Model error, Error growth, Three body model
ArticleCullen, MJP2010A demonstration of 4D-Var using a time-distributed background termQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 136 (650) 1301--131515----
Background term regularisation, Three body model
ArticleCullen, MJP2013Analysis of cycled 4D-Var with model errorQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 139 (675) 1473--14808----
Data assimilation, Regularization, Error growth, Weak constraint
ArticleDaleu, CL and Woolnough, SJ and Plant, RS2015Transition from Suppressed to Active Convection Modulated by a Weak Temperature Gradient--Derived Large-Scale CirculationJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 72 (2) 834--85320DaleuEtAl_2015.pdf
BookDaley, Roger1992Atmospheric Data Analysis 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleDaley, Roger1992The effect of serially correlated observation and model error on atmospheric data assimilationMonthly Weather Review 120 (1) 164--17714----
Correlated observations
ArticleDaley, Roger1992Estimating model-error covariances for application to atmospheric data assimilationMonthly Weather Review 120 (8) 1735--174612Daley_modelerr_1992.pdf
ArticleDaley, Roger and Barker, Edward2001NAVDAS: Formulation and diagnosticsMonthly Weather Review 129 (4) 869--88315----
BookRoger Daley1991Atmospheric Data Analysis 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleDalu, GA and Baldi, M and Pielke Sr, RA and Leoncini, G2003Mesoscale nonhydrostatic and hydrostatic pressure gradient forces-TheoryJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 60 (18) 2249--226618----
ArticleDance, SL2004Issues in high resolution limited area data assimilation for quantitative precipitation forecastingPhysica D: Nonlinear Phenomena 196 (1) 1--2727----
ArticleDance, SL0Documentation paper on boundary layer control variables for variational data assimilation 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleDanielsen, Edwin F1982A dehydration mechanism for the stratosphereGeophysical Research Letters 9 (6) 605--6084----
Convective overshooting, Sigma patterns in T profile
ArticleDanielsen, Edwin F1993In situ evidence of rapid, vertical, irreversible transport of lower tropospheric air into the lower tropical stratosphere by convective cloud turrets and by larger-scale upwelling in tropical cyclonesJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 98 (0) 8665--868117----
Convection
ArticleDavies, Terry and Staniforth, Andrew and Wood, Nigel and Thuburn, John2003Validity of anelastic and other equation sets as inferred from normal-mode analysisQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 129 (593) 2761--277515----
Boussinesq, Fully compressible, Global modelling, Non-hydrostatic, Pseudo-incompressible, Switches to turn off particular assproximations
ArticleDavies, T and Cullen, MJP and Malcolm, AJ and Mawson, MH and Staniforth, A and White, AA and Wood, N2005A new dynamical core for the Met Office's global and regional modelling of the atmosphereQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (608) 1759--178224----
Climate modelling, Deep atmosphere, Fully compressible, Non-hydrostatic, NWP predictor-corrector Semi-implicit, Semi-Lagrangian
ArticleDavies, Terry2014Lateral boundary conditions for limited area modelsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 140 (678) 185--19612Davies_2014.pdf
ArticleDeblonde, Godelieve and English, Stephen2003One-dimensional variational retrievals from SSMIS-simulated observationsJournal of Applied Meteorology 42 (10) 1406--142015Deblonde+English_2003.pdf
ArticleDeckmyn, Alex and Berre, Loik2005A wavelet approach to representing background error covariances in a limited-area modelMonthly Weather Review 133 (5) 1279--129416Deckmyn+Berre_2005.pdf
Hybrid approach
ArticleDee, Dick P and Da Silva, Arlindo M2003The choice of variable for atmospheric moisture analysisMonthly Weather Review 131 (1) 155--17117----
Pseudo relative humidity
ArticleDee, Dick P and Todling, Ricardo2000Data assimilation in the presence of forecast bias: The GEOS moisture analysisMonthly Weather Review 128 (9) 3268--328215Dee+Todling_2000.pdf
In proceedingsDee, Dick P2002An adaptive scheme for cycling background error variances during data assimilation 0 (0) 0--01----
Error propagation
In proceedingsDee, Dick P2004Variational bias correction of radiance data in the ECMWF system 28 (0) 97--11216Dee_2004.pdf
ArticleDee, Dick P2005Bias and data assimilationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (613) 3323--334321Dee_2005.pdf
ArticleDee, DP and Uppala, SM and Simmons, AJ and Berrisford, Paul and Poli, P and Kobayashi, S and Andrae, U and Balmaseda, MA and Balsamo, G and Bauer, P and others2011The ERA-Interim reanalysis: Configuration and performance of the data assimilation systemQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 137 (656) 553--59745DeeEtAl_2011.pdf
Technical ReportDe Pondeca, MSFV and Purser, R James and Parrish, David F and Derber, John C2006Comparison of strategies for the specification of anisotropies in the covariances of a three-dimensional atmospheric data assimilation system, NOAA 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleDerber, John and Rosati, Anthony1989A global oceanic data assimilation systemJournal of Physical Oceanography 19 (9) 1333--134715----
Diffusion operators
ArticleDerber, J and Bouttier, F1999A reformulation of the background error covariance in the ECMWF global data assimilation systemTellus A 51 (2) 195--22127----
Var, Balance and unbalance
In proceedingsDerber, John C and Collard, Andrew2011Current status and future of satellite data assimilation 0 (0) 81--9313----
ArticleDeshler, T and Hervig, ME and Hofmann, DJ and Rosen, JM and Liley, JB2003Thirty years of in situ stratospheric aerosol size distribution measurements from Laramie, Wyoming (41 N), using balloon-borne instrumentsJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 108 (0) 0--01----
Volcanic
ArticleDesroziers, Gerald1997A coordinate change for data assimilation in spherical geometry of frontal structuresMonthly Weather Review 125 (11) 3030--30389----
Semigeostrophic theory, Geostrophic cocordinate transform, Description of B
ArticleDesroziers, Gerald and Berre, Loic and Chapnik, Bernard and Poli, Paul2005Diagnosis of observation, background and analysis-error statistics in observation spaceQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (613) 3385--339612----
Estimation theory, Optimality criterion, Parameter estimation
ArticleDesroziers, Gerald and Berre, Loik and Chabot, Vincent and Chapnik, Bernard2009A posteriori diagnostics in an ensemble of perturbed analysesMonthly Weather Review 137 (10) 3420--343617Desroziers2008.pdf
ArticleDesroziers, Gerald and Lafore, Jean-Philippe1993A coordinate transformation for objective frontal analysisMonthly Weather Review 121 (5) 1531--155323----
Semigeostrophic theory, Geostrophic co-ordinate transform, Description of B
ArticleDesroziers, Gerald and Berre, Loik2012Accelerating and parallelizing minimizations in ensemble and deterministic variational assimilationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 138 (667) 1599--161012----
ArticleDesroziers, Gerald and Camino, Jean-Thomas and Berre, Loik20144DEnVar: link with 4D state formulation of variational assimilation and different possible implementationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 140 (684) 2097--211014----
ArticleDethof, A and O'Neill, A and Slingo, JM and Smit, HGJ1999A mechanism for moistening the lower stratosphere involving the Asian summer monsoonQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 125 (556) 1079--110628----
Water vapour
ArticleDethof, A and O'Neill, A and Slingo, JM and Berrisford, P2000Quantification of isentropic water-vapour transport into the lower stratosphereQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 126 (566) 1771--178818----
Water vapour
ArticleDethof, A and Holm, EV2004Ozone assimilation in the ERA-40 reanalysis projectQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 130 (603) 2851--287222----
Ozone background error covariances
ArticleDey, Seonaid RA and Plant, Robert S and Roberts, Nigel M and Migliorini, Stefano2016Assessing spatial precipitation uncertainties in a convective-scale ensembleQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 142 (701) 2935--294814DeyEtal_2016.pdf
BookDi Michele, S and Martins, E and Janiskova, M2014Observation operator and observation processing for cloud radar. Support-to-Science-Element (STSE) Study EarthCARE AssimilationWP-1100 Report: ESA ESTEC Contract AO/I-6441/10/NL/CB 0 (2014) 1--5959diMicheleEtAl_radar_2012.pdf
BookDi Michele, S and Martins, E and Janiskova, M2014Observation operator and observation processing for cloud lidar. Support-to-Science-Element (STSE) Study EarthCARE AssimilationWP-1100 Report: ESA ESTEC Contract AO/I-6441/10/NL/CB 0 (2014) 1--4040diMicheleEtAl_lidar_2012.pdf
ArticleDixon, MAG and Thorpe, AJ and Browning, KA2003Layer-wise attribution of vertical motion and the influence of potential-vorticity anomalies on synoptic developmentQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 129 (591) 1761--177818----
Cyclone classification, Cyclogenesis, FASTEX
ArticleDixon, MAG2004Description of the latent heat nudging schemeWorking Documentation Paper 10 0 (0) 1--66----
Mesoscale data assimilation
ArticleDixon, Mark and Li, Zhihong and Lean, Humphrey and Roberts, Nigel and Ballard, Sue2009Impact of data assimilation on forecasting convection over the United Kingdom using a high-resolution version of the Met Office Unified ModelMonthly Weather Review 137 (5) 1562--158423----
Latent heat nudging, cloud nudging, VAR
BookDoviak, RJ and Zrnic, DS2006Doppler radar and weather observations 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleDow, G and Macpherson, B2013Benefit of convective-scale data assimilation and observing systems in the UK modelsForecasting Research Technical Report 585 (0) 1--3737Dow+Macpherson_2013.pdf
ArticleDubal, MR2001Use of a geostrophic coordinate transform in 3D-Var 0 (0) 1--1010----
ArticleDudhia, Jimy1989Numerical study of convection observed during the winter monsoon experiment using a mesoscale two-dimensional modelJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 46 (20) 3077--310731Dudhia1989.pdf
BookDurran, Dale R1999Numerical methods for wave equations in geophysical fluid dynamics 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleEhrendorfer, Martin and Tribbia, Joseph J1997Optimal prediction of forecast error covariances through singular vectorsJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 54 (2) 286--31328----
BookEhrendorfer, Martin and Bouttier, Francois1998An explicit low-resolution extended Kalman filter: Implementation and preliminary experimentation 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleEhrendorfer, Martin2007A review of issues in ensemble-based Kalman filteringMeteorologische Zeitschrift 16 (6) 795--81824----
ArticleElbern, Hendrik and Schmidt, Hauke2001Ozone episode analysis by four-dimensional variational chemistry data assimilationJournal of geophysical research 106 (0) 3569--359022----
Ozone, Chemical data assimilation
ArticleElbern, H and Strunk, A and Schmidt, H and Talagrand, O2007Emission rate and chemical state estimation by 4-dimensional variational inversionAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics 7 (14) 3749--376921----
ArticleEl Ouaraini, R and Berre, L2003Introduction of the beta-plane into the horizontal balance equation of ALADIN JbALADIN Newsletter 25 (0) 69--746ElOuaraini+Berre2004.pdf
ArticleEluszkiewicz, Janusz and Hemler, Richard S and Mahlman, Jerry D and Bruhwiler, Lori and Takacs, Lawrence L2000Sensitivity of age-of-air calculations to the choice of advection schemeJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 57 (19) 3185--320117----
Age of air, Advection schemes, Eurerian, Lagrangian, Semi-Lagrangian comparisons
ArticleErrico, Ronald M1985Spectra computed from a limited area gridMonthly Weather Review 113 (9) 1554--15629Errico_1985.pdf
ArticleErrico, Ronald M and Bauer, Peter and Mahfouf, Jean-Franccois2007Issues regarding the assimilation of cloud and precipitation dataJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 64 (11) 3785--379814ErricoEtAl_2007.pdf
ArticleErrico, Ronald M and Ohring, George and Weng, Fuzhong and Bauer, Peter and Ferrier, Brad and Mahfouf, Jean-Franccois and Turk, Joe2007Assimilation of satellite cloud and precipitation observations in numerical weather prediction models: Introduction to the JAS special collectionJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 64 (11) 3737--37415----
ArticleEtherton, Brian J and Bishop, Craig H2004Resilience of hybrid ensemble/3DVar analysis schemes to model error and ensemble covariance errorMonthly Weather Review 132 (5) 1065--108016Etherton+Bishop_2004.pdf
ArticleEUMETSAT2016 0 (0) 1--5353EUMETSAT_EUM_TSS_TEN_15_803179.pdf
ArticleEvensen, Geir1994Sequential data assimilation with a nonlinear quasi-geostrophic model using Monte Carlo methods to forecast error statisticsJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 99 (0) 10143--1016220Evensen_1994.pdf
ArticleEvensen, Geir and van Leeuwen, Peter Jan2000An ensemble Kalman smoother for nonlinear dynamicsMonthly Weather Review 128 (6) 1852--186716----
ArticleEvensen, Geir2003The ensemble Kalman filter: Theoretical formulation and practical implementationOcean dynamics 53 (4) 343--36725Evensen_2003.pdf
BookEvensen, Geir2009Data assimilation: the ensemble Kalman filter 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleEyre, JR1989Inversion of cloudy satellite sounding radiances by nonlinear optimal estimation. I: Theory and simulation for TOVSQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 115 (489) 1001--102626----
Radiances, Cloud clearing, OSSEs performed, Changing background errors
BookEyre, JR1992A bias correction scheme for simulated TOVS brightness temperatures 0 (0) 0--01Eyre_1992.pdf
In proceedingsEyre, JR2007Progress achieved on assimilation of satellite data in numerical weather prediction over the last 30 years 0 (0) 1--2727----
ArticleEyring, Veronika and Butchart, Neal and Waugh, Darryn W and Akiyoshi, Hideharu and Austin, John and Bekki, Slimane and Bodeker, Greg E and Boville, Byron A and Bruhl, Christoph and Chipperfield, Martyn P and others2006Assessment of temperature, trace species, and ozone in chemistry-climate model simulations of the recent pastJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 111 (0) 0--01----
Towards chemistry-climate modelling, many different climate models are compared
ArticleFabry, Frederic and Frush, Chuck and Zawadzki, Isztar and Kilambi, Alamelu1997On the extraction of near-surface index of refraction using radar phase measurements from ground targetsJournal of atmospheric and oceanic technology 14 (4) 978--98710FabryEtAl_1997.pdf
ArticleFabry, Frederic and Sun, Juanzhen2010For how long should what data be assimilated for the mesoscale forecasting of convection and why? Part I: On the propagation of initial condition errors and their implications for data assimilationMonthly Weather Review 138 (1) 242--25514Fabry+Sun+2010a.pdf
Contradictory regions, Energy of perturbations
ArticleFabry, Frederic2010For how long should what data be assimilated for the mesoscale forecasting of convection and why? Part II: On the observation signal from different sensorsMonthly Weather Review 138 (1) 256--2649Fabry+Sun+2010b.pdf
Signal strength, Linearity
ArticleFairbairn, D and Pring, SR and Lorenc, AC and Roulstone, I2014A comparison of 4DVar with ensemble data assimilation methodsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 140 (678) 281--29414----
ArticleFeng, L and Palmer, PI and Bosch, H and Dance, S2009Estimating surface CO2 fluxes from space-borne CO2 dry air mole fraction observations using an ensemble Kalman FilterAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics 9 (8) 2619--263315----
ArticleFertig, Elana J and Harlim, John and Hunt, Brian R2007A comparative study of 4D-Var and a 4D ensemble Kalman filter: Perfect model simulations with Lorenz-96Tellus A 59 (1) 96--1005----
ArticleFielding, Mark D and Chiu, J Christine and Hogan, Robin J and Feingold, Graham2014A novel ensemble method for retrieving properties of warm cloud in 3-D using ground-based scanning radar and zenith radiancesJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 119 (18) 0--01FieldingEtAl2014.pdf
ArticleFiedler, Franz and Panofsky, Hans A1970Atmospheric scales and spectral gapsBulletin of the American Meteorological Society 51 (12) 1114--11207Fiedler+Panofsky_1970.pdf
ArticleFillion, L0Diabatic balanced incrementsPersonal communication 0 (0) 0--01----
Complementary to ECMWF flow-dependent workshop report
ArticleFillion, Luc and Tanguay, Monique and Lapalme, Ervig and Denis, Bertrand and Desgagne, Michel and Lee, Vivian and Ek, Nils and Liu, Zhuo and Lajoie, Manon and Caron, Jean-Franccois and others2010The Canadian regional data assimilation and forecasting systemWeather and Forecasting 25 (6) 1645--166925Fillion_2010.pdf
ArticleFischer, Claude and Montmerle, Thibaut and Berre, Loik and Auger, Ludovic and cStefuanescu, Simona Ecaterina2005An overview of the variational assimilation in the ALADIN/France numerical weather-prediction systemQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (613) 3477--349216----
ArticleFischer, L and Craig, George0Structure function analysis of the high-resolution regional NWP model COSMO-DE and comparison to airborne lidar observationsJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences (submitted) 0 (0) 0--01----
BookFisher, Michael and Courtier, Philippe1995Estimating the covariance matrices of analysis and forecast error in variational data assimilation 0 (0) 0--01----
BookFisher, Michael1998Development of a simplified Kalman filter 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleFisher, M1998Minimization algorithms for variational data assimilationRecent Developments in Numerical Methods for Atmospheric Modelli 0 (0) 364--38522----
Conjugate gradient algorithm, Do not have this paper
BookFisher, Michael and Andersson, Erik2001Developments in 4D-Var and Kalman filtering 0 (0) 0--01----
Wavelets, 3d-fgat
In proceedingsFisher, Mike2003Background error covariance modelling 0 (0) 45--6319----
ArticleFisher, Mike0Parallelising 4D-VarPersonal communication 0 (0) 0--01----
Weak constraint
ArticleFisher, Michael and Leutbecher, Mand and Kelly, GA2005On the equivalence between Kalman smoothing and weak-constraint four-dimensional variational data assimilationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (613) 3235--324612----
ArticleFisher, Mike and Tremolet, Yannick and Auvinen, Harri and Tan, David and Poli, Paul2011Weak-constraint and long-window 4D-VarTechn. Rep 655 (0) 0--01FisherEtAl_2011.pdf
ArticleFletcher, SJ and Zupanski, M2006A data assimilation method for log-normally distributed observational errorsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 132 (621) 2505--251915----
Mean, median and mode of log-normal PDF
ArticleFletcher, Steven J and Zupanski, Milija2007Implications and impacts of transforming lognormal variables into normal variables in VARMeteorologische Zeitschrift 16 (6) 755--76511----
Log normal cost function
ArticleFlowerdew, Jonathan0A strategy for Met Office research into convective-scale ensemble data assimilationMet Office Report 0 (0) 0--01----
Balance, synchronosation, scales, localization, hydrometeors
ArticleFlowerdew, Jonathan2015Towards a theory of optimal localisationTellus A 67 (0) 0--01----
Don't have this paper, but do have the report
ArticleFlowerdew, Jonathan2017Initial trials of convective-scale data assimilation with a cheaply tunable ensemble filterQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 143 (704) 1670--168415Flowerdew_2017.pdf
ArticleFord, Rupert and McIntyre, Michael E and Norton, Warwick A2000Balance and the slow quasimanifold: some explicit resultsJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 57 (9) 1236--125419----
Quasi slow manifold, Lighthill radiation, Balance
ArticleFowler, Alison M and Bannister, Ross N and Eyre, John2010Characterising the background errors for the boundary-layer capping inversionAustral. Meteorol. Oceanic J 59 (0) 17--248----
Amplitude and phase errors
ArticleFowler, Alison and Bannister, Ross and Eyre, John2012A new floating model level scheme for the assimilation of boundary-layer top inversions: the univariate assimilation of temperatureQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 138 (664) 682--69817----
ArticleFowler, Alison and van Leeuwen, Peter Jan2012Measures of observation impact in non-Gaussian data assimilationTellus A 64 (0) 0--01Fowler+VanLeeuwen_2012.pdf
ArticleFowler, Alison and van Leeuwen, Peter Jan2013Observation impact in data assimilation: the effect of non-Gaussian observation errorTellus A 65 (0) 0--01Fowler+VanLeeuwen_2013.pdf
ArticleFournier, A and Dixon, M and Bannister, RN and Ballard, SP2008Wavelet representation of localized multiscale flow structures in high-resolution variational data assimilationreport to the UK Met Office and in preparation for QJRMS 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleFraser, A and Palmer, PI and Feng, L and Boesch, Hartmut and Cogan, A and Parker, R and Dlugokencky, EJ and Fraser, PJ and Krummel, PB and Langenfelds, RL and others2013Estimating regional methane surface fluxes: the relative importance of surface and GOSAT mole fraction measurementsAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13 (11) 5697--571317----
GOES-Chem, EnKF, don't have this paper but do have NCEO poster
ArticleFreeden, Willi and Windheuser, Ulrich1996Spherical wavelet transform and its discretizationAdvances in Computational Mathematics 5 (1) 51--9444----
ArticleFujita, Tadashi and Stensrud, David J and Dowell, David C2007Surface data assimilation using an ensemble Kalman filter approach with initial condition and model physics uncertaintiesMonthly Weather Review 135 (5) 1846--186823FujitaEtAl_2007.pdf
ArticleA. J. Gadd1978A split explicit integration scheme for numerical weather predictionQ. J. R. Meterol. Soc. 104 (0) 569--58214----
ArticleGaffen, Dian J and Santer, Benjamin D and Boyle, James S and Christy, John R and Graham, Nicholas E and Ross, Rebecca J2000Multidecadal changes in the vertical temperature structure of the tropical troposphereScience 287 (5456) 1242--12454----
Temperature trends
ArticleGal-Chen, Tzvi1988A theory for the retrievals of virtual temperature from remote measurements of horizontal winds and thermal radiationMonthly Weather Review 116 (6) 1302--131918----
ArticleGarcia-Alvarez, D0A comparison of a few numerical schemes for the integration of stochastic differential equations in the Stratonovich interpretation 0 (0) 0--01----
