World weather news, September 2018
- Torrential rain caused major flooding and prompted scores of evacuations in the China province of Guangdong.
Up to 250 mm of rain has fallen on the region in the past couple of days.
Southerly flow off the South China Sea, associated with the southwest monsoon has caused rainfall to focus on the Guangdong region.
World weather news, August 2018
- A heat wave which has been plaguing the Korean Peninsula since the middle of July brought a national high temperature record to South Korea today.
Temperatures soared to the highest recorded level since records began in 1907 as the mercury reached 40.7C in Hongcheon, located in the north-east.
The previous record was 40.0C, set on 1 August 1942, in Daegu, according to the Korean Meteorological Administration.
Since the start of the heat wave, at least 29 people have died from heatstroke and more than 2,300 others have been hospitalized with heat-related illnesses, according to the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- The tail end of yesterday's strong cold front ripped through much of Western Australia overnight and delivered damaging winds and widespread hail, as well as snow to one of the state's highest peaks.
Homes and cars have been damaged across the state, with the State Emergency Service receiving almost 80 calls for help with 59 coming from the Perth metro area.
Bluff Knoll, 350 kilometres south-east of Perth, attracted snow chasers this morning who were rewarded with a layer of crusty white on the side of the mountain.
Bluff Knoll is one of the few places in the state where snow ever falls.
Meanwhile wind gusts in excess of 100 km/h tore down trees and powerlines across the state, knocking out electricity to more than 9,000 properties at the peak of the storm.
The towns of Lancelin, Port Denison, Dongara, Guilderton and Greenough in the northern part of the network were worst-affected.
- Seoul reported its warmest night on record Wednesday and then again on Thursday. The temperature only fell to 30.4C Thursday night into Friday morning.
- It has been very hot in southern Manitoba; today temperatures reached
40C with a gusty southerly wind. In Carmen, Manitoba, rainfall since
early May has been about 20 per cent of normal after a winter with
less than half the normal precipitation. On the 3rd a tornado that
touched down near Alonsa Friday night killed a 77-year-old man as it
virtually destroyed his house. Alonsa is located about 210 kilometres
northwest of Winnipeg.
- Thunderstorms rolling through the New York City area struck and
seriously injured three men.
Two men, aged 30 and 42, were struck by lightning while playing soccer
in Flushing Meadows Park in Corona, Queens, around 7:30 p.m. EDT.
Around the same time, a third man was struck in South Jamaica, Queens.
A lightning strike also started a fire near a Long Island Rail Road
substation on Tuesday evening, according to the Metropolitan
Transportation Authority. CBS New York reported that while service was
suspended for some lines, all service has since resumed on a modified
- Gusty winds caused a dangerous wildfire to spread across southern
Portugal on Tuesday following record heat in recent days.
More than two dozen record high temperatures were set across Portugal
on Saturday and Sunday, including a new all-time high temperatures in
The temperature peaked at 44.0C in the capital city on Saturday,
breaking the old record of 43.0C from 1981.
The highest temperature in the country over the weekend was 46.8C in
Alvega, just short of the country's all-time high of 47.4C which was
set in 2003.
Several wildfires broke out during the heat wave, including a major
fire near the town of Monchique in the Algarve region of southern
More than 1,200 firefighters continued to battle the blaze on Monday.
As of Tuesday, at least 44 people have required medical attention due
to the fire; however, no fatalities have been reported so far.
Dozens of homes have been destroyed by the fire which is burning
through rugged and tough-to-access terrain.
- Heavy floods have forced the evacuation of 1,600 people - most of them
campers - in southern France, officials say.
They say a 70-year-old German man who was helping to supervise
children at one of the summer camps is missing.
The worst-hit areas are Gard, Ardèche and Drome. More than 400
firefighters and police - as well as four helicopters - have been
The flooding comes after southern France - and much of Europe -
experienced unusually hot weather.
In a statement, the French interior ministry said six departments were
placed on a flood alert, while about 17,000 homes were without power
in the south-west and north-east.
In one summer camp in Saint-Julien-de-Peyrolas, in the Gard region,
119 children were evacuated.
The missing German was supervising the children at the camp.
Trapped by a fast-flowing torrent, he sought shelter inside his
caravan - but the vehicle was swept away, AFP news agency reports. It
was later found "empty and in pieces", according to police.
- Torrential rains triggered flash flooding in parts of central and eastern Pennsylvania, closing down a heavily used interstate and sending water into homes in the mountainous coal regions.
State highway and emergency management officials reported numerous closed roads in a wide swath of the state from Williamsport to the Philadelphia suburbs, and some motorists had to be rescued.
The National Weather Service in State College said there were numerous reports of 6 inches of rain or more in Schuylkill and Columbia counties.
Meteorologist Aaron Tyburski said the latest downpours followed weeks of a stalled weather pattern that is drawing moisture from the Atlantic Ocean, hitting some communities repeatedly.
High water in Port Carbon caused some evacuations and prompted firefighters to launch rescue boats and rafts. Parts of Pottsville were inundated, and three shelters were set up.
- At least 38 people were killed following bridge collapse in Genoa, Italy, during violent thunderstorms.
The Italian news agency ANSA reported that a large section of a raised highway collapsed in the northern port city of Genoa on Tuesday. The collapse occurred around noon, local time.
The cause of the collapse remains unclear; however, thunderstorms were affecting the city at the time of the collapse.
Wind gusts of 50-65 km/h (30-40 mph) were reported in the area around the time of the collapse. Some witnesses claim to have seen lightning strike the bridge prior to the collapse.
- Some rainfall statistics for Pennsylvania, 2018:
- Harrisburg, 16 inches of rain since 1 July, cf. the average of 6 inches. Since 1 June the figures are 19.43 and 9.71 inches, respectively.
- At State College this is the wettest summer on record with 20.72 inches since 1 June; prevcious wettest summer saw 19.23 inches in 2003. It has rained on 45 out of the last 76 days, twice the normal frequency.
- Williamsport has had its wettest July and August with 11.99 and 7.67 inches respectively.
- Tropical storm Bebinca weakened as it made landfall in northern Vietnam, flooding some villages in one province but there were no reports of major damage.
Vietnam had put thousands of soldiers on standby, readied evacuation plans and ordered vessels to stay in port on Thursday ahead of the storm.
Nghe An province south of the capital Hanoi received up to 280 millimeters of rain, the National Centre for Hydro-Meteorological Forecasting said.
- A man was struck and killed by lightning in Kings Park on Long Island, New York, on Saturday evening.
Police report that he was struck shortly before 7 p.m. EDT at Sunken Meadow State Park. He was pronounced dead at a local hospital.
"This is the 16th U.S. lightning fatality of the year and the first in New York since Aug. 12, 2016, when two people were killed in a park in Poughkeepsie while sheltering from a storm under a tree," according to John Jensenius, National Weather Service lightning safety specialist and warning coordination meteorologist.
Prior to Saturday evening, Jensenius stated that there had not been a known lightning fatality in the United States for more than a month. Darrell Hoskins was struck and killed by lightning on July 14 when mowing grass in Somerville, Tennessee.
- Smoke from the raging California wildfires has been drifting across the United States, even stretching as far east as New York City.
The particles are sitting about 1.5 km above the surface, limiting health hazards.
However, the smoke has created fiery sunrises and sunsets. Smoke particles work as a filter to allow orange and red colors to pass through the light spectrum, leading to a tinted view of the sun.
The smoke has led to health concerns for the Northwest, lowering air quality levels.
- Typhoon Rumbia has been moving northwest inland since it made landfall in Pudong New Area of Shanghai Friday, bringing heavy downpours and causing floods along its route.
The civil affairs department of east China's Anhui Province said that a total of 164,700 people has been adversely affected by typhoon Rumbia, and 2,226 people had been evacuated as of 3 p.m. Saturday.
Some 17,000 hectares of crops were inundated in the province, with the economic loss estimated at about $14million. No casualties have been reported.
According to the meteorological bureau of central China's Henan Province, the typhoon entered the province around 3 a.m. Saturday. Heavy rain has caused waterlogging in some cities in the eastern part of Henan.
Some parts of Henan, Hebei, and Shandong provinces are expected to experience downpours of up to 350 mm within 24 hours, according to forecasts.
- Ten hikers were killed and others have been rescued after flash flooding in southern Italy.
They were walking in a gorge in a national park in the Calabria region when they were hit by a torrent swollen by heavy rain.
Officials say 23 people have been rescued. An eight-year-old girl was airlifted to hospital with hypothermia.
- Nearly 400 people have died and thousands remained stranded by the worst flooding in the Indian state of Kerala in a century.
More than one million people have been displaced, many of them taking shelter in thousands of relief camps across the state.
As the monsoon rains begin to ease, efforts are being stepped up to get relief supplies to isolated areas.
Relief shipments and small commercial aircraft began to arrive at the nearby Kochi Naval Base on Monday as waters continued to recede.
Thousands of homes and 32,500 hectares of crops have been destroyed. Officials estimate that more than 10,000 km of roads have been damaged. Initial projections put the total losses from the flooding as high as $3 billion.
- Tropical Storm Lane released record-breaking rainfall on Hawaii, triggering devastating flooding and debris flows across Hawaii.
Preliminary rainfall totals of 2-4 feet were reported across the windward side of the Big Island with a few locations recording even higher amounts.
There is an unconfirmed report of 58.80 inches on the Big Island. That would be the second-highest rain total from a tropical cyclone in the United States since 1950. Nederland, Texas, holds the record with the 60.58 inches that fell during Hurricane Harvey in 2017.
Mountain View received a preliminary total of 52.02 inches. That ranks as the highest rainfall total from a tropical cyclone in Hawaii's recorded history. Hurricane Hiki in August 1950 previously held the record with 52.00 inches.
- Severe thunderstorms swept across part of the north-central United States in the afternoon, bringing another round of damaging winds and flooding downpours to the region.
The worst of the severe weather focused on a zone from central Wisconsin through eastern Iowa with the strongest storms spinning up tornadoes. This is right after severe storms that tracked across the region on Monday.
The Iowa City Airport clocked one of the strongest winds of the day with a gust of 83 mph.
Over 60,000 electric customers in Michigan, over 40,000 in Wisconsin and over 13,000 in Iowa were left without power for a time on Tuesday evening after storms toppled trees and brought down power lines. Some evening commutes were also slowed due to trees that had fallen across roadways.
One person was injured near Thornton, Iowa, after a tractor trailer was blown over on Interstate 35.
- A slow moving front has sparked days of torrential rainfall across South Korea resulting in flooding across much of the country.
Heavy rainfall from Monday into Tuesday produced flooding across southern and central South Korea.
The downpours shifted northward on Wednesday causing flooding throughout northern South Korea, including Seoul.
The downpours fell at a rate of 75 mm/h during the worst of the event.
The highest rainfall total was reported in South Jello Province where 455 mm accumulated since Monday.
World weather news, July 2018
- In the northwestern United States, record low temperatures were reported in some areas. In Eugene, Oregon, a new record low July temperature of 38F was reported, the lowest since records began more than a century ago. Snow even fell in parts of Montana.
- The whole Caucasus region, a mountainous area on the border of Europe and Asia, suffered particularly high temperatures early this month. The capital of Georgia, Tbilisi, hit an all-time high of 40.5C on the 4th, and the heat has put a significant strain on power grids in other countries nearby.
