British Isles weather diary

January 2019
February 2019
March 2019
April 2019
May 2019
June 2019
July 2019
August 2019
September 2019
October 2019
November 2019
December 2019
(Note: figures in parentheses give an indication, from first reports, of the spread of daily max and min temperatures, min daytime temperatures (occasionally), rainfall and sunshine in the 24 hours ending 2100 GMT.)

British Isles weather, January 2019

The British Isles remained under high pressure on the 1st (large areas having MSL pressure over 1040 mb). After an air frost-free start to the day at low levels, a cold front pushed SW'wards across much of N Ireland and Britain, introducing colder air from the N. Precipitation amounts were light and there were sunny spells behind the front over S Scotland and N England, and ahead of the front in parts of S England. Daytime maximum temperatures were typically 5 degC lower to the N of the front, which gave some falls of snow over higher ground in Scotland. (Shoreham 12.1C, Lerwick 2.9C maximum, Kielder Castle 0.4C minimum, Loch Glascarnoch 3.6 mm, Shap 5.8 h.)

The front cleared away to the SW and dissipated on the 2nd, leaving the British Isles under high pressure (centred 1045 mb over NW Lancashire at 1800 GMT). There were a few mist patches in S Wales and the Midlands around dawn along with a widespread inland air frost away from W and S Ireland, S Wales and SW England. Showers affected parts of E England overnight and during the day, and there were one or two falls of heavier rain in S Ireland during the day Cork Airport reported 6 mm of rain in the 12 hours ending 1800 GMT. Except in parts of E Scotland and in Wales (and neighbouring counties) it was a rather dull day; only on Scilly and n parts of SW Ireland did temperatures reach 10C. (Sherkin island 11.3C, Balmoral -3.6C maximum, Braemar -8.1C minimum, Fylingdales 2.6 mm, St Athan 5.4 h.)

Pressure remained high over the British Isles on the 3rd (1044 mb over the N Midlands at 1200 GMT) and a mainly dry day resulted. E Scotland and a few areas of England had an air frost but many places remained cloudy overnight with a few light showers in E England and over Ireland. The day was mainly dull and dry; there were a few showers in parts of Est Anglia, Shetland and Ireland. It was slightly warmer than normal over Ireland, W Scotland and Scilly but mainly cooler than normal by day elsewhere. (Valentia 10.0C, Balmoral -3.9C maximum, Braemar -10.5C minimum, Cromer 0.8 mm, Bude 6.1 h.)

High pressure remained centred over the British Isles on the 4th, leading to an air frost in parts of E Scotland and more widely across England and Wales (away from SW England). There was little rainfall during the day, and most paces remained cloudy with sunshine mainly confined to parts of Wales, and to Cent S and SE England. W Ireland and N and W Scotland had a mild day while much of Cent England was cold under cloudy skies after a misty morning. (Baltasound 9.5C, Balmoral -1.7C maximum, Aboyne -8.1C minimum, Lake Vyrnwy 3.0 mm, Hurn 6.4 h.)

The high pressure centre moved S'wards on the 5th - at 1200 GMT it was centred just SE of Devon at 1041 mb. There was an air frost in parts of E Scotland, E Wales and in parts of the Midlands and S England, although in many areas it was just a slight first. Frontal cloud spread some rain into NW Ireland and W Scotland later in the day elsewhere the day was generally dry but dull. In the UK Lerwick, with 6 minutes of bright sunshine, was the sunniest place. Only in W Ireland was 10C reached during the day while in parts of S England 4C failed to be reached by 1800 GMT. (Valentia 10.8C, Balmoral 0.5C maximum, Balmoral -6.3C minimum, South Uist 2.4 mm, Shannon Airport 2.4 h.)

Although pressure remained high on the 6th, a cold front moved SE'wards over Scotland before coming stationary over S Scotland. Widespread cloud meant little air frost away from sheltered areas of E Scotland with light precipitation falling over Scotland and N and W Ireland overnight. Further rain fell in these areas and in parts of N England during the day but falls remained slight. 10C was reached in parts of N England, Wales, Ireland and SW England despite widespread cloudy skies; bright sunshine was limited to parts of N Wales, NE Midlands, Lincolnshire and S Yorkshire. (Chillingham Barns 11.9C, Balmoral 5.6C maximum, Balmoral-1.1C minimum, Gt Cumbrae Millport 5.2 mm, Aberdaron 2.8 h.)

A low pressure system moved E'wards to the N of Scotland on the 7th giving a windy day across Scotland. Generally cloudy conditions led to an absence of air frost at low levels the overnight minimum temperature at Valentia was 10.2C. Rain, heavy in places, moved across Scotland and there were lesser falls across N areas of Ireland and England before dawn. During the day there were traces of rain as far S as Cent S England as a warm front moved E'wards across most areas allowing maximum temperatures to rise above 10C at most low-level stations in the British Isles. The best of any sunshine was to be found in parts of Scotland and N Ireland to the rear of a cold front that followed the warm air most places remained dull all day; Jersey Airport had reported just 12 minutes of bright sunshine since the start of January by nightfall. (Boulmer 13.1C, Loch Glascarnoch 6.9C maximum, Charlwood 0.7C minimum, Cluanie Inn 30.6 mm, Dyce 3.4 h.)

A cold front cleared S parts of England an Ireland around dawn, leading to a N'ly flow in most areas on the 8th. It was largely dry by day, apart for a few showers across N Scotland and in some E coast areas. Away from W Scotland, W Ireland and SW England most places had sunny spells during the day. (Sherkin Island 11.5C, Lerwick 4.0C maximum, Spadeadam 0.7C minimum, Loch Glascarnoch 7.2 mm, Morecambe 6.3 h.)

There was a widespread inland air frost on the 9th with some showers continuing to affect E coast areas of the UK overnight. Pressure remained high (close to 1036 mb in W Ireland) although a slow-moving front in W Ireland gave cloud and some rain here. Further showers fell during the day in E parts of the UK but away from these rain areas and W Scotland there were spells of sunshine during the day. (Sherkin Island 11.8C, Leek 1.9C maximum, Bridgefoot -4.9C minimum, Tibenham Airfield 3.8 mm, Aberporth 6.6 h.)

Much of England and Wales began the 10th with and air frost; elsewhere there was frontal cloud and some light rain and drizzle. It soon became cloudy in all areas as the front moved SE'wards under the high pressure; there was a little sunshine in SW England but elsewhere there was patchy light rain or drizzle. It was a misty day in places and it turned slightly warmer from the W. (Valentia 11.5C, Wych Cross 2.8C maximum, Benson -6.4C minimum, Giants Causeway 2.8 mm, Camborne 3.5 h.)

The 11th was mostly cloudy and mild, with minimum temperatures across Ireland and in some W areas remaining above 5C. There were a few patches of rain and drizzle in places in some places in SE England the first measurable fall since the start of the year. A front led to some heavier falls of rain in W Scotland later in the day. (Sherkin Island 11.2C, Okehampton 5.8C maximum, Topcliffe -0.8C minimum, Lerwick 7.6 mm, Yeovilton 2.6 h.)

The 12th was a mainly cloudy and mild day as fronts brought some (mainly light) falls of rain and drizzle. A brisk W'ly wind in N areas was accompanied by some heavy falls over high ground in W Scotland. (Balmoral 12.8C, Okehampton 7.4C maximum, Aboyne 0.5C minimum, Achnagart 50.0 mm, Dyce 1.6 h.)

The 13th dawned after a mild night with overnight minimum temperatures above 8C in most areas under a brisk W'ly flow. Further fronts brought some light falls of rain to most areas but it was heavier across high ground in Scotland. Later, the passage of a cold front SE'wards introduced a colder N'ly flow across N Scotland later in the day with snow showers on Shetland in the evening s the temperature fell below 0C here. Ahead of this colder air maximum temperatures reached 10C and above in most areas. (Shawbury 13.2C, Baltasound 4.6C maximum, Baltasound 4.5C minimum, Achnagart 52.8 mm, Charterhall 5.4 h.)

N Scotland and parts of E Scotland had an air frost before dawn on the 14th and both overnight and during the day there were snow showers over the Northern Isles and in N Scotland. Many areas had a cloudy day although E areas of the UK had some sunny intervals but a cold day. It was milder towards the SW of the British Isles although as far W as the Midlands the temperatures dipped sharply in the evening. (Gosport Fleetlands 10.6C, Baltasound 0.8C maximum, Loch Glascarnoch -4.8C minimum, Fylingdales 5.0 mm, Boulmer 5.7h.)