Ito and Stratonovich interpretations
ArticleGarcia-Pintado, Javier and Mason, David C and Dance, Sarah L and Cloke, Hannah L and Neal, Jeff C and Freer, Jim and Bates, Paul D2015Satellite-supported flood forecasting in river networks: A real case studyJournal of Hydrology 523 (0) 706--72419----
ArticleGaspari, Gregory and Cohn, Stephen E1996Construction of correlation functions in two and three dimensionsDAO Note 96 (0) 1--5353----
ArticleGaspari, Gregory and Cohn, Stephen E1999Construction of correlation functions in two and three dimensionsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 125 (554) 723--75735----
Convolution, compactly supported
ArticleGauthier, Pierre and Charette, C and Fillion, L and Koclas, P and Laroche, S1999Implementation of a 3D variational data assimilation system at the Canadian Meteorological Centre. Part I: The global analysisAtmosphere-Ocean 37 (2) 103--15654----
ArticleGauthier, Pierre and Thepaut, Jean-Noel2001Impact of the digital filter as a weak constraint in the preoperational 4DVar assimilation system of Meteo-FranceMonthly Weather Review 129 (8) 2089--210214Gauthier+Thepaut_2001.pdf
ArticleGauthier, Pierre and Tanguay, Monique and Laroche, Stephane and Pellerin, Simon and Morneau, Josee2007Extension of 3DVar to 4DVar: Implementation of 4DVar at the Meteorological Service of CanadaMonthly Weather Review 135 (6) 2339--235416GauthierEtAl_2007.pdf
ArticleGe, Guoqing and Gao, Jidong and Xue, Ming2012Diagnostic pressure equation as a weak constraint in a storm-scale three-dimensional variational radar data assimilation systemJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 29 (8) 1075--109218GeEtAl_2012.pdf
Jc term, Can speed-up the spin-up of precipitation
ArticleGebhardt, C and Theis, SE and Paulat, M and Bouallegue, Z Ben2011Uncertainties in COSMO-DE precipitation forecasts introduced by model perturbations and variation of lateral boundariesAtmospheric Research 100 (2) 168--17710GebhardtEtAl_2011.pdf
ArticleGeer, AJ and Peubey, C and Bannister, RN and Brugge, R and Jackson, DR and Lahoz, WA and Migliorini, S and O'Neill, A and Swinbank, R2006Assimilation of stratospheric ozone from MIPAS into a global general-circulation model: The September 2002 vortex splitQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 132 (614) 231--25727----
Model bias, Ozone photochemistry parametrizations, Stratospheric transport, Anomalous vertical transport
ArticleGeer, Alan J and Bauer, Peter and Lopez, Philippe2008Lessons learnt from the operational 1D+ 4D-Var assimilation of rain-and cloud-affected SSM/I observations at ECMWFQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 134 (635) 1513--152513GeerEtAl_2008.pdf
ArticleGeer, Alan J and Bauer, Peter2011Observation errors in all-sky data assimilationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 137 (661) 2024--203714Geer+Bauer_2011.pdf
Mislocation error, local averaging in space and time
ArticleGETTELMAN, A and FORSTER, PM De F2002A climatology of the tropical tropopause layerJournal of the Meteorological Society of Japan 80 (4) 911--92414----
Stratosphere troposphere exchange
ArticleGettelman, Andrew and Holton, James R and Douglass, Anne R2000Simulations of water vapor in the lower stratosphere and upper troposphereJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 105 (0) 9003--902321----
ArticleGettelman, A and Randel, WJ and Wu, F and Massie, ST2002Transport of water vapor in the tropical tropopause layerGeophysical Research Letters 29 (1) 0--01----
Cirrus extinction, convection, ice, trajectories, 100 hPa
ArticleGettelman, A and Salby, ML and Sassi, F2002Distribution and influence of convection in the tropical tropopause regionJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 107 (0) 0--01----
Convection, Tropopause, Correlation between deep convection and low temperatures
ArticleGhil, Michael1980The compatible balancing approach to initialization, and four-dimensional data assimilationTellus 32 (3) 198--2069----
Linear and non-linear shallow water equations, Diagnostic equations
ArticleGhil, Michael and Malanotte-Rizzoli, Paola1991Data assimilation in meteorology and oceanographyAdvances in geophysics 33 (0) 141--266126----
PhD thesisGiannakopoulou, Evangelia-Maria2008Flood Prediction and Uncertainty 0 (0) 0--01----
Ensemble Kalman filters
ArticleGiering, Ralf and Kaminski, Thomas1998Recipes for adjoint code constructionACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS) 24 (4) 437--47438----
Adjoint construction
ArticleGiering, Ralf1997Tangent linear and adjoint model compiler, users manualCenter for Global Change Sciences, Department of Earth, Atmosphe 0 (0) 0--01----
Automatic adjoint compiler
ArticleGilchrist, Bruce and Cressman, George P1954An experiment in objective analysisTellus 6 (4) 309--31810Gilchrist+Cressman_1954.pdf
Previous estimate (background)
BookA. E. Gill1982Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleGilmour, Isla and Smith, Leonard A and Buizza, Roberto2001Linear regime duration: Is 24 hours a long time in synoptic weather forecasting?Journal of the atmospheric sciences 58 (22) 3525--353915GilmourEtAl_2001.pdf
Differential growth between positive and negative perts
ArticleGneiting, Tilmann1999Correlation functions for atmospheric data analysisQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 125 (559) 2449--246416----
ArticleGolding, BW1998Nimrod: A system for generating automated very short range forecastsMeteorological Applications 5 (1) 1--1616Golding_1998.pdf
ArticleGolding, BW and Ballard, SP and Mylne, K and Roberts, N and Saulter, A and Wilson, C and Agnew, P and Davis, LS and Trice, J and Jones, C and Simonin, D and Li, Z and Pierce, C and Bennett, A and Weeks, M and Moseley, S2014Forecasting capabilities for the London 2012 OlympicsBulletin of the American Meteorological Society 95 (6) 883--89614----
ArticleGong, J and Holm, EV2011Development of cloud condensate background errorsECMWF Newsletter 128 (0) 23--275----
Prognostic cloud condensate, Explicit cloud variables
ArticleGonzi, Siegfried and Palmer, Paul I and Barkley, Michael P and De Smedt, Isabelle and van Roozendael, Michel2011Biomass burning emission estimates inferred from satellite column measurements of HCHO: Sensitivity to co-emitted aerosol and injection heightGeophysical Research Letters 38 (14) 0--01----
ArticleGoodliff, Michael and Amezcua, Javier and van Leeuwen, Peter Jan2015Comparing hybrid data assimilation methods on the Lorenz 1963 model with increasing non-linearityTellus A 67 (0) 0--01----
ArticleGoodliff, Michael and Amezcua, Javier and Van Leeuwen, Peter Jan2017A weak-constraint 4DEnsembleVar. Part II: experiments with larger modelsTellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography 69 (1) 1271565--12715651GoodliffEtal_2017.pdf
ArticleGough, Douglas O and Leibacher, JW and Scherrer, PH and Toomre, J1996Perspectives in helioseismologyScience 272 (5266) 1281--12811----
ArticleGray, Lesley J2000A model study of the influence of the quasi-biennial oscillation on trace gas distributions in the middle and upper stratosphereJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 105 (0) 4539--455113----
ArticleGray, Suzanne Louise and Haine, TWN2001Constraining a North Atlantic Ocean general circulation model with chlorofluorocarbon observationsJournal of physical oceanography 31 (5) 1157--118125Gray+Haine_2001.pdf
ArticleGregory, AR and West, V2002The sensitivity of a model's stratospheric tape recorder to the choice of advection schemeQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 128 (584) 1827--184620----
Advection schemes, Comparison of tape speeds to advection schemes
ArticleGregory, D and Rowntree, PR1990A mass flux convection scheme with representation of cloud ensemble characteristics and stability-dependent closureMonthly Weather Review 118 (7) 1483--150624----
ArticleGregory, D1996Convection SchemeUnified Model Documentation Paper 27 (0) 0--01----
ArticleGregory, D and Kershaw, R and Inness, PM1997Parametrization of momentum transport by convection. II: Tests in single-column and general circulation modelsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 123 (541) 1153--118331----
ArticleGreybush, Steven J and Kalnay, Eugenia and Miyoshi, Takemasa and Ide, Kayo and Hunt, Brian R2011Balance and ensemble Kalman filter localization techniquesMonthly Weather Review 139 (2) 511--52212----
B vs R localization, Measure imbalance via ageostrophic wind and 2nd deriv of surface p, Analysis of B and R localizations in appendix
ArticleGriffith, AK and Nichols, NK1996Accounting for model error in data assimilation using adjoint methodsComputational Differentiation: Techniques, Applications and Tool 0 (0) 195--20410----
In proceedingsGriffith, AK and Martin, MJ and Nichols, NK2000Techniques for treating systematic model error in 3d and 4d data assimilation 0 (0) 9--124----
model error
ArticleGriffith, AK and Nichols, NK2000Adjoint methods in data assimilation for estimating model errorFlow, turbulence and combustion 65 (3) 469--48820----
Model error, Bias estimation, Nonlinear shallow water equations
ArticleGuan, Li and Zou, Xiaolei and Weng, Fuzhong and Li, G2011Assessments of FY-3A Microwave Humidity Sounder measurements using NOAA-18 Microwave Humidity SounderJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 116 (0) 0--01GuanEtAl_2011.pdf
ArticleGuerbette, Jeremy and Mahfouf, Jean-Franccois and Plu, Matthieu2016Towards the assimilation of all-sky microwave radiances from the SAPHIR humidity sounder in a limited area NWP model over tropical regionsTellus A 68 (0) 0--01GuerbetteEtAl_2016.pdf
ArticleGuerin, Roy and Desroziers, Gerald and Arbogast, Philippe20064D-Var analysis of potential vorticity pseudo-observationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 132 (617) 1283--129816----
ArticleGuidard, Vincent and Fischer, Claude2008Introducing the coupling information in a limited-area variational assimilationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 134 (632) 723--73513----
ArticleGuidard, V and Fourrie, N and Brousseau, P and Rabier, F2011Impact of IASI assimilation at global and convective scales and challenges for the assimilation of cloudy scenesQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 137 (661) 1975--198713GuidardEtAl_2011.pdf
ArticleGurney, Kevin Robert and Law, Rachel M and Denning, A Scott and Rayner, Peter J and Baker, David and Bousquet, Philippe and Bruhwiler, Lori and Chen, Yu-Han and Ciais, Philippe and Fan, Songmiao and others2002Towards robust regional estimates of CO2 sources and sinks using atmospheric transport modelsNature 415 (6872) 626--6305----
ArticleGustafsson, Nils and Berre, Loik and Hornquist, Sara and Huang, X-Y and Lindskog, Magnus and Navascues, Beatriz and Mogensen, KS and Thorsteinsson, Sigurdur2001Three-dimensional variational data assimilation for a limited area modelTellus A 53 (4) 425--44622----
HIRLAM, Parameters used as control variables
ArticleGustafsson, Nils2007Discussion on `4D-Var or ensemble Kalman filter?'Tellus A 59 (0) 774--7774----
ArticleGustafsson, Nils and Thorsteinsson, S and Stengel, M and Holm, E2011Use of a nonlinear pseudo-relative humidity variable in a multivariate formulation of moisture analysisQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 137 (657) 1004--101815Gustafsson_et_al-2011.pdf
HIRLAM
ArticleGustafsson, Nils and Huang, Xiang-Yu and Yang, Xiaohua and Mogensen, Kristian and Lindskog, Magnus and Vignes, Ole and Wilhelmsson, Tomas and Thorsteinsson, Sigurdur2012Four-dimensional variational data assimilation for a limited area modelTellus A 64 (0) 0--01GustafssonEtAl_2012.pdf
ArticleGustafsson, Nils and Bojarova, J and Vignes, O2014A hybrid variational ensemble data assimilation for the HIgh Resolution Limited Area Model (HIRLAM)Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics 21 (1) 303--32321GustafssonEtAl_2014.pdf
ArticleGustafsson, Nils and Bojarova, J2014Four-dimensional ensemble variational (4D-En-Var) data assimilation for the high resolution limited area model (HIRLAM)Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics 21 (4) 745--76218Gustafsson+Bojarova_2014.pdf
In proceedingsGustafsson, Nils0En-Var in NWP (and ocean models) 0 (0) 0--01Gustafsson_EnsVar.pdf
Presentation
ArticleGustafsson, Nils and others2017Survey of data assimilation methods for convective-scale numerical weather prediction at operational centresQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 0 (0) 0--01GustafssonEtAl_2017.pdf
I have submitted version
ArticleHacker, JP and Snyder, Chris and HA, S-Y and Pocernich, M2011Linear and non-linear response to parameter variations in a mesoscale modelTellus A 63 (3) 429--44416----
Latin hypercube sampling
ArticleHagelin, Susanna and Son, Joohyung and Swinbank, Richard and McCabe, Anne and Roberts, Nigel and Tennant, Warren2017The Met Office convective-scale ensemble, MOGREPS-UKQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 143 (0) 2846--286116HagelinEtal_2017.pdf
ArticleHakim, Gregory J2005Vertical structure of midlatitude analysis and forecast errorsMonthly Weather Review 133 (3) 567--57812----
Ensembles, non-separability
ArticleHall, GR and Walsh JA1996Is the weather chaotic? 0 (0) 1--1818----
>1996, Chaos, Sensitive dependence, Transitivity, Lyapunov exponent
ArticleHamill, Thomas M and Mullen, Steven L and Snyder, Chris and Baumhefner, David P and Toth, Zoltan2000Ensemble forecasting in the short to medium range: Report from a workshopBulletin of the American Meteorological Society 81 (11) 2653--266412----
ArticleHamill, Thomas M and Snyder, Chris2000A hybrid ensemble Kalman filter-3D variational analysis schemeMonthly Weather Review 128 (8) 2905--291915----
ArticleHamill, Thomas M2001Interpretation of rank histograms for verifying ensemble forecastsMonthly Weather Review 129 (3) 550--56011Hamill_2001.pdf
ArticleHamill, Thomas M and Whitaker, Jeffrey S and Snyder, Chris2001Distance-dependent filtering of background error covariance estimates in an ensemble Kalman filterMonthly Weather Review 129 (11) 2776--279015----
Shur product, Error in cov matrix, Flow dependence
ArticleHamill, Thomas M and Whitaker, Jeffrey S2005Accounting for the error due to unresolved scales in ensemble data assimilation: A comparison of different approachesMonthly Weather Review 133 (11) 3132--314716----
ArticleHamill, Thomas M and Whitaker, Jeffrey S and Fiorino, Michael and Benjamin, Stanley G2011Global ensemble predictions of 2009's tropical cyclones initialized with an ensemble Kalman filterMonthly Weather Review 139 (2) 668--68821----
ArticleHamill, Thomas M and Whitaker, Jeffrey S and Kleist, Daryl T and Fiorino, Michael and Benjamin, Stanley G2011Predictions of 2010's tropical cyclones using the GFS and ensemble-based data assimilation methodsMonthly Weather Review 139 (10) 3243--32475----
ArticleHarnisch, Florian and Keil, Christian2015Initial conditions for convective-scale ensemble forecasting provided by ensemble data assimilationMonthly Weather Review 143 (5) 1583--160018Harnisch+Keil_2015.pdf
ArticleHarnisch, F and Weissmann, M and Perianez, A2016Error model for the assimilation of cloud-affected infrared satellite observations in an ensemble data assimilation systemQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 142 (697) 1797--180812HarnischEtAl_2016.pdf
ArticleHarris, BA and Kelly, G2001A satellite radiance-bias correction scheme for data assimilationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 127 (574) 1453--146816Harris+Kelly_2001.pdf
ArticleHase, Nils and Miller, Scot M and Maass, Peter and Notholt, Justus and Palm, Mathias and Warneke, Thorsten2017Atmospheric Inverse Modeling via Sparse ReconstructionGeoscientific Model Development 10 (0) 3695--371319----
ArticleHayden, Christopher M and Purser, R James1995Recursive filter objective analysis of meteorological fields: Applications to NESDIS operational processingJournal of Applied Meteorology 34 (1) 3--1513Hayden+Purser_1995.pdf
ArticleHaynes, PH and McIntyre, ME and Shepherd, TG and Marks, CJ and Shine, K Po1991On the'downward control'of extratropical diabatic circulations by eddy-induced mean zonal forcesJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 48 (4) 651--67828----
ArticleHello, G and Bouttier, F2001Using adjoint sensitivity as a local structure function in variational data assimilationNonlinear Processes in Geophysics 8 (6) 347--3559----
Simplfied Kalman filter
PhD thesisHewison, Tim J2006Profiling temperature and humidity by ground-based microwave radiometers 0 (0) 0--01TimHewisonThesis2006.pdf
Hoff, A2010Advancements in the AMDAR Humidity Sensing 0 (0) 1--2424Hoff_2010.pdf
ArticleHoffman, Ross N and Liu, Zheng and Louis, Jean-Francois and Grassoti, Christopher1995Distortion representation of forecast errorsMonthly Weather Review 123 (9) 2758--277013----
ArticleHohenegger, Cathy and Schar, Christoph2007Atmospheric predictability at synoptic versus cloud-resolving scalesBulletin of the American Meteorological Society 88 (11) 1783--17831Hohenegger+Schar_2007.pdf
ArticleHollan, Michael A and Ancell, Brian C2015Ensemble Mean Storm-Scale Performance in the Presence of NonlinearityMonthly Weather Review 143 (12) 5115--513319Hollan+Ancell_2015.pdf
ArticleHolland, Brian and Wang, Xuguang2013Effects of sequential or simultaneous assimilation of observations and localization methods on the performance of the ensemble Kalman filterQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 139 (672) 758--77013----
Covariance localization, Serial assimilation, Balance, B and R localization
ArticleHollingsworth, A and Lonnberg, P1986The statistical structure of short-range forecast errors as determined from radiosonde data. Part I: The wind fieldTellus A 38 (2) 111--13626----
Background errors
ArticleHolm, E and Andersson, E and Beljaars, A and Lopez, P and Mahfouf, JF and Simmons, A and Thepaut, JN2002Assimilation and modelling of the hydrological cycle: ECMWF's status and plansTechnical Memoranda 383 (0) 0--01----
In proceedingsHolm, Elias Valur2002Revision of the ECMWF humidity analysis: Construction of a Gaussian control variable 8 (11) 0--01----
In proceedingsHolm, Elias and Gong, Jiandong2010Use of cloud condensate in the background error formulation 0 (0) 15--173----
ArticleHolm, Elias2015Balance operator including linear saturation adjustment and cloud condensate 0 (0) 0--01Holm_2015.pdf
Poster, Workshop on cloud assimilation, Joint Center for Satellite DA, USA
ArticleHolton, James R and Gettelman, Andrew2001Horizontal transport and the dehydration of the stratosphereGeophys. Res. Lett 28 (14) 2799--28024----
Simple model, Diabatic cooling, Subsidence, Cirrus
ArticleHolton, James R and Haynes, Peter H and McIntyre, Michael E and Douglass, Anne R and Rood, Richard B and Pfister, Leonhard1995Stratosphere-troposphere exchangeReviews of geophysics 33 (4) 403--43937----
Tape recorder, Wave pumping, Review article
BookJ.R. Holton2004An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology, 4 edition 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleHonda, Y and Nishijima, M and Koizumi, K and Ohta, Y and Tamiya, K and Kawabata, T and Tsuyuki, T2005A pre-operational variational data assimilation system for a non-hydrostatic model at the Japan Meteorological Agency: Formulation and preliminary resultsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (613) 3465--347511Honda_2005.pdf
Mesoscale
ArticleHong, Gang and Heygster, Georg and Miao, Jungang and Kunzi, Klaus2005Sensitivity of microwave brightness temperatures to hydrometeors in a tropical deep convective cloud system at 89--190 GHzRadio science 40 (4) 0--01HongEtAl_2005.pdf
ArticleHoranyi, Andras and Ihasz, Istvan and Radnoti, Gabor1996ARPEGE/ALADIN: A numerical weather prediction model for Central-Europe with the participation of the Hungarian Meteorological ServiceIdojaras 100 (4) 277--30125----
ArticleHoskins, Brian and Berrisford, Paul1988A potential vorticity perspective of the storm of 15--16 October 1987Weather 43 (3) 122--1298----
Potential vorticity
ArticleHoskins, Brian J and McIntyre, ME and Robertson, Andrew W1985On the use and significance of isentropic potential vorticity mapsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 111 (470) 877--94670----
Conservation, Invertibility
ArticleHoskins, BJ and Simmons, AJ1975A multi-layer spectral model and the semi-implicit methodQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 101 (429) 637--65519----
ArticleHouser PR1975Land surface processes and Assimilation of land surface dataIn NATO ASI book 0 (0) 321--34323----
ArticleHoutekamer, PL and Lefaivre, Louis and Derome, Jacques and Ritchie, Harold and Mitchell, Herschel L1996A system simulation approach to ensemble predictionMonthly Weather Review 124 (6) 1225--124218----
Ensemble method of computing covariances
ArticleHoutekamer, Peter L and Mitchell, Herschel L1998Data assimilation using an ensemble Kalman filter techniqueMonthly Weather Review 126 (3) 796--81116Houtekamer+Mitchell_1998.pdf
Sample error in correlation
ArticleHoutekamer, Peter L and Mitchell, Herschel L2001A sequential ensemble Kalman filter for atmospheric data assimilationMonthly Weather Review 129 (1) 123--13715----
Spurious long-range correlations, batches of observations, localization in observation space
ArticleHoutekamer, Peter L and Mitchell, Herschel L2005Ensemble kalman filteringQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (613) 3269--328921Houtekamer_etal_2005_EnKF.pdf
Imbalance, localization, 10000 members needed to avoid localization
ArticleHoutekamer, Peter L and Mitchell, Herschel L and Pellerin, Gerard and Buehner, Mark and Charron, Martin and Spacek, Lubos and Hansen, Bjarne2005Atmospheric data assimilation with an ensemble Kalman filter: Results with real observationsMonthly Weather Review 133 (3) 604--62017Houtekamer_etal_2005.pdf
ArticleHoutekamer, PL and Deng, Xingxiu and Mitchell, Herschel L and Baek, Seung-Jong and Gagnon, Normand2014Higher resolution in an operational ensemble Kalman filterMonthly Weather Review 142 (3) 1143--116220Houtekamer_etal_2014.pdf
ArticleHoutekamer, PL and Zhang, Fuqing2016Review of the Ensemble Kalman Filter for Atmospheric Data AssimilationMonthly Weather Review 144 (12) 4489--453244Houtekamer+Zhang+2016.pdf
In proceedingsHoutekamer, PL2017The Canadian approach to ensemble prediction 0 (0) 1--4141houtekamer2017ecmwf.pdf
Need for large ensembles
ArticleHouweling, S and Baker, D and Basu, S and Boesch, Hartmut and Butz, A and Chevallier, F and Deng, F and Dlugokencky, EJ and Feng, L and Ganshin, A and others2015An intercomparison of inverse models for estimating sources and sinks of CO2 using GOSAT measurementsJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 120 (10) 5253--526614Houweling_et_al-2015.pdf