There have been major power cuts in Iran because demand outstripped the electrical system's capabilities as people try to stay cool.
- Thirty-three people have died in a heat wave that has baked the southern part of the Canadian province of Quebec.
The sweltering weather began last Friday with temperatures hitting 35C (95F) and high humidity.
The death toll has climbed every day this week, with most of the victims between the ages of 50 to 80.
The heat wave is the worst the province has seen in decades, officials say.
Officials are urging people to drink plenty of water and stay in the shade.
So far, 18 of the 33 deaths have been in Montreal, the most populous city in the province, with other deaths in surrounding regions.
Average temperatures in Montreal are way above the usual 25C at this time of year.
In Canada's capital Ottawa, in Ontario, the humidity index - the method used there to measure the combined humidity level and temperature - hit 47C on the 2nd.
At the same time, parts of Eastern Canada saw a brief return of wintery weather, with snow in parts of Newfoundland and Cape Breton (Nova Scotia), and temperatures of -1C, in St John's and Halifax. Winter weather this late in the year is rare, this being the first since 1996.
Footnote: By the 7th there were 70 deaths attributed to this heatwave, which was then diminishing in intensity.
- The temperature in Sydney topped 24.7C over two days in July for the first time since records began, about 8 degC higher than the average for this time of year.
- Parts of California have been suffering wildfires brought about by the record heat
Downtown Los Angeles had its hottest July night in history, with a minimum of 26.1C on the 7th.
'Red flag' warnings, indicating the risk of serious wildfires, remain in place for large parts of the state.
In California, daytime records were also set last week at Chino (48.9C), Burbank airport (45.6C) and Van Nuys airport (47.2C).
The temperature at University of California, Los Angeles, hit 43.9C, breaking a 79-year-old record
Furnace Creek in Death Valley national park in California, USA, recorded a temperature of 52.0C on the 8th.
- Ouargla, in Algeria's Sahara Desert, reported a maximum temperature of 51C today. It is likely that this is the highest reliable temperature ever recorded in Algeria. WMO's Weather and Climate Extremes Archive currently lists Kebili, Tunisia, as being Africa's highest temperature with 55C recorded in July 1931. However, there have been questions about the reliability of colonial era temperature records in Africa.
- Parts of western Japan hit by deadly floods and landslides are facing unprecedented danger as more downpours are expected, officials warn.
More than 60 people are dead and dozens missing after record rainfall caused rivers to burst their banks in Hiroshima and other areas.
Two million people have been ordered to evacuate. PM Shinzo Abe said rescuers were "working against time".
"There are still many people missing and others in need of help," the prime minister told reporters on Sunday.
Since Thursday parts of western Japan have received three times the usual rainfall for the whole of July, setting off floods and landslides.
Most of the deaths have occurred in Hiroshima prefecture. In the town of Motoyama, 583mm of rain fell between Friday morning and Saturday morning.
An official at the Japanese Meteorological Agency told a news conference: "This is a situation of extreme danger."
11th - update: The death toll reached 179 today.
The Japan Meteorological Agency, said three hours of rainfall in one area in Kochi prefecture accumulated to 263 mm, the highest since such records started in 1976.
This is the highest death toll caused by rainfall in Japan since 1982.
- A huge iceberg has drifted close to a village in western Greenland, prompting a partial evacuation in case it splits and the resulting wave swamps homes.
The iceberg is looming over houses on a promontory in the Innaarsuit village but is grounded and did not move overnight, local media say.
Local officials say they have never seen such a big iceberg before.
Last summer, four people died after waves swamped houses in north-western Greenland after an earthquake.
Those of Inaarsuit's 169 residents living nearest the iceberg have been moved, Danish news agency Ritzau said.
"There are cracks and holes that make us fear it can calve any time," village council member Susanne Eliassen told the local newspaper Sermitsiaq.
- Drenching thunderstorms moved into the northeastern United States Tuesday afternoon and evening, resulting in numerous flash flooding reports throughout the region.
In Washington, D.C., heavy rain prompted flooding on the George Washington Memorial Parkway near Reagan National Airport. The flooding left cars stranded during the evening rush hour.
Several water rescues were reported on the parkway by the Arlington, Virginia, Fire Department. In total, 40 people were removed from 25 stranded vehicles, according to the fire department.
Daily rainfall records were set in Baltimore and Washington, D.C. A total of 2.53 inches at Baltimore-Washington International Airport broke the previous daily record of 2.25 inches from 1947.
Reagan National Airport reported 2.79 inches, which broke the previous record of 2.05 inches from 1945.
- At least 11 wildfires are raging inside the Arctic Circle as the hot, dry summer turns an abnormally wide area of Europe into a tinderbox.
The worst affected country, Sweden, has called for emergency assistance from its partners in the European Union to help fight the blazes, which have broken out across a wide range of its territory and prompted the evacuations of four communities.
Tens of thousands of people have been warned to remain inside and close windows and vents to avoid smoke inhalation. Rail services have been disrupted.
The Copernicus Earth observation programme, which gives daily updates of fires in Europe, shows more than 60 fires burning across Sweden, with sites also ablaze in Norway, Finland and Russia, including in the Arctic Circle.
- Severe thunderstorms tracked across Iowa in the afternoon with several tornadoes touching down across the state.
One of the strongest storms of the day tracked through Marshalltown, Iowa, located northeast of Des Moines, with multiple reports of tornadoes across the area.
Shortly after the storm passed through the town, a NWS trained weather spotter reported "catastrophic damage, including vehicles missing, vehicles overturned, and tools of buildings gone" near Marshalltown.
At least 17 people were injured, according to the Associated Press. There have been no reports of fatalities, despite extensive damage.
The NWS conducted a damage survey on Friday and concluded that the tornado that hit Marshalltown was an EF 3 with peak winds of 144 mph.
- An unusually dry winter, with less than average rainfall interspersed with localised flooding in some areas, is emerging as a major contributing factor to the wildfires that are ravaging the mainland of Greece.
Lack of the expected steady rainfall in the winter months meant groundwater sources failed to recharge and left vegetation unable to recover fully from the high temperatures of the 2017 summer. As a result, when temperatures topping 40C hit some areas during this summer's heatwave and drought, the conditions were already in place for wildfires to take hold.
Strong winds then fanned the flames and spread the fires widely before stretched fire-fighting teams could gain control. The fact that the fires took hold on land close to densely inhabited and resort areas was largely a matter of chance, but one that led to a death toll of more than 70 people and wrought devastation on homes.
At least 82 people were died as a result of the fire.
- More than 10,000 people have been affected by a catastrophic dam collapse in southern Laos, according to figures published by the United Nations.
An unknown number of houses were washed away in the torrent, with aerial images of the aftermath showing what appear to be entire villages submerged by muddy brown water. Survivors could be seen clinging onto rooftops, while others paddled through the The Xepian Xe Nam Noy Dam, a billion dollar hydropower project part financed by South Korea, was still under construction when the breach occurred around 8 p.m. on Monday.
The collapse of the dam, which occurred without warning, unleashed approximately 5 billion cubic meters of water.
Ratchaburi Electricity Generating Holding Public Company Limited, one of the dam's four shareholders, said the incident was caused by the "continuous rainstorm which caused high volume of water to flow into the Project's reservoir."
- Rounds of torrential rain and serious flooding inundated the northeastern United States this week causing two of Pennsylvania's most popular amusement parks to close.
Hersheypark and Knoebels were forced to close after heavy rain left both parks severely flooded.
A slow-moving storm system has been persistently sending tropical moisture into the mid-Atlantic and Northeast over the past few days.
These downpours have caused streams and rivers to rise and spill out of their banks, leading to dangerous flooding.
On Wednesday, the Swatara Creek near Hershey reached major flood stage and climbed the its second-highest level in 43 years. The National Weather Service described the flooding in this part of Pennsylvania as 'historic.'
The river gauge on Swatara Creek at Hershey, PA has now reached the 2nd highest level since records began in October 1975 (43 years).
- A deadly heatwave continued across Japan, following the hottest day on record in Japan.
The highest temperature ever recorded by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) was reported on Monday when Kumagaya reached 41.1C.
The Greater Tokyo Area also set an all-time high temperature on Monday as the temperature climbed to 40.8C.
The JMA declared the heat wave to be a natural disaster on Tuesday as the death toll reached 77, according to the Japan Times.
More than 30,000 people have been hospitalized for heat-related illnesses since 9 July.
- A flash flood has struck an Athens suburb just days after the devastating wildfire ripped through parts of Greece killed at least 80 people.
The Greek capital's fire department today received 140 calls for help to pump water from flooded homes and businesses.
No injuries have been reported, but dozens of cars were damaged as torrential rain hit.
Fire crews headed to a car park in the suburb of Maroussi to see if there were any people trapped in cars that were submerged in a muddy lake.
- Widespread flooding was reported throughout Baltimore (USA) in the evening as thunderstorms drenched the city with inches of rain.
The deluge caused streets to flood across the city, bringing traffic to a standstill in some areas during the Friday evening commute.
Roads became impassable in the hardest-hit areas due to high water, stranding cars attempting to drive through the water. Some ramps on and off of I-83 and I-95 were also impassible for a time.
Hundreds of flights were either delayed or canceled at the Baltimore Washington International Airport due to the storms, while Amtrak trains were forced to halt due to the severe weather.
The first storms that moved through the city brought hail larger than quarters, followed by additional rounds of drenching storms.
- A passenger plane has crashed in the capital of Mexico's Durango state, just moments after take-off.
All 103 passengers and crew on board the Aeromexico flight survived the crash but 97 of them are injured.
State Governor Jose Rosas Aispuro said the plane was hit by a gust of wind which caused a sudden descent. Its left wing then touched the ground and two engines broke off.
Most of the passengers were able to walk away before it caught fire.
Aeromexico flight AM2431 was flying from Guadalupe Victoria International Airport in Durango to Mexico City when it crashed at around 1600 local time (2100 GMT).
World weather news, June 2018
- People in both France and Germany have died after floods hit both countries.
There were floods across the states of Bavaria and Baden-Wurtemberg in southern Germany.
In France several towns near Paris in the north were inundated with water.
Two lions, two tigers and a jaguar who escaped from their zoo in Germany have been recaptured. People in Luenebach, in the west of the country, were earlier warned by police to stay inside with their windows and doors closed.
- It has been quite warm across much of Scandinavia over the last couple of weeks, especially across the southern region.
Oslo, Norway, for instance, had a +5.9 degC departure from the normal over this two-week stretch.
Much of that has come over the last three days in which Oslo
reached 31.9C on the 2nd and 32.0C on the 3rd.
The warmest Madrid has been so far this year was back on 25 May, in which it reached 28.3C. Oslo, Norway, has seen six days equal to greater 28.3C so far this year.
- Emergency personnel in Atlantic Beach, Florida, are reporting that two men were struck by lightning on Monday after a small but fast-moving thunderstorm moved through the area.
According to the Atlantic Beach Police Department, a man who reported being struck by lightning off 19th Street and Beach Avenue in Atlantic Beach was hospitalized.
Another man was reportedly struck on the beach near the 17th Street access in Atlantic Beach. The man told lifeguards he felt the charge go from his head to his foot.