A warm sector on the 15th meant a mild night in many areas although clearer skies led to overnight frost locally in the Cent and S England. There was some rain overnight in N and W Scotland and in W Ireland but during the day these heavier falls were mainly confined to N Scotland. A weak front gave some light rain and drizzle later to S Ireland, SW England and S Wales. It was mainly cloudy during the day with N and E England having the best of any sunshine. (Leeming 12.0C, Okehampton 6.5C maximum, Benson -3.3C minimum, Achnagart 26.0 mm, Wittering 4.4 h.)

Low-lying areas were air frost-free on the 16th but during the day a cold front edged E'wards, introducing colder air from the NW. Overnight rain fell mainly over Ireland and W areas of Britain, with falls in all other areas during the day. Sunny spells and showers followed the rain; the showers turned wintry, with falls of snow mainly in N and E Scotland but also over high ground in Cumbria in the evening. (Cardiff Bute Park 11.6C, Loch Glascarnoch 1.1C maximum, Stornoway 0.2C minimum, Achnagart 27.4 mm, Leuchars 5.7 h.)

Showers were widespread into the 17th and an air frost was widespread across Scotland and N England. Some light snow fell with the rain on a cold front that cleared SE England in the morning. Away from W Ireland a sunny day followed with the N/NW'ly wind bringing winery showers in E areas of the UK. Snow also fell over N Scotland and there were showers over N Ireland at first. Cloud and rain spread into SW Ireland in the evening temperatures here reached 6C by 2100 GMT, by which time it was generally below 0C elsewhere over inland parts of the UK. Snow and ice caused difficult driving conditions across the NE Scotland. A woman was taken to hospital after an unoccupied car slid into her in Quarry Road in the Aberdeen suburb of Cults. Collisions and breakdowns also closed the A920 at Huntly and the A947 between Turriff and Oldmeldrum. The road problems also led to transport issues at several schools. (Isles of Scilly 7.7C, Loch Glascarnoch 0.2C maximum, Drumnadrochit -5.5C minimum, Swyddffynnon 7.8 mm, Wittering 7.3 h.)

There was a widespread air frost over the UK on the 18th away from the SW. This was severe locally in the NE Scotland where temperatures struggled to get above 0C during the day in places. Warmer air spread from the SW during the day and Ireland and S England reached near-normal temperature levels during the day. Outbreaks of rain moved slowly northeast during the day with some snow, chiefly in parts of the Midlands and in the north. It was sunny ahead of the rain/snow and also in SW Ireland. (Scilly St Marys 10.9C, Braemar No2 -3.6C maximum, Braemar No2 -10.8C minimum, Mumbles Head 28.8 mm, Shannon Airport 5.1 h.)

A low pressure centre remained close to Ireland for much of the 19th; the resulting cloudy skies meant that overnight air frost was largely confined to E Scotland and parts of NE England. After some heavy rain overnight in places, patchy rain affected some areas - mainly in the Midlands and central southern England. In the colder areas of E Scotland and NE England the temperature remained below 0C in places during the day., while in parts of the Midlands rain the morning was accompanied by sleet or snow. (Sherkin Island 11.1C, Lentran -1.9C maximum, Altnaharra -9.5C minimum, Mumbles Head 18.0 mm, Stornoway 6.0 h.)

E Scotland and East Anglia, along with neighbouring counties, had an air frost on the 20th but frontal cloud further W meant a milder start to the day here. There was overnight rain and drizzle over Ireland, Wales and W Scotland with widespread mist, and some fog patches, over much of England, Wales, S Scotland and E Ireland by dawn. Some parts of England and Wales remained misty all day. Cloud and patchy rain spread slowly SE'wards across N and W districts, with the sunniest skies being in the SE corner of England and in W Ireland following the clearance of rain. (Isles of Scilly 9.8C, Fylingdales 2.0C maximum, Kinbrace -9.6C minimum, Fair Isle 5.6 mm, East Malling 7.5 h.)

A weakening front across SE areas of the UK early on the 21st was slow to clear but gave little precipitation. There was a widespread air frost in all areas before dawn with mist (and fog patches) across England and Wales that gave some snow grains in places. During the day East Anglia and parts of S England had some sunshine - but most areas were cloudy ahead of a cold front that moved E'wards into E Scotland and Cent England by late evening. Rain on the front turned to snow for a while in areas of Scotland, Northern Ireland, NW England later in the day. (Isles of Scilly 9.1C, Fylingdales 2.1C maximum, Aboyne -7.6C minimum, Achnagart 15.4 mm, East Malling 7.5 h.)

There was a touch of air frost in most areas on the 22nd but the main feature of the weather was snowfall especially across England and Wales. N and Cent Scotland was relatively dry during the day, but cold after overnight snow had cleared towards the E. Showers followed during the day, leading to lying snow as far S as Cent S England later in the day. Away from Wales and S Ireland most places had some sunny spells, but by mid-evening temperatures were widely below 0C away from S Ireland, W Wales and SW England. Earlier in the day snow slowed commuters down on Scotland's major motorways; a three-vehicle crash on the A82, in Glencoe, closed the road in both directions from about 0815 GMT. (St Helier 8.4C, Salsburgh 0.0C maximum, Loch Glascarnoch -6.3C minimum, Rhyl 17.2 mm, Boulmer 6.7 h.)

Inland areas away from S Ireland, SW England and W Wales had a widespread, and in places a sharp, air frost on the 23rd and temperatures remained below 0C during the day in parts of N England close to the Scottish border. Cent and E parts of England had some early mist with a few places from N Scotland to Berkshire reporting isolated flurries of snow overnight. During the day snowfall eased ff with only a few reports mainly across N Scotland and N Ireland. It was a cold day away from W Ireland and SW England but with long sunny spells away from Ireland and W areas of the UK. Snow and ice on the roads led to some accidents early in the day; Dyfed Powys Police said it had received "several reports" of crashes due to ice while North Wales Police said snow was causing "treacherous" conditions during the morning. (Valentia 10.5C, Newton Rigg -1.9C maximum, Braemar -10.2C minimum, Capel Curig 9.6 mm, Wellesbourne 7.2 h.)

There was a widespread air frost into the 24th despite cloud cover. Outbreaks of mostly light rain, with some snow at first in the north and east - and as far S as the Midlands - moved SE'wards across the UK, to clear SE England in the early afternoon. Brighter spells followed behind this precipitation in the E and NE, but some further rain affected NW Scotland later. SW England, Wales and Ireland became much milder, but frost, and isolated freezing fog patches, returned to parts of the E and N in the evening. (Sherkin Island 12.7C, Balmoral 0.7C maximum, Aboyne -9.0C minimum, Giants Causeway 8.8 mm, Lerwick 4.2 h.)

There was some early air frost in E areas of the UK on the 25th along with mist and fog in parts of England overnight. Some drizzly rain moved SE'wards overnight and at first in the morning, followed by brighter intervals, although there was still patchy drizzle, chiefly in the W. More persistent rain moved SE'wards across Scotland during the afternoon and evening. (Cardiff Bute Park 13.9C, Loch Glascarnoch 6.0C maximum, Coningsby -3.2C minimum, Loch Glascarnoch 18.8 mm, Leeming 5.0 h.)

Most areas were mild and cloudy on the 26th with some rain/drizzle. A complex low pressure system over Ireland and Scotland helped to push a band of heavier rain from the W during the day, followed by showery conditions. Rain was more persistent over W and N Scotland, changing to snow in places here as it turned colder from the NE later in the day. It became increasingly windy during the day MSL pressure was down to 981 mb over NE Scotland by 1800 GMT. (Yeovilton 11.0C, Loch Glascarnoch 2.0C maximum, Cassley 0.1C minimum, Achnagart 48.2 mm, Magilligan 0.7 h.)

Although there was little air frost into the 27th due to windy conditions, the day was mostly rather cold. Rain and windy conditions persisted longer in the E and N as low pressure moved away E'wards. There were also some outbreaks of rain in SW areas early and late. Snow fell in many parts of Scotland and in N England, whilst there were gusts of around 65 mph off SW coasts overnight. There was some sunshine in places away from N and E Scotland. (Isles of Scilly 8.5C, Dalwhinnie 0.8C maximum, Spadeadam -0.8C minimum, Kinlochewe 24.8 mm, Glasgow 6.4 h.)