ArticleHu, Xiao-Ming and Zhang, Fuqing and Nielsen-Gammon, John W2010Ensemble-based simultaneous state and parameter estimation for treatment of mesoscale model error: A real-data studyGeophysical Research Letters 37 (8) 0--01----
ArticleHunt, BR and Kalnay, E and Kostelich, EJ and Ott, E and Patil, DJ and Sauer, T and Szunyogh, I and Yorke, JA and Zimin, AV2004Four-dimensional ensemble Kalman filteringTellus A 56 (4) 273--2775----
4DEnsVar
ArticleHunt, Brian R and Kostelich, Eric J and Szunyogh, Istvan2007Efficient data assimilation for spatiotemporal chaos: A local ensemble transform Kalman filterPhysica D: Nonlinear Phenomena 230 (1) 112--12615----
Main ref for LETKF
ArticleIde, Kayo and Courtier, Philippe and Ghil, Michael and Lorenc, Andrew C1997Unified Notation for Data Assimilation: Operational, Sequential and VariationalJournal of the Meteorological Society of Japan. Ser. II 75 (1) 181--1899----
ArticleIllingworth, Anthony J and Barker, HW and Beljaars, A and Ceccaldi, Marie and Chepfer, H and Clerbaux, Nicolas and Cole, J and Delanoe, Julien and Domenech, C and Donovan, David P and others2015The EarthCARE satellite: The next step forward in global measurements of clouds, aerosols, precipitation, and radiationBulletin of the American Meteorological Society 96 (8) 1311--133222----
ArticleIngleby, NB2011Nonlinear humidity transformVar Scientific Documentation Paper 11 (0) 1--2424----
ArticleIngleby, N Bruce2001The statistical structure of forecast errors and its representation in the Met. Office global 3-D variational data assimilation schemeQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 127 (571) 209--23123----
Forecast errors, Error covariances, Variational data assimiltion
ArticleIngleby, NB and Lorenc, AC and Ngan, K and Rawlins, F and Jackson, DR2013Improved variational analyses using a nonlinear humidity control variableQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 139 (676) 1875--188713InglebyEtAl_2013.pdf
Bias, symmetry, total moisture
ArticleIngleby, Bruce and Moore, David and Sloan, Chris and Dunn, Robert2013Evolution and Accuracy of Surface Humidity ReportsJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 30 (9) 2025--204319InglebyEtAl_2013_humidity.pdf
ArticleIngleby, Bruce2015Global assimilation of air temperature, humidity, wind and pressure from surface stationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 141 (687) 504--51714Ingleby_2015.pdf
ArticleIsaksen, Lars and Bonavita, M and Buizza, R and Fisher, M and Haseler, J and Leutbecher, M and Raynaud, Laure2010Ensemble of data assimilations at ECMWFECMWF Technical Memo 636 (0) 0--01IsaksenEtAl_2010.pdf
ArticleIto, Kosuke and Kunii, Masaru and Kawabata, Takuya and Saito, Kazuo and Aonashi, Kazumasa and Duc, Le2016Mesoscale Hybrid Data Assimilation System based on JMA Nonhydrostatic ModelMonthly Weather Review 144 (9) 3417--343923ItoEtAl_2016.pdf
ArticleJackson, DR and Methven, J and Pope, VD2001Transport in the low-latitude tropopause zone diagnosed using particle trajectoriesJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 58 (2) 173--19220----
Trajectories
ArticleJackson, DR and Saunders, R2002Ozone data assimilation: Preliminary systemMet Office Forecasting Research Technical Report 394 (0) 0--01----
HIRS channel 9
ArticleJackson, DR and Keil, Mike and Devenish, BJ2008Use of Canadian Quick covariances in the Met Office data assimilation systemQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 134 (635) 1567--158216----
ArticleJaniskova, M and Lopez, P and Bauer, P2012Experimental 1D+ 4D-Var assimilation of CloudSat observationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 138 (666) 1196--122025JaniskovaEtAl_2012.pdf
ArticleJaniskova, M2015Assimilation of cloud information from space-borne radar and lidar: experimental study using a 1D+ 4D-Var techniqueQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 141 (692) 2708--272518Janiskova_2015.pdf
ArticleJanjic, Tijana and Nerger, Lars and Albertella, Alberta and Schroter, Jens and Skachko, Sergey2011On domain localization in ensemble-based Kalman filter algorithmsMonthly Weather Review 139 (7) 2046--206015----
ArticleJanjic, Tijana and Cohn, Stephen E2006Treatment of observation error due to unresolved scales in atmospheric data assimilationMonthly Weather Review 134 (10) 2900--291516Janjic+Cohn_2006.pdf
ArticleJardak, M and Navon, IM and Zupanski, M2013Comparison of Ensemble Data Assimilation methods for the shallow water equations model in the presence of nonlinear observation operatorsSubmitted to Tellus 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleJarvinen, Heikki and Andersson, Erik and Bouttier, Franccois1999Variational assimilation of time sequences of surface observations with serially correlated errorsTellus A 51 (4) 469--48820----
Correlated observations
ArticleJarvinen, Heikki2001Temporal evolution of innovation and residual statistics in the ECMWF variational data assimilation systemsTellus A 53 (3) 333--34715----
NMC method
ArticleJeuken, ABM and Eskes, HJ and Velthoven, PFJ van and Kelder, HM and Holm, EV1999Assimilation of total ozone satellite measurements in a three-dimensional tracer transport modelJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 104 (0) 5551--556313----
Optimal interpolation
ArticleJin, Xin and Li, Jun and Schmit, Timothy J and Li, Jinlong and Goldberg, Mitchell D and Gurka, James J2008Retrieving clear-sky atmospheric parameters from SEVIRI and ABI infrared radiancesJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 113 (0) 0--01JinEtAl_2008.pdf
ArticleJones, CD and Macpherson, B1997A latent heat nudging scheme for the assimilation of precipitation data into an operational mesoscale modelMeteorological Applications 4 (3) 269--2779Jones+Macpherson_1997.pdf
ArticleJones, CD and Macpherson, B2012The benefit of continuous data assimilation in a regional NWP modelMet Office Forecasting Research Technical Report 566 (0) 0--01----
NAE
ArticleJuckes, Martin and Lawrence, Bryan2009Inferred variables in data assimilation: quantifying sensitivity to inaccurate error statisticsTellus A 61 (1) 129--14315----
JMA0Global and mesoscale data assimilation system 0 (0) 0--01----
Description of JMA system
JMA2013Chapter 2, Data Assimilation Systems 0 (0) 9--4032JMA_2013.pdf
Log normal q
ArticleJohnson, Christine and Hoskins, Brian J and Nichols, Nancy K2005A singular vector perspective of 4D-Var: Filtering and interpolationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (605) 1--1919----
Inverse correlation matrix with Laplacian
In proceedingsKalnay, E and Toth, Zoltan1994Removing growing errors in the analysis cycle 0 (0) 212--2154----
Bred modes, Applied to Lorenz 3-variable model
ArticleKalnay, E and Corazza, M and Cau M0Are bred vectors the same as Lyaounov vectors? 0 (0) 1--1010----
Dynamical theory
BookE. Kalnay2002Atmospheric modeling, data assimilation and predictability 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleKalnay, Eugenia and Li, Hong and Miyoshi, Takemasa and YANG, SHU-CHIH and BALLABRERA-POY, JOAQUIM20074-D-Var or ensemble Kalman filter?Tellus A 59 (5) 758--77316----
Has a response (Gustafsson)
ArticleKalnay, Eugenia and Yang, Shu-Chih2010Accelerating the spin-up of Ensemble Kalman FilteringQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 136 (651) 1644--16518Kalnay+Yang_2010.pdf
ArticleKarbou, Fatima and Bauer, Peter and Geer, Alan and Bell, William2008Exploitation of microwave sounder/imager data over land surfaces in the presence of clouds and precipitationEUMETSAT, Darmstadt, Germany, Tech. Rep 37 (0) 0--01KarbouEtAl.pdf
ArticleKatz, D and Lawless, AS and Nichols, NK and Cullen, MJP and Bannister, RN2006A comparison of potential vorticity-based and vorticity-based control variablesThe University of Reading, Department of Mathematics, Numerical  8 (0) 2006--20061----
ArticleKatz, D and Lawless, Amos S and Nichols, Nancy K and Cullen, MJP and Bannister, Ross N2011Correlations of control variables in variational data assimilationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 137 (656) 620--63011----
Burger number, control variable transform, potential vorticity, shallow-water model
In proceedingsKavnak, Jan2011Overview of the IR channels and their applications 0 (0) 1--4040Kanaj_2011.pdf
ArticleKawabata, Takuya and Shoji, Yoshinori and Seko, Hiromu and Saito, Kazuo2013A numerical study on a mesoscale convective system over a subtropical island with 4D-Var assimilation of GPS slant total delaysJ. Meteor. Soc. Japan 91 (0) 705--72117KawabataEtAl_2013.pdf
ArticleKazumori, Masahiro2014Satellite radiance assimilation in the JMA operational mesoscale 4DVar systemMonthly Weather Review 142 (3) 1361--138121Kazumori_2016.pdf
ArticleKeil, M2004Assimilating data from a simulated global constellation of stratospheric balloonsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 130 (602) 2475--249319----
Long duration balloons, alaysis, observation network
ArticleKeil, Christian and Craig, George C2009A displacement and amplitude score employing an optical flow techniqueWeather and Forecasting 24 (5) 1297--130812Keil+Craig_2009.pdf
ArticleKelly, Graeme and Thepaut, Jean-Noel2007Evaluation of the impact of the space component of the Global Observing System through Observing System ExperimentsECMWF Newsletter 113 (0) 16--2813Kelly+Thepaut_2007.pdf
ArticleKelly, GA and Bauer, Peter and Geer, Alan J and Lopez, Philippe and Thepaut, Jean-Noel2008Impact of SSM/I observations related to moisture, clouds, and precipitation on global NWP forecast skillMonthly Weather Review 136 (7) 2713--272614KellyEtAl_2008.pdf
ArticleKepert, Jeffrey D2009Covariance localisation and balance in an ensemble Kalman filterQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 135 (642) 1157--117620----
Data assimilation, background error, covariance modelling
ArticleKilcoyne, H1997Past and current methods of data assimilation at leading weather and anaysis centers 0 (0) 0--01----
History of data assimilation
ArticleKirchgessner, Paul and Nerger, Lars and Bunse-Gerstner, Angelika2014On the choice of an optimal localization radius in ensemble Kalman filter methodsMonthly Weather Review 142 (6) 2165--217511----
ArticleKitchen, M1989Representativeness errors for radiosonde observationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 115 (487) 673--70028Kitchen1989.pdf
ArticleKleespies, Thomas J and Watts, Philip2006Comparison of simulated radiances, Jacobians and linear error analysis for the Microwave Humidity Sounder and the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-BQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 132 (621) 3001--301010Kleespies+Watts_2006.pdf
ArticleKleist, Daryl T and Parrish, David F and Derber, John C and Treadon, Russ and Errico, Ronald M and Yang, Runhua2009Improving incremental balance in the GSI 3DVar analysis systemMonthly Weather Review 137 (3) 1046--106015KleistEtAl_2009.pdf
Tangent linear normal mode constraint NCEP
ArticleKleist, Daryl T and Ide, Kayo2015An OSSE-based evaluation of hybrid variational--ensemble data assimilation for the NCEP GFS. Part I: System description and 3D-hybrid resultsMonthly Weather Review 143 (2) 433--45119----
ArticleKleist, Daryl T and Ide, Kayo2015An OSSE-based evaluation of hybrid variational--ensemble data assimilation for the NCEP GFS. Part II: 4DEnVar and hybrid variantsMonthly Weather Review 143 (2) 452--47019----
ArticleKliewer, AJ and Fletcher, SJ and Jones, AS and Forsythe, JM2015Identifying non-normal and lognormal characteristics of temperature, mixing ratio, surface pressure, and wind for data assimilation systemsNonlinear Processes in Geophysics Discussions 2 (0) 1363--140543KliewerEtAl_2015.pdf
Tests for non-normality, non-Gaussianity, Shapiro-Wilk and Jarque-Bera
ArticleKliewer, AJ and Fletcher, SJ and Jones, AS and Forsythe, JM2016Comparison of Gaussian, logarithmic transform and mixed Gaussian--log-normal distribution based 1DVar microwave temperature--water-vapour mixing ratio retrievalsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 142 (694) 274--28613KliewerEtAl_2016.pdf
ArticleKlinker, E and Rabier, F and Gelaro, R1998Estimation of key analysis errors using the adjoint techniqueQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 124 (550) 1909--193325----
ArticleKnopf, B and Held, H and Schellnhuber, HJ2005Forced versus coupled dynamics in Earth system modelling and predictionNonlinear Processes in Geophysics 12 (2) 311--32010----
ArticleKober, K and Craig, GC and Keil, C and Dornbrack, A2012Blending a probabilistic nowcasting method with a high-resolution numerical weather prediction ensemble for convective precipitation forecastsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 138 (664) 755--76814KoberEtAl2012.pdf
ArticleKondo, Keiichi and Miyoshi, Takemasa2016Impact of removing covariance localization in an ensemble Kalman filter: experiments with 10,240 members using an intermediate AGCMMonthly Weather Review 0 (2016) 0--01Kondo+Miyoshi_2016.pdf
ArticleKrysta, Monika and Blayo, Eric and Cosme, Emmanuel and Verron, Jacques2011A consistent hybrid variational-smoothing data assimilation method: Application to a simple shallow-water model of the turbulent midlatitude oceanMonthly Weather Review 139 (11) 3333--334715KrystaEtAl_2011.pdf
Reduced-rank, SEEK filter/smoother, EOF decomposition
ArticleKuhl, David D and Rosmond, Thomas E and Bishop, Craig H and McLay, Justin and Baker, Nancy L2013Comparison of hybrid ensemble/4DVar and 4DVar within the NAVDAS-AR data assimilation frameworkMonthly Weather Review 141 (8) 2740--275819----
ArticleKunii, Masaru2014The 1000-member ensemble Kalman filtering with the JMA nonhydrostatic mesoscale model on the K computerJournal of the Meteorological Society of Japan. Ser. II 92 (6) 623--63311Kunii_2014.pdf
ArticleKwan, Clarence CY2009Estimation Error in the Correlation of Two Random Variables: A Spreadsheet-Based ExpositionSpreadsheets in Education (eJSiE) 3 (2) 2--21Kwan_2009.pdf
Error in sample covariance and correlation
ArticleLafore, Jean-Philippe and Berre, Loik and Fischer, Claude2006Limited-area model error statistics over Western Africa: Comparisons with midlatitude resultsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 132 (614) 213--23018----
ArticleLagarde, Thierry and Piacentini, Andrea and Thual, Olivier2001A new representation of data-assimilation methods: The PALM flow-charting approachQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 127 (571) 189--20719----
Kalman filter, Variational methods, Diagramatic representation of algorithms
ArticleLahoz, WA1997Data assimilation 0 (0) 1--2727----
Variational methods
ArticleLahoz, WA and Geer, AJ2003Some challenges in the assimilation of stratosphere / tropopause satellite data 0 (0) 117--13620----
Use of RH as control variable, ECMWF/SPARC Workshop on Modelling and Assimilation for the Stratosphere and Tropopause
ArticleLahoz, WA and Geer, AJ and Bekki, Slimane and Bormann, N and Ceccherini, S and Elbern, H and Errera, Q and Eskes, HJ and Fonteyn, D and Jackson, DR and others2007The Assimilation of Envisat data (ASSET) projectAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics 7 (7) 1773--179624----
Use of RH as control variable, Canadian quick stat method (found better than NMC)
ArticleLahoz, WA and Geer, AJ and Orsolini, YJ2007Northern Hemisphere stratospheric summer from MIPAS observationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 133 (622) 197--21115----
Vortex break-up
ArticleLahoz, WA and Errera, Q and Swinbank, R and Fonteyn, D2007Data assimilation of stratospheric constituents: a reviewAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics 7 (22) 5745--577329----
ArticleLanczos, Cornelius1950An Iteration Method for the Solution of the Eigenvalue Problem of Linear Differential and Integral Operators1Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards 45 (4) 0--01lanczos1950.pdf
ArticleLange, H and Craig, GC and Janjic, T2017Characterizing Noise and Spurious Convection in Convective Data AssimilationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 0 (0) 0--01LangeEtal_2017.pdf
ArticleLaprise, RRDE and De Elia, R and Caya, D and Biner, S and Lucas-Picher, PH and Diaconescu, E and Leduc, M and Alexandru, A and Separovic, L and others2008Challenging some tenets of regional climate modellingMeteorology and Atmospheric Physics 100 (1) 3--2220LapriseEtAl_2008.pdf
ArticleLaroche, Stephane and Gauthier, Pierre and St-James, Judy and Morneau, Josee1999Implementation of a 3D variational data assimilation system at the Canadian Meteorological Centre. Part II: The regional analysisAtmosphere-Ocean 37 (3) 281--30727----
ArticleLau, Ka-Ming and Lim, Hock1982Thermally driven motions in an equatorial $beta$-plane: Hadley and Walker circulations during the winter monsoonMonthly Weather Review 110 (5) 336--35318----
Shallow water equations
ArticleLawless, AS and Nichols, NK and Reinmuller, K and Ballard, SP2000A comparison of two methods for deriving the tangent linear modelPro. Third NMO Int. Symp. on Assimilation of Observations in MetÚ 986 (0) 105--1084----
ArticleLawson, W Gregory and Hansen, James A2005Alignment error models and ensemble-based data assimilationMonthly Weather Review 133 (6) 1687--170923Lawson+Hansen.pdf
ArticleLean, Humphrey W and Clark, Peter A and Dixon, Mark and Roberts, Nigel M and Fitch, Anna and Forbes, Richard and Halliwell, Carol2008Characteristics of high-resolution versions of the Met Office Unified Model for forecasting convection over the United KingdomMonthly Weather Review 136 (9) 3408--342417LeanEtAl_2008.pdf
ArticleLean, Humphrey W and Roberts, Nigel M and Clark, Peter A and Morcrette, Cyril2009The surprising role of orography in the initiation of an isolated thunderstorm in southern EnglandMonthly Weather Review 137 (9) 3026--304621----
ArticleDIMET, FRANcCOIS-XAVIER LE and Talagrand, Olivier1986Variational algorithms for analysis and assimilation of meteorological observations: theoretical aspectsTellus A 38 (2) 97--11014----
ArticleLegrand, R and Michel, Y and Montmerle, T2016Diagnosing non-Gaussianity of forecast and analysis errors in a convective-scale modelNonlinear Processes in Geophysics 23 (1) 1--11LegrandEtAl_2016.pdf
ArticleLeith, CE1974Theoretical skill of Monte Carlo forecastsMonthly Weather Review 102 (6) 409--41810Leith_1974.pdf
ArticleLeith, CE1993Numerical models of weather and climatePlasma physics and controlled fusion 35 (8) 919--9191----
Data assimilation as struggle between chaotic destruction of information and resoration by observations
ArticleLeoncini, G and Plant, RS and Gray, SL and Clark, Peter A2013Ensemble forecasts of a flood-producing storm: comparison of the influence of model-state perturbations and parameter modificationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 139 (670) 198--21114----
Convective-scale ensemble forecasting, Parameter perturbations
ArticleLerner, Jeffrey A and Weisz, Elisabeth and Kirchengast, Gottfried2002Temperature and humidity retrieval from simulated Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) measurementsJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 107 (0) 0--01----
Weighting functions, Averaging kernels
ArticleLeutbecher, Martin2003A reduced rank estimate of forecast error variance changes due to intermittent modifications of the observing networkJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 60 (5) 729--74214----
ArticleLevy, Adam AL and Ingram, William and Jenkinson, Mark and Huntingford, Chris and Hugo Lambert, F and Allen, Myles2013Can correcting feature location in simulated mean climate improve agreement on projected changes?Geophysical Research Letters 40 (2) 354--3585----
Warping
ArticleLevy, Adam AL and Jenkinson, Mark and Ingram, William and Hugo Lambert, F and Huntingford, Chris and Allen, Myles0WARPER: a new method for location correction of precipitation in Global Circulation Models 0 (0) 0--01----
Warping, Draft paper
ArticleLewis, John and Lakshmivarahan, S2008Sasaki's pivotal contribution: calculus of variations applied to weather map analysisMonthly Weather Review 136 (9) 3553--356715----
Historical
ArticleLi, Jun and Wolf, Walter W and Menzel, W Paul and Zhang, Wenjian and Huang, Hung-Lung and Achtor, Thomas H2000Global soundings of the atmosphere from ATOVS measurements: The algorithm and validationJournal of Applied Meteorology 39 (8) 1248--126821LiEtAl_2000.pdf
ArticleLi, Zhijin and Navon, IM2001Optimality of variational data assimilation and its relationship with the Kalman filter and smootherQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 127 (572) 661--68323----
ArticleLiljegren, James C and Boukabara, S-A and Cady-Pereira, Karen and Clough, Shepard A2005The effect of the half-width of the 22-GHz water vapor line on retrievals of temperature and water vapor profiles with a 12-channel microwave radiometerIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 43 (5) 1102--11087LiljegrenEtAl2005.pdf
ArticleLindskog, Magnus and Gustafsson, Nils and Mogensen, Kristian S2006Representation of background error standard deviations in a limited area model data assimilation systemTellus A 58 (4) 430--44415----
HIRLAM, Climatological index and the Eady-based index (flow dependency of B the B-matrix)
ArticleLindzen, Richard S and Fox-Rabinovitz, Michael1989Consistent vertical and horizontal resolutionMonthly Weather Review 117 (11) 2575--25839----
ArticleLipps, Franik B and Hemler, Richard S1982A scale analysis of deep moist convection and some related numerical calculationsJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 39 (10) 2192--221019----
ArticleLiu, Z-Q and Rabier, F2002The interaction between model resolution, observation resolution and observation density in data assimilation: A one-dimensional studyQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 128 (582) 1367--138620----
Correlated observations
ArticleLiu, Z-Q and Rabier, F2003The potential of high-density observations for numerical weather prediction: A study with simulated observationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 129 (594) 3013--303523Liu+Rabier_2003.pdf
ArticleLiu, Chengsi and Xiao, Qingnong and Wang, Bin2008An ensemble-based four-dimensional variational data assimilation scheme. Part I: Technical formulation and preliminary testMonthly Weather Review 136 (9) 3363--337311----
No tangent linear or adjoint models needed, variation of weights of ensemble perturbations
ArticleLiu, Chengsi and Xiao, Qingnong and Wang, Bin2009An ensemble-based four-dimensional variational data assimilation scheme. Part II: Observing system simulation experiments with Advanced Research WRF (ARW)Monthly Weather Review 137 (5) 1687--170418----
Localization, EOF-based, temporal sampling errors, humidity very sensitive to sampling errors.