Lightning is also being blamed for a house fire on Oceanwalk Drive in Atlantic Beach. Police and neighbors said the house was struck by lightning which sparked a fire and damaged the roof.
- The windstorm ripping through Edmonton on Monday forced an evacuation, affected transit, downed trees and caused power issues.
A visit to Fort Edmonton Park was cut short for 20 school groups after winds of up to 90 kilometres an hour took down a park fence.
In the west end of the city the wind knocked down signs, poles, and pushed trees onto power lines.
- Severe weather, including thunderstorms, heavy rain and strong winds has affected Rohingya refugee camps in Bangladesh. Media are reporting that over the last 2 days as many as 12 people have died in landslides triggered by the heavy rain.
Meanwhile across the border in Myanmar, local media have reported heavy rain, flooding and landslides in Shan state and Magway and Sagaing regions. Homes and roads have been damaged, and at least 1 person has died with 3 others missing.
In Bangladesh heavy rain began falling over the weekend (9th-10th). Cox's Bazar has recorded over 300 mm of rain in 48 hours to 12 June.
- Severe thunderstorms moved through northeastern Pennsylvania late Wednesday evening and caused significant damage to buildings and vehicles in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.
The storms were associated with a vigorous system that caused a plethora of damaging wind and hail reports across parts of New York and northern Pennsylvania on Wednesday.
Building collapses, flipped cars and blown-off roofs from buildings were reported. Six injuries in total have been reported. At least three injuries were occurred after a car flipped over in the parking lot of a Panera Bread restaurant in Wilkes-Barre.
- A lightning stroke hit a 14-year-old boy who was training in the stadium of Football Academy in Larissa, Central Greece, on Wednesday afternoon. The teenager was severely injured and passed out.
He was reportedly transferred to a local hospital, where doctors are struggling to keep him alive.
A summer storm hit the area on Wednesday afternoon with heavy rainfall, a thunderstorm with hail and very strong wind.
It is the third incident where lighting has hit people in Greece since the beginning of the month.
A shepherd in West Macedonia and a motorcyclist on Egnatia highway were killed on June 4th.
A few days earlier, passengers of a intercity bus in North-Eastern Greece managed to evacuate in time after a lightning strike that set the bus on fire.
- Residents of India's capital Delhi are battling high pollution levels and extreme temperatures due to an unusual dust haze covering the city.
People have been complaining about breathing problems, with many saying the city has become unliveable.
The state government has responded by banning all construction and deploying the fire brigade to sprinkle water across the city.
People have been advised to stay indoors as much as possible.
"In this case, dust has become a carrier of toxic pollutants. Pollution levels are 8-9 times higher than normal. And when we breathe, we are taking in toxic substances, which can have serious health repercussions," Anumita Roy Chowdhury, executive director of the Centre For Science and Environment, told BBC Hindi.
- A flood emergency was issued for parts of the US mid-west. Severe thunderstorms deluged Michigan's Upper Peninsula, northern Wisconsin, and northern Minnesota. The national weather service reported that 100-170 mm of rain fell in Houghton county, Michigan, and floods devastated homes and businesses in the area and caused giant sinkholes to open up.
- Days of extreme rainfall have pounded southeastern Texas this week, resulting in the worst flooding to hit Houston and surrounding areas since Hurricane Harvey.
Sunday (17th) was the second-wettest June day on record for the city after receiving 1.26 inches of rain, nearly five times the amount that fell throughout all of June so far. The storms led to severe flooding, resulting in several water rescues across the region.
- The third named storm of the season in the Pacific, Carlotta, tracked along the south-west coast of Mexico on Sunday and Monday. Coastal areas from Tecpan de Galeana to Lazaro Cardenas were affected by torrential rain and tropical storm-force winds. Nearly 250 mm of rain fell in places, which led to flash flooding and mudslides.
- Dozens of water rescues took place across the Pittsburgh area on Wednesday after devastating storms blasted the area.
Up to 100 mm of rain fell in south Pittsburgh. More than 60 water rescues were reported in Allegheny County alone.
Water rushed across roadways and flooded parking lots, submerging cars.
Severe thunderstorms rumbled across the central United States on Tuesday, bringing destructive hail, tornadoes and flooding rain.
One of the strongest storms of the day spawned a corkscrew-shaped tornado near Keenesburg, Colorado, located northeast of Denver. The twister was on the ground for nearly 20 minutes with no immediate reports of damage or injuries.
- Lightning and persistent dry weather have teamed up to produce dozens of wildfires in Oregon and northwestern Canada.
The Graham Fire in central Oregon ignited on the 21st near Culver, Oregon. The blaze has burned about 2,000 acres on private land protected by the Oregon Department of Forestry and Lake Chinook Fire and Rescue.
The blaze prompted evacuations and forced Oregon Gov. Kate Brown to invoke the Conflagration Act.
The declaration authorizes the Oregon Office of State Fire Marshal to mobilize firefighters and equipment to assist local resources battling the fire,” the Jefferson County Sheriff's Office said.
- Monsoon rains unleashed widespread flooding in Mumbai and surrounding areas and downpours are forecast to reach New Delhi later this week.
Frequent downpours and gusty winds caused travel chaos and have been linked to at least five deaths in the Mumbai area.
Rainfall amounts over 330 mmwere reported from Sunday into Monday, with more than 230 mm falling within 24 hours.
The downpours and flooding led to widespread travel issues in and around the city, resulting in cancelled or delayed trains, flight disruptions and closed roadways.
The heavy rain also triggered a wall collapse in south Mumbai, which damaged or destroyed at least 20 vehicles.
As Mumbai endured flooding, residents of New Delhi and the National Capital Region suffered through another day of scorching heat on Monday.
Big changes arrived on Tuesday as temperatures only reached 34C in New Delhi during the afternoon hours.
- All roads around Mandra in northwest Athens and the old national highway reopened to traffic on Wednesday following a shutdown due to torrential rain and flooding on Tuesday.
The old national road of Athens-Corinth and a section of the Athens-Thebes roads at Nea Peramos were shut down, as were the central Mandra streets and an exit to Attiki Odos.
The fire brigade dealt with 15 cases of people trapped in homes or cars in Mandra and Nea Peramos, and 49 homes were pumped of water. A tracked vehicle and a dinghy had been on standby since yesterday aslos.
Long-suffering Mandra went through severe storm damage in November 2017, when twenty-four people lost their lives during heavy rain followed by mudflows that also destroyed a lot of properties.
World weather news, May 2018
- Two days of heavy rain has caused flooding and landslides in Sardinia, Italy. Around 100 people have been evacuated from their homes. In the space of 48 hours some areas have recorded over 150 mm of rain - more than four times the average monthly total for May.
Schools have been closed in several areas of the island due to the bad weather. Flooding and landslides have closed roads in the Municipality of Villacidro and near Cagliari.
The Tirso river broke its banks in several places in Oristano province and the Flumini Mannu flooded fields in San Nicolo d'Arcidano, also in Oristano.
In Siniscola, Nuoro Province, as much as 164 mm of rain fell in 48 hours to early on 3 May, which is considerably more than the May monthly average (36 mm) and already a good proportion of the typical annual rainfall (around 660 mm).
A red level weather alert remains in place in Sardinia and Civil Protection have warned of further heavy rain, strong winds and thunderstorms in Sardinia and across the country, in particular Emilia-Romagna, Piedmont, Abruzzo, Molise, Campania, Basilicata and Puglia.
- Severe dust storms across northern India have killed more than 100 people, destroyed homes and left hundreds without electricity.
Billowing clouds of thick dust and sand frequently blow across the region during the dry season, but the death toll from this week's storms has been unusually high.
There were 73 confirmed deaths in Uttar Pradesh state, most in Agra district where the Taj Mahal is located. Another 36 died in Rajasthan and two each in Uttarakhand and Madhya Pradesh. The death toll in all four states could still rise.
The destruction has extended to Punjab, where two died, and Haryana, where trees were uprooted and power supplies cut by the squall. Less intense storms in Delhi caused traffic jams and flight diversions.
Most of the deaths occurred when houses people were sleeping in collapsed overnight, disaster management officials said. Falling pylons and trees also contributed to the death toll.
The dust storms are created by a rapid ascent of warm air, which creates a vacuum that air closer to the ground rushes to fill, taking sand and dust with it.
Meteorologists said abnormally high temperatures in past weeks had contributed to the disaster.
Another 14 people were killed in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh, which was hammered by more than 41,000 lightning strikes on Wednesday, disaster officials said.
- A torrential flood has swept through a district in the Turkish capital of Ankara, sending vehicles downstream and damaging local businesses.
The rain was expected to last for three hours on Saturday afternoon (local time), but instead came down in nine minutes, causing flooding in Ankara's Mamak district.
Ankara's Mayor, Mustafa Tuna, told local media it was a "natural disaster like never before".
Four people were injured in the floods, which damaged more than 160 cars and 25 businesses, Turkish Social Security Minister Julide Sarieroglu said.
- A massive dust storm with winds gusting up to 70 km/h has battered northern India.
The storm was caught on camera over Bikaner in the northern state of Rajasthan. This type of dust storm, triggered by a collapsing thunderstorm, is known as a "haboob".
Haboobs can be highly dangerous, as the visibility drops dramatically in a matter of seconds. Within the cloud of dust, the winds can be gusting over 150kph and the temperature usually drops by a couple of degrees.
The storm ripped down trees and power lines, as it tore across the northern cities of New Delhi, Rohtak, Bhiwani, Jhajjar, Meerut and Ghaziabad.
- At least 41 people have died after heavy rains caused a dam to burst in Kenya, sweeping away homes across a vast area of farmland.
The breach happened near the town of Solai, 190 km north-west of the capital, Nairobi.
The dead are thought to include children and women trapped in mud. The Kenyan Red Cross says it has rescued about 40 people so far.
More than 2,000 people are said to have been left homeless.
Local officials say the full extent of the damage is not yet clear. There are fears the death toll could rise as the search-and-rescue operation continues.
The heavy rains in Kenya and other regional states come after a severe drought which left millions of people in need of food aid.
- The number of people being infected by diseases from mosquitoes, ticks and fleas has tripled in the United States from 2004 to 2016, according to a new report by the Center for Disease Control. There were more than 640,000 cases of these diseases reported during the 13 years analyzed.
In addition to increases in number of infections, there were also nine new germs spread by mosquitoes and ticks that were discovered.
The report listed increased world travel among one of the major factors in the increase in disease. Infected travelers have the potential to introduce and spread germs from country to country.
- Less than two weeks after 134 people were killed in severe weather, another round of deadly thunderstorms lashed several Indian states on Sunday.
In total, at least 80 people have been killed and more than 100 injured throughout Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and the National Capital Region from severe weather on Sunday.
The death toll had risen above 50 in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh as of Monday afternoon, with more than 80 others being injured, according to the Times of India.
- An outbreak of strong thunderstorms caused an estimated five deaths in NE USA, during the first occurrence of severe spring storms for that region this year. Strong winds, hail and heavy downpours caused most of the damage, although there were also reports of tornadoes in New York state. Many places were struck during the busy evening commute, which enhanced the disruption.
- Over 80 passengers became stranded on a passenger train in the evening near the town of Brunswick, Colorado, which was also pummelled by severe weather early this week. Enough hail fell to make it look like lying snow.
- A tornado swept through the Lower Rhine region of North Rhine-Westphalia on Wednesday evening, and at least two people were injured and property badly damaged.