A NW'ly flow early on the 28th turned W'ly later as a frontal system spread rain and showers across W areas of Ireland and Scotland later. Early air frost was widespread away from W and S Ireland. The day was mostly quite cold, despite the widespread sunshine in E and S areas. Showers were wintry over Scotland and some N areas of Ireland and England, and also in N parts of East Anglia. (Isles of Scilly 9.8C, Balmoral 0.8C maximum, Tulloch Bridge -6.4C minimum, Bridlington 14.2 mm, Morecambe 8.1 h.)

England and E Scotland had an air frost on the 29th; further E it turned cloudy with rain and snow moving E'wards. The snow fell initially across Scotland N Ireland, later affecting high ground in N England. As the main precipitation area passed the weather turned showery and snow showers in Ireland fell as far S as Cork. N Wales and the N Midlands had rain and snow in the afternoon, with some snow falling after sunset in parts of Cent S and SW England. Snow fell in Kent and East Anglia in the evening while the best of the sunshine (mainly later in the day) was across N Scotland and W Ireland. There were delays and cancellations at both Belfast airports and up to 9cm of snow was reported in some places and some travel disruption occurred in N Ireland and N Scotland. (Hurn 7.3C, Loch Glascarnoch -1.0C maximum, Benson -6.5C minimum, Morecambe 23.2 mm, Stornoway 4.7 h,)

Air frost was widespread on the 30th and the day was generally cold. Away rom the Channel Islands and parts of N Scotland it was a mainly sunny day. There were falls of snow, mainly showery but with more prolonged falls in places (especially in NW England). Snow showers were also frequent across Ireland and in parts of N Scotland. Heavy snowfall in Greater Manchester temporarily closed the city's runways and caused problems on the roads. Footage shows cars struggling to drive up hills and thick snow at Manchester Airport. (Isles of Scilly 8.C, Spadeadam -0.9C maximum, Balmoral -9.3C minimum, Gt Cumbrae Millport 10.2 mm, Shobdon 7.7 h.)

Overnight into the 31st there was a widespread moderate to severe frost and some freezing fog patches. The fog persisted all day in parts of E and NE England, but many places in E England and N Scotland were sunny. There were snow showers in N, and cloud increased from the SW across Ireland, Wales and the southern half of England with rain turning to snow as it edged NE'wards into S Britain during the day, reaching SE England in the evening. There was heavy snow over the moors and hills in the southwest. Temperatures stayed below freezing all day in some central and northern districts. Up to 100 vehicles became trapped on a main road in Cornwall amid heavy snow. Drivers said they were stuck on the A30 on Bodmin Moor from about 1530 GMT after "significant snowfall" hit the area. Devon and Cornwall Police said there were hazardous driving conditions across the county, with multiple accidents reported. About 400 students were left stranded at Callywith College in Bodmin. (Isles of Scilly 9.1C, Balmoral -5.1C maximum, Braemar -14.3C minimum, Culdrose 22.0 mm, Kinloss 7.6 h.)

British Isles weather, February 2019

The 1st was a mainly wintry day. There was widespread air frost that was severe in N Scotland, while snow fell overnight across S England in particular. Snow and hail showers fell during the day over many areas of N England and Scotland with some turning thunder in parts of NE England. The best of the day's sunshine was to be found over N Ireland and S Scotland. Further S it was a dull, cloudy day with more falls of snow, leading to some large accumulations on parts of Hampshire. Snow depths included 19 cm at Odiham at 2100 GMT, 14 cm at Brize Norton at 1800 GMT and 13 cm at Bealach No Ba at 2100 GMT. Earlier in the day Chivenor reported a depth of 10 cm at 0000 GMT. (St Helier 7.7C, Okehampton -0.5C maximum, Braemar -15.4C minimum, Frittenden 16.6 mm, Katesbridge 7.4 h.)

The main area snow gradually died out over S England overnight into the 2nd. Air frost was widespread before dawn, being locally severe again in parts of N Scotland. Wintry showers continued near, and some way inland from, N-facing coasts, but much of the country had a sunny, cold day. Snow melted only slowly during the day; by 2100 GMT reported depths included 3 cm at South Uist Range, 7 cm at Carlisle, 6 cm at Culdrose RNAS, 4 cm at Larkhill and 2 cm at Guernsey Airport. Lying snow continued to cause problems in parts of southern England, with abandoned cars on roads and a hospital urging extra nursing staff to come in. Dozens of empty vehicles belonging to stranded drivers could be seen in Basingstoke this morning. The town's hospital has urged people not to use its A&E department if possible, after deciding not to discharge many patients. (Isles of Scilly 7.5C, Achnagart 0.2C maximum, Tulloch Bridge -12.4C minimum, Goudhurst 14.4 mm, Aldergrove 8.3 h.)

High pressure gave way to fronts over N and W areas of the British Isles on the 3rd with falls of rain, preceded by snow in the cold air, spreading across these areas. Most areas had an air frost (again sharp in parts of N Scotland), although some coastal areas and SW Ireland remained above 0C. Most places SE of a line Exeter-The Wash had a sunny day with some sunshine further W over England ahead of the advancing frontal cloud. Snow cover persisted in places across parts of Cent S England and in neighbouring counties to the W. At 2100 GMT 3 cm of snow was lying at Mumbles, with 4 cm at Sule Skerry at 1500 GMT. (Plymouth 10.6C, Fylingdales 1.7C maximum, Braemar -12.6C minimum, Okehampton 11.6 mm, East Malling 8.8 h.)

A series of fronts crossed all areas from the W during the 4th. The day dawned after a cloudy and mild night with minimum temperatures above 8C in S Ireland and Cornwall. Rain affected all areas overnight but was largely confined to the SE quarter of England during the day as brighter weather, with some showers in the N, followed the rain. It was a notably sunny day across much of Ireland, while fog formed across much of S England in the evening. (Cardiff Bute Park 13.9C, Loch Glascarnoch 2.8C maximum, Lentran -0.3C minimum, Eskdalemuir 22.8 mm, Morpeth Cockle Park 7.3 h.)

A ridge of high pressure gave a widespread air frost early on the 5th away from W and S Ireland, SW England, W Scotland and the Northern Isles. Rain was falling in parts of SW England and across much of Ireland by dawn as a frontal system moved NE'wards here. Elsewhere there was widespread mist and fog across England. A rather cold day followed for many, with the fog clearing only slowly, although across Ireland and in Wales and SW England temperatures rose above 10C. It was cloudy in all areas after some early sunshine in coastal areas of E Scotland and NE England. A band of heavy rain spread from the W across the whole country from late afternoon. (North Wyke 13.4C, Strathallan 2.5C maximum, Braemar -6.3C minimum, Murlough 25.8 mm, Kirkwall 4.9 h.)

Overnight rain cleared away to the E shortly after dawn on the 6th, introducing a mild flow from the SW. Parts of E Scotland had a slight air frost but in SW Ireland minimum temperatures did not drop below 8C in many places. Some rain affected W Scotland during the day at times, while a larger area of rain affected S and Cent Ireland later in the day as a shallow low moved NE'wards towards the coast of SW Ireland by 1800 GMT. Many parts of England and Wales were cloudy during he day with some mist, while the rain in the W spread across much of Ireland and S England in the evening. (Herstmonceux 12.1C, Dalwhinnie 4.3C maximum, Fyvie Castle -2.1C minimum, Achnagart 19.2 mm, Aldergrove 5.1 h.)

Low pressure over the Irish Sea at 0000 GMT on the 7th moved slowly E'wards during the day which was rather cloudy in some areas as a result. England, Wales and Ireland were rather wet overnight while parts of N and Cent Scotland had an air frost. Showers followed the rain in most places but across N England the rain persisted into the afternoon. It turned mild, especially in S and Cent England, but further rain affected W Scotland in the evening. (Hereford 11.0C, Braemar 4.0C maximum, Fyvie Castle -1.0C minimum, Capel Curig 40.0 mm, Shoeburyness 7.6 h.)