ArticleLiu, Chengsi and Xiao, Qingnong2013An ensemble-based four-dimensional variational data assimilation scheme. Part III: Antarctic applications with Advanced Research WRF using real dataMonthly Weather Review 141 (8) 2721--273919----
Deterministic and probabilistic running modes.
ArticleLiu, Chengsi and Xue, Ming2016Relationships among Four-Dimensional Hybrid Ensemble--Variational Data Assimilation Algorithms with Full and Approximate Ensemble Covariance LocalizationMonthly Weather Review 144 (2) 591--60616Liu+Xue_2016.pdf
In proceedingsLivings, D2016Probability in Variational Data Assimilation 0 (0) 1--3434Livings_DASeminar_March2016.pdf
ArticleLivings, DM and Bannister, RN0A re-examination of the justification for three moisture control variablesIn preparation 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleLock, A2003Boundary Layer Processes. The parametrization of turbulent fluxes above the surfaceUnified Model Documentation Paper 0 (24) 1--3131----
ArticleLohnert, Ulrich and Turner, DD and Crewell, S2009Ground-based temperature and humidity profiling using spectral infrared and microwave observations. Part I: Simulated retrieval performance in clear-sky conditionsJournal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 48 (5) 1017--103216LohnertEtAl_2009.pdf
ArticleLonnberg, P and Hollingsworth, A1986The statistical structure of short-range forecast errors as determined from radiosonde data Part II: The covariance of height and wind errorsTellus A 38 (2) 137--16125----
Background errors
ArticleLopez, Philippe2002Implementation and validation of a new prognostic large-scale cloud and precipitation scheme for climate and data-assimilation purposesQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 128 (579) 229--25729Lopez_2002.pdf
ArticleLopez, Philippe and Moreau, Emmanuel2005A convection scheme for data assimilation: Description and initial testsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (606) 409--43628Lopez+Moreau_2005.pdf
ArticleLopez, Philippe and Bauer, Peter20071D+ 4DVar assimilation of NCEP stage-IV radar and gauge hourly precipitation data at ECMWFMonthly Weather Review 135 (7) 2506--252419Lopez+Bauer_2007.pdf
ArticleLopez, Philippe2011Direct 4D-Var assimilation of NCEP stage IV radar and gauge precipitation data at ECMWFMonthly Weather Review 139 (7) 2098--211619Lopez_2011.pdf
BookLopez, Philippe and Ryu, Geun-Hyeok and Sohn, Byung-Ju and Davies, Laura and Jakob, Christian and Bauer, Peter2011Specification of rain gauge representativity error for data assimilation 0 (0) 0--01LopezEtAl_2011.pdf
ArticleLorenc, AC1981A global three-dimensional multivariate statistical interpolation schemeMonthly Weather Review 109 (4) 701--72121Lorenc_1981.pdf
Benefit of b/g covs demonstrated, Super-ob equations
In proceedingsLorenc, AC1984Analysis methods for the quality control of observations 0 (0) 397--42832Lorenc_1984.pdf
ArticleLorenc, Andrew C1986Analysis methods for numerical weather predictionQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 112 (474) 1177--119418----
Bayesian probability, Deriving cost function
ArticleLorenc, Andrew1992Iterative analysis using covariance functions and filtersQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 118 (505) 569--59123----
Covariances, Choice of inner product
ArticleLorenc, AC and Barker, D and Bell, RS and Macpherson, B and Maycock, AJ1996On the use of radiosonde humidity observations in mid-latitude NWPMeteorology and Atmospheric Physics 60 (1) 3--1715LorencEtAl_1996.pdf
RH
ArticleLorenc, AC and Ballard, SP and Bell, RS and Ingleby, NB and Andrews, PLF and Barker, DM and Bray, JR and Clayton, AM and Dalby, T and Li, D and Payne, T and Saunders, F2000The Met. Office global three-dimensional variational data assimilation schemeQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 126 (570) 2991--301222----
ArticleLorenc, Andrew C2002Modelling of error covariances by four dimensional data assimilationForecasting Research Scientific 0 (68) 1--1919----
Kalman filter, 3d Var, 4d Var
ArticleLorenc, Andrew C2003Modelling of error covariances by 4D-Var data assimilationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 129 (595) 3167--318216----
Kalman filter, 3d Var, 4d Var
ArticleLorenc, Andrew C2003The potential of the ensemble Kalman filter for NWP: comparison with 4D-VarQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 129 (595) 3183--320321----
Variational data assimilation, Ensemble Kalman filter
ArticleLorenc, Andrew C and Roulstone, I and White A2003On the choice of control fields in Var.Forecasting Research Technical Report 0 (35) 1--3535----
Balanced, Unbalanced, Geostrophic adjustment, Balanced pressure
ArticleLorenc, Andrew C and Rawlins, F2005Why does 4D-Var beat 3D-Var?Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (613) 3247--325711----
ArticleLorenc, Andrew2005Allowing for non-Gaussian humidity errors in VAR and a review of VAR humidity development plans 0 (0) 1--99----
ArticleLorenc, Andrew C and Payne, Tim20074D-Var and the butterfly effect: Statistical four-dimensional data assimilation for a wide range of scalesQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 133 (624) 607--6148----
Spurious minima
ArticleLorenc, AC2007A study of ob monitoring statistics from radiosondes, composited for low-level cloud layersMet Office NWP Forecasting Research Technical Report 504 (0) 1--3232Lorenc_2007.pdf
ArticleLorenc, AC and Bowler, N and Jermey, P20124D-Ensemble-Var - a developmental path for data assimilation at the Met Office 0 (0) 0--01----
Toulouse talk, Nov 2012, 4DEnVar, Hybrid
ArticleLorenc, Andrew C2013Recommended nomenclature for EnVar data assimilation methodsResearch Activities in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modeling, WGNE 0 (0) 0--01----
WGNE 2013 Blue Book 1-07, 2pp.
ArticleLorenc, Andrew C and Bowler, Neill E and Clayton, Adam M and Pring, Stephen R and Fairbairn, David2015Comparison of hybrid-4DEnVar and hybrid-4DVar data assimilation methods for global NWPMonthly Weather Review 143 (1) 212--22918LorencEtAl_2015.pdf
ArticleLorenc, Andrew C2017Improving ensemble covariances in hybrid variational data assimilation without increasing ensemble sizeQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 143 (703) 1062--107211Lorenc_2017.pdf
ArticleLorenz, Edward N1963Deterministic nonperiodic flowJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 20 (2) 130--14112----
ArticleLorenz, Edward N1969The predictability of a flow which possesses many scales of motionTellus 21 (3) 289--30719----
Three types of predictability
ArticleLorenz, Edward N2005A look at some details of the growth of initial uncertaintiesTellus A 57 (1) 1--1111Lorenz_2005_errgrowth.pdf
ArticleLorenz, Edward N2005Designing chaotic modelsJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 62 (5) 1574--158714Lorenz_2005_chaotic.pdf
ArticleLovelock, J1999Gaia 0 (0) 0--01----
Speech, University of Reading, 15th November 1999
ArticleLu, S and Lin, HX and Heemink, AW and Fu, G and Segers, AJ2016Estimation of volcanic ash emissions using trajectory-based 4D-Var data assimilationMonthly Weather Review 144 (2) 575--58915LuEtal_2016.pdf
ArticleLuo, Yali and Chen, Yangruixue2015Investigation of the predictability and physical mechanisms of an extreme-rainfall-producing mesoscale convective system along the Meiyu front in East China: An ensemble approachJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 120 (20) 0--01Luo_et_al-2015.pdf
WRF-ARW, 40 members, 1.11km
ArticleLupu, C and Gauthier, P2006Impact of a flow-dependent background error covariance model based on sensitivity functions in a 3D-Var 0 (0) 0--01----
Envisat meeting poster, 2006, pp.1-2, Reduced rank Kalman filter
ArticleLybanon, Matthew1984A better least-squares method when both variables have uncertaintiesAmerican Journal of Physics 52 (1) 22--265----
ArticleLynch, Peter and Huang, Xiang-Yu1992Initialization of the HIRLAM model using a digital filterMonthly Weather Review 120 (6) 1019--103416----
In collectionLynch, Peter1999Richardson's marvelous forecast 0 (0) 61--7313----
ArticleMacpherson, Bruce and Wright, Bruce J and Hand, William H and Maycock, Adam J1996The impact of MOPS moisture data in the UK Meteorological Office mesoscale data assimilation schemeMonthly Weather Review 124 (8) 1746--176621MacphersonEtAl_1996.pdf
ArticleMagnusson, Linus and Nycander, Jonas and Kallen, Erland2009Flow-dependent versus flow-independent initial perturbations for ensemble predictionTellus A 61 (2) 194--20916----
Total dry energy norm, Eady index, simplex transformation
ArticleMahfouf, J-F0Physical parametrizations and data assimiltion 0 (0) 0--01----
ECMWF training course
In proceedingsMahfouf, Jean-Franccois2011Data assimilation of the hydrological cycle 0 (0) 109--1091Mahfouf_2011.pdf
ArticleMajumdar, Sharanya J and Bishop, Craig H and Etherton, BJ and Toth, Z2002Adaptive sampling with the ensemble transform Kalman filter. Part II: Field program implementationMonthly Weather Review 130 (5) 1356--136914----
Spread/skill plots
ArticleManney, GL and Lahoz, WA and Sabutis, JL and O'neill, A and Steenman-Clark, L2002Simulations of fall and early winter in the stratosphereQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 128 (585) 2205--223733----
Interannual variablility, Stratosphere-mesosphere model, Stratospheric polar vortex development
ArticleMarecal, Virginie and Mahfouf, Jean-Franccois2002Four-dimensional variational assimilation of total column water vapor in rainy areasMonthly weather review 130 (1) 43--5816Marecal+Mahfouf_2002.pdf
ArticleMartinet, P and Fourrie, N and Guidard, V and Rabier, F and Montmerle, T and Brunel, P2013Towards the use of microphysical variables for the assimilation of cloud-affected infrared radiancesQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 139 (674) 1402--141615MartinetEtAl_2013.pdf
Convective-scale, IASI, 1D-Var, RTTOV
ArticleMartinet, Pauline and Dabas, Alain and Donier, Jean-Marie and Douffet, Thierry and Garrouste, Olivier and Guillot, Remi20151D-Var temperature retrievals from microwave radiometer and convective scale modelTellus A 67 (0) 0--01MartinetEtAl_2015.pdf
ArticleMartucci, Giovanni and Milroy, Conor and O'Dowd, Colin D2010Detection of cloud-base height using Jenoptik CHM15K and Vaisala CL31 ceilometersJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 27 (2) 305--31814----
ArticleMassart, Sebastien and Pajot, Benjamin and Piacentini, Andrea and Pannekoucke, Olivier2010On the merits of using a 3D-FGAT assimilation scheme with an outer loop for atmospheric situations governed by transportMonthly Weather Review 138 (12) 4509--452214MassartEtAl_2010.pdf
ArticleMatthiesena, S and Palmera, PI0Development of a 3-dimensional quality forecast measure for plume forecasts: Application to transport of biomass burning plumes 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleMcIntyre, ME1992Atmospheric dynamics: Some fundamentals, with observational implicationsProc. Internat. School Phys.$backslash$ Enrico Fermi", CXV Cours 0 (0) 313--38674----
ArticleMcIntyre, ME2000On global-scale atmospheric and oceanic circulationsDevelopments in fluid mechanics: a collection for the Millennium 0 (0) 0--01----
Wave propagation, gyroscopic pumping, balance
ArticleMcIntyre, Michael E and Norton, Warwick A2000Potential vorticity inversion on a hemisphereJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 57 (9) 1214--123522----
Balance, Shallow water equations
ArticleMcIntyre, Michael E and Roulstone, Ian2001Are there higher-accuracy analogues of semigeostrophic theory? 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticleMcIntyre, Michael E0Potential vorticityEncyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences 0 (0) 0--01----
Kelvin-Bjerknes, Ertel
ArticleMcIntyre, Michael E0Balanced flowEncyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences 0 (0) 0--01----
Geostrophy, Slow Manifold, Bolin-Charney, Geostrophic adjustment, Lighthill radiation
ArticleMcLay, Justin G and Bishop, Craig H and Reynolds, Carolyn A2008Evaluation of the ensemble transform analysis perturbation scheme at NRLMonthly Weather Review 136 (3) 1093--110816McLayEtal_2008.pdf
ArticleMcLay, Justin and Bishop, Craig H and Reynolds, Carolyn A2010A local formulation of the ensemble transform (ET) analysis perturbation schemeWeather and Forecasting 25 (3) 985--9939McLayEtal_2010.pdf
ArticleMcLinden, CA and Olsen, SC and Hannegan, B and Wild, O and Prather, MJ and Sundet, J2000Stratospheric ozone in 3-D models: A simple chemistry and the cross-tropopause fluxJournal of Geophysical Research 105 (0) 0--01----
Cariolle scheme
ArticleMcNally, AP2002A note on the occurrence of cloud in meteorologically sensitive areas and the implications for advanced infrared soundersQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 128 (585) 2551--25566McNally_2002.pdf
ArticleMelbourne, WG and Davis, ES and Duncan, CB and Hajj, GA and Hardy, KR and Kursinski, ER and Meehan, TK and Young, LE and Yunck, TP1994The application of spaceborne GPS to atmospheric limb sounding and global change monitoringJPL Publication 0 (0) 0--01MelbourneEtAl_1994.pdf
ArticleMenard, Richard and Cohn, Stephen E and Chang, Lang-Ping and Lyster, Peter M2000Assimilation of stratospheric chemical tracer observations using a Kalman filter. Part I: FormulationMonthly Weather Review 128 (8) 2654--267118----
Flow dependence
ArticleMenard, Richard and Daley, Roger1996The application of Kalman smoother theory to the estimation of 4DVar error statisticsTellus A 48 (2) 221--23717----
ArticleMenetrier, Benjamin and Montmerle, Thibaut2011Heterogeneous background-error covariances for the analysis and forecast of fog eventsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 137 (661) 2004--201310----
Cloud resolving model, Variational data assimilation, Flow dependence
ArticleMenetrier, Benjamin and Montmerle, Thibaut and Berre, Loik and Michel, Yann2014Estimation and diagnosis of heterogeneous flow-dependent background-error covariances at the convective scale using either large or small ensemblesQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 140 (683) 2050--206112MenetrierEtAl_2014.pdf
ArticleMenetrier, Benjamin and Auligne, Thomas2015Optimized localization and hybridization to filter ensemble-based covariancesMonthly Weather Review 143 (10) 3931--394717Menetrier+Auligne_2015_optimized.pdf
ArticleMenetrier, Benjamin and Auligne, Thomas2015An overlooked issue of variational data assimilationMonthly Weather Review 143 (10) 3925--39306Menetrier+Auligne_2015.pdf
CVT problem with non-square B-matrix
ArticleMenetrier, Benjamin and Montmerle, Thibaut and Michel, Yann and Berre, Loik2015Linear filtering of sample covariances for ensemble-based data assimilation. Part I: optimality criteria and application to variance filtering and covariance localizationMonthly Weather Review 143 (5) 1622--164322MenetrierEtAl2015i.pdf
ArticleMenetrier, Benjamin and Montmerle, Thibaut and Michel, Yann and Berre, Loik2015Linear filtering of sample covariances for ensemble-based data assimilation. Part II: Application to a convective-scale NWP modelMonthly Weather Review 143 (5) 1644--166421MenetrierEtAl2015ii.pdf
ArticleMeng, Zhiyong and Zhang, Fuqing2007Tests of an ensemble Kalman filter for mesoscale and regional-scale data assimilation. Part II: Imperfect model experimentsMonthly Weather Review 135 (4) 1403--142321----
ArticleMeng, Zhiyong and Zhang, Fuqing2008Tests of an ensemble Kalman filter for mesoscale and regional-scale data assimilation. Part III: Comparison with 3DVar in a real-data case studyMonthly Weather Review 136 (2) 522--54019----
ArticleMeng, Zhiyong and Zhang, Fuqing2008Tests of an ensemble Kalman filter for mesoscale and regional-scale data assimilation. Part IV: Comparison with 3DVar in a month-long experimentMonthly Weather Review 136 (10) 3671--368212----
ArticleMethven, J1997Offline trajectories: Calculation and accuracyUGAMP Technical Report 0 (44) 1--1818----
ArticleMichaelides, Silas and Levizzani, V and Anagnostou, E and Bauer, P and Kasparis, T and Lane, JE2009Precipitation: Measurement, remote sensing, climatology and modelingAtmospheric Research 94 (4) 512--53322MichaelidesEtAl_2009.pdf
ArticleMichel, Yann and Auligne, Thomas and Montmerle, Thibaut2011Heterogeneous convective-scale background error covariances with the inclusion of hydrometeor variablesMonthly Weather Review 139 (9) 2994--301522MichelEtAl_2011.pdf
ArticleMigliorini, S2002Note on assimilation of retrievalsDARC Technical Report 0 (4) 0--01----
+ note by Rodgers C.D.