Shortly before 6 pm, dark clouds filled the sky in a region just west of Dusseldorf and suddenly tree branches were breaking off and homes were being unroofed.
Initial police reports state that the tornado had come and gone within ten to fifteen minutes; but in that short span of time a lot of property was damaged and two people were injured.
The tornado also hit the districts of Nettetal-Schaag, Schwalmtal-Dilkrath, Schwalmtal and Niederkruchten, the local authorities reported.
The motorway 61 near the Dutch border was also partially closed down. Police moreover reported that the rail route between Venlo and Monchengladbach had to be shut down.
- Tens of thousands of people have been ordered to evacuate their homes in western Colombia after heavy floods at Colombia's largest hydroelectric dam project, which had already displaced hundreds over the weekend.
The Hidroituango dam on the river Cauca was in the final stages of construction when a blocked tunnel was cleared on Saturday night (12th), causing flooding downstream that swept through a riverside hamlet. Six hundred people were left homeless and two bridges, two schools and a health centre were destroyed.
- Eastern Russia has been experiencing widespread and intense spring wildfires, thanks to a drier than normal autumn and winter, leading to parched vegetation. As of today, nearly 700 fires had been recorded, according to the Russian Federal Forest Agency.
- At least 16 people died as Tropical Cyclone Sagar pounded the Middle East and eastern Africa over the weekend, making history as the strongest tropical storm ever recorded in Somalia.
The deadly storm destroyed the homes of at least 80 families and left nearly 1,800 displaced, director general of Somalia's Ministry of Planning and National Development Abdirashed Ibrahim reported.
An elderly woman was killed near Aden, Yemen, when her house caught fire due to Sagar, according to the Associated Press.
The emergency center of Yemen's Health Ministry reported that flash flooding caused sewage to pour into the streets of the city of Aden.
In western Somalia, an undisclosed number of people were reported missing in Bulaxaar, according to ReliefWeb. Communication was disrupted in the Lughaya district after the storm destroyed a telecommunication tower and at least 15 shelters were destroyed in the Ceel Sheekh village.
Sagar struck at around noon local time Saturday about 100 miles southeast of the city of Djibouti, along the flat, arid coastal plain of far western Somalia. As Sagar tracked inland, satellite imagery indicated widespread rains across western Somalia, the nation of Djibouti, and far northeast Ethiopia as Sagar tracked inland.
- Storms across northern Europe have caused surface flooding in Belgium, Germany, Netherlands and France, including the capital Paris.
The region has seen several violent storms over the last few days, in particular on 22 May, where Meteo France said that 13,964 lightning strikes were reported across the country.
The storms also brought hail - some areas of Germany have recorded hail 50 cm deep - strong winds and localised heavy downpours which have flooded streets and damaged homes. No fatalities have been reported.
A thunderstorm and heavy rain on Thursday, 24 May caused flooding in the Vogtland region of Saxony, Germany. Emergency services responded to over 200 calls for assistance in the towns of Adorf, Bad Elster and Elsnitz. The German Weather Service (DWD) said that Bad Elster recorded 124 mm of of rain in 5 hours.
Flooding also affected neighbouring parts of Czech Republic late on Thursday, 24 May. Radio station Radio Praha said that "Clean-up operations are underway in central, western and southern Bohemia which were hit by flash floods on Thursday night."
Roads were still closed in the Karlovy Vary region. Some houses were damaged and as of Friday, remained without electricity. Radio Praha added that Firemen have been working around-the-clock to clear roads and pump water from cellars.
In France, heavy rain during the afternoon of 24 May caused flooding in the Pays de Caux area of departement of Seine Maritime in the Normandy region. The towns of Auffay, Bosc-Bordel and Neufchatel-en-Bray were all flooded, according to local media. Rail tracks were flooded and train services severely disrupted.
In Belgium, storms during the afternoon of 22 May caused surface flooding and damage in the provinces of Hainaut and Liege. Local firefighters were called to over 100 incidents.
Surface flooding was reported in Esneux, Grace-Hollogne, Flemalle and the city of Liege. Local media also reported flooding in Tilff (Liege) and a small mudslide in Erquelinnes, Hainaut, which has damaged around 10 homes.
Deutsche Welle (DW), Germany's public international broadcaster, said that thunderstorms and hail affected areas across western Germany, with 50 cm of hail falling in Kaisersesch in Rhineland-Palatinate on 22 May.
"Tuesday's "summer thunderstorm" in the west and southwest of Germany damaged buildings and flooded cellars and streets, particularly in the states of Hesse, Baden-Wurttemberg and Rhineland-Palatinate," DW added.
Just across the Dutch border from Heinsberg, the towns of Sittard-Geleen and Munstergeleen in the Netherlands also some some surface flooding, damaging houses in the area.
- A powerful cyclone has struck Oman and killed at least three people, among them a 12-year-old girl, officials have said.
Cyclone Mekunu caused flash flooding that tore away some roads and submerged others in Salalah, the country's third-largest city, leaving drivers stranded. Strong winds knocked over street lights and ripped off roofs. The cyclone also struck neighbouring Yemen.
Fast-moving waters from the rain and storm surges flooded normally dry creek beds. Tourist beaches were littered with debris and foam from the Arabian Sea.
- Residents and business owners in historic Ellicott City were picking up the pieces Monday after the second "1-in-1,000-year" rain event in two years walloped the Maryland town on the banks of the Patapsco River. More than eight inches of rain on Sunday triggered flash flooding that sent a wall of water down Main Street, reaching the second floor of some buildings and sweeping cars into culverts.
Two years ago, 6.5 inches of rain fell on Ellicott City in about 3 hours, with 5.5 inches falling in just 90 minutes, the National Weather Service said. That was dubbed a 1-in-1,000-year rain event.
The town was defenceless for Sunday's precipitation onslaught. Four creeks converge on the town enroute to the Patapsco. There was no place for the water to go.
"The worst flooding was Main Street, which is all concrete, so it flowed right through," AccuWeather Meteorologist Brian Lada said. "There were heavy, drenching thunderstorms training over the area with several inches of rain per hour. An incredible rate."
Lada said the storms were fed by extensive moisture in the air being experienced around the region. Many areas were blasted by storms, but Ellicott City just happened to be hit over and over again. The river level spiked almost 18 feet in two hours, reaching an all-time record high, he said.
- Subtropical Depression Alberto has the southeastern United States on alert into Tuesday as it moves inland after making landfall along the Florida Panhandle.
Heavy rain and gusty winds have already been felt for several days across Florida. Impacts will only worsen and expand in the Southeast through Memorial Day and beyond.
Alberto made landfall late Monday afternoon near Laguna Beach, Florida.
- Haze from the Kilauea volcano eruption in Hawaii blanketed the Marshall Islands 3,700 kilometres (2,300 miles) away on Sunday, as officials warned it would continue moving west.
The haze, a phenomenon known as "vog" or volcanic smog, is spreading across Micronesia, the US National Weather Service based in Guam said.
The volcano on Hawaii's Big Island is now in its fourth week of eruptions.
Meteorologists advised residents on the Marshall Islands with respiratory problems to stay indoors while airlines and shipping companies were warned to be aware of "lower visibilities".
The Guam weather office said haze produced by Kilauea would spread westward and reach Kosrae, Pohnpei and possibly Chuuk in the Federated States of Micronesia over the next few days.
- Two people were killed when a home collapsed in Boone, North Carolina, after extreme flooding triggered a landslide.
The Boone Police Department tweeted that crews were on the scene of a structural collapse in the Heaven Mountain Area on Wednesday.
The home was destroyed by a gas leak following a landslide as the state continues to feel the effects of Subtropical Storm Alberto.
Some areas of the North Carolina mountains have received up to 20 inches of rain in the past 15 days.
Two people were reported missing Thursday after reportedly being swept away in floodwaters in Albemarle County. Later in the day, officials confirmed that they had recovered the body of one of the two missing persons, but had to halt the search for the second due to dangerous conditions.
World weather news, April 2018
- Residents from the Ohio Valley to the lower Mississippi Valley saw the year's most extensive severe weather outbreak Tuesday afternoon into Tuesday night.
A line of powerful thunderstorms containing damaging winds, large hail and flooding downpours ignited from central Illinois to eastern Texas early Tuesday afternoon and pushed eastward into Tuesday night.
Some of the worst storms focused on a zone from central Arkansas through southern Illinois with multiple storms producing funnel clouds and tornadoes.
Over 70,000 electric customers were without power in areas impacted by severe thunderstorms, including over 22,000 in Ohio and over 19,000 in Mississippi.
Damage was also reported in Raleigh, Illinois, on Tuesday afternoon after a tornado-warned thunderstorm moved through the area.
At Houston's Hobby Airport, strong winds from the storms caused a hangar to collapse, trapping several pilots underneath.
- One person was killed and four others were injured by a lightning strike in northern Florida on Saturday, according to a report from WJAX-TV in Jacksonville, Florida.
According to the report, which cited a storm report from the National Weather Service, the victims were struck at Woodpecker Mud Bog in White Springs, Florida, which is about an hour west of Jacksonville.
This was the second lightning fatality of 2018 in the United States, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
- On 2 April, a cooperative weather observer in Paxton, Illinois, about 100 miles south-southwest of downtown Chicago, measured a morning low of -2F.
According to the National Weather Service, this tied the state's all-time April record low set almost 36 years ago.
Stambaugh, in the state's western upper peninsula, plunged to -24F.
The state's current April monthly record low is -17F set in 2003 and also in 1982.
NOAA's State Climate Extremes Committee will evaluate these temperature readings to make sure the data is
As meteorologist Chris Dolce noted, a number of Midwest cities had their record coldest first seven days of April. In some of these locations, temperatures over that seven-day period were over 20 degF colder than average.
- Record-breaking temperatures and fierce winds have left fire services struggling to contain a bushfire south of Adelaide, and residents are being urged to flee their homes or enact their bushfire survival plans.
Bureau of Meteorology forecaster Peter Webb said the temperature had already hit 34C in Adelaide before midday on Sunday, with a forecast of 35C and 33C over the next two days. "That has never ever happened before in April," he said.
- Australian states in the heavily populated south-east are experiencing record high temperatures during an unseasonably hot autumn, prompting fire bans and warnings from authorities.
This week has already broken state records in South Australia, as well as New South Wales and Victoria, where they could be reset again on Wednesday.
The north of Western Australia had record high temperatures for late March, said Bureau of Meteorology senior climatologist Blair Trewin. That hot air is now hitting the south-east.
"On Monday we had the highest April temperature ever recorded in South Australia - 42.2C at Nullarbor Roadhouse, and yesterday [Tuesday] we had state records for both Victoria and NSW," he said.
In Victoria it reached 39.3C in Mildura on Tuesday and 40.5C at Pooncarie, NSW.
The previous records for each state were 42.1C at Oodnadatta in 2005, 37.8C at Mildura in 1986 and 40C at Collarenebri in 1922.
In South Australia the Country Fire Service warned the continuing high temperatures and gusty winds would be among the worst conditions experienced in April.
- A storm has damaged two minarets located at different entry gates of the iconic Taj Mahal in the northern Indian city of Agra.
Winds blowing at 130 km/h caused the 4 m tall pillars to collapse.