A deep area of low pressure (storm Erik - centre 956 mb to the N of Ireland at 1200 GMT) on the 8th spread wet and windy conditions across all areas. By 1800 GMT the low was centred to the N of Stornoway (955 mb) and as the rain cleared it turned mild in all areas, but with widespread showers. It turned sunny across Ireland and W Wales, but most other areas remained rather cloudy. Earlier in the day Capel Curig reported a gust of 86 mph. Two men died in separate storm-related incidents on the roads in Devon and in Wales, the latter due to a falling tree. (Linton on Ouse 12.5C, Cassley 5.4C maximum, Fyvie Castle -2.8C minimum, Shap 52.6 mm, Dublin Airport 5.1 h.)

By 1200 GMT on the 9th storm Erik was centred SW of Shetland with a central pressure of 964 mb. There were gusts of up to 75 mph in the most exposed areas of Wales and N England overnight and at first, and it was a wet night over much of N England, S and W Scotland, with blustery showers elsewhere. It turned brighter during the day with the heaviest rain and showers across N Scotland. There were longer spells of rain over southern England in the evening due to a developing frontal wave. It was generally a mild day. A kite-surfer died after getting into difficulty in high winds on a beach in north Devon as Storm Erik battered the UK for a second day, and the weather has caused widespread delays and disruption to transport. On the trains, speed restrictions of 80mph were imposed on the London North Eastern Railway between Leeds and York and on trains on the Tyne Valley line between Newcastle and Carlisle, according to rail operator Northern. (Kew Gardens 11.4C, Spadeadam 5.8C maximum, Drumalbin 1.4C minimum, Shap 34.8 mm, Leeming 7.0 h.)

A complex area of low pressure over the British Isles on the 10th led to a windy and showery day. There was an early air frost in parts of E and Cent Scotland with widespread outbreaks of rain over S and Cent areas of England overnight. During the day rainfall was heaviest in areas of NE Scotland and E England with most other areas having sunny spells at times. Later in the day a low pressure system over Ireland gave rain to Ireland and Wales. (St Helier 9.4C, Lough Fea 4.5C maximum, Aboyne -4.5C minimum, Trawsgoed 25.0 mm, Leuchars 8.1 h.)

A N'ly flow on the 11th led to an early air frost in parts of E Britain, but I many areas there were showery outbreaks overnight. A ridge of high pressure built from the W during the day, which was sunny away from W Ireland, W and N Scotland. Rain spread E'wards into W Scotland later. S areas of England Wales and Ireland were quite mild. (Cardiff Bute Park 12.6C, Lerwick 3.4C maximum, Topcliffe -4.2C minimum, Sennybridge 5.0 mm, Morecambe 8.3 h.)

Many inland areas of England and E Scotland had an air frost on the 12th. There was some rain overnight in W Ireland and N and W areas of Scotland, while mist and some fog patches formed in parts of England and Wales. During the day there was a little rain in some W areas of the British Isles, but amounts were small under high pressure and the day was generally mild. With frontal cloud in the N and W, it was East Anglia and SE England where the best of the sunshine was to be found. (Giants Causeway 13.7 C, Tredegar Bryn Bach Park 7.3C maximum, Santon Downham -3.1C minimum, Achnagart 13.8 mm, Shoeburyness 7.4 h.)

After dawn on the 13th the British Isles lay under a warm sector for much of the day. Cloudy skies meant an absence of air frost at low levels, while the best of the sunshine was to be found close to the English Channel. Some light rain fell in parts of N England and Scotland as the advancing warm front moved N'wards. E England had some mist in places at first, and further mist formed in S England in the evening. It was mild, locally very mild in the north. (Kinloss 14.0C, Bainbridge 7.4C maximum, Braemar 0.5C minimum, Kielder Castle 5.2 mm, Jersey Airport 8.5 h.)

High pressure centred to the SE of the UK on the 14th dominated the weather, although a weak front gave some cloud and rain across N Scotland. A few places in Cent and S England had a slight air frost while in Valentia the overnight minimum temperature was 10.5C. After early mist and fog in most parts of England, it was a sunny across England, Wales and E Ireland. Most places were mild, and locally warm well away from onshore winds. (Bala 16.1C, Dundrennan 7.4C maximum, Charlwood -3.5C minimum, Cassley 7.8 mm, Camborne and Jersey Airport 9.3 h.

Pressure remained high in the SE on the 15th but fronts close to W areas gave a dull day in W Scotland and W Ireland. E Scotland and Cent and E areas of England had an air frost with mist and fog patches being widespread around dawn across England. The cloudy W areas had some light rain and drizzle during the day elsewhere many areas had prolonged sunshine and locally very warm conditions especially where the foehn effect took hold. (Rhyl 17.5C, Inverbervie 8.3C maximum, Eskdalemuir -4.5C minimum, Tiree 7.6 mm, Jersey Airport 9.4 h.)

The 16th was sunny across N England, E Ireland and SW Scotland but rather cloudier elsewhere. There was an early air frost in parts of SE England with rain (heavy in places) across N and W Scotland overnight. S, Cent and E England had early mist and fog and a little rain fell during the day in W Ireland. It was another mild day in all areas. (Chivenor 14.2C, Lerwick 6.7C maximum, Charlwood -2.3C minimum, Fair Isle 18.4 mm, Leconfield 8.6 h.)

Low pressure to the W of Ireland on the 17th pushed frontal rain across Ireland and W Scotland overnight and this then also spread into Wales and SW England before dying out the front reaching E areas as little more than an area of cloud. Ahead of the rain much of E and Cent Britain was bright or sunny for some time. Most places were quite mild, with the brighter areas in the east being warm. It became sunny in W Ireland once the rain had cleared there. (Northolt 15.6C, Inverbervie 8.5C maximum, Charlwood -1.3C minimum, Tyndrum 13.6 mm, Weybourne 8.3 h.)

Frontal bands of cloud and rain affected all areas at times on the 18th. The heaviest rain was across Ireland and W Scotland earlier in the day it then turned sunnier here and across Wales later. NE England and W Scotland was also sunny for a time, but showery outbreaks continued across Ireland and W Scotland during the day. In parts of SE England the main rainband produced only very small amounts of rain. (Plymouth 12.7C, Dalwhinnie 5.2C maximum, Bainbridge 1.9C minimum, Tyndrum 22.4 mm, Lerwick 7.3 h.)

E Scotland and E and Cent England had sunny spells on the 19th; elsewhere it was a cloudy day with showers in the W giving way to rain that spread across Ireland by midday before reaching E Scotland and E wales by early evening. Under clearer skies in the S there was a little early air frost in parts of Cent S England. The warmest conditions were in E and S England. (Writtle 12.5C, Dalwhinnie 5.1C maximum, Hurn -2.4C minimum, Killowen 17.8 mm, Guernsey Airport 9.2.h)

The 20th was a rather cloudy day away from the extreme SE of England and the Channel Islands. Away from the SE corner of England most places had spells of rain at times more especially across Scotland and N England before dawn. Under a warm sector it was mild day, these mild conditions being noteworthy in NE Scotland. (Kinloss 14.9C, Eskdalemuir 8.0C maximum, Lerwick 2.8C minimum, Capel Curig 30.2 mm, Guernsey Airport 8.6 h.)

On the 21st many districts were bright or sunny, and it became unseasonably warm quite widely, well away from windward coasts. There were cloudier areas, especially in the N, and towards coasts of Cent S and SE England. Some frontal rain fell in parts of the NW Scotland. Although it was cooler across Ireland, 16C-18C was reached in many places from N Devon through Cent and E England to NE Scotland). Aboyne broke Scotland's February temperature record which had stood for more than 120 years. The highest temperature previously recorded for the month in Scotland was 17.9C in Aberdeen on 22 February 1897; Aboyne reached 18.3C today. (Aboyne 18.3C, Eskdalemuir 8.6C maximum, Fyvie Castle -1.0C, Capel Curig 12.6 mm, Manston 8.8 h.)

On the 22nd fog was widespread across Cent, E and S areas of England. The fog cleared, but it stayed cloudy over much of central southern England; temperatures were not far from normal here. There was also a lot of cloud Scotland and Ireland, but it was mild or very mild, except near windward coasts, here and in Wales. The evening was wet over western- and northernmost Scotland and in W Ireland. During the afternoon, thick fog rolled in from the southern North Sea across Thames Estuary regions, and then across much of Essex and Suffolk in the evening. (Gogerddan 18.1C, St Catherine's Point 7.6C maximum, Pershore -0.5C minimum, Tyndrum 2.2 mm, Weybourne 9.3 h.)