ArticleMigliorini, Stefano and Piccolo, Chiara and Rodgers, Clive D2008Use of the information content in satellite measurements for an efficient interface to data assimilationMonthly Weather Review 136 (7) 2633--265018----
ArticleMigliorini, Stefano and Dixon, Mark and Bannister, Ross and Ballard, Sue2011Ensemble prediction for nowcasting with a convection-permitting model -- I: description of the system and the impact of radar-derived surface precipitation ratesTellus A 63 (3) 468--49629Migliorini_2011.pdf
ArticleMigliorini, Stefano and Lorenc, Andrew and Bell, W2017A moisture incrementing operator for the assimilation of humidity- and cloud-sensitive observationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 0 (0) 0--01Migliorini_2017_submitted.pdf
I have submitted copy
ArticleMilan, Marco and Schuttemeyer, Dirk and Bick, Theresa and Simmer, Clemens2014A sequential ensemble prediction system at convection-permitting scalesMeteorology and Atmospheric Physics 123 (1) 17--3115MilanEtAl_2014.pdf
COSMO-DE SIR particle filter
ArticleMiller, SM and Michalak, AM and Levi, PJ2014Atmospheric inverse modeling with known physical bounds: an example from trace gas emissionsGeoscientific Model Development 7 (1) 303--31513MillerEtAl_2014.pdf
ArticleMiloshevich, Larry M and Vomel, Holger and Paukkunen, Ari and Heymsfield, Andrew J and Oltmans, Samuel J2001Characterization and correction of relative humidity measurements from Vaisala RS80-A radiosondes at cold temperaturesJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 18 (2) 135--15622MiloshevichEtAl_2001.pdf
ArticleMiyamoto, Yoshiaki and Kajikawa, Yoshiyuki and Yoshida, Ryuji and Yamaura, Tsuyoshi and Yashiro, Hisashi and Tomita, Hirofumi2013Deep moist atmospheric convection in a subkilometer global simulationGeophysical Research Letters 40 (18) 4922--49265Miyamoto_et_al-2013.pdf
NICAM, Nonhydrostatic, Icosohedral, Change in statistics at 2km
ArticleMiyoshi, Takemasa and Kondo, Keiichi and Imamura, Toshiyuki2014The 10,240-member ensemble Kalman filtering with an intermediate AGCMGeophysical Research Letters 41 (14) 5264--52718MiyoshiEtal_2014.pdf
0Fifth-generation Penn State/NCAR Mesoscale Model 0 (0) 0--01----
Description of MM5 system
ArticleMontmerle, Thibaut and Lafore, Jean-Philippe and Berre, Loik and Fischer, Claude and others2006Limited-area model error statistics over Western Africa: Comparisons with midlatitude resultsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 132 (614) 213--23018MontmerleEtAl_2006.pdf
ArticleMontmerle, Thibaut and Rabier, Florence and Fischer, Claude2007Relative impact of polar-orbiting and geostationary satellite radiances in the ALADIN/France numerical weather prediction systemQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 133 (624) 655--67117MontmerleEtAl_2007.pdf
Tropical covariances
ArticleMontmerle, Thibaut and Berre, Loik2010Diagnosis and formulation of heterogeneous background-error covariances at the mesoscaleQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 136 (651) 1408--142013----
AROME, B matrix, precipitation
ArticleMontmerle, Thibaut2012Optimization of the assimilation of radar data at the convective scale using specific background error covariances in precipitationMonthly Weather Review 140 (11) 3495--350612----
ArticleMorss, RE and Emanuel, KA2002Influence of added observations on analysis and forecast errors: Results from idealized systemsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 128 (579) 285--32137Morss+Emanuel_2002.pdf
Analysis and forecast degradations, Bad background errors can make analysis worse than background
ArticleMorzfeld, Matthias and Adams, Jesse and Lunderman, Spencer and Orozco, Rafael0Feature-based data assimilation in geophysicsNonlinear Processes in Geophysics Discussions 0 (0) 0--01MorzfeldEtAl_2017.pdf
ArticleMote, Philip W and Rosenloh, Karen H and Holton, James R and Harwood, Robert S and Waters, Joe W1995Seasonal variations of water vapor in the tropical lower stratosphere 0 (0) 0--01----
Tape recorder, MLS
ArticleMote, Philip W and Rosenlof, Karen H and McIntyre, Michael E and Carr, Ewan S and Gille, John C and Holton, James R and Kinnersley, Jonathan S and Pumphrey, Hugh C and Russell III, James M and Waters, Joe W1996An atmospheric tape recorder: The imprint of tropical tropopause temperatures on stratospheric water vapor 0 (0) 0--01----
Tape recorder, Main paper on tape recorder
ArticleMuccino, Julia C and Hubele, Norma F and Bennett, Andrew F2004Significance testing for variational assimilationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 130 (600) 1815--183824----
Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Recurrent processes, Representer method
ArticleMullen, Steven L and Buizza, Roberto2002The impact of horizontal resolution and ensemble size on probabilistic forecasts of precipitation by the ECMWF ensemble prediction systemWeather and Forecasting 17 (2) 173--19119Mullen+Buizza_2002.pdf
ArticleNastrom, GD and Gage, K So1985A climatology of atmospheric wavenumber spectra of wind and temperature observed by commercial aircraftJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 42 (9) 950--96011Nastrom+Gage_1985.pdf
In proceedingsNavon, I Michael and Daescu, Dacian N and Liu, Zhuo2005The impact of background error on incomplete observations for 4D-Var data assimilation with the FSU GSM 0 (0) 837--8448NavonDaescuLiu_2005.pdf
Convergence rate
ArticleNeef, Lisa J and Polavarapu, Saroja M and Shepherd, Theodore G2006Four-dimensional data assimilation and balanced dynamicsJournal of the Stmospheric Sciences 63 (7) 1840--185819----
Slaved unbalanced modes
ArticleNehrkorn, Thomas and Woods, Bryan and Auligne, Thomas and Hoffman, Ross N2014Application of feature calibration and alignment to high-resolution analysis: Examples using observations sensitive to cloud and water vaporMonthly Weather Review 142 (2) 686--70217----
ArticleNehrkorn, Thomas and Woods, Bryan K and Hoffman, Ross N and Auligne, Thomas2015Correcting for position errors in variational data assimilationMonthly Weather Review 143 (4) 1368--138114NehrkornEtAl_2015.pdf
ArticleNewell, Reginald E and Gould-Stewart, Sharon1981A stratospheric fountain?Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 38 (12) 2789--27968----
Stratospheric entry, Maritime Continent/Bay of Bengal
ArticleNgan, K and Ingleby, NB and Renshaw, R and Jackson, DR and Lorenc, AC0A new moist control variable for the Met Office's variational system 0 (0) 0--01----
In proceedingsNicol, JC and Bartholemew, K and Darlington, T and Illingworth, AJ2011Operational radar refractivity retrieval for numerical weather prediction 0 (0) 1--66NicolEtAl_2012a.pdf
ArticleNicol, JC and Illingworth, AJ2013The effect of phase-correlated returns and spatial smoothing on the accuracy of radar refractivity retrievalsJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 30 (1) 22--3918Nicol+Illingworth_2013.pdf
ArticleNicol, JC and Illingworth, AJ and Darlington, T and Kitchen, M2013Quantifying errors due to frequency changes and target location uncertainty for radar refractivity retrievalsJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 30 (9) 2006--202419NicolEtAl_2013.pdf
ArticleNicol, John C and Illingworth, Anthony J and Bartholomew, K2014The potential of 1 h refractivity changes from an operational C-band magnetron-based radar for numerical weather prediction validation and data assimilationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 140 (681) 1209--121810NicolEtAl_2014.pdf
ArticleNichols, NK0Short introduction to model reduction 0 (0) 0--01----
Theory meeting 03/07/07
ArticleNielsen-Gammon, John W and Hu, Xiao-Ming and Zhang, Fuqing and Pleim, Jonathan E2010Evaluation of planetary boundary layer scheme sensitivities for the purpose of parameter estimationMonthly Weather Review 138 (9) 3400--341718----
ArticleNorton, WA2001Longwave heating of the tropical lower stratosphereGeophysical Research Letters 28 (19) 3653--36564----
ArticleNuissier, O and Marsigli, C and Vincendon, B and Hally, A and Bouttier, F and Montani, A and Paccagnella, T2016Evaluation of two convection-permitting ensemble systems in the HyMex Special Observation Period (SOP1) frameworkQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 142 (0) 404--41815NuissierEtAl_2016.pdf
ArticleOhring, George and Bauer, Peter2011The use of cloud and precipitation observations in data assimilation (CPDA)Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 137 (661) 1933--19331Ohring+Bauer_2011.pdf
ArticleOkamoto, Kozo and Kazumori, Masahiro and Owada, Hiromi2005The Assimilation of ATOVS Radiances in the JMA Global Analysis SystemJournal of the Meteorological Society of Japan 83 (2) 201--21717----
Ref tp JMA system, Has non-standard ref to JMA system
ArticleOkamoto, Kozo and Derber, John C2006Assimilation of SSM/I radiances in the NCEP global data assimilation systemMonthly Weather Review 134 (9) 2612--263120Okamoto+Derber_2005.pdf
ArticleOkamoto, K and McNally, AP and Bell, W2014Progress towards the assimilation of all-sky infrared radiances: an evaluation of cloud effectsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 140 (682) 1603--161412OkamotoEtAl_2014.pdf
ArticleO Neill, Alan0Stratospheric sudden warmingsEncyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences 0 (0) 0--01----
Major warming, Stratopause, Wave 1, Wave 2
ArticleOrear, Jay1982Least squares when both variables have uncertaintiesAmerican Journal of Physics 50 (10) 912--9165Orear1982.pdf
ArticleOrsolini, Yvan J and Grant, William B2000Seasonal formation of nitrous oxide laminae in the mid and low latitude stratosphereGeophysical Research Letters 27 (8) 1119--11224----
ArticleOtt, Edward and Hunt, Brian R and Szunyogh, Istvan and Zimin, Aleksey V and Kostelich, Eric J and Corazza, Matteo and Kalnay, Eugenia and Patil, DJ and Yorke, James A2004A local ensemble Kalman filter for atmospheric data assimilationTellus A 56 (5) 415--42814OttEtal_2004.pdf
ArticleOvarlez, Joelle and Ovarlez, Henri and Teitelbaum, Hector1996In situ water vapour measurement, and a case study of the drying mechanism of the tropical lower stratosphereQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 122 (534) 1447--145812----
Anvil clouds, Convection, Tape recorder
ArticlePage, Christian and Fillion, Luc and Zwack, Peter2007Diagnosing summertime mesoscale vertical motion: implications for atmospheric data assimilationMonthly Weather Review 135 (6) 2076--209419----
omega equation
ArticlePailleix, J1993Assimilation of satellite data using variational techniquesDevelopments in the use of satellite data in numerical weather p 0 (0) 129--14113----
Includes interpolation, satellite lidar, and total column water vapour example operators
ArticlePalmer, Paul I and Jacob, Daniel J and Jones, Dylan and Heald, Colette L and Yantosca, Robert M and Logan, Jennifer A and Sachse, Glen W and Streets, David G2003Inverting for emissions of carbon monoxide from Asia using aircraft observations over the western PacificJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 108 (0) 0--01----
Sources and sinks
ArticlePalmer, Paul I and Suntharalingam, Parvadha and Jones, Dylan and Jacob, Daniel J and Streets, David G and Fu, Qingyan and Vay, Stephanie A and Sachse, Glen W2006Using CO2:CO correlations to improve inverse analyses of carbon fluxesJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 111 (0) 0--01----
Sources and sinks
ArticlePalmer, PI and Feng, L and Bosch, H2011Spatial resolution of tropical terrestrial CO2 fluxes inferred using space-borne column CO2 sampled in different earth orbits: the role of spatial error correlationsAtmospheric Measurement Techniques 4 (9) 1995--200612----
ArticlePalmer, TN and Doring, A and Seregin, G2014The real butterfly effectNonlinearity 27 (9) 0--01PalmerEtAl_2014.pdf
ArticlePan, Yujie and Zhu, Kefeng and Xue, Ming and Wang, Xuguang and Hu, Ming and Benjamin, Stanley G and Weygandt, Stephen S and Whitaker, Jeffrey S2014A GSI-based coupled EnSRF--En3DVar hybrid data assimilation system for the operational Rapid Refresh model: Tests at a reduced resolutionMonthly Weather Review 142 (10) 3756--378025PanEtAl_2014.pdf
ArticlePanagi, P2005Assimilation of the surface precipitation rate: implementation in Var. 0 (0) 1--1616----
Report
ArticlePannekoucke, Olivier and Berre, Loik and Desroziers, Gerald2007Filtering properties of wavelets for local background-error correlationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 133 (623) 363--37917----
ArticlePannekoucke, Olivier and Berre, Loik and Desroziers, Gerald2008Background-error correlation length-scale estimates and their sampling statisticsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 134 (631) 497--50812PannekouckeEtAl2008.pdf
ArticlePark, Seon K and vZupanski, D2003Four-dimensional variational data assimilation for mesoscale and storm-scale applicationsMeteorology and Atmospheric Physics 82 (1) 173--20836----
ArticleParkinson, Claire L2003Aqua: An Earth-observing satellite mission to examine water and other climate variablesIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 41 (2) 173--18311Parkinson_2003.pdf
ArticleParrish, David F and Derber, John C1992The National Meteorological Center's spectral statistical-interpolation analysis systemMonthly Weather Review 120 (8) 1747--176317----
Variational data assimilation, NMC method, Control variable transforms
ArticleParrish, David F and Derber, John C and Purser, R James and Wu, Wan Shu and Pu, Zhaoxia1997The NCEP global analysis systemJournal of the Meteorological Society of Japan 75 (1) 359--3657----
ArticlePavelin, EG and English, SJ and Eyre, JR2008The assimilation of cloud-affected infrared satellite radiances for numerical weather predictionQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 134 (632) 737--74913PavelinEtAl_2008.pdf
Cloudy radiances
ArticlePawson, Steven and Kodera, K and Hamilton, K and Shepherd, TG and others2000The GCM-Reality Intercomparison Project for SPARC (GRIPS): Scientific issues and initial resultsBulletin of the American Meteorological Society 81 (4) 781--7811----
ArticlePayne, T1998Introduction to PV-based transform 0 (1) 1--44----
ArticlePayne, T1999Summary of current parameter transform equations 0 (1) 1--55----
ArticlePayne, T1999Transform equations with z as vertical coordinate 0 (1) 1--55----
ArticlePayne, T1999Parameter transform equations in a form suitable for var 0 (4) 1--99----
PV control variable
ArticlePayne, T1999Exact results on control variable transforms using the shallow water equations 0 (7) 1--1010----
ArticlePayne, T1999General properties of control variable transforms and related properties of B and J 0 (8) 1--1212----
ArticlePayne, T2000Advantages of PV as principal control variable 0 (1) 1--77----
Balanced, Unbalanced, Ergodicity
ArticlePenland, Cecile2011Some Issues in Stochastic Weather/Climate Modeling or How do I use Stochastic Differential Equations to Model Something Real. 0 (0) 87--10014----
ArticlePenny, Stephen G2014The hybrid local ensemble transform Kalman filterMonthly Weather Review 142 (6) 2139--214911Penny_2014.pdf
Average gains instead of covariances, Lorenz 96 model
ArticlePenny, Stephen G2017Mathematical foundations of hybrid data assimilation from a synchronization perspectiveChaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science 27 (12) 126801--1268011Penny2017.pdf
ArticlePereira, Margarida Belo and Berre, Loik2006The use of an ensemble approach to study the background error covariances in a global NWP modelMonthly Weather Review 134 (9) 2466--248924----
ArticlePetrie, RE and Bannister, RN2011A method for merging flow-dependent forecast error statistics from an ensemble with static statistics for use in high resolution variational data assimilationComputers & Fluids 46 (1) 387--3915----
PhD thesisPetrie, Ruth Elizabeth2012Background error covariance modelling for convective-scale variational data assimilation 0 (0) 0--01----
0 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticlePetron, Gabrielle and Granier, Claire and Khattatov, Boris and Lamarque, Jean-Francois and Yudin, Valery and Muller, Jean-Francois and Gille, John2002Inverse modeling of carbon monoxide surface emissions using Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory network observationsJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 107 (0) 0--01----
ArticlePetron, Gabrielle and Granier, Claire and Khattatov, Boris and Yudin, Valery and Lamarque, Jean-Franccois and Emmons, Louisa and Gille, John and Edwards, David P2004Monthly CO surface sources inventory based on the 2000--2001 MOPITT satellite dataGeophysical Research Letters 31 (21) 0--01----
ArticlePham, Dinh Tuan and Verron, Jacques and Roubaud, Marie Christine1998A singular evolutive extended Kalman filter for data assimilation in oceanographyJournal of Marine systems 16 (3) 323--34018----
SEEK filter
ArticlePham, Dinh Tuan2001Stochastic methods for sequential data assimilation in strongly nonlinear systemsMonthly Weather Review 129 (5) 1194--120714----
SEIK filter
ArticlePhillips, Norman A1986The spatial statistics of random geostrophic modes and first-guess errorsTellus A 38 (4) 314--33219----
Background errors
ArticlePhillips, Oliver L and Aragao, Luiz EOC and Lewis, Simon L and Fisher, Joshua B and Lloyd, Jon and Lopez-Gonzalez, Gabriela and Malhi, Yadvinder and Monteagudo, Abel and Peacock, Julie and Quesada, Carlos A and others2009Drought sensitivity of the Amazon rainforestScience 323 (5919) 1344--13474----
ArticlePiccolo, Chiara and Cullen, Mike2011Adaptive mesh method in the Met Office variational data assimilation systemQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 137 (656) 631--64010Piccolo+Cullen_2011.pdf
ArticlePiccolo, Chiara and Cullen, Mike2012A new implementation of the adaptive mesh transform in the Met Office 3D-Var SystemQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 138 (667) 1560--157011Piccolo+Cullen_2012.pdf
Adaptive mesh, data assimilation, Monitor function
ArticlePiccolo, Chiara and Cullen, Mike2016Ensemble data assimilation using a unified representation of model errorMonthly Weather Review 144 (1) 213--22412Piccolo+Cullen_2017.pdf
BookR.A. Pielke2001Mesoscale Meteorological Modeling 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticlePires, Carlos and Vautard, Robert and Talagrand, Olivier1996On extending the limits of variational assimilation in nonlinear chaotic systemsTellus A 48 (1) 96--12126----
Features out of phase
ArticlePolavarapu, Saroja and Ren, Shuzhan and Rochon, Yves and Sankey, David and Ek, Nils and Koshyk, John and Tarasick, David2005Data assimilation with the Canadian middle atmosphere modelAtmosphere-Ocean 43 (1) 77--10024----
Covariances
ArticlePoli, Paul and Joiner, Joanna and Kursinski, E Robert20021DVar analysis of temperature and humidity using GPS radio occultation refractivity dataJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 107 (0) 0--01PoliEtAl_2002.pdf
In proceedingsde Pondeca, MSFV and Manikin, G and Parrish, DF and Purser, RJ and Wu, WS and DiMego, G and Derber, JC and Benjamin, SG and Horel, J and Lazarus, S and others2007The status of the real time mesoscale analysis system at NCEP. 0 (0) 0--01----
RTMA, Anisotropy
ArticlePope, VD1999HadAM3 (run abald, AMIPII, 58 levels) versus HadAM3 (run abbcn, AMIPII, 30 levels)Unified model validation note 0 (51) 0--01----
ArticlePope, VD and Gallani, ML and Rowntree, PR and Stratton, RA2000The impact of new physical parametrizations in the Hadley Centre climate model: HadAM3Climate Dynamics 16 (2) 123--14624----
ArticlePope, VD and Pamment, JA and Jackson, DR and Slingo, A2001The representation of water vapor and its dependence on vertical resolution in the Hadley Centre Climate ModelJournal of climate 14 (14) 3065--308521----
Resolution, Tropopause, Explain low humidity, 100 hPa over Indian Ocean in Summer?