The four longer minarets that surround the main structure remain intact.
The 17th Century mausoleum attracts about 12,000 visitors a day and is one of the world's most popular tourist attractions.
One of the destroyed minarets was located at the royal gate where tourists often get their first glimpse of the monument.
The other was located at the southern gate.
Authorities said that work had begun to restore the damaged structures.
- During the last 200 years Europe has suffered three tornadoes with death tolls of over 50 people: Ivanovo in Russia in June 1984 (69 fatalities), Oria in Italy in September 1897 (55 fatalities) and Montville in France in August 1845 (at least 70 fatalities). Meanwhile, in June 1967, six tornadoes spun their way across France, Belgium and the Netherlands, resulting in 232 injuries, 15 deaths and serious damage or destruction of just under 1,000 houses.
New research published in the journal Weather, Climate and Society, reveals that we could expect as many as 170 fatalities, up to 2,500 injuries, and serious damage to 25,000 buildings. Although not common, scientists warn that an outbreak like this should be expected somewhere in Europe within the next 50 years.
- Minneapolis and Green Bay were two of the many communities significantly impacted by the heavy snow and blizzard conditions that blasted the north-central United States Friday into Sunday night.
Thundersnow and sleet were reported on Friday evening near Minneapolis as the storm ramped up in the area.
Heavier snow ensued on Saturday afternoon and evening with visibility reduced to a quarter mile or less for six-consecutive hours. Thundersnow also occurred during the height of the storm.
Saturday became the second-snowiest April day on record for Minneapolis. A total of 11.1 inches was measured, second only to the 13.6 inches that fell on April 14, 1983.
The snow from this storm makes this month the city's snowiest April on record. April 1983 previously held the record with 21.8 inches.
The snowstorm forced the Minnesota Twins to postpone the entire three-day series against the Chicago White Sox that was originally scheduled from Friday to Sunday.
As of 1 a.m. CDT Monday, a storm total of 23.7 inches of snow was recorded in Green Bay, making this the second largest snowstorm in April history. The largest April snowstorm dumped 29 inches of snow on the city in 1888.
- In Hawaii, torrential rains triggered severe flooding and landslides across Kauai over the weekend.
Numerous water rescues were initiated due to the flooding. The U.S. Coast Guard said it assisted local authorities to rescue hikers in the vicinity of Hanalei Bay on Sunday.
Emergency workers rescued people by using jet skis as waters rose between 5 and 8 feet above average along the North Shore.
It rained so much in Hanalei that the National Weather Service rain gauge stopped working. The gauge recorded 28.15 inches of rain before failing, meaning a daily record was likely to have been broken.
- The northeastern United States is facing severe weather, including flooding downpours and strong winds. In New York City, travel disruptions are mounting as streets and subway stations fill with rain.
Hundreds of flights were canceled and delayed at airports across the region, including John F. Kennedy International Airport and Logan International Airport.
Central Park had some of the heaviest rainfall in the area with 3.28 inches by noon.
Many areas in and around New York City experienced thunder and at least 3 inches of rain over a six- to eight-hour period, which created prime conditions for flooding and morning commute travel delays. Pictures and videos of rain leaking into underground subway stations flooded social media as people headed to work Monday morning.
- Temperatures have soared to over 29C in parts of London, making it the warmest April day for nearly 70 years.
The unusually warm weather across the UK is the result of low pressure over the Atlantic and high pressure over western Europe drawing in warm air.
Thursday's high of 29.1C was recorded at St James's Park in central London during the afternoon, making it the hottest UK day in April since 1949.
The highest recorded temperature for this month was 29.4C back in 1949 in London.
- Tropical Storm Fakir has caused at least two deaths after it unleashed a direct hit on La Reunion on Tuesday.
The island nation of Mauritius also took a direct hit, but there have been no reports of fatalities at this time.
A tropical low northeast of Madagascar quickly intensified into Tropical Storm Fakir late on Monday. Traveling through a zone of favorable conditions, the storm spiked to a severe tropical cyclone before hitting La Reunion head on.
Wind gusts of 70 mph were reported in Saint Pierre, on the southern end of La Reunion Island on Tuesday morning.
Fakir dumped nearly 400 mm of rain across parts of Reunion Island.
- Ten teenagers died on an organized trip after flash floods swept across Israel and the West Bank in the afternoon.
The Israeli teenagers were on a group hike in the Tzafit Valley near the southern Dead Sea when severe storms hit the area, causing flash floods.
Heavy rain lead to flooding in other areas of Israel earlier in the week.
Two other teenagers died in other areas of Israel on Wednesday due to flash flooding,
- Pakistan has been sweltering in record-breaking heat recently as temperatures reportedly hit 50.2C today, narrowly beating the previous year's record of 50C - the highest temperature ever recorded across the country.
World weather news, March 2018
- Fresh heavy snowfalls lashing Europe have caused transport delays, with the deep freeze expected to continue.
The blizzard forced the cancellation of all flights at Dublin airport on Thursday and the temporary closure of Geneva airport in Switzerland.
Large parts of the Continent continue to shiver in the grip of a Siberian weather system that has brought the coldest temperatures for several years.
The cold snap has been given various nicknames in different countries.
In Britain it is "the Beast from the East" - with Storm Emma close behind - while the Dutch are calling it the "Siberian bear" and Swedes the "snow cannon".
The airport in the Swiss city of Geneva was forced to shut down on Thursday morning but was later reopened after the runway was cleared using snow ploughs.
Icy blizzards across Europe have also seen trains cancelled and roads come to a standstill.
About 2,000 drivers were stranded on a motorway near the French city of Montpellier, with some complaining of being stuck for as long 24 as hours.
- The death toll from severe weather has risen across Europe, with at least 23 casualties in Poland alone amid sub-zero temperatures, officials say.
Shelters have been opened as the plight of rough sleepers is a major concern. More than 60 people have died across the continent, AFP news agency reports.
Several countries continued to face disruption caused by snow and ice.
The unusually cold spell brought by a Siberian weather system was being felt as far south as the Mediterranean.
Flights in and out of Dublin and Cork airports in Ireland were suspended until Saturday at the earliest. All schools in the country were shut and people were urged not to drive.
Trains stations were also closed until at least midday on Saturday, and all non-urgent surgeries were cancelled by the country's health authority.
In parts of central Italy, ice forced the closure of several roads and railways.
At least four people were killed in an avalanche near the ski resort of Entraunes in the French Alps today.
In Ukraine, all schools and higher education institutions were told to close in an effort to save gas, after its Russian supplier refused to deliver more fuel.
Over the past week, the cold weather has killed seven in Slovakia, six in the Czech Republic, five each in Lithuania and France (excluding the avalanche victims) and at least three in Spain, according to AFP.
- Severe storms battered the US eastern seaboard, causing coastal flooding and power outages and bringing travel services to a halt.
More than a million residences were without power in the Northeast and Midwest while rail operator Amtrak suspended its Northeast service.
Heavy rains and damaging winds also led to the cancellation of more than 2,600 US flights.
At least six people have been killed, US media report.
They died when strong winds brought branches or entire trees down on streets, cars, and homes.
Seawater flooded Boston's coastal streets for the second time this year caused by an extreme high tide.
30 cm of snow fell on northern and western areas of New York state.
The National Weather Service was forecasting continued coastal flooding on Saturday as the storm slowly moves away from the east coast.
Gusts of up to 70 mph have downed trees and power lines in the Washington, DC region.
New York's LaGuardia airport suspended all arrivals and departures and rail operator Amtrak temporarily halted service between New York, Boston and Washington.
Amtrak tweeted on Friday that its Northeast Corridor service was "temporarily suspended due to multiple weather related issues".
- Thousands of people were left without power as a storm brought more than 60 cm of snow to the US east coast.
More than 800,000 customers were without electricity, including some who have been without power since last Friday's powerful winter storm.
Heavy snow and icy roads prompted officials to close schools and cancel or delay thousands of flights across the region.
It is the second storm to hit the US East Coast in less than a week.
At least one death has been blamed on the storm. An 88-year-old woman died after she was struck by a falling tree in Suffern, New York, according to the Journal News newspaper.
More than 2,000 flights were cancelled as of Wednesday night, according to flight-tracking website FlightAware.
The governors of New Jersey and Pennsylvania declared states of emergency, allowing for release of government funds for recovery and redevelopment operations if necessary.
- A lightning strike killed at least 16 people and injured dozens more at a Seventh-Day Adventist church in Rwanda.
Most of the victims died instantly when lightning hit the church in the southern district of Nyaruguru, local mayor Habitegeko Francois told AFP.
Two people died from their injuries, and 140 people were rushed to hospital and health centres.
Lightning also killed a student in the area on Friday, the mayor said.
The incident in the mountainous region near the border with Burundi took place around midday on Saturday while parishioners of the town of Gihemvu were at a church service.
- Two people died in East Texas after severe storms rampaged the area..
Strong winds and hail tore through a campground near Jefferson, Texas, about 130 miles east of Dallas. One woman was killed at the campground and another person was killed 25 miles away after a tree fell on a mobile home.
- Cyclone Hola continued its path south-eastwards across the South Pacific this week, brushing along the northern-most fringes of New Zealand's North Island. The cyclone, which intensified to category 4, brought with it heavy rain and strong winds in excess of 70 mph to communities along the Bay of Plenty and Gisborne as well as to the country's capital, Auckland. It was the third big storm to strike the country this year.
- A damaging tornado hit the vicinity of Caserta in Campania, southern Italy last night. Significant damage has been reported, as well as at least 15 injuries. Affected areas include San Nicola la Strada, Marcianise, Capodrise, Recale, Portico and Macerata. Reported damage includes damaged roofs on buildings, uprooted trees and overturned cars and larger vehicles.
While it is still early in the season, Italy is no stranger to tornadoes. In the past several years it has experienced wedge tornadoes and tornadoes as strong as F4.
- The third nor'easter in two weeks has hit the northeastern United States.
The region has endured a relentless stream of wintry weather since the start of March, disrupting travel for millions. The most recent storm produced blizzard conditions in New England, dropping more than 2 feet of snow in some areas. Winds gusted past 70 mph.
The blizzard brought travel to a halt in Boston as fierce winds and heavy snow limited visibility to just several hundred feet during the height of the storm. Hundreds of flights were cancelled at Boston's Logan International Airport. On Tuesday evening, over 200,000 electric customers were without power across Massachusetts.
- Rumblings of volcanic thunder have been recorded for the first time by geophysicists who monitored a series of violent eruptions on an island in the northern Pacific Ocean last year.
The thunderclaps were created by lightning in the towering plumes of ash that rose from the Bogoslof volcano in the Aleutian islands. The booms were picked up by microphones on another island some 40 miles away.
The sound of volcanic thunder has never been captured before, chiefly because it is so hard to disentangle from the bangs and rumbles that already accompany volcanic eruptions. In the audio recording, the thunder sounds like pops and clicks over the lower-pitched rumble of the eruption.
"It's something that people who've been at eruptions have certainly seen and heard before, but this is the first time we've definitively caught it and identified it in scientific data," said Matt Haney, a seismologist at the Alaska Volcano Observatory in Anchorage.
The Bogoslof volcano erupted more than 60 times between December 2016 and August 2017, handing researchers the ideal opportunity to record the blasts from the neighbouring island of Umnak. In March and June, microphones picked up the distinctive sounds of volcanic thunder, which arrived at Umnak three minutes after a global network of lightning sensors detected flashes in the Bogoslof ash plume.