High pressure prevailed over E areas on the 23rd and many parts of Cent and E England dawned foggy as a result. The fog soon cleared, and these areas then became sunny and warm or very warm. Western and northern districts were fairly cloudy and mild or very mild with some rain, but there were brighter intervals. The rain was brought by a cold front and it felt cooler across Ireland and a result. (Kew Gardens 17.8C, Bridlington 9.0C maximum, South Newington -1.1C minimum, Tyndrum 6.0 mm, East Malling 9.8 h.)

E Ireland, S Scotland and much of England and Wales had mist and fog on the 24th which was slow to clear in places. A cloudy day followed across Ireland despite the presence of high pressure across the British Isles. It was a sunny, and warm or very warm (except near some windward coasts), day over much of England and Wales, and parts of E Scotland. It was cloudier, though mostly mild, elsewhere with some drizzle, and hill and coastal fog. Heavier rain affected the W Ireland and W and NW Scotland later in the evening. (Gogerddan 19.1C, Leuchars 7.0C maximum, Braemar -3.2C minimum, Tiree 1.2 mm, Manston 10.0 h.)

Many inland areas of England and S Scotland had an air frost on the 25th with fog patches in places. Much of England and Wales then had a very sunny day with over 9 h of bright sunshine in most areas. There was also record-breaking February warmth for many - although temperatures were lower over areas of North Yorkshire where it was foggy until early afternoon. Temperatures were also well above normal over N regions; there was some rain across N Scotland and in some W areas of Scotland. Notable maxim temperatures included 20.6C at Trawsgoed, 20.4C at Northolt, 20.0C at Bala, 19.0C at Rhyl and 18.7C at Loftus; relative humidity fell below 20% in places in the afternoon. 20.6C at Trawsgoed, Ceredigion, broke the UK's record for February, set when the temperature reached 19.7C in Greenwich in 1998. A new English record was also set by the 20.4C at Northolt. (Trawsgoed 20.6C, Lerwick 9.5C maximum, South Newington -3.9C minimum, Harris Quidnish 10.4 mm, East Malling 10.3 h.)

The 26th dawned after another air frost in parts of England and Wales, S Scotland and in parts of E Ireland. Another sunny day followed except in W Scotland and W Ireland, with further remarkable diurnal temperature ranges. At Reading 20.0 degC was the greatest daily temperature range in a record back to 1908. A weak front gave mainly cloud across N Scotland. A few places reported in excess of 10 h of sunshine in E Ireland, Wales and England. The UK broke the record for its warmest winter day for the second consecutive day, with a temperature of 21.2C in Kew Gardens, London. Temperatures broke the previous day's record of 20.6C in two other places - Porthmadog in NW Wales hit 20.8C while temperatures of 20.7C were reported in Teddington, SW London. (Kew Gardens 21.2C, Lerwick 9.5C maximum, Topcliffe -3.8C minimum, Isles of Scilly 0.2mm, East Malling 10.4 h.)

Many inland parts of England, Wales and S Scotland again had an air frost on the 27th with mist, haze or fog patches being widespread across S Scotland, Wales, England and Ireland by dawn. Another widely sunny day followed (except in parts of S Ireland and N Scotland). (Heathrow 19.2C, Thomastown 7.3C maximum, Aboyne -3.8C minimum, Lerwick 0.6 mm, East Malling 10.6 h (a suspect sunshine total).)

The 28th was a rather cloudy day as front spread rain N'wards in the S. However, despite the cloud, it was again quite mild for the time of year in S Britain. Away from NE England and E Scotland there was little morning air frost, but mist and haze were widespread around dawn across the British Isles. (Cavendish 14.5C, Spadeadam 5.0C maximum, Ravensworth -2.8C minimum, Okehampton 15.1 mm, Cork Airport 3.9 h.)

British Isles weather, March 2019

Fronts under a large area of high pressure on the 1st led to a rather cloudy day. There was some rain in the SE corner of England at first; otherwise the day was mainly dry until rain spread from the W across Ireland and into W areas of Britain in the afternoon and evening. Temperatures were slightly above normal with early air frost in parts of N Scotland. 16 mm of rain fell in the 12 hours ending 1800 GMT at Sherkin Island. (Trawsgoed 13.6C, Lerwick 5.8C maximum, Baltasound -0.5C minimum, Derrylin Cornahoule 10.4 mm, Aldergrove 4.7 h.)

The 2nd was a rather cloudy day as spells of rain moved E'wards. Away from high ground in W Britain falls were generally slight and, despite the cloudy cover, the day was mainly mild for the time of year. Later in the day a deep depression (named storm Freya) approached the Western Isles (centre 964 mb to the W of Stornoway), resulting in an increase in wind speeds. (Heathrow 15.1C, Resallach 7.3C maximum, Tain Range -0.5C minimum, Capel Curig 27.4 mm, Guernsey Airport 4.8 h.)

Storm Freya moved towards the N of Shetland by midday on the 3rd, while a wave depression (centre 981 mb at 1200 GMT just SW of Cork) moved towards SE Scotland during the second half of the day. Rain affected N Scotland overnight with another rain area clearing SE England. The second low pushed more rain NE'wards across most of the country. Following Freya it was quite sunny over E and NE Scotland. The rain cleared from much of England and Wales during the afternoon, but heavy showers edged into S coastal areas of England in the evening and it turned windy n the S. In the aftermath of Freya fallen trees and power lines were. Some roads have also been closed due to flooding and homes left without power. Mumbles reported a gust to 76 mph with a gust of 74 mph at Capel Curig. It was cold over Ireland with falls of snow in places. (Cardiff Bute Park 14.0C, Glenanne 5.7C maximum, Altnahinch Filters 2.5C minimum, Kinlochewe 32.4 mm, Dyce 6.5 h.)

There was a brisk W'ly flow across the British Isles on the 4th. Overnight rain in S and SE areas of the UK mainly cleared overnight and was followed by a showery day with sunny spells. After a cold night in Ireland there was a warning of icy roads there at first, especially in W areas. Icy conditions were also reported in several towns throughout south Leinster and in County Tipperary. (Sheffield 11.7C, Killylane 4,2C maximum, Katesbridge -1.4C minimum, Blencathra 21.2 mm, Weybourne 7.0 h.)

Pressure remained generally low to the W on the 5th. Overnight, parts of E Scotland had an air frost and there was widespread rain and showers across Ireland, and in some W areas of Britain. Areas of N Scotland, Cent England and East Anglia had a sunny day before rain moved from the W across much of England, Wales and Ireland during the afternoon and evening. Daytime temperatures were mostly rather below normal in the N and rather above in the S. (Weybourne 13.0C, Salsburgh 5.0C maximum, Aboyne -6.9C minimum, Eskdalemuir 28.4 mm, Stornoway 9.7 h.)

An area of low pressure moved NE'wards across the British Isles on the 6th, being located with a centre of 975 mb over SW Scotland at 2400 GMT. E Scotland had a sharp air frost in places before dawn but further S it was a mainly mild night with widespread rainfall that was especially heavy across Ireland. The rain continued to move N'wards during the day, becoming showery across England, Wales and Ireland. It was a cold day across N and Cent Scotland, but milder further S and with little sunshine away from W Ireland. (Pershore College 15.0C, Dalwhinnie 3.4C maximum, Braemar -5.7C minimum, Libanus 52.4 mm, Shannon Airport 3.5 h.)

The low centre moved NE'wards away from Scotland on the 7th, introducing a cooler flow from the N in E areas, although further W this was superseded by a W'ly ridge flow. Overcast skies and spells of rain extended southwards as far as the Midlands; further W and S there were showers and sunny spells, with the best of the sunshine being largely across W Ireland. Windy conditions early in the day gradually gave way to lighter winds as the pressure rose from the W. (Heathrow 12.5C, Dalwhinnie 4.6C maximum, Albemarle 1.6C minimum, Capel Curig 50.4 mm, Cork Airport 10.2 h.)