ArticlePotter, Brian E and Holton, James R1995The role of monsoon convection in the dehydration of the lower tropical stratosphereJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 52 (8) 1034--105017----
Hedydration, Convection induced buoyancy waves
ArticlePoterjoy, Jonathan and Zhang, Fuqing2014Intercomparison and coupling of ensemble and four-dimensional variational data assimilation methods for the analysis and forecasting of Hurricane Karl (2010)Monthly Weather Review 142 (9) 3347--336418----
E4DVAR
ArticlePoterjoy, Jonathan and Zhang, Fuqing2015Systematic Comparison of Four-Dimensional Data Assimilation Methods With and Without the Tangent Linear Model Using Hybrid Background Error Covariance: E4DVar versus 4DEnVarMonthly Weather Review 143 (5) 1601--162121----
E4DVar, 4DEnVar
Article2016Presenting Uncertainty 0 (0) 1--66Presenting_Uncertainty_Leaflet.pdf
University of Reading leaflet
BookW.H. Press and S.A. Teukolsky and W.T. Vetterling and B.P. Flannery2007Numerical Recipes 3rd Edition: The Art of Scientific Computing 0 (0) 0--01----
ArticlePu, Zhao-Xia and Kalnay, Eugenia and Parrish, David and Wu, Wanshu and Toth, Zoltan1997The use of bred vectors in the NCEP global 3D variational analysis systemWeather and forecasting 12 (3) 689--6957----
Errors of the day
ArticlePulido, M and Thuburn, J2005Gravity wave drag estimation from global analyses using variational data assimilation principles. I: Theory and implementationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (609) 1821--184020----
Adjoint model, middle atmosphere, parameter estimation, twin experiments
ArticlePumphrey, Hugh C and Clark, Hannah L and Harwood, Robert S2000Lower stratospheric water vapor measured by UARS MLSGeophysical Research Letters 27 (12) 1691--16944----
Zonal mean fields
ArticlePurser, R James and Wu, Wan-Shu and Parrish, David F and Roberts, Nigel M2003Numerical aspects of the application of recursive filters to variational statistical analysis. Part I: Spatially homogeneous and isotropic Gaussian covariancesMonthly Weather Review 131 (8) 1524--153512----
ArticlePurser, R James and Wu, Wan-Shu and Parrish, David F and Roberts, Nigel M2003Numerical aspects of the application of recursive filters to variational statistical analysis. Part II: Spatially inhomogeneous and anisotropic general covariancesMonthly Weather Review 131 (8) 1536--154813----
ArticleRabier, F and McNally, T1993Evaluation of forecast error covariance matrixECMWF Tech. Memo. 0 (195) 1--3030----
NMC results
ArticleRabier, Florence and Klinker, E and Courtier, Ph and Hollingsworth, A1996Sensitivity of forecast errors to initial conditionsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 122 (529) 121--15030----
ArticleRabier, F and Mahfouf, JF and Fisher, M and Jarvinen, H and Simmons, A and Andersson, E and Bouttier, F and Courtier, P and Hamrud, M and Haseler, J and Hollingsworth, A and Isaksen, L and Klinker, E and Saarinen, S and Temperton, C and Thepaut, J-N and Unden, P and Vasiljevic, D1997Recent experimentation on 4D-Var and first results from a Simplified Kalman FilterECMWF Tech. Memo. 0 (240) 1--4141----
Propogation of b/g errors in 4d-Var.
ArticleRabier, F and McNally, A and Andersson, E and Courtier, P and Unden, P and Eyre, J and Hollingsworth, A and Bouttier, F1998The ECMWF implementation of three-dimensional variational assimilation (3D-Var). II: Structure functionsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 124 (550) 1809--182921----
ArticleRabier, Florence and Jarvinen, H and Klinker, E and Mahfouf, J-F and Simmons, A2000The ECMWF operational implementation of four-dimensional variational assimilation. I: Experimental results with simplified physicsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 126 (564) 1143--117028----
ArticleRabier, Florence2005Overview of global data assimilation developments in numerical weather-prediction centresQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (613) 3215--323319----
BookRaghavan, Soundararajan2013Radar meteorology 27 (0) 0--01----
ArticleRavela, Sai and Emanuel, Kerry and McLaughlin, Dennis2007Data assimilation by field alignmentPhysica D: Nonlinear Phenomena 230 (1) 127--14519----
Position errors, Amplitude errors
ArticleRawlins, F and Ballard, SP and Bovis, KJ and Clayton, AM and Li, D and Inverarity, GW and Lorenc, AC and Payne, TJ2007The Met Office global four-dimensional variational data assimilation schemeQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 133 (623) 347--36216----
Variational data assimilation
ArticleRaymond, William H and Garder, Arthur1991A review of recursive and implicit filtersMonthly Weather Review 119 (2) 477--49519----
For numerical modelling
ArticleRaynaud, Laure and Berre, Loik and Desroziers, Gerald2009Objective filtering of ensemble-based background-error variancesQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 135 (642) 1177--119923RaynaudEtAl_2009.pdf
ArticleRaynaud, Laure and Berre, Loik and Desroziers, Gerald2011An extended specification of flow-dependent background error variances in the Meteo-France global 4D-Var systemQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 137 (656) 607--61913----
ArticleRaynaud, Laure and Berre, Loik and Desroziers, Gerald2012Accounting for model error in the Meteo-France ensemble data assimilation systemQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 138 (662) 249--26214----
ArticleRaynaud, Laure and Pannekoucke, Olivier2013Sampling properties and spatial filtering of ensemble background-error length-scalesQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 139 (672) 784--79411Raynaud+Pannekoucke2013.pdf
ArticleRaynaud, Laure and Bouttier, F2016Comparison of initial perturbation methods for ensemble prediction at convective scaleQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 142 (695) 854--86613Raynaud+Bouttier_2017.pdf
Downscaled vs random samples vs convective-scale intial perturbations
ArticleRaynaud, Laure and Bouttier, Franccois2017The impact of horizontal resolution and ensemble size for convective-scale probabilistic forecastsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 0 (0) 0--01Raynaud+Bouttier_2017ii.pdf
ArticleRayner, PJ and Scholze, Marko and Knorr, Wolfgang and Kaminski, Thomas and Giering, Ralf and Widmann, Heinrich2005Two decades of terrestrial carbon fluxes from a carbon cycle data assimilation system (CCDAS)Global Biogeochemical Cycles 19 (2) 0--01----
Parameter estimation, Control variables are the carbon cycle model parameters
ArticleReed, B Cameron1989Linear least-squares fits with errors in both coordinatesAmerican Journal of Physics 57 (7) 642--6465reed1989.pdf
ArticleReed, B Cameron1992Linear least-squares fits with errors in both coordinates. II: Comments on parameter variancesAmerican Journal of Physics 60 (1) 59--624reed1992.pdf
ArticleReichle, Rolf H2008Data assimilation methods in the Earth sciencesAdvances in Water Resources 31 (11) 1411--14188----
Review of data assimilation methods, Introduction to data assimilation
ArticleRenshaw, Richard and Francis, Peter N2011Variational assimilation of cloud fraction in the operational Met Office Unified ModelQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 137 (661) 1963--197412Renshaw+Francis_2011.pdf
ArticleRiishojgaard, Lars Peter1998A direct way of specifying flow-dependent background error correlations for meteorological analysis systemsTellus A 50 (1) 42--5716----
ArticleRind, D and Chiou, E-W and Chu, W and Oltmans, S and Lerner, J and Larsen, J and McCormick, MP and McMaster, L1993Overview of the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II water vapor observations: Method, validation, and data characteristicsJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 98 (0) 4835--485622----
ArticleRoberts, Nigel2008Assessing the spatial and temporal variation in the skill of precipitation forecasts from an NWP modelMeteorological Applications 15 (1) 163--1697Roberts2008.pdf
ArticleRoberts, Nigel M and Lean, Humphrey W2008Scale-selective verification of rainfall accumulations from high-resolution forecasts of convective eventsMonthly Weather Review 136 (1) 78--9720Roberts+Lean_2008.pdf
ArticleRockel, Burkhard and Will, Andreas and Hense, Andreas2008The regional climate model COSMO-CLM (CCLM)Meteorologische Zeitschrift 17 (4) 347--3482RockelEtAl_2008.pdf
ArticleRodgers, Clive D1976Retrieval of atmospheric temperature and composition from remote measurements of thermal radiationReviews of Geophysics 14 (4) 609--62416----
ArticleRood, RB2003ReanalysisNATO ASI 0 (0) 361--37212----
ArticleRood, Richard B and Pawson, Steven2004Assimilation of stratospheric meteorological and constituent observations: A Review 0 (0) 0--01----
Chemical data assimilation, Source unknown - SPARC?
ArticleRosenhof, KH1995Seasonal cycle of the residual mean meridional circulation in the stratosphereJOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ALL SERIES- 100 (0) 5173--51731----
TEM
ArticleRosmond, Thomas and Xu, Liang2006Development of NAVDAS-AR: non-linear formulation and outer loop testsTellus A 58 (1) 45--5814ROSMOND_et_al-2006-Tellus_A.pdf
ArticleRoulston, MS and Smith, Leonard A2003Combining dynamical and statistical ensemblesTellus A 55 (1) 16--3015----
Balance, Control variable transforms, Geostrophic coordinate transform
ArticleRudd, Alison C2006Assimilation of dynamical information from satellite imagery 0 (0) 1--4040----
Cloud imagery, MPhil/PhD transfer report (Univ. of Surrey)
ArticleRutherford, Ian D1972Data assimilation by statistical interpolation of forecast error fieldsJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 29 (5) 809--8157----
ArticleSacher, William and Bartello, Peter2008Sampling errors in ensemble Kalman filtering. Part I: TheoryMonthly Weather Review 136 (8) 3035--304915Sacher+Bertello_2008.pdf
ArticleSadiki, Wafaa and Fischer, Claude2005A posteriori validation applied to the 3D-Var Arpege and Aladin data assimilation systemsTellus A 57 (1) 21--3414----
Ergodicity, references to OI, Jmin
ArticleSaha, S and Nadiga, S and Thiaw, C and Wang, J and Wang, W and Zhang, Q and van den Dool, HM and Pan, H-L and Moorthi, S and Behringer, D and others2006The NCEP climate forecast systemJournal of Climate 19 (15) 3483--351735----
Operational coupled atmosphere-land-ocean modelling system
ArticleSaito, Kazuo and Fujita, Tsukasa and Yamada, Yoshinori and Ishida, Jun-ichi and Kumagai, Yukihiro and Aranami, Kohei and Ohmori, Shiro and Nagasawa, Ryoji and Kumagai, Saori and Muroi, Chiashi and others2006The operational JMA nonhydrostatic mesoscale modelMonthly Weather Review 134 (4) 1266--129833SaitoEtAl_2006.pdf
BookSalby, Murry L1996Fundamentals of atmospheric physics 61 (0) 0--01----
ArticleSasaki, Yoshikazu1970Some basic formalisms in numerical variational analysisMonthly Weather Review 98 (12) 875--8839Sasaki_1970.pdf
Strong constraint, Weak constraint
ArticleSasaki, Y1970Some basic formalisms in numerical variational analysisMonthly Weather Review 98 (0) 875--8839----
4dVar, Adjoint, Euler-Lagrange eqations, Strong constraint, Weak constraint
ArticleSatoh, Masaki and Tomita, Hirofumi and Yashiro, Hisashi and Miura, Hiroaki and Kodama, Chihiro and Seiki, Tatsuya and Noda, Akira T and Yamada, Yohei and Goto, Daisuke and Sawada, Masahiro and others2014The non-hydrostatic icosahedral atmospheric model: Description and developmentProgress in Earth and Planetary Science 1 (1) 1--11Satoh_etal2014.pdf
NICAM
In proceedingsSaunders, R and Crewell, S and Gelaro, R and Minnett, PJ and Peuch, V-H and Schmetz, J and Turner, D and Velden, C2015Chapter 2. Observations for global to convective scale models 0 (0) 15--3622wmo_1156_en.pdf
library.wmo.int/pmb_ged/wmo_1156_en.pdf
ArticleScherrer, Simon C and Appenzeller, Christof and Eckert, Pierre and Cattani, Daniel2004Analysis of the spread-skill relations using the ECMWF ensemble prediction system over EuropeWeather and forecasting 19 (3) 552--56514ScherrerEtAl_2004.pdf
ArticleSchlatter, Thomas W2000Variational assimilation of meteorological observations in the lower atmosphere: a tutorial on how it worksJournal of atmospheric and solar-terrestrial physics 62 (12) 1057--107014----
Data assimlation, Variational data assimlation, Meteorological data assimilation, 3dVar, 4dVar, Proxy observations
ArticleSchomburg, A and Schraff, C and Potthast, R2015A concept for the assimilation of satellite cloud information in an Ensemble Kalman Filter: single-observation experimentsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 141 (688) 893--90816SchomburgEtAl_2015.pdf
ArticleSchoniger, A and Nowak, W and Hendricks Franssen, H-J2012Parameter estimation by ensemble Kalman filters with transformed data: Approach and application to hydraulic tomographyWater Resources Research 48 (4) 0--01SchonigerEtAl_2012.pdf
Gaussian anamorphosis
ArticleSchraff, Christoph and Reich, Hendrik and Rhodin, Andreas and Schomburg, Annika and Stephan, Klaus and Perianez, Africa and Potthast, Roland2016Kilometre-scale ensemble data assimilation for the COSMO model (KENDA)Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 142 (696) 1453--147220SchraffEtAl_2016.pdf
, LETKF, Discusses observation nudging / Newtonian relaxation, perturbations to boundary conditions
ArticleSchwartz, Craig S and Liu, Zhiquan and Huang, Xiang-Yu and Kuo, Ying-Hwa and Fong, Chin-Tzu2013Comparing limited-area 3DVar and hybrid variational-ensemble data assimilation methods for typhoon track forecasts: Sensitivity to outer loops and vortex relocationMonthly Weather Review 141 (12) 4350--437223Schwartz_etal_2013.pdf
ArticleSchwartz, Craig S and Liu, Zhiquan2014Convection-permitting forecasts initialized with continuously cycling limited-area 3DVar, ensemble Kalman filter, and 'hybrid' variational--ensemble data assimilation systemsMonthly Weather Review 142 (2) 716--73823Schwartz+Liu_2014.pdf
ArticleSchwartz, Craig S and Liu, Zhiquan and Lin, Hui-Chuan and Cetola, Jeffrey D2014Assimilating aerosol observations with a `hybrid' variational-ensemble data assimilation systemJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 119 (7) 4043--406927----
ArticleSchwartz, Craig S and Romine, Glen S and Smith, Kathryn R and Weisman, Morris L2014Characterizing and optimizing precipitation forecasts from a convection-permitting ensemble initialized by a mesoscale ensemble Kalman filterWeather and Forecasting 29 (6) 1295--131824SchwartzEtAl_2014.pdf
20-30, 50-members
ArticleSchwartz, Craig S and Romine, Glen S and Weisman, Morris L and Sobash, Ryan A and Fossell, Kathryn R and Manning, Kevin W and Trier, Stanley B2015A real-time convection-allowing ensemble prediction system initialized by mesoscale ensemble Kalman filter analysesWeather and Forecasting 30 (5) 1158--118124SchwartzEtAl_2015ii.pdf
ArticleSchwartz, Craig S and Romine, Glen S and Sobash, Ryan A and Fossell, Kathryn R and Weisman, Morris L2015NCAR's Experimental Real-Time Convection-Allowing Ensemble Prediction SystemWeather and Forecasting 30 (6) 1645--165410SchwartzEtAl_2015.pdf
ArticleSchwartz, Craig S and Romine, Glen S and Fossell, Kathryn R and Sobash, Ryan A and Weisman, Morris L2017Toward 1-km ensemble forecasts over large domainsMonthly Weather Review 145 (8) 2943--296927SchwartzEtAl_2017.pdf
ArticleSeaman, Nelson L2003Future directions of meteorology related to air-quality researchEnvironment international 29 (2) 245--2528----
Complex models - mentions data assimilation
ArticleSeaman, RS1977Absolute and differential accuracy of analyses achievable with specified observational network characteristicsMonthly Weather Review 105 (10) 1211--122212----
ArticleSegers, AJ and Eskes, HJ and van Der, A and van Oss, RF and van Velthoven, PFJ2005Assimilation of GOME ozone profiles and a global chemistry--transport model using a Kalman filter with anisotropic covarianceQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (606) 477--50226----
ArticleSeity, Y and Brousseau, P and Malardel, S and Hello, G and Benard, P and Bouttier, F and Lac, C and Masson, V2011The AROME-France convective-scale operational modelMonthly Weather Review 139 (3) 976--99116SeityEtAl_2011.pdf
ArticleSemple, AT2002An error breeding system for the Met Office 'new dynamics'Forecating Research Technical Report 0 (413) 1--4040----
Bred modes, Positive and negative impact, No impact on structure functions.
ArticleSharpe, MC2004Why the quasi-geostrophic omega equation? 0 (0) 1--2828----
Derivation of QG
ArticleSharpe, MC2005Using a total water variable in the Met Office data assimilation system: tidying variable names and logical switches 0 (0) 1--33----
ArticleSharpe, MC2007VSDP61: Incrementing liquid & frozen cloud water and grid-box cloud fractions for VAR observation operators and UM initialisation 0 (0) 1--2121VSDP61.pdf
ArticleSharpe, MC2007VSDP6 -- Moisture in VAR 0 (0) 1--1010VSDP6.pdf
ArticleSharpe, MC and O'Keefe, UM and Li, D2007A method for variational assimilation of cloud information in operational numerical weather prediction 0 (0) 0--01----
Submitted?, Use Smith cloud scheme
ArticleShepherd, Theodore G2000The middle atmosphereJournal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 62 (17) 1587--160115----
Review, includes tropical tropopause extra-tropical dynamics link
ArticleSherwood, Steven C and Dessler, Andrew E2000On the control of stratospheric humidityGeophysical Research Letters 27 (16) 2513--25164----
Mixing layer hypothesis, Tropopause transition layer, Runs through possible control mechanisms
ArticleShinbrot, Troy and Grebogi, Celso and Wisdom, Jack and Yorke, James A1992Chaos in a double pendulumAm. J. Phys 60 (6) 491--4999----
Apparatus
ArticleShutts, GJ2004A stochastic kinetic energy backscatter algorithm for use in ensemble prediction systemsECMWF Technical Memorandum 0 (449) 0--01----
ArticleSimon, Ehouarn and Bertino, Laurent2009Application of the Gaussian anamorphosis to assimilation in a 3-D coupled physical-ecosystem model of the North Atlantic with the EnKF: a twin experimentOcean Science 5 (4) 495--51016Simon+Bertino_2009.pdf
ArticleSimmons, Adrian J and Burridge, David M1981An energy and angular-momentum conserving vertical finite-difference scheme and hybrid vertical coordinatesMonthly Weather Review 109 (4) 758--7669----
ArticleSimmons, Adrian J and Temperton, Clive1997Stability of a two-time-level semi-implicit integration scheme for gravity wave motionMonthly Weather Review 125 (4) 600--61516----
Integration scheme
ArticleSimmons, AJ and Untch, A and Jakob, C and Kaallberg, P and Unden, P1999Stratospheric water vapour and tropical tropopause temperatures in ECMWF analyses and multi-year simulationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 125 (553) 353--38634----
Humidity, Numerical modelling, Stratosphere Tetens formula, have part of paper only.