- Darwin residents are in clean-up mode and tens of thousands are without power or drinkable water after the strongest cyclone to hit the city in 30 years caused widespread destruction.
Emergency services said the strength of the storm was "a real wake-up call" for the city.
Tropical Cyclone Marcus passed directly through Darwin about midday Saturday as a category two storm, bringing 130 km/h wind gusts and rain, and felling hundreds of large trees and powerlines throughout the city and suburbs. Multiple streets, including the arterial Stuart Highway, were blocked by fallen trees.
The cyclone warning was cancelled for Darwin on Saturday afternoon and residents began clearing debris from gardens and streets, using chainsaws to clear trees from blocked roads.
Up to 23,000 homes remained without power on Sunday morning and the Greater Darwin area, including Palmerston, was warned to boil water and let it cool before drinking or using it to brush teeth.
The region had been on high alert for days, with people preparing cyclone kits, stocking up on food and water, and clearing debris from yards and homes. About 130 people, including homeless people and clinic patients took cover in city shelters on Saturday, including courthouse carparks.
The cyclone led to the cancellation of flights in and out of Darwin from Friday night, as well as the postponement of sporting events including the Tiwi Islands footy final and the NTFL grand final.
- Tropical Cyclone Eliakim has battered Madagascar with strong winds and torrential rain.
The storm made landfall on the peninsula of Masoala in northeastern Madagascar and tracked southwards along the coast.
Strong winds battered the island and torrential rain fell on already-saturated land, triggering landslides and flooding.
The cyclone comes less than two weeks after Dumazile grazed the east coast of the island nation.
Both storms hit Toamasina, Madagascar's second largest city. Images on social media showed widespread flooding with roads and homes inundated.
According to local media, at least 17 people were killed by Eliakim and many more have been injured.
- One of the largest severe weather outbreaks of the year unfolded from Monday night into Tuesday morning, as damaging thunderstorms spawned tornadoes, hail the size of tennis balls and damaging winds across the Southeast USA.
The National Weather Service's Storm Prediction Center listed nine tornado reports from Monday, all of them in Alabama. Damaging tornadoes ripped through the town of Jacksonville, Alabama, located about 76 miles northeast of Birmingham.
As the damage survey continues, and based on an assessment of structures in the vicinity of Jacksonville State University the tornado intensity has been upgraded to an EF-3 with winds around 140mph.
"Considerable" damage was reported at Jacksonville State University as campus officials warned students and faculty against traveling to the school as trees and power lines were down throughout campus. The university remains closed on Tuesday due to the extensive damage.
Despite the reports of damaged structures, there have not been any reports of injuries or fatalities.
- Spring kicked off with another major snowstorm in the northeastern United States.
Washington, D.C., and New York City were slammed by the fourth nor'easter of the month, bringing travel to a halt and leading to widespread school cancellations across the region. Hundreds of accidents were reported across the region.
More than 8 inches of snow fell in Central Park, breaking a daily record. That amount of snow occurs once every 20 years during this time of year in New York City.
Washington, D.C., received 4 inches of snow before the snow tapered off on Wednesday afternoon.
- Dust from a sandstorm in the Sahara desert is causing snow in eastern Europe to turn orange, transforming mountainous regions of Ukraine, Russia, Bulgaria and Romania into Mars-like landscapes.
The unusual scenes are believed to be created by a mix of sand, dust and pollen particles stirred up and swept across from storms in northern Africa. According the meteorologists, the phenomenon occurs roughly every five years.
Steven Keates, a weather forecaster at the UK's Met Office, told the Independent:
"As the sand gets lifted to the upper levels of the atmosphere, it gets distributed elsewhere.
"Looking at satellite imagery from Nasa, it shows a lot of sand and dust in the atmosphere drifting across the
- More than 40 people have been rescued from floodwaters at two Cairns (Australia) caravan parks after deluges from ex-cyclone Nora overwhelmed emergency services.
Desperate residents and visitors called state emergency services workers for help on Monday night as flash flooding swamped the parks on the city's outskirts.
Lance Duncan from Queensland Fire and Emergency Services (QFES) said authorities had been expecting the rain, but the strength of the downpour had been unexpected. "We weren't prepared for 100 mm of rain in a minute," Duncan said.
The region is bracing for major flooding with the Barron River expected to reach its highest level in a decade, while Townsville has also been told to prepare for heavy falls as the weather system moves south.
Port Douglas was hit with nearly 600 mm of rain in the 24 hours to Monday morning, while Kuranda, just north of Cairns, had more than 400 mm with nearby Barron Falls raging with water.
Port Douglas residents have also been told the town's water supply is at critical levels because the local water treatment plan is struggling to cope with the continued rain.
- March 2018, goes on record as the hottest March ever experienced in Bahrain since 1902. The mean temperature of the month was 24.6C which is 3.6 degC above the long-term normal and goes on record as the highest mean temperatures for the month of March since 1902. The old record was 24.2C in March 1969.
World weather news, February 2018
- Cyclone Fehi sparked evacuations and a state of emergency along New Zealand's west coast as the storm affected the North Island on route to the nation's South Island.
A state of emergency was declared for South Island's cities Dunedin and Buller.
Cyclone Fehi was downgraded to a severe storm as it moved past New Caledonia, according to the Fiji Meteorological Service.
Earlier New Zealand's Civil Defence announced the Nelson Tasman Group Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) has been activated, with a number of evacuations throughout the region in coastal areas.
The majority of flights in and out of Wellington on the North Island were delayed, diverted or cancelled.
The nation's Civil Defence was urging people who reside on the Otago Peninsula and West Harbour to go home early for safety reasons as a king tide is due at around 5pm local time (0400 GMT). A king tide comes just after a new or full moon, when there is the greatest difference between high and low water.
- Moscow has seen its heaviest snowfall in a day since records began, with more than 2,000 trees brought down and air travel disrupted, officials say.
More than half the monthly average snow - 38 cm - fell on Saturday, beating the previous record from 1957.
A falling tree and collapsing power line killed one person and five others were injured.
Dozens of flights have been delayed at the Russian capital's airports.
- The heaviest snowfall since December 2010 caused travel chaos across northern France, including Paris, into Wednesday.
As of 6 a.m. Wednesday local time, 12-15 cm of snow had fallen in Paris and caused significant travel disruptions.
Snowfall of this magnitude occurs in Paris every 10 to 20 years according to Meteo France.
The snowfall forced restrictions on vehicles over 7.5 tonnes and caused travel traffic jams totalling more than 700 km across the city and surrounding areas Tuesday evening, according to France 24.
The snow forced the closure of the Eiffel Tower from Tuesday into Wednesday; however, the snowy scene caused travellers and locals to flock to the iconic structure for a snow-covered picture.
- A winter storm is leading to widespread disruptions across the northeastern United States.
The heaviest snow fell along a zone stretching from central Ohio to the coast of Maine with many locations across interior New England measuring over 6 inches of accumulation.
Thes storm stretches about 2,000 miles from the storms in the South to the snow impacting New England.
Some airlines began cancelling flights scheduled for Wednesday on Tuesday afternoon in anticipation for the inclement weather.
- A winter storm moved across the eastern United States on Wednesday, unleashing rain across the southeastern U.S. while snow and ice fell from the lower Midwest to the shores of New England.
More than 200 flights were cancelled at Newark Liberty International Airport, where the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) was also reporting delays up to 1 hour and 40 minutes on arriving flights.
In total, over 1,000 flights were cancelled across the northeastern on Wednesday.
Major travel disruptions unfolded as the storm delivered heavy snow and a slippery, icy mix in the Northeast.
A Southwest Airlines plane skidded sideways off a runway at Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport while preparing for takeoff, according to the FAA.
There were no injuries reported among the 149 passengers onboard Flight 906, which was due to depart for Montego Bay, Jamaica.
Erie, Pennsylvania, received enough snow to take this season's total to 152.1 inches, making it the snowiest winter in the city's history.
The previous record was 149.1 inches, set in the 2000-2001 season.
- Powerful Cyclone Gita caused widespread damage to parts of Samoa and American Samoa last week before targeting Tonga Monday night into Tuesday.
An emergency declaration was made by the governor of American Samoa which was approved by President Donald Trump allowing aid to be distributed to the island territory.
Flooding and power cuts were widespread across Tutuila, including the capital of Pago Pago where rainfall in excess of 150 mm was reported.
In Samoa, there were no immediate reports of injury or death from the cyclone, according to Radio New Zealand.
More than 350 mm of rain fell in the capital city of Apia from Friday into Saturday. Widespread flooding was reported along with damage to buildings from strong winds.
Niue was next in the path of Gita; however, the island was largely spared as Gita passed east and south of the island nation Sunday into Monday.
Gita continued to strengthen as it turned westward and approached Tonga Monday night into Tuesday.
The centre of the storm passed just south of Tonga unleashing damaging winds, flooding rain and inundating storm surge on Tongatapu and Eua.
At its closest approach to Tonga, Gita was equal to a Category 4 hurricane in the Atlantic and east Pacific oceans with sustained winds of 232 km/h.
Tonga's Parliament House was completely destroyed in the storm's fury, according to the Associated Press.
The Tonga Met office was also damaged, forcing forecasters to take shelter and shift warning responsibilities to the Fiji Met Service.
- South-east Queenslanders experienced severe storms in the evening, which dumped huge hail and wreaked havoc on the power network.
By Monday morning repair crews were scrambling to restore power to about 57,000 properties that remained without power after destructive winds, gusting beyond 100 km/h in some places, downed hundreds of power lines across the region.
The severe weather also caused delays to train services on the Gold Coast and Beenleigh lines.
The wild weather, after a day of baking heat across much of Queensland, generated more than 265,000 lightning strikes.
- Tropical Cyclone Kelvin crossed the Western Australian coast on Sunday morning near Anna Plains station, about 250km south of Broome, as a category 2 storm.
Cattle producer David Stoate said the property, which includes 20,000 cattle, copped a "belting" with roaring wind, roofs knocked off, windows smashed and trees uprooted. He estimated the damage to be about $150,000.
Elsewhere in the region, lives and homes remained in danger on Sunday afternoon, with a red alert in place for people between the Bidyadanga Aboriginal community and Sandfire in the Kimberley region.
People were warned to remain inside and shelter in the strongest part of their homes or at the evacuation centre, away from doors and windows, and to keep emergency kits with them.
- At least 17 people were killed after being buried by debris when heavy rain caused a large mound of garbage to collapse in Mozambique's capital.
The disaster took place at the Hulene garbage dump, the largest such facility in Mozambique's capital of Maputo.
The garbage dump rose up to the height of a three-story building and collapsed onto homes as heavy rain poured down, the AP reported.
A weather station in Maputo recorded nearly 90 mm of rain in 24 hours, ending on Monday morning, local time.
- After leaving destruction from Samoa to Tonga, Cyclone Gita brought more damage as it hit New Zealand, unleashing powerful winds and heavy rainfall.
Despite losing its tropical characteristics, the powerful storm still caused travel disruptions, power outages and significant flooding.
A state of emergency has been declared in Taranaki, Selywn, Buller, Grey, Westland, Nelson/Tasman and Christchurch regions, according to the New Zealand MetService.