Many inland areas as far S as Cent Ireland and the Midlands had an air frost on the 8th as rain cleared E Britain in the early hours. A sunny day followed over E England, ahead of frontal cloud that heralded areas of frontal rain that spread to all areas eventually by late evening. Falls were heavy in W areas, with some snow over high ground in N Scotland. Away from Ireland and S England it was a cold day. (Roches Point 13.7C, Dalwhinnie 3.7C maximum Dalwhinnie -4.7C minimum, Capel Curig 24.4 mm, Tibenham Airfield 5.2 h.)

The 9th brought outbreaks of sleet and snow to S Scotland, N England and N Ireland along with some thundery outbreaks. This soon cleared E'wards, followed by showers. There was little early air frost away from this wintry area, while later in the day a shallow low (centre 999 mb in SW Ireland at 2400 GMT) pushed frontal rain from the SW across much of Ireland, Wales and S and Cent England by late evening. (Shoreham 14.7C, Fair Isle 4.3C maximum, Killylane -0.5C minimum, Fair Isle 18.6 mm, Dyce 9.6 h.)

An area of low pressure moving E'wards across S areas of the British Isles early on the 10th gave a wet night in the S half of the British Isles. Parts of Scotland had a sharp air frost and the night was generally cool in N Britain. As the rain pushed NE'wards there was snow on the northern edge of the rain area over parts of the Midlands. The rain, and some snow, cleared E and NE England in the afternoon. A showery day followed once the rain had cleared these were heavy across parts of Scotland and contained some hail, thunder and snow. It was mild in S England but quite cold in parts of N Ireland and Scotland. (Shoreham 12.0C, Resallach 2.1C maximum, Braemar -5.1C minimum, Harris Quidnish 21.6 mm, Guernsey Airport 8.7 h.)

The 11th was windy for much of the time. Overnight there were widespread showers over Ireland and W Britain with much of England, Wales and Scotland then having a sunny day as the winds eased a little. However, a deep low moving towards W Scotland pressure around 986 mb in the Western Isles at 2400 GMT led to an increase in wind speeds later as bands of frontal rain moved across Ireland and Scotland in the afternoon and evening. Rain also affected much of England, apart from the SE, in the evening. (Plymouth 12.7C, Dalwhinnie 4.9C maximum, Drumnadrochit -1.5C minimum, Thomastown 17.2 mm, East Malling 10.8 h.)

A deep area of low pressure (storm Gareth) moved across Scotland on the 12th - centre 971 mb close to Aberdeen at 2400 GMT. This led to a windy day in all areas, and especially across Wales, Ireland and Scotland. An area of occasionally heavy rain moved SE'wards during the morning, bringing a drop in both temperature and wind. Brighter weather then followed. Over Scotland and Northern Ireland, after a bright start it became very showery with some longer spells of rain, hill snow, and thunder in parts of NW Scotland. Roads were closed and flights and ferry services affected as winds began to build. Flights from Cardiff to Edinburgh and Belfast were delayed and ferry services between Pembroke and Rosslare and Dublin and Holyhead were affected. At Malin Head, County Donegal, gusts reached 80 mph while winds gusted to 62 mph at Orlock Head. (Exeter Airport 10.9C, Braemar 4.6C maximum, Dalwhinnie 0.4C minimum, Shap 64.4 mm, Kinloss 8.1 h.)

The effects of storm Gareth were still being felt on the 13th, although the strong winds and showers gradually eased. Most places then had a bright day with temperatures close to, or slightly above, normal. However, further frontal rain pushed across Ireland and into W Wales and W Scotland by early evening. Some of the showers were heavy earlier in the day. A Cumbrian family spoke of their "terror" after their house caught fire when it was struck by lightning during Storm Gareth. Lightning shot down the chimney of the house in Cotehill, near Carlisle, sending a gas fire hurtling across the room in the early hours. The storm left more than 2,000 people in Cumbria without power and caused overnight wind gusts up to 70 mph. The strong winds brought trains between Durham and Newcastle to a halt after overhead electric wires were damaged. P&O Ferries said Wednesday morning crossings between Dover and Calais were delayed by up to 90 minutes, which resulted in long delays for motorists on the M20 in Kent. SEPA put out flood alerts for nine areas: Ayrshire and Arran, Argyll and Bute, Central, Dumfries and Galloway, Scottish Borders, Skye and Lochaber, Tayside, West Central Scotland and Western Isles. Several roads in Gwynedd, Powys and Carmarthenshire had to be closed due to fallen trees. There were also delays of up to 30 minutes on Virgin Trains West Coast services between Holyhead and Flint due to adverse weather conditions. (Bridlington 13.1C, Pennerley 6.5C maximum, Wick Airport -0.4C minimum, Braemar 29.6 mm, Boulmer 8.6 h.)

A series of fronts spread across the British Isles to give most places spells of rain at times on the 14th. The cloudy skies meant a mild night across S and Cent areas of England, Wales and Ireland while away from S Ireland and SW England most places had sunny periods at times during the day. During the day it was mainly mild, despite rather windy conditions. (St James Park 16.1C, Dalwhinnie 6.6C maximum, Baltasound 0.9C minimum, Lake Vyrnwy 33.8 mm, Boulmer 9.0 h.)

A warm sector crossed S areas of the UK early on the 15th and fronts remained over, or close to, S and N areas of the UK throughout the day. The day dawned after a generally mild night (minimum temperatures above 10C overnight in parts of S England and S Ireland. It remained cloudy during the day across Wales and the S half of England and Ireland these areas saw further patchy rain during the day. Scotland had a rather showery day, while further rain spread across Ireland, Wales and much of England later in the day as a warm sector edged N'wards. (Writtle 15.8C, Dalwhinnie 3.8C maximum, Loch Glascarnoch 0.8C minimum, Kinlochewe 31.4 mm Leuchars 10.1 h.)

A low pressure centre tracked from SW of Ireland to E of Shetland (centre 981 mb in SW Scotland at 1200 GMT) on the 16th, drawing a warm sector across many areas ahead of cold fronts and a showery airstream. A cloudy day resulted. S parts of the UK had light falls of rain and drizzle until heavier falls in the evening. It was a wet day in most other areas, especially over hills and mountains (Capel Curig recorded 93 mm in the 12 hours ending 1800 GMT), and snow fell at first over N England and S Scotland as the main rain area advanced N'wards. It was mild and windy in the warm sector, and cold on the N side of the depression. Homes were flooded at Betws-y-Coed and Llanrwst in Conwy county. Strong winds also caused disruption to roads, bringing down trees and more than 700 properties in south Wales and Ruthin, Denbighshire, experienced power cuts. (Hawarden 13.5C, Dalwhinnie 0.7C maximum, Dalwhinnie -0.3C minimum, Capel Curig 137.6 mm, Lerwick 2.4 h.)

A brisk NW'ly surface flow on the 17th led to a day of showers and sunny spells. There was a widespread ground first across much of Ireland, Scotland and N England with overnight showers falling as snow in some places in these regions. There was also some hail in places and isolated reported on thunder in the convective showers in Cent S and SE England. (Armagh 12.2C, Balmoral 4.1C maximum, Killylane -1.3C minimum, Resallach 16.4 mm, Leconfield and Cork Airport 9.1 h.)

Overnight into the 18th there was air frost in parts of NE England and E Scotland with showers across much of Ireland and in W Scotland. The showers, and more general areas of frontal rain, spread to most areas during the day, although E Scotland remained mainly dry. Most places were rather cool during the day and rather dull away from the E half of the UK. (Murlough 13.0C, Okehampton 6.2C maximum, Loch Glascarnoch -4.7C minimum, Altnahinch Filters 9.0 mm, Lerwick and Kirkwall 10.6 h.)

Fronts moving slowly E'wards on the 19th led to a rather cloudy day. There was a slight air frost in some parts of E Scotland with widespread mist across England and in parts of E Ireland and Wales by dawn. Rainfall amounts were generally slight and, although sunshine was scarce in many districts, it was a mostly mild day. (Derrylin Cornahoule 15.5C, Lerwick 8.2C maximum, Aboyne -3.0C minimum, Stonyhurst 5.4 mm, Cork Airport 6.4 h.)