ArticleSimonin, D and Ballard, SP and Li, Z2014Doppler radar radial wind assimilation using an hourly cycling 3D-Var with a 1.5 km resolution version of the Met Office Unified Model for nowcastingQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 140 (684) 2298--231417SimoninEtAl_2014.pdf
ArticlevSiroka, M and Fischer, C and Casse, V and Brovzkova, R and Geleyn, J-F2003The definition of mesoscale selective forecast error covariances for a limited area variational analysisMeteorology and Atmospheric Physics 82 (1) 227--24418----
Lagged NMC method
Article2015Recent trends and drivers of regional sources and sinks of carbon dioxideBIOGEOSCIENCES 12 (0) 653--67927SitchEtAl_2015.pdf
ArticleSkamarock, William C2004Evaluating mesoscale NWP models using kinetic energy spectraMonthly Weather Review 132 (12) 3019--303214Skamarock_2004.pdf
ArticleSmith, Claire A and Toumi, Ralf and Haigh, Joanna D2000Seasonal trends in stratospheric water vapourGeophysical Research Letters 27 (12) 1687--16904----
HALOE
ArticleSmith, RNB1990A scheme for predicting layer clouds and their water content in a general circulation modelQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 116 (492) 435--46026----
Cloud conserved variables
ArticleSmith, RNB and Gregory, D and Wilson, C and Bushell, AC1997Calculation of saturated specific humidity and large-scale cloudUnified model documentation paper 0 (29) 0--01----
ArticleSnyder, Chris and Zhang, Fuqing2003Assimilation of simulated Doppler radar observations with an ensemble Kalman filterMonthly Weather Review 131 (8) 1663--167715----
Diagnosed covariances, Error growth, Supercells, 50 members, Perfect model
ArticleSobel, Adam H and Bretherton, Christopher S2000Modeling tropical precipitation in a single columnJournal of Climate 13 (24) 4378--439215Sobel+Bretherton_2000.pdf
Weak temperature gradient
ArticleSobel, Adam H and Nilsson, Johan and Polvani, Lorenzo M2001The weak temperature gradient approximation and balanced tropical moisture wavesJournal of the atmospheric sciences 58 (23) 3650--366516SobelEtAl_2001.pdf
ArticleSong, JL and Pielke, RA and Segal, M and Arritt, RW and Kessler, RC1985A method to determine nonhydrostatic effects within subdomains in a mesoscale modelJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 42 (20) 2110--212011----
ArticleSong, Hajoon and Edwards, Christopher A and Moore, Andrew M and Fiechter, Jerome2012Incremental four-dimensional variational data assimilation of positive-definite oceanic variables using a logarithm transformationOcean Modelling 54 (0) 1--1717SongEtAl_2012.pdf
ArticleStephan, Klaus and Klink, S and Schraff, C2008Assimilation of radar-derived rain rates into the convective-scale model COSMO-DE at DWDQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 134 (634) 1315--132612StephanEtAl_2008.pdf
ArticleStephens, Graeme L and Vane, Deborah G and Boain, Ronald J and Mace, Gerald G and Sassen, Kenneth and Wang, Zhien and Illingworth, Anthony J and O'Connor, Ewan J and Rossow, William B and Durden, Stephen L and others2002The CloudSat mission and the A-Train: A new dimension of space-based observations of clouds and precipitationBulletin of the American Meteorological Society 83 (12) 1771--179020StephensEtAl_2002.pdf
ArticleStiller, O and Ballard, SP2009Efficient moist physics schemes for data assimilation. I: Large-scale clouds and condensationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 135 (640) 707--72014----
4D-Var, Latent heat, Precipitation, Perturbation forecast
ArticleStiller, O2009Efficient moist physics schemes for data assimilation. II: Deep convectionQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 135 (640) 721--73818----
4D-Var, CAPE closure, Subsidence, Precipitation, Perturbation forecast
ArticleStone, Elizabeth M and Pan, Liwen and Sandor, Brad J and Read, William G and Waters, Joe W2000Spatial distributions of upper tropospheric water vapor measurements from the UARS Microwave Limb SounderJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 105 (0) 12149--1216113----
Hadley circulation, Walker circulation, PV tracing
ArticleStratton, RA1999A high resolution AMIP integration using the Hadley Centre model HadAM2bClimate Dynamics 15 (1) 9--2820----
ArticleStruthers, H and Brugge, R and Lahoz, WA and O'Neill, A and Swinbank, R2002Assimilation of ozone profiles and total column measurements into a global general circulation modelJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 107 (0) 0--01----
Satellite retrievals, Analysis correction scheme
ArticleSugimoto, Soichiro and Crook, N Andrew and Sun, Juanzhen and Xiao, Qingnong and Barker, Dale M2009An examination of WRF 3DVar radar data assimilation on its capability in retrieving unobserved variables and forecasting precipitation through observing system simulation experimentsMonthly Weather Review 137 (11) 4011--402919----
OSSE
ArticleSun, Juanzhen and Crook, N Andrew1997Dynamical and microphysical retrieval from Doppler radar observations using a cloud model and its adjoint. Part I: Model development and simulated data experimentsJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 54 (12) 1642--166120----
Reflectivity
ArticleSun, Juanzhen2005Initialization and numerical forecasting of a supercell storm observed during STEPSMonthly Weather Review 133 (4) 793--81321Sun_2005_initialization.pdf
ArticleSun, Juanzhen2005Convective-scale assimilation of radar data: progress and challengesQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (613) 3439--346325Sun_2005.pdf
In proceedingsSun, Juanzhen and Guo, Yongrun and Lim, Eunha and Huang, Xiangyu and Xiao, Qingnong and Sugimoto, Soichiro2008Assimilation and Forecasting Experiments Using Radar Observations and WRF 4DVar 2 (0) 2--65----
Total water
ArticleSun, Juanzhen and Trier, Stanley B and Xiao, Qingnong and Weisman, Morris L and Wang, Hongli and Ying, Zhuming and Xu, Mei and Zhang, Ying2012Sensitivity of 0--12-h warm-season precipitation forecasts over the central United States to model initializationWeather and Forecasting 27 (4) 832--85524SunEtAl2012.pdf
ArticleSun, Juanzhen and Wang, Hongli2013Radar data assimilation with WRF 4D-Var. Part II: Comparison with 3D-Var for a squall line over the US Great PlainsMonthly Weather Review 141 (7) 2245--226420Sun+Wang_2013.pdf
ArticleSun, Xiaoli and Abshire, James B and McGarry, Jan F and Neumann, Gregory A and Smith, James C and Cavanaugh, John F and Harding, David J and Zwally, H Jay and Smith, David E and Zuber, Maria T2013Space lidar developed at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center -- The first 20 yearsIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations an 6 (3) 1660--167516SunEtAl_2013_lidar.pdf
ArticleSun, Juanzhen and Xue, Ming and Wilson, James W and Zawadzki, Isztar and Ballard, Sue P and Onvlee-Hooimeyer, Jeanette and Joe, Paul and Barker, Dale M and Li, Ping-Wah and Golding, Brian and others2014Use of NWP for nowcasting convective precipitation: Recent progress and challengesBulletin of the American Meteorological Society 95 (3) 409--42618SunEtAl_2014.pdf
Spin-up
ArticleSun, Juanzhen and Wang, Hongli and Tong, Wenxue and Zhang, Ying and Lin, Chung-Yi and Xu, Dongmei2016Comparison of the impacts of momentum control variables on high-resolution variational data assimilation and precipitation forecastingMonthly Weather Review 144 (1) 149--16921SunEtAl_2016.pdf
ArticleSutton, RT and Allen, MR1997Decadal predictability of North Atlantic sea surface temperature and climateNature 388 (6642) 563--5675----
Ocean-atmosphere coupling
ArticleSutton, RT and Jewson, SP and Jones, C and Slingo, J0Climate anomalies during boreal winter 97/98: the role of Atlantic SST 0 (0) 0--01----
Ocean-atmosphere coupling
ArticleSutyrin, Georgi G2004Agradient velocity, vortical motion and gravity waves in a rotating shallow-water modelQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 130 (601) 1977--198913----
Balanced flow, Potential vorticity inversion
ArticleSwinbank, R and Ingleby, NB and Boorman, PM and Renshaw, RJ2002A 3D variational data assimilation system for the stratosphere and troposphereForecasting Research Scientific Paper 0 (71) 0--01----
Balance, length scales, rotation, Implied covariances
ArticleSwinbank, R and Douglas, CS and Lahoz, WA and O'neill, A and Heaps, A1998Middle atmosphere variability in the UK Meteorological Office Unified ModelQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 124 (549) 1485--152541----
ArticleSwinbank, R and Jackson, DR and Thornton, H0A possible new moisture control variableMet Office Working Paper 0 (0) 0--01----
Unbalanced humidity, total humidity
ArticleSzintai, Balazs and SzHucs, Mihaly and Randriamampianina, Roger and Kullmann, Laszlo2015Application of the AROME non-hydrostatic model at the Hungarian Meteorological Service: physical parameterizations and ensemble forecastingIdHojaras 119 (0) 241--26626SzintaiEtAl_2015.pdf
ArticleSzunyogh, Istvan and Kostelich, Eric J and Gyarmati, G and Patil, DJ and Hunt, Brian R and Kalnay, Eugenia and Ott, Edward and Yorke, James A2005Assessing a local ensemble Kalman filter: perfect model experiments with the National Centers for Environmental Prediction global modelTellus A 57 (4) 528--54518SZUNYOGH_et_al-2005.pdf
ArticleSzyndel, MDE and Collard, AD and Eyre, JR2004A simulation study of 1D variational cloud retrieval with infrared satellite data from multiple fields of viewQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 130 (599) 1489--150315----
ArticleTalagrand, Olivier and Courtier, Philippe1987Variational assimilation of meteorological observations with the adjoint vorticity equation. I: TheoryQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 113 (478) 1311--132818----
Adjoint, Inner product
ArticleTalagrand, O and Vautard, R and Strauss, B1997Evaluation of probabilistic prediction systems, paper presented at ECMWF Workshop on Predictability, Eur. Cent. for Med. Range Weather ForecastsReading, UK 0 (0) 1--2525TalagrandEtal_1997.pdf
ArticleTalagrand, O1998A posteriori evaluation and verification of analysis and assimilation algorithmsDiagnosis of data assimilation systems 0 (0) 17--2812----
Objective evaluation, O-A, O-B
Talagrand,~O.0Variational assimilation 0 (0) 41--6727----
ArticleTan, Wei Wu and Geller, Marvin A and Pawson, Steven and Da Silva, Arlindo2004A case study of excessive subtropical transport in the stratosphere of a data assimilation systemJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 109 (0) 0--01----
ArticleTang, Yongming and Lean, Humphrey W and Bornemann, Jorge2013The benefits of the Met Office variable resolution NWP model for forecasting convectionMeteorological Applications 20 (4) 417--42610TangEtAl_2013.pdf
UKV
ArticleTangborn, Andrew2004Wavelet approximation of error covariance propagation in data assimilationTellus A 56 (1) 16--2813----
Daubechies wavelets, Kalman filter, Burgers equation
ArticleTemperton, Clive1988Implicit normal mode initializationMonthly Weather Review 116 (5) 1013--103119----
Normal mode initialization
ArticleTemperton, Clive1989Implicit normal mode initialization for spectral modelsMonthly Weather Review 117 (2) 436--45116----
Normal mode initialization, Read earlier paper first!
ArticleTemperton, Clive1997Treatment of the Coriolis terms in semi-Lagrangian spectral modelsAtmosphere-Ocean 35 (0) 293--30210----
Semi implicit
ArticleTennant, Warren2015Improving initial condition perturbations for MOGREPS-UKQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 141 (691) 2324--233613Tennant2015.pdf
ArticleTerasaki, Koji and Sawada, Masahiro and Miyoshi, Takemasa2015Local ensemble transform Kalman filter experiments with the Nonhydrostatic Icosahedral Atmospheric Model NICAMSOLA 11 (0) 23--264Terasaki_etal_2015.pdf
In proceedingsTestut, C-E and Greiner, E and Brankart, JM and Molines JM2010Modelling Forecast Error Statistics using Gaussian Anamorphosis : Application to Sea Ice Variables 0 (0) 1--2020----
BookThacker, William C1988Three lectures on fitting numerical models to observations 0 (0) 0--01----
Adjoints
ArticleThepaut, Jean-Noel and Courtier, Philippe and Belaud, Gilles and Lemau01d0tre, Gwendal1996Dynamical structure functions in a four-dimensional variational assimilation: A case studyQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 122 (530) 535--56127----
Evolving structure functions
In collectionThepaut, Jean-Noel2003Assimilation of remote sensing observations in numerical weather prediction 0 (0) 225--24016----
In NATO ASI book
ArticleDuncan Thompson, Philip1957Uncertainty of Initial State as a Factor in the Predictability of Large Scale Atmospheric Flow PatternsTellus 9 (3) 275--29521Thompson_1957.pdf
ArticleThompson, Philip Duncan1961A dynamical method of analyzing meteorological dataTellus 13 (3) 334--34916Thompson_1961.pdf
Propagation of information from data dense to data poor regions
ArticleThuburn, John and Craig, George C2000Stratospheric influence on tropopause height: The radiative constraintJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 57 (1) 17--2812----
Surface temperature, IR
ArticleThuburn, John and Wood, Nigel and Staniforth, Andrew2002Normal modes of deep atmospheres. I: Spherical geometryQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 128 (584) 1771--179222----
Shallow atmosphere, Traditional approximation, Vertical grid staggering
ArticleThuburn, John and Wood, Nigel and Staniforth, Andrew2002Normal modes of deep atmospheres. II: f--F-plane geometryQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 128 (584) 1793--180614----
Inertial modes, Traditional approximation
ArticleTian, Xiangjun and Xie, Zhenghui and Dai, Aiguo2008An ensemble-based explicit four-dimensional variational assimilation methodJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 113 (0) 0--01TianEtAl_2008.pdf
ArticleTian, Xiangjun and Xie, Zhenghui and Liu, Yi and Cai, Zhaonan and Fu, Yu and Zhang, H and Feng, L2014A joint data assimilation system (Tan-Tracker) to simultaneously estimate surface CO2 fluxes and 3-D atmospheric CO2 concentrations from observationsAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14 (23) 13281--1329313----
I have draft copy
ArticleTippett, Michael K and Anderson, Jeffrey L and Bishop, Craig H and Hamill, Thomas M and Whitaker, Jeffrey S2003Ensemble square root filters*Monthly Weather Review 131 (7) 1485--14906----
Summary reference
ArticleTodling, Ricardo and Cohn, Stephen E1994Suboptimal schemes for atmospheric data assimilation based on the Kalman filterMonthly Weather Review 122 (11) 2530--255728----
ArticleTodling, Ricardo2015A lag-1 smoother approach to system-error estimation: sequential methodQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 141 (690) 1502--151312Todling_modelerr_2015.pdf
ArticleTompkins, Adrian M and Janiskova, Marta2004A cloud scheme for data assimilation: Description and initial testsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 130 (602) 2495--251723Tompkins+Janiskova_2004.pdf
Cloud and radiation observations, Linearized physics, 4d-Var assimilation
ArticleTong, Mingjing and Xue, Ming2005Ensemble Kalman filter assimilation of Doppler radar data with a compressible nonhydrostatic model: OSS experimentsMonthly Weather Review 133 (7) 1789--180719Tong+Xue_2005.pdf
ARPS model, 2km resolution
ArticleTong, Wenxue and Li, Gang and Sun, Juanzhen and Tang, Xiaowen and Zhang, Ying2016Design Strategies of an Hourly Update 3DVAR Data Assimilation System for Improved Convective ForecastingWeather and Forecasting 31 (5) 1673--169523TongEtAl_2016.pdf
ArticleTorn, Ryan D and Hakim, Gregory J and Snyder, Chris2006Boundary conditions for limited-area ensemble Kalman filtersMonthly Weather Review 134 (9) 2490--250213----
ArticleToth, Zoltan and Kalnay, Eugenia1993Ensemble forecasting at NMC: The generation of perturbationsBulletin of the american meteorological society 74 (12) 2317--233014----
Bred modes, Forecast differences
ArticleToth, Zoltan and Kalnay, Eugenia1997Ensemble forecasting at NCEP and the breeding methodMonthly Weather Review 125 (12) 3297--331923----
Bred modes, Similarity between breeding and analysis cycle
ArticleTremolet, Yannick2006Accounting for an imperfect model in 4D-VarQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 132 (621) 2483--250422----
Weak constraint, Model bias correction, Model error forcing, Model state control
ArticleTremolet, Yannick2007Model-error estimation in 4D-VarQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 133 (626) 1267--128014----
Weak constraint
ArticleTrepte, Charles R and Veiga, Robert E and McCormick, M Patrick1993The poleward dispersal of Mount Pinatubo volcanic aerosolJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 98 (0) 18563--1857311----
SAGE II
ArticleTribbia, JJ and Baumhefner, DP2004Scale interactions and atmospheric predictability: An updated perspectiveMonthly Weather Review 132 (3) 703--71311----
Growth rate, scale dependence, Updated from Lorenz (1969), cited by Lorenc and Payne (2007)
ArticleTroen, IB and Mahrt, L1986A simple model of the atmospheric boundary layer; sensitivity to surface evaporationBoundary-Layer Meteorology 37 (1) 129--14820----
ArticleTuck, AF and Hovde, SJ and Kelly, KK and Mahoney, MJ and Proffitt, MH and Richard, EC and Thompson, TL2003Exchange between the upper tropical troposphere and the lower stratosphere studied with aircraft observationsJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 108 (0) 0--01----
Upper tropical troposphere, Multifractal
ArticleTukey, John W1962The future of data analysisThe Annals of Mathematical Statistics 33 (1) 1--6767Tukey_1962.pdf
ArticleUeno, Genta and Tsuchiya, Takashi2009Covariance regularization in inverse spaceQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 135 (642) 1133--115624----
Data assimilation, 4D-VAR, Ensemble Kalman filter, Covariance selection, Gaussian graphical model, Localization
Unden, Per and Rontu, Laura and Jarvinen, Heikki and Lynch, Peter and Calvo, Javier and Cats, Gerard and Cuxart, Joan and Eerola, Kalle and Fortelius, Carl and Garcia-Moya, Jose Antonio and others2002HIRLAM-5 scientific documentation 0 (0) 0--01HIRLAM-5_scidoc.pdf
available from www.hirlam.org
BookG.K. Vallis2006Atmospheric and oceanic fluid dynamics 0 (0) 0--01----
Articlevan Leeuwen, Peter Jan1999Comment on `Data assimilation using an ensemble Kalman filter technique'Monthly Weather Review 127 (6) 1374--13774----
Underspread
Articlevan Leeuwen, Peter Jan2009Particle filtering in geophysical systemsMonthly Weather Review 137 (12) 4089--411426----
Articlevan Leeuwen, Peter Jan2011Efficient nonlinear data-assimilation in geophysical fluid dynamicsComputers & Fluids 46 (1) 52--587----
Inverse modelling
Articlevan Weverberg, Kwinten and Boutle, Ian A and Morcrette, Cyril J and Newsom, Rob K2016Towards retrieving critical relative humidity from ground-based remote-sensing observationsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 142 (700) 2867--288115vanWeverbergEtAl_2016.pdf
ArticleVaughan, G and Methven, J and Anderson, D and Antonescu, B and Baker, L and Baker, TP and Ballard, SP and Bower, KN and Brown, PRA and Chagnon, J and others2015Cloud banding and winds in intense European cyclones: Results from the DIAMET projectBulletin of the American Meteorological Society 96 (2) 249--26517VaughanEtAl_2015.pdf
ArticleVetra-Carvalho, Sanita and Dixon, Mark and Migliorini, Stefano and Nichols, Nancy K and Ballard, Susan P2012Breakdown of hydrostatic balance at convective scales in the forecast errors in the Met Office Unified ModelQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 138 (668) 1709--172012----
Also have preprint MPS_2010-10 (2010)
ArticleVie, Benoit and Nuissier, Olivier and Ducrocq, Veronique2011Cloud-resolving ensemble simulations of Mediterranean heavy precipitating events: uncertainty on initial conditions and lateral boundary conditionsMonthly Weather Review 139 (2) 403--42321VieEtAl_2011.pdf