A peak wind gust of 130 km/h was reported in Hawera. Up to 14,000 homes were left without power during the peak of the storm in Taranaki region as a result of the high winds.
The heaviest rain has fallen over northern South Island and southern North Island where 25-75 mm has been common.
The February rainfall in Wellington has surpassed 75 mm as of Tuesday night. Normal rainfall for the entire month of February is around 89 mm.
Similarly, rainfall has surpassed 50 mm in Christchurch which averages only 45 mm for the entire month.
The storm has also disrupted travel with numerous road closures and cancelled flights.
- An Australian town has been hit by a dust storm that covered the outback community in orange dust.
The storm swept through Charleville in south-west Queensland on Tuesday, knocking down trees and causing minor damage.
Authorities said recent weather conditions had allowed strong winds to pick and spread dirt from the region.
"We do see a fair few dust events through the western parts of Queensland because it is such a dry and hot place, but it's definitely one of the more impressive events of the last few years," said Harry Clark, from Australia's Bureau of Meteorology.
He estimated the dust storm was about 200 km wide. It gave winds of up to 60 mph, while visibility at the local airport was reduced to about 200 m.
- At least five people have been killed as a strong storm system caused flooding, hail and high winds in central and southern US states over the weekend.
Three people died in Kentucky as tornadoes ripped through the state.
Emergencies were declared in several states as heavy rainfall continued to cause widespread flooding on Sunday.
The governor of Indiana issued disaster declarations for 11 counties due to flooding.
Tornadoes were also recorded in Tennessee, with sustained winds recorded of up to 125mph (200km/h).
No deaths were reported there, but a teenage girl was injured by falling debris at a basketball game on Saturday night after a reported lightning strike.
The Ohio River was measured at 18 m deep - its highest level for 21 years.
- Homeless people in parts of Brussels will be detained overnight if they refuse shelter to protect them from sub-zero temperatures this week.
The mayor of Etterbeek, a Brussels neighbourhood that is home to many European Union offices, said he had asked police to take all homeless people to shelters even if they were unwilling.
The mayor of Brussels City, one of 19 councils that make up the greater Brussels region, said he had given similar orders to police and asked them to prioritise children sleeping outside.
Officials in Lithuania say this winter's record low temperatures claimed the lives of at least three people over the weekend in Vilnius. Seven people have received treatment for substantial frostbite to their hands and feet in the past few days.
The impact of the cold weather has been felt across the continent, although not as severely as in the Baltic states. Schools have been disrupted across Italy and Romans woke to the rare sight of the capital city covered in snow on Monday.
It was the heaviest snowfall in Rome in six years and the largest for the end of February in decades. The city, which is not well equipped to deal with snow emergencies, asked other areas to send in snowploughs to help clear roads.
Only one runway was operating at Rome's main airport, Fiumicino. Its second airport, Ciampino, was closed overnight allowing workers to clear a runway so it could reopen on Monday morning.
On Sunday night, temperatures in Moscow dropped to nearly -20C, the coldest night of the Russian winter so far. Roman Vilfand, the chief of the Russian meteorological office, said Muscovites should brace themselves for frosty weather in early March and could only "count on the warmth of the soul", not higher temperatures outside.
In Germany, meteorologists reported a record cold for this winter of -27C on Zugspitze, the country's highest peak.
In the UK, the bookmaker Coral slashed the odds on March being recorded as the country's coldest ever month.
In Romania, where temperatures plunged to -8C on Monday, the mayor of Bucharest, Gabriela Firea, announced schools would be closed in the capital for at least two days. Schools were also closed elsewhere in Romania.
In Croatia, about 1,000 soldiers joined efforts to clear the snow in the worst-affected areas where more than 1.5 metres of snowfall has been reported. Schools have been closed in the north-west and heavy vehicles have been banned from all roads leading toward the coast.
World weather news, January 2018
- Winter storm Eleanor has swept into most of northern Europe, including France and Germany after battering the UK, cutting power to tens of thousands of homes and affecting transport.
A skier died in the French Alps and 15 others were injured elsewhere in the country, four of them seriously.
Two people were killed when they were swept away by a huge wave on Spain's northern Basque coast.
A train was blown off its tracks in Switzerland, leaving several people with minor injuries. One person was hit by a falling tree in the Netherlands.
In northern France, the storm cut power to more than 200,000 households and Eleanor is set to move to other regions throughout the day, including Corsica.
Air travel was also disrupted in the capital, Paris, and in the east of the country.
In Paris, the Eiffel Tower was closed because of the strong winds. The city's parks have also been closed until the storm dies down because of worries over falling tree branches.
A skier was killed by a falling tree in Morillon, in the Haute-Savoie region of eastern France.
In Germany, the storm - named Burglind there - has swept over much of the country. It packed gusts of more than 120km/h in the west of the country and led to transport disruption, reports say.
Switzerland has also been badly hit, with some 14,000 homes without power. The high winds left several people stranded in a ski lift in St Gallen canton, overturned a light airplane in Stans and snapped the 13m (42ft) high Christmas tree in the capital Bern, Reuters news agency reports.
Meanwhile, record wind gusts of 195 km/h were recorded on Pilatus Peak near the Swiss city of Lucerne, broadcaster SRF reported.
In the Netherlands, more than 200 flights were cancelled at Amsterdam's Schiphol airport. Several main roads and train lines were also closed.
- In the Australian state of Victoria, peoples are being told to get ready for extreme temperatures this weekend.
A total fire ban was issued across the entire state for Saturday, with Melbourne tipped to experience its hottest day in almost two years.
There was an all-day ban on lighting open-air fires and the Country Fire Authority was advising residents living in fire-prone areas to activate their bushfire plans.
Melbourne was expected to swelter through 41C in the city on Saturday, with northerly winds reaching up to 40km/h.
That would be the hottest day the city had experienced since 13 January 2016, when temperatures soared to 42.2C.
- Heavy snow has cut off the Alpine ski resorts of Cervinia in Italy and Adelboden in Switzerland, as stormy weather continues to batter Europe.
Italian media report that Cervinia, in the Aosta Valley, is half-buried under 2 m of fresh snow. About 10,000 tourists are stuck there.
A similar emergency has gripped Adelboden, where the army was mobilised to clear debris from a landslide.
In many resorts the avalanche risk is at level four, out of five in total.
The weather jeopardised a World Cup ski race that is scheduled to take place this weekend in Adelboden. The landslide cut the resort's road to Frutigen.
But reports in Swiss media say the race will go ahead and the authorities are working to repair the road.
In Austria's Tyrol region, the avalanche risk is high too and many roads are blocked. In Vorarlberg it is at level four.
In the French Alps, ski pistes have been closed at Val d'Isere - one of the biggest resorts - and Chamonix has stopped most of its ski lifts.
Three people died due to storm Eleanor in the French Alps: a 93-year-old woman whose home was flooded in Isere, a farmer buried by snow in Savoie and a skier killed when a tree toppled in Morillon.
- North America's East Coast is shivering in a record-breaking freeze in the wake of a deadly "bomb cyclone" that dumped snow as far south as Florida.
In Canada, high winds have knocked out power for tens of thousands of residents in Nova Scotia.
On Wednesday, snow fell in Tallahassee, Florida, for the first time in more than 30 years, causing travel chaos in the region. Five inches of snow fell in Charleston, South Carolina, making it the third snowiest day since the city began keeping records in 1938.
On Friday, the National Weather Service (NWS) predicted dangerously low temperatures moving into the weekend as frigid air lingering over the North Pole prowls towards the US mid-Atlantic region.
"An arctic outbreak will keep temperatures 20F to 30F degrees below average across the north-eastern US," the NWS said.
In Massachusetts, residents of Boston, which received over 30 cm of snowfall, were clearing the streets with shovels.
Giant waves caused by the storm saw freezing floodwaters inundate parts of the New England coast.
The extreme weather has so far been linked to up to 19 deaths in the US and two more in Canada.
Four deaths were reported in traffic accidents in North and South Carolina. Further fatalities occurred in Wisconsin, Kentucky and Texas.
In Philadelphia, a car was unable to stop at a railway line at the bottom of a steep hill and was hit by a commuter train, killing a passenger in the vehicle.
In Virginia, a girl was fatally struck by a car while sledging, and a 75-year-old man was killed after being hit by a snow plough.
A 13-year-old girl died and 35 others suffered carbon-monoxide poisoning in an apartment building in Perth Amboy, New Jersey, where the temperature averaged 20F on Thursday night. Seven of those treated were first responders.
The extreme weather caused travel chaos and led to the cancellation of thousands of flights on Thursday and Friday.
Most flights have since resumed at airports in New York and Boston.
Experts say the so-called bomb cyclone storm drew moisture and strength from as far south as the Caribbean Sea.
In Canada, the provinces of New Brunswick and Newfoundland and Labrador are both under winter storm and blizzard warnings.
On Friday morning, Nova Scotia Power said some 125,000 customers were still without power after 140 km/h wind gusts hit parts of the maritime province.
Power cuts have also been also reported in New Brunswick and Newfoundland.
Ontario is under an extreme cold warning, while Quebec faces heavy snowfall, strong winds and storm surges.
Boston harbour's tide gauge matched its record at 15.1ft - previously set during the great blizzard of 1978.
Flooding affected the city's newly renovated seaport district and deluged a downtown subway station.
The storm has so far forced hundreds of schools and businesses to close in New York City, Philadelphia, Boston, the Carolinas, Maryland and Virginia.
The weather pattern has already brought snow to the US South as far down as Florida, where the cold snap has caused iguanas to lose their grip and fall from trees.
Natural gas prices in the US north-east have risen to an all-time high, driven by demand for heating fuel.
- The Australian city of Sydney has experienced its hottest weather in 79 years with temperatures in the region hitting as high as 47.3C in Penrith, west of Sydney.
Severe fire warnings were issued for the greater Sydney area and total fire bans were put in place across the city.
Sunday's temperatures fell short of the scorching heat to hit the area in 1939, when the mercury reached 47.8C.
- Snow started falling on the Algerian town of Ain Sefra in the early hours of Sunday morning, giving children
an opportunity to race each other down the slopes. Rising temperatures meant it began to melt later in the day.
It is the third time in nearly 40 years the town, known as "The Gateway to the Desert", has seen snowfall.
In 1979, a snowstorm lasting half an hour stopped traffic. Two years ago, snow settled for around a day, and the
town saw snowfall again last year.
- Thousands of tourists are stranded in Swiss ski resorts after heavy snow in the Alps cut off towns and
Skiing is not possible as slopes are closed because of the danger of avalanches.
More than a metre of snow fell in parts on Monday alone. On Tuesday, a metre more is forecast.
The avalanche risk is set at the rarely used maximum on a five-point scale. This is the highest it has been for
almost ten years.
Many schools have been closed and some houses evacuated.
Snow has blocked road and rail links to many ski resorts
In the resort of Zermatt, home to the famous Matterhorn mountain, more than 13,000 tourists cannot leave.
- Rescue workers in southern California are searching for survivors after mudslides and flooding in which at
least 13 people have died.
More than 30 miles of the main coastal road have been closed and police said the scene "looked like a World War
A group of 300 people are reportedly trapped in Romero Canyon neighbourhood east of Santa Barbara, with rescue
efforts due to resume at daybreak.