High pressure became established across S areas on the 20th - MSL pressure above 1032 mb over much of Wales, the Midlands and S England by late evening. There were widespread mist or fog patches over Wales, Ireland, England and S Scotland by dawn, but most areas of the British Isles had a mild night under a warm sector. Fronts to the N of the warm sector gave some rain to N Scotland and it was chilly with coastal fog around some northern Irish Sea coasts. It was cloudy in some areas but became quite warm in the Midlands and in adjacent areas. (Sheffield 19.4C, St Bees Head 7.9C maximum, Kinbrace 4.1C minimum, Baltasound 11.2 mm, Shawbury 10.3 h.)

Pressure remained generally high on the 21st but the flow shifted to a more SW'ly direction. A mild night in all areas was accompanied by mist and fog formation across many parts of England, Wales and Ireland. Patchy rain affected (mainly W) areas of Scotland during the day with N England and E Scotland seeing the best of the sunshine. Much of S England was rather dull. It became warm in some E areas. (Bridlington 18.0C, Lerwick 8.8C maximum, Cavendish 3.3C minimum, Resallach 17.2 mm, Lerwick 10.5 h.)

A cold front moved SE'wards across Ireland, Scotland and W England on the 22nd bringing falls of rain that decreased in intensity as the day progressed. Ahead of the rain there was a mild night in most areas; it turned cooler with some showers behind the rain area these fell as snow over some parts of N Scotland in the evening. Much of England, Wales and S Scotland had a dull day. (Hull East Park 14.7C, Dalwhinnie 8.0C maximum, Baltasound 5.2C minimum, Achnagart 25.2 mm, Jersey Airport 10.0 h.)

Pressure rose during the 23rd leading to a day with sunny periods in most areas, away from S England where a weak cold front maintained a band of cloud. There was some early mist associated with this front around dawn in parts of Se England. Apart from a few showers in the NW Scotland, most places were dry - bright or sunny in the N. (Chertsey Abbey Mead 14.2C, Spadeadam 7.0C maximum, Aboyne -1.3C minimum, Cassley 9.0 mm, Kirkwall 9.8 h.)

The high pressure on the 24th led to an early air frost in a few places as far S as Cent Ireland and Cent S England. It became locally warm in S England with many places in the S half of England and Wales having in excess of 10 h of bright sunshine. Further N, a narrowing and weakening band of showery rain moved S'wards across Scotland and N England, with quite a few further showers following across W and N Scotland. (St James Park 15.1C, Dalwhinnie 5.5C maximum, Topcliffe 2.7C minimum, Kinlochewe 28.4 mm, Lyneham 11.5 h.)

High pressure persisted over the British Isles on the 25th, the central pressure being 1038 mb just SW of Ireland throughout the day. Much of England, Wales and S Scotland had a sunny day again above 10 h of sunshine in many places but it was cloudier elsewhere due to a decaying, weak front over Ireland and Scotland. (Mumbles Head 14.6C, Baltasound 7.6C maximum, Kielder Castle -1.2C minimum, Fyvie Castle 6.6 mm, Morecambe 11.7 h.)

Air frost was quite widespread across S and Cent England on the 26th, with occurrences in a few other places. At Reading University this proved to be the only air frost (albeit only very slight) of the entire month. A mainly mild day followed over Ireland, Wales and England under high pressure and another very sunny day in S districts. There was some rain in W and N Scotland. (Usk No.2 15.1C, Salsburgh 7.2C maximum, Benson -3.6C minimum, Resallach 20.0 mm, Camborne 11.9 h.)

Pressure remained high on the 27th (centre 1038 mb off S Ireland at 2400 GMT) giving another mainly dry day. Parts of N and Cent Scotland (earlier in the day) were the exceptions to this. N Scotland had a mild night while any air frost was patchy and mainly across S Wales, S and Cent England. S Ireland, SW England and S Wales had a sunny day elsewhere it was cloudier. It turned quite warm in the sunnier areas during the day. (Cardiff Bute Park 16.6C, Lerwick 8.6C maximum, Llysdinam -1.8C minimum, Cassley 5.2 mm, Exeter Airport 12.0 h.)

Although the high pressure centred moved E'wards on the 28th another sunny day ensued across Ireland, Wales and England after localised but slight air frost here. There were a few fog patches at first in S Ireland, and in S areas of England and Wales, while any rainfall amounts were slight and were mainly confined to N Scotland early in the day. Misty conditions formed in S England in the evening. (Fyvie Castle 16.8C, Loch Glascarnoch 8.9C maximum, Sennybridge -3.2C minimum, Kinlochewe 2.8 mm, Aberporth 11.8 h.)

Pressure fell on the 29th and a cold front edged SE'wards across N Scotland. Away from Scotland, there were a few fog patches and local frost (this mainly over England and Wales) at first, then most places here were sunny and warm. However, N Ireland and W Ireland was cloudier and it later became wet in NW Scotland. (Sheffield 19.0C, Lerwick 7.9C maximum, Ravensworth -2.3C minimum, Kinlochewe 19.2 mm, East Malling 12.6 h.)

Overnight into the 30th there was some patchy fog and slight frost over England and Wales, whilst patchy rain moved SE'wards across Scotland. The rain then affected parts of N England during the day. Brighter weather with seasonable temperatures extended S'wards over Scotland and Northern Ireland, with a few showers in N Scotland. Most of S England and S Wales was sunny and warm or very warm; there were a few showers in the afternoon over East Anglia. (Kew Gardens 19.8C, Loch Glascarnoch 6.7C maximum, Ravensworth -3.9C minimum, Achnagart 8.8 mm, Jersey Airport and Guernsey Airport 11.3 h.)

A cold front overnight into the 31st pushed rain S'wards in places, mainly in E areas, across England and Wales overnight. Under the clearer skies behind the rain over Scotland and N Ireland there was a sharp frost in places. Many places had quite a sunny day, though the cloud was slow to break over much of S England and S Wales, and it was also fairly cloudy over N England. (Jersey Airport 15.9C, Baltasound 7.0C maximum, Tulloch Bridge -6.0C minimum, Chillingham Barns 0.8 mm, Tiree 11.8 h.)

British Isles weather, April 2019

High pressure in the E of the UK led to some air frost early on the 1st in E counties of England and Scotland, while cloudier skies meant a warmer night in the W as fronts pushed slowly E'wards. Rain spread across Scotland and Ireland, and into NW England and Wales in the evening. Much of England (away from the extreme N) and Wales had a sunny day ahead of the advancing cloud. (Gosport Fleetlands 16.9C, Salsburgh 5.0C maximum, Aboyne -5.8C minimum, Achnagart 12.4 mm, East Malling 11.5h.)

There was a widespread ground frost on the 2nd in inland areas away from N England, Wales and SW England with an air frost in parts of Northern Ireland, Cent Scotland and E England. Rain moved SE'wards across many areas overnight and during the morning, to be followed by showery weather in most areas during the day. These fell as hail and snow in Scotland and N England with some isolated thundery outbreaks in S Britain. It remained dull and wet across NE Scotland during the day, with sunny periods in most other areas. A snowstorm caused a 24-vehicle pile-up on a motorway in Lancashire; the M55 was closed in both directions after the sudden hail and snow caused the collision shortly before 2100 GMT. Drivers said the road was like a "skating rink". One driver said that "torrential hail" came from nowhere and seemed to "just stick and turn the road into a skating ring". (Hurn 12.0C, Craibstone 4.6C maximum, Katesbridge -3.1C minimum, Morpeth Cockle Park 21.0 mm, Tiree 8.4 h.)

A shallow area of low pressure (centre about 995 mb) moved slowly SW'wards over Scotland on the 3rd. An area of rain, with snow in many places overnight and at first, affected areas of Scotland, Northern Ireland and NW England. Most inland areas of England had an overnight air frost. During the day the rain moved SW'wards to affect much of E Ireland, Wales and SW England. After early fog in E areas of England there were some falls of showery rain here with some hail and isolated thunder. The day was cold with the best of any sunshine in parts of W Ireland. During the day snow was fell as far S as the Midlands, while in Scotland drivers were warned of hazardous driving conditions on the A9 in the Highlands because of snow and high winds. (Heathrow 10.9C, Spadeadam 3.1C maximum, Hurn -4.0C minimum, Aviemore 41.8 mm, Shannon Airport 9.6 h.)