ArticleVomel, H and Oltmans, SJ and Kley, D and Crutzen, PJ1995New evidence for the stratospheric dehydration mechanism in the equatorial PacificGeophysical Research Letters 0 (22) 3235--32384----
Convective overshooting, Ice evaporation
ArticleVoronovich, Alexander G and Gasiewski, Albin J and Weber, Bob L2004A fast multistream scattering-based Jacobian for microwave radiance assimilationIEEE transactions on geoscience and remote sensing 42 (8) 1749--176113VoronovichEtAl_2004.pdf
ArticleVukicevic, Tomislava and Greenwald, T and Zupanski, M and Zupanski, D and Vonder Haar, T and Jones, AS2004Mesoscale cloud state estimation from visible and infrared satellite radiancesMonthly Weather Review 132 (12) 3066--307712VukicevicEtAl_2004.pdf
ArticleVukicevic, T and Sengupta, M and Jones, AS and Haar, T Vonder2006Cloud-resolving satellite data assimilation: Information content of IR window observations and uncertainties in estimationJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 63 (3) 901--91919VukicevicEtAl_2006.pdf
ArticleVukicevic, Tomislava2008Comments on `Issues Regarding the Assimilation of Cloud and Precipitation Data'Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 65 (10) 3344--33474Vukicevic2008.pdf
ArticleWaller, Joanne A and Dance, Sarah L and Lawless, Amos S and Nichols, Nancy K and Eyre, JR2014Representativity error for temperature and humidity using the Met Office high-resolution modelQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 140 (681) 1189--11979WallerEtAl_2014.pdf
ArticleWaller, Joanne A and Dance, Sarah L and Nichols, Nancy K2016Theoretical insight into diagnosing observation error correlations using observation-minus-background and observation-minus-analysis statisticsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 142 (694) 418--43114WallerEtAl_2016_theoretical.pdf
ArticleWaller, JA and Simonin, D and Dance, SL and Nichols, NK and Ballard, SP2016Diagnosing observation error correlations for Doppler radar radial winds in the Met Office UKV model using observation-minus-background and observation-minus-analysis statisticsMonthly Weather Review 144 (10) 3533--355119WallerEtAl2016_doppler.pdf
ArticleWalters, DN and Williams, KD and Boutle, IA and Bushell, AC and Edwards, JM and Field, PR and Lock, AP and Morcrette, CJ and Stratton, RA and Wilkinson, JM and others2014The Met Office Unified Model global atmosphere 4.0 and JULES global land 4.0 configurationsGeoscientific Model Development 7 (1) 361--38626WaltersEtAl_2014.pdf
ArticleWang, Junhong and Carlson, David J and Parsons, David B and Hock, Terrence F and Lauritsen, Dean and Cole, Harold L and Beierle, Kathryn and Chamberlain, Edward2003Performance of operational radiosonde humidity sensors in direct comparison with a chilled mirror dew-point hygrometer and its climate implicationGeophysical Research Letters 30 (16) 0--01WangEtAl_2003.pdf
ArticleWang, Xuguang and Bishop, Craig H2003A comparison of breeding and ensemble transform Kalman filter ensemble forecast schemesJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 60 (9) 1140--115819----
Spread-skill scores
ArticleWang, Xuguang and Hamill, Thomas M and Whitaker, Jeffrey S and Bishop, Craig H2007A comparison of hybrid ensemble transform Kalman filter-optimum interpolation and ensemble square root filter analysis schemesMonthly Weather Review 135 (3) 1055--107622WangEtal_2007_nomodelerr.pdf
No model error case
ArticleWang, Xuguang and Snyder, Chris and Hamill, Thomas M2007On the theoretical equivalence of differently proposed ensemble-3D-Var hybrid analysis schemesMonthly Weather Review 135 (1) 222--2276----
ArticleWang, Xuguang and Barker, Dale M and Snyder, Chris and Hamill, Thomas M2008A hybrid ETKF-3DVar data assimilation scheme for the WRF model. Part I: Observing system simulation experimentMonthly Weather Review 136 (12) 5116--513116----
ArticleWang, Xuguang and Barker, Dale M and Snyder, Chris and Hamill, Thomas M2008A hybrid ETKF-3DVar data assimilation scheme for the WRF model. Part II: Real observation experimentsMonthly Weather Review 136 (12) 5132--514716----
ArticleWang, Xuguang and Hamill, Thomas M and Whitaker, Jeffrey S and Bishop, Craig H2009A comparison of the hybrid and EnSRF analysis schemes in the presence of model errors due to unresolved scalesMonthly Weather Review 137 (10) 3219--323214----
ArticleWang, Xuguang2010Incorporating ensemble covariance in the gridpoint statistical interpolation variational minimization: A mathematical frameworkMonthly Weather Review 138 (7) 2990--29956Wang_2010.pdf
ArticleWang, Xuguang2011Application of the WRF hybrid ETKF-3DVar data assimilation system for hurricane track forecastsWeather and Forecasting 26 (6) 868--88417----
ArticleWang, Xuguang and Parrish, David and Kleist, Daryl and Whitaker, Jeffrey2013GSI 3DVar-based ensemble--variational hybrid data assimilation for NCEP Global Forecast System: Single-resolution experimentsMonthly Weather Review 141 (11) 4098--411720----
ArticleWang, Hongli and Sun, Juanzhen and Zhang, Xin and Huang, Xiang-Yu and Auligne, Thomas2013Radar data assimilation with WRF 4D-Var. Part I: System development and preliminary testingMonthly Weather Review 141 (7) 2224--224421WangEtAl_2013_radar4dvar.pdf
ArticleWang, Shizhang and Xue, Ming and Min, Jinzhong2013A four-dimensional asynchronous ensemble square-root filter (4DEnSRF) algorithm and tests with simulated radar dataQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 139 (672) 805--81915WangEtAl_2013.pdf
ArticleWang, Hongli and Huang, Xiang-Yu and Sun, Juanzhen and Xu, Dongmei and Zhang, Man and Fan, Shuiyong and Zhong, Jiqin2014Inhomogeneous background error modeling for WRF-Var using the NMC methodJournal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 53 (10) 2287--230923WangEtal_NMC_2014.pdf
Alpha control variable with NMC
ArticleWang, Xuguang and Lei, Ting2014GSI-based four-dimensional ensemble--variational (4DEnsVar) data assimilation: Formulation and single-resolution experiments with real data for NCEP Global Forecast SystemMonthly Weather Review 142 (9) 3303--332523Wang+Lei_2014.pdf
ArticleWarner, TT and Peterson, RA and Treadon, RE1997A tutorial on lateral boundary conditions as a basic and potentially serious limitation to regional numerical weather predictionBulletin of the American Meteorological Society 78 (11) 2599--261719----
ArticleWattrelot, Eric and Caumont, Olivier and Mahfouf, Jean-Francois2014Operational implementation of the 1D+ 3D-Var assimilation method of radar reflectivity data in the AROME modelMonthly Weather Review 142 (5) 1852--187322Wattrelot2014.pdf
ArticleWeaver, Anthony and Courtier, Philippe2001Correlation modelling on the sphere using a generalized diffusion equationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 127 (575) 1815--184632----
1, 2, and 3-D
ArticleWeaver, Anthony T and Deltel, Charles and Machu, Eric and Ricci, Sophie and Daget, Nicolas2005A multivariate balance operator for variational ocean data assimilationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (613) 3605--362521----
Use of control variable transforms in ocean data assimilation, I also have ECMWF Technical Memo version (ECMWF Tech. Memo. 491 pp.19 pp. (2006))
ArticleWebster, Stuart and Thuburn, John and Hoskins, Brian and Rodwell, Mark1999Further development of a hybrid-isentropic GCMQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 125 (558) 2305--233127----
General circulation model, Isentropic coordinate, Numerical techniques
ArticleWeinstock, EM and Hintsa, EJ and Dessler, AE and Anderson, JG1995Measurements of water vapor in the tropical lower stratosphere during the CEPEX campaign: Results and interpretationGeophysical Research Letters 22 (23) 3231--32344----
ArticleWeston, PP and Bell, W and Eyre, JR2014Accounting for correlated error in the assimilation of high-resolution sounder dataQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 140 (685) 2420--242910WestonEtal_2014.pdf
ArticleWhitaker, Jeffrey S and Hamill, Thomas M2002Ensemble data assimilation without perturbed observationsMonthly Weather Review 130 (7) 1913--192412----
ArticleWhitaker, Jeffrey S and Hamill, Thomas M and Wei, Xue and Song, Yucheng and Toth, Zoltan2008Ensemble data assimilation with the NCEP global forecast systemMonthly Weather Review 136 (2) 463--48220WhitakerEtAl_2008.pdf
ArticleWilkinson, J and Wilson, D and Forbes, R2010The large-scale precipitation parametrization schemeUnified Model Documentation Paper 0 (26) 1--5555----
Microphysics
ArticleWilkinson, Jonathan M and Porson, Aurore NF and Bornemann, F Jorge and Weeks, Mark and Field, Paul R and Lock, Adrian P2013Improved microphysical parametrization of drizzle and fog for operational forecasting using the Met Office Unified ModelQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 139 (671) 488--50013WilkinsonEtAl_2013.pdf
ArticleWilliamson, David L and Laprise, Rene2000Numerical approximations for global atmospheric general circulation modelsNumerical modeling of the global atmosphere in the climate syste& 550 (0) 127--21993----
Spherical harmonics, Associated Legendre polynomials, First prinicples
ArticleWilson, Damian R and Ballard, Susan P1999A microphysically based precipitation scheme for the UK Meteorological Office Unified ModelQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 125 (557) 1607--163630----
Cloud, Microphysics, Numerical weather prediction, Precipitation
ArticleWilson, C and Chipperfield, MP and Gloor, M and Chevallier, F2014Development of a variational flux inversion system (INVICAT v1. 0) using the TOMCAT chemical transport modelGeoscientific Model Development 7 (5) 2485--250016WilsonEtAl_2014.pdf
ArticleWlasak, M and Nichols, N1998Application of variational data assimilation to the Lorenz equations using the adjoint methodNumerical Methods for Fluid Dynamics VI 0 (0) 555--5628----
ArticleWlasak, M2002The examination of balanced and unbalanced flow using potential vorticity in atmospheric modelling 0 (0) 0--01----
Balance, Shallow water equations, Thesis
ArticleWlasak, M and Nichols, NK and Roulstone, I and others2006Use of potential vorticity for incremental data assimilationQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 132 (621) 2867--288620----
Rosby radius, Also have maths report (Numerical Analysis Report (Maths, Reading Univ.) 1/06 pp.1-20 (2006))
ArticleWlasak, MA and Cullen, MJP2011Scientific justification for changing the order of the horizontal and vertical transforms 0 (0) 1--1313----
ArticleWlasak, MA and Cullen, MJP2014Modelling static 3-D spatial background error covariances--the effect of vertical and horizontal transform orderAdvances in Science and Research 11 (1) 63--675----
In proceedingsWMO2015Seamless prediction of the Earth system: from minutes to months 0 (0) 1--483483----
ArticleWu, Wan-Shu and Purser, R James and Parrish, David F2002Three-dimensional variational analysis with spatially inhomogeneous covariancesMonthly Weather Review 130 (12) 2905--291612----
ArticleWu, Ting-Chi and Zupanski, Milija and Grasso, Lewis D and Brown, Paula J and Kummerow, Christian D and Knaff, John A2016The GSI capability to assimilate TRMM and GPM hydrometeor retrievals in HWRFQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 0 (0) 0--01WuEtAl_2016.pdf
ArticleWulfmeyer, Volker and Bauer, Hans-Stefan and Grzeschik, Matthias and Behrendt, Andreas and Vandenberghe, Francois and Browell, Edward V and Ismail, Syed and Ferrare, Richard A2006Four-dimensional variational assimilation of water vapor differential absorption lidar data: The first case study within IHOP_2002Monthly Weather Review 134 (1) 209--23022WulfmeyerEtAl.pdf
ArticleWursch, Michael and Craig, George C2014A simple dynamical model of cumulus convection for data assimilation researchMeteorologische Zeitschrift 23 (0) 483--4908Wursch+Craig_2014.pdf
As used by Tom Kent and others
ArticleWursch, Michael and Craig, George C0A simple dynamical model of cumulus convection for data assimilation research 0 (0) 0--01Wursch+Craig_2014_poster.pdf
Poster
ArticleXiao, Qingnong and Kuo, Ying-Hwa and Sun, Juanzhen and Lee, Wen-Chau and Barker, Dale M and Lim, Eunha2007An approach of radar reflectivity data assimilation and its assessment with the inland QPF of Typhoon Rusa (2002) at landfallJournal of applied meteorology and climatology 46 (1) 14--229XiaoEtAl2007.pdf
ArticleXiao, Qingnong and Sun, Juanzhen2007Multiple-radar data assimilation and short-range quantitative precipitation forecasting of a squall line observed during IHOP_2002Monthly Weather Review 135 (10) 3381--340424Xiao+Sun_2007.pdf
ArticleXie, Yuanfu and Lu, Chungu and Browning, Gerald L2002Impact of formulation of cost function and constraints on three-dimensional variational data assimilationMonthly Weather Review 130 (10) 2433--244715----
Forms of control variables, Application to mesoscale data assimilation
In proceedingsXu, L and Raman, S and Madala, RV1995A review of non-hydrostatic numerical models for the atmosphere 0 (0) 3595--360915----
Anelastic
ArticleXu, Qin1996Generalized adjoint for physical processes with parameterized discontinuities. Part I: Basic issues and heuristic examplesJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 53 (8) 1123--114220----
Switches in 4d-Var
ArticleXu, Liang and Rosmond, Tom and Daley, Roger2005Development of NAVDAS-AR: formulation and initial tests of the linear problemTellus A 57 (4) 546--55914XU_et_al-2005-Tellus_A.pdf
ArticleXu, Qin and Wei, Li and van Tuyl, Andrew and Barker, Edward H2001Estimation of three-dimensional error covariances. Part I: Analysis of height innovation vectorsMonthly Weather Review 129 (8) 2126--213510----
ArticleXu, Qin and Nai, Kang and Wei, Li2007An innovation method for estimating radar radial-velocity observation error and background wind error covariancesQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 133 (623) 407--4159XuEtal_2007.pdf
ArticleYang, Shu-Chih and Baker, Debra and Li, Hong and Cordes, Katy and Huff, Morgan and Nagpal, Geetika and Okereke, Ena and Villafane, Josue and Kalnay, Eugenia and Duane, Gregory S2006Data assimilation as synchronization of truth and model: Experiments with the three-variable Lorenz system*Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 63 (9) 2340--235415YangEtAl_2006.pdf
Optimising 3D-Var iteratively, Mitigating filter divergence
ArticleYashiro, Hisashi and Terasaki, Koji and Miyoshi, Takemasa and Tomita, Hirofumi2016Performance evaluation of a throughput-aware framework for ensemble data assimilation: the case of NICAM-LETKFGeoscientific Model Development 9 (7) 2293--23008Yashiro_etal2016.pdf
ArticleYoden, Shigeo2007Atmospheric predictabilityJournal of the Meteorological Society of Japan 85 (0) 77--10226----
Chaos, Turbulence, Lyapunov vectors, Singular vectors, Ensembles, THORPEX
ArticleYudin, VA and Petron, G and Lamarque, J-F and Khattatov, BV and Hess, PG and Lyjak, LV and Gille, JC and Edwards, DP and Deeter, MN and Emmons, LK2004Assimilation of the 2000--2001 CO MOPITT retrievals with optimized surface emissionsGeophysical Research Letters 31 (20) 0--01----
ArticleYulaeva, Elena and Holton, James R and Wallace, John M1994On the cause of the annual cycle in tropical lower-stratospheric temperaturesJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences 51 (2) 169--1746----
Annual cycle, Temperature/extra-tropical dynamics link
ArticlevZagar, Nedjeljka and Gustafsson, Nils and Kallen, Erland2004Dynamical response of equatorial waves in four-dimensional variational data assimilationTellus A 56 (1) 29--4618----
Tropical modes
ArticlevZagar, Nedjeljka and Gustafsson, Nils and Kallen, Erland2004Variational data assimilation in the tropics: The impact of a background-error constraintQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 130 (596) 103--12523----
Tropical modes
ArticleZagar, Nedjeljka and Andersson, Erik and Fisher, Michael2005Balanced tropical data assimilation based on a study of equatorial waves in ECMWF short-range forecast errorsQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131 (607) 987--101125----
Covariance modelling, Ensemble
ArticleZangl, Gunther and Reinert, Daniel and Ripodas, Pilar and Baldauf, Michael2015The ICON (ICOsahedral Non-hydrostatic) modelling framework of DWD and MPI-M: Description of the non-hydrostatic dynamical coreQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 141 (687) 563--57917Zangl.pdf
ArticleZawodny, Joseph M and Oltmans, Samuel J2001Seasonal variation of water vapor in the lower stratosphere observed in Halogen Occultation Experiment dataJournal of geophysical Research 106 (0) 14--313300----
Seasonal cycle, Meridional gradient above tropopause
ArticleZerroukat, M2000Iterative solvers 0 (0) 1--2424----
GCR solver, Helmholtz problem, Met Office document
ArticleZhang, Fuqing and Snyder, Chris and Sun, Juanzhen2004Impacts of initial estimate and observation availability on convective-scale data assimilation with an ensemble Kalman filterMonthly Weather Review 132 (5) 1238--125316ZhangEtal_2004.pdf
ArticleZhang, Fuqing2005Dynamics and structure of mesoscale error covariance of a winter cyclone estimated through short-range ensemble forecastsMonthly Weather Review 133 (10) 2876--289318----
ArticleZhang, Fuqing and Meng, Zhiyong and Aksoy, Altug2006Tests of an ensemble Kalman filter for mesoscale and regional-scale data assimilation. Part I: Perfect model experimentsMonthly Weather Review 134 (2) 722--73615----
Covariance relaxation
ArticleZhang, Fuqing and Zhang, Meng and Hansen, James A2009Coupling ensemble Kalman filter with four-dimensional variational data assimilationAdvances in Atmospheric Sciences 26 (1) 1--88----
E4DVAR
ArticleZhang, Meng and Zhang, Fuqing and Huang, Xiang-Yu and Zhang, Xin2011Intercomparison of an ensemble Kalman filter with three-and four-dimensional variational data assimilation methods in a limited-area model over the month of June 2003Monthly Weather Review 139 (2) 566--5727----
ArticleZhang, Meng and Zhang, Fuqing2012E4DVar: Coupling an ensemble Kalman filter with four-dimensional variational data assimilation in a limited-area weather prediction modelMonthly Weather Review 140 (2) 587--60014----
E4DVar
ArticleZhang, Fuqing and Zhang, Meng and Poterjoy, Jonathan2013E3DVar: Coupling an ensemble Kalman filter with three-dimensional variational data assimilation in a limited-area weather prediction model and comparison to E4DVarMonthly Weather Review 141 (3) 900--91718----
E3DVar, E4DVar
ArticleZhu, Jiang and Zheng, Fei and Li, Xichen2011A new localization implementation scheme for ensemble data assimilation of non-local observationsTellus A 63 (2) 244--25512----
ArticleZhu, Yong and Newell, Reginald E and Read, William G2000Factors controlling upper-troposphere water vaporJournal of climate 13 (4) 836--84813----
Eddy fluxes
ArticleZou, Xiaolei and Navon, IM and Sela, JG1993Variational data assimilation with moist threshold processes using the NMC spectral modelTellus A 45 (5) 0--01ZouEtal_1993.pdf
ArticleZou, X1997Tangent linear and adjoint of `on-off' processes and their feasibility for use in 4-dimensional variational data assimilationTellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography 49 (1) 3--3129Zou_1997.pdf
ArticleZupanski, Dusanka1997A general weak constraint applicable to operational 4DVar data assimilation systemsMonthly Weather Review 125 (9) 2274--229219----
4dVar, Weak constraint
ArticleZupanski, Milija and Zupanski, Dusanka and Vukicevic, Tomislava and Eis, Kenneth and Haar, Thomas Vonder2005CIRA/CSU four-dimensional variational data assimilation systemMonthly Weather Review 133 (4) 829--84315----
Algorithm, Control variables, Application to mesoscale
ArticleZupanski, Milija2005Maximum likelihood ensemble filter: Theoretical aspectsMonthly Weather Review 133 (6) 1710--172617----