The death toll is expected to rise.
Some 163 people have been taken to hospital. Twenty had "storm-related injuries" and four were critically hurt.
The first rain in months caused mudslides when it hit ground that had been scorched by December's huge
In some places mud was waist-deep, officials said.
Thousands had to leave their homes, many for the second time in two months. The emergency services declared an
exclusion zone, saying anyone moving around the area would be in the way of rescuers and would be subject to
Boulders the size of small cars were rolling down hillsides and blocking roads.
- Motorists were warned to drive with caution as snow and ice affected large parts of Scotland. Dozens of
schools were closed in the Highlands and Dumfries and Galloway, after overnight snowfall. Police reported
dealing with jackknifed lorries on the A9 at Dalwhinnie, and on the M74 between Lockerbie and Moffat. Wintry
conditions forced Inverness airport to close for a time. Flights in and out of Aberdeen Airport were also
affected and Glasgow Airport was closed for a while as the runway, taxi and passenger routes were cleared.
- People living in some of the coldest places on earth are
hunkering down as temperatures fall to near-record lows that are even
Temperatures in the remote, diamond-rich Russian region of Yakutia on
Tuesday plunged to -67C in some areas.
In Yakutia - 5,300 km east of Moscow - where students routinely go to
school in -40C, school was cancelled throughout the region. Local
police also ordered parents to keep their children at home.
Over the weekend, two men froze to death when they tried to walk to a
nearby farm after their car broke down. Three other men who were with
them survived because they were wearing warmer clothes, local
investigators reported on Monday.
The press office of Yakutia's governor said Tuesday all households
and businesses in the region have working central heating and access
to backup power generators.
In the village of Oimyakon, one of the coldest inhabited places on
earth, state-owned television showed mercury falling to the bottom of
a thermometer that was only set up to measure down to -50C. In 2013,
Oymyakon recorded an all-time low of minus -71C.
- Snow swept across the southeastern United States on Tuesday and Wednesday, chilling the region and causing
widespread road closures and flight delays from southern Texas through North Carolina.
The winter storm unfolded across the Gulf Coast states on Tuesday with snow, sleet and ice making some roads
impassable from Houston through Birmingham, Alabama. Stretches of Interstate 10 were closed from Tuesday
afternoon through Wednesday due to snow and ice.
By Wednesday, the focus of the snow shifted from the Gulf Coast to the Carolinas. Areas near the coast saw
little to no accumulation, but accumulations of 4 to 8 inches were common farther inland.
The heaviest snow occurred in an area just to the northwest of Durham, North Carolina, where there was 8 to 12
Wintry weather was blamed for a slew of road closures and accidents across areas from Texas to Kentucky. The
snow and ice also forced school and government offices to close and numerous flight delays out of major hubs
like Houston and Atlanta.
- Hundreds of drivers spent the night in their cars after becoming stranded due to heavy snow. Mountain rescue
teams were sent to help those stuck on the M74 in Dumfries and Galloway after severe weather led to closures at
Millbank and Beattock. Public transport has been disrupted and schools remain closed in parts of Scotland and
Northern Ireland. Disruption was also reported on the M62 trans-Pennine motorway, although by Wednesday morning
traffic was able to move. Scottish Borders Council has said no schools will open in its area.
- Severe gales caused disruption to much of the UK - with gusts of up to 70 mph. Police in several areas,
including Lincolnshire, Norfolk and Gloucestershire, reported fallen trees on or near roads. Damage to overhead
electric wires caused problems for train services in the Midlands, and drivers are being warned to take extra
care on the roads. In Scotland, police urged motorists to drive with "extreme caution" in the wintry conditions.
Drivers in Scotland and northern England were being warned not to travel at all until after 0500 GMT, the first
such warning issued since high winds in January 2013. Rail commuters faced delays in London, Norfolk, Suffolk,
Cambridgeshire, Buckinghamshire, Surrey, Sussex and Hampshire. In Sydenham, south east London, a train hit a
tree. Scottish Borders Council said no schools would open today, affecting 15,000 pupils.
- Dutch authorities have suspended all flights to and from Amsterdam Schiphol airport as a severe storm causes
transport chaos in the Netherlands. Most rail traffic has also stopped as winds gust at up to 140 km/h.
Police have closed the centre of Almere, a city with about 200,000 residents lying just east of Amsterdam.
They tweeted an alert warning people to stay at home because of risk from the storm.
The Dutch Railways (NS) and operator ProRail said overhead power lines had been damaged by the wind, as well as
some railway tracks.
High winds have also toppled trees and caused structural damage in western regions of Germany, where the storm
is called "Friederike".
The national train operator, Deutsche Bahn, has suspended rail traffic in North Rhine-Westphalia and parts of
neighbouring Rhineland-Palatinate state.
Dozens of flights are also being cancelled in Germany - at Cologne/Bonn airport every fourth flight has been
An emergency siren wailed in the city of Duisburg, warning residents that they should stay indoors, German news
website WDR reported.
Eight people were killed in storm-related accidents; three people died after being hit by falling trees and debris in the Netherlands and one in Germany.
Those killed in Germany also included two firefighters and two lorry drivers whose vehicles were blown over.
The storm later moved east into Poland. It was the most powerful storm to hit Germany for 11 years.
- A powerful storm unleashed blizzard conditions and over a 30 cm
of snow across the midwestern United States this week.
The snowstorm began over the Rockies on Sunday, forcing nearly 200
flights to be cancelled at Denver International Airport. The heaviest
snow fell along a narrow swath from northwestern Kansas through
Nebraska, northwestern Iowa and south-central Minnesota, with
widespread totals of 8-14 inches.
Visibility became so poor that the Platte County Highway Department
in Nebraska pulled snow removal crews off the roads on Monday
The Minnesota State Patrol reported over 600 crashes and vehicle
spin-outs as well as dozens of jackknifed semi-trailers from midnight
to 8:45 p.m. CST Monday.
- Heavy snow affected the Tokyo metro area. Tokyo picked up 23 cm
of snowfall, making it the heaviest snowfall there since February
2014, when 27 cm fell.
There were more than 600 traffic accidents due to the slippery road
conditions in Tokyo, and hundreds of flights were cancelled. Reuters
reported that about 50 cars got stuck on the Rainbow Bridge along
Tokyo's waterfront. Traffic jams trapped cars inside a tunnel for up
to 10 hours.
Travel by train was also affected when a train failed to make it up a
slope due to the snow, causing the Yurikamome Line to come to a halt,
the Japan Times reported.
- Thousands of people have been stranded by heavy snowfall at ski
resorts in the Alps, with many unable to return home following skiing
Train lines and roads to Zermatt in Switzerland and St Anton in
Austria have been blocked off, and authorities are asking people to
remain in their accommodation for safety reasons.
While some tourists were airlifted out of Zermatt by helicopter,
flights were stopped following a deterioration in weather conditions.
Authorities in Zermatt have been attempting to clear the snow using
At St Anton in Austria, police have restricted travel in and out of
the town to cars with snow chains, while firefighter escorts
transported some people to a nearby valley.
This is the second time visitors to Zermatt have been snowed in this
- A member of Japan's self-defence forces died and about a dozen
skiers were injured after a volcano erupted near a ski resort,
triggering an avalanche and sending rocks raining down on the slopes.
The skiers were injured when they became trapped by the avalanche or
were hit by falling volcanic rocks from Mount Kusatsu-Shirane,
according to local media. Five were seriously injured, but none was
in a critical condition, rescuers said.
Five other members of Japan's ground self-defence force who were
taking part in training manoeuvres in the area were rescued, some
with injuries including fractures.
- As drought continues and water levels plummet in Cape Town's
(Soth Africa) dams, residents are facing a slew of new emergency
Messages of conservation have fallen on deaf ears, the city said,
necessitating a crackdown on usage.
"We have reached a point of no return. Despite our urging for months,
60 percent of Capetonians are callously using more than 87 litres per
day," Mayor Patricia de Lille said.
This week, the government is set to vote on the introduction of a
punitive tariff, which will charge residents using above 6,000 liters
per month exponentially higher rates for their water.
As of February 1, usage will be restricted to 50 litres per person
per day to make up for months of overuse.
Though desalination plants are set to go online in February and
drilling into the aquifer will also take place, officials say the
additional resources are too little too late.
The city has announced water collection points, which will become the
only way to obtain water for personal use if dam levels continue to
Taps will be shut off and residents will be able to retrieve 25
liters per person each day from one of 200 collection points across
- Authorities in Victoria and South Australia are urging people to
behave sensibly and watch out for vulnerable friends and family as
the southern states swelter through another extremely hot and humid
Melbourne and Geelong were forecast to reach 39C on Sunday, with
overnight conditions not expected to fall below 27C.
Parts of the state's north-west, such as Mildura, were expected to
hit 44C following at least a week of temperatures into the 40s.
The lack of winds meant there was only "very high" fire danger for
around Melbourne, and central north and western parts of the state,
and a "high" fire danger in the east.
In South Australia, total fire bans were declared for parts of the
state. On Sunday afternoon, lives and homes were at risk from an
out-of-control bushfire south-east of Adelaide, authorities warned.
It was Adelaide's second heatwave this month, following similar
conditions the week before which led to the hospitalisation of 40
- The swollen River Seine has peaked at more than four metres above
its normal level, leaving a lengthy mop-up job for Parisians after
days of rising waters.
The river rose to 5.84 metres early on Monday morning, causing
problems for commuters as well as people living near its overflowing
Around 1,500 people have been evacuated from their homes, according
to police, while a similar number of properties remain without
The capital's famous Bateaux Mouches rivercraft service was suspended
and only emergency services were authorised to use the river.
The Seine did not quite reach its 2016 high of 6.1 metres, when
priceless artworks had to be evacuated from the Louvre.
The December-January period is now the third wettest on record since
data collection began in 1900, according to France's meteorological
A main commuter line, the RER C, will not stop in the city until at
least 5 February, and some expressways that run alongside the Seine
have been closed.
However, fears of flooding like that seen in 1910, which saw the
Seine rise to 8.62 metres and shut down much of Paris's basic
infrastructure, appeared unfounded.
But several areas on the city's outskirts were underwater, including
the southern suburb of Villeneuve-Saint-Georges, where some residents
were getting around by boat and dozens have been evacuated from their
- A week-long heatwave has floored New Zealand, breaking
temperature records across the country and causing a nationwide
shortage of fans. Temperatures have soared above 37C in parts of the
South Island, with records broken in Dunedin, Wanaka, Christchurch
and many other cities and towns.
Temperatures are expected to peak on Tuesday or Wednesday around the
high 30s or 40C mark - highs that are proving particularly
challenging for school children as many New Zealand classrooms are
equipped with heaters but not air conditioners.
Ben Noll, a meteorologist from the National Institute of Water and
Atmospheric Research (NIWA), said unusually warm sea temperatures
were the major factor contributing to the heatwave, as the mainland
experienced a dramatic rise in land temperatures as soon as the sea
rose above average. NIWA has recorded seas of 24C to 26C around
Auckland, compared with 18C to 22C at the same time last year.
New Zealand was tracking towards its warmest January on record, Noll
said, with high temperatures expected to continue into February.
New Zealand's current hottest temperature on record was 42.4C,
recorded in Rangiora in the South Island in February 1973, according
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Last updated 4 September 2018.