An area of low pressure remained centred over or close to S wales on the 4th (centred 985 mb at 1200 GMT). An area of rain and heavy showers, with snow in places at first, moved NE'wards across much of England, Wales and Northern Ireland reaching SW Scotland later, although there were only a few showers, and sunny spells, in E England. Parts of E England and E Scotland had an overnight air frost. Much of Scotland was dry with some sunshine, although there was some rain in the N. It was quite windy over much of England due to the presence of the low. (Coningsby 11.9C, Lake Vyrnwy 2.7C maximum, Santon Downham -3.8C minimum, Cardiff Bute Park 31.0 mm, Manston 9.2 h.)

Scotland and E England had little rain on the 5th as the low centre moved slowly SW'wards. These areas, along with W Ireland, then saw the sunniest conditions during the day. Overnight rain cleared slowly from SW Scotland, but it was slow to clear from E Ireland and Wales, and throughout the day much of SW England and SW Wales was wet. It was mild in the dry, sunny areas, although the wetter areas were cold. (Kew Gardens 15.2C, Tredegar Bryn Bach Park 6.9C maximum, Aboyne -0.8C minimum, Dunkeswell 31.4 mm, Stornoway 12.2 h.)

The 6th dawned after a slight air frost across parts of N Scotland. During the day the surface flow gradually became E'ly in direction. Overnight rain in Ireland and parts of W Britain cleared away W'wards and another area of rain crossed Scotland from the E. A larger area of rain affected the Channel Islands during the day the overall result being that the best of the sunshine, quite prolonged in many areas, was to be found over Ireland, Wales and W England. Many of these sunny areas were quite mild for the time of year. (Levens Hall 15.3C, Salsburgh 5.8C maximum, Braemar -5.2C minimum, Cardinham 17.2 mm, Ronaldsway 12.1 h.)

The were widespread patches of mist, haze or fog around dawn on the 7th, S of Cent Scotland and across many areas of Ireland. Areas of Cent Ireland had a slight air frost, while the fog and low cloud persisted all day along parts of the E coast of England. Patchy rain moved W'wards across E England. E England, Scotland and N Ireland were rather dull, while the best of the sunshine was to be found in N Wales. (Porthmadog 16.8C, Dalwhinnie 5.0C maximum, Mullingar -2.1C minimum, Tibenham Airfield 5.2 mm, Valley 11.5 h.)

The E'ly flow with embedded fronts persisted for the 8th. England, Wales and Ireland had widespread patches of mist and fog by dawn although any ground frost was mainly confined to parts of Cent Ireland and E Scotland. Scotland was largely dry during the day, and sunny in the W. It was locally warm in parts of East Anglia and the W of the UK, but cooler in the E close to the coast; parts of E Scotland and NE England remained rather misty. Many parts of England were cloudy with outbreaks of rain in an area from Belmullet to Kent. (Santon Downham 19.6C, Pateley Bridge Ravens Nest 6.3C, Newton Rigg 1.1C minimum, Shobdon 16.4 mm, Morecambe 12.5 h.)

Any air frost on the 9th was mainly confined to parts of N, Cent and E Scotland while early mist and fog was largely restricted to Ireland, Wales, Cent and S England. Frontal cloud led to a dull day in S Ireland and S England, but much of Scotland had a very sunny and dry day. The area of rainfall moved S'wards during the day, being mainly confined to S England by late evening. Temperatures failed to reach 10C in some parts of S England under the cloudy skies. (Achnagart 16.3C, Liscombe 7.0C maximum, Aboyne -1.8C minimum, Little Rissington 10.6 mm, Kinloss 12.8 h.)

High pressure built S'wards across the British Isles on the 10th. This led to a widespread inland air frost as far S as Cent Ireland and the Midlands. The S'ward-moving rain area cleared the Channel Islands around midday. The day was cloudy in N Scotland and near some E coasts, but most districts were sunny. Many places were rather cold, and it was cold wherever there was exposure to the NE'ly winds and under cloud cover. (Tulloch Bridge 14.4C, Fair Isle 5.8C maximum, Braemar -6.8C minimum, Isles of Scilly 4.4 mm, Morecambe 13.0 h.)

High pressure centred to the NE of Shetland led to a generally settled day on the 11th. An inland air frost was widespread, except over W and Cent Ireland; much of Ireland was rather cloudy with some mist by dawn. Away from W Ireland and N Scotland both areas seeing some light falls of rain during the day it was a mainly sunny day. (Achnagart 14.0C, Dundrennan 7.6C maximum, Ravensworth -6.1C minimum, Balmoral 1.0 mm, Lyneham 12.9 h.)

High pressure continued to dominate the weather on the 12th and another widespread inland air frost resulted across the UK. A cool day followed in most areas with a little rain in parts of NE Scotland for a while. There was little persistent sunshine -in most places the day brought a mix of cloud and sunny periods. (Kinlochewe 15.2C, Inverbervie 6.0C maximum, Tulloch Bridge -4.6C minimum, Craibstone 1.6 mm, Altnaharra 10.6 h.)

High pressure on the 13th led to a widespread air frost in Cent and E areas of the UK but across Ireland cloudier skies and rain in the extreme W by dawn were a prelude to rain that spread across much of the island by midnight. 13 mm fell at Sherkin Island during 0600-1800 GMT. Rain edged into the SE quarter of the UK in the evening but most other areas of the UK remained dry and sunny during the day, with the best of the sunshine being in W areas of the UK. It was a rather cool day. (Porthmadog 12.8C, Fylingdales 6.4C maximum, Shap -5.7C minimum, Charsfield 1.8 mm, Kinloss 13.1 h.)

Pressure remained high to the NE of Shetland on the 14th and there was a widespread air frost in Cent and E areas of the UK. Rain across Ireland and in SW areas of the UK made little progress E'wards, dissipating in intensity later in the day. Many districts had a lot of cloud and some sunshine and there were showers over East Anglia. Only on Shetland was there prolonged sunshine. Shannon Airport reported 23 mm of rain in the 12 hours ending 0600 GMT while in most pkaces the temperature failed to reach 10C during the day. (Aultbea 11.8C, Okehampton 5.0C maximum, Ravensworth -5.5C minimum, Isles of Scilly 28.8 mm, Lerwick 13.0 h.)

A SE'ly flow was maintained on the b15th but it was intensified by a low centred just to the W of S Ireland. SW areas of the UK, Ireland and W Scotland had spells of rain during the day and there were some showers near NE coasts of Scotland at first. Many E and NE coastal areas were cloudy but away from Ireland, W Scotland, W Wales and SW England were quite sunny. It was cold under the cloud. (Heathrow 15.3C, Balmoral 6.9C maximum, Santon Downham -2.9C minimum, Isles of Scilly 32.2 mm, Shoeburyness 12.4 h.)

A SE'ly flow with embedded fronts towards the W of the British Isles persisted on the 16th. As a result, most places were cloudy, as the persistent rain area edged NE'wards. It weakened, becoming patchy towards the S. Further E of the rain it remained mostly cloudy the best of the sunshine was to be found in East Anglia and Kent with much of E Scotland and E England remaining largely dry during the day. Many places were rather cold, but it was locally on the warm side in the south. (St James Park 17.5C, Dalwhinnie 6.9C maximum, Santon Downham 1.1C minimum, Killowen 12.8 mm, Weybourne 9.7 h.)

England, Wales and Ireland had widespread patches of mist, fog and haze by dawn on the 17th but air frost was confined to E Ireland at low levels. During the day it remained hazy in many parts of England. There was some light rain overnight and during the morning over parts of Scotland, and during the day in parts of Ireland. Most places, away from Ireland, were quite sunny during the day and it was also warm in many areas. (Nantwich 19.4C, Fair Isle 8.6C maximum, Casement Aerodrome -1.7C minimum, Loch Glascarnoch 3.2 mm, East Malling 13.2 h.)

High pressure, centred to the NE of Shetland on the 18th, led to a dry and sunny day for most of the British Isles. Away from W Scotland there was widespread patches of mist and fog around dawn and there was some air frost in E Scotland. It became warm, except near windward coasts. (Wiggonholt 23.3C, Fair Isle 10.1C maximum, Aboyne -3.0C minimum, Kirkwall 0.2 mm, East Malling 12.4 h.)

Anticyclonic conditions prevailed on the 19th with MSL pressure around 1032 mb in E areas of the UK. Many areas had some mist and haze around dawn and the night was mild in many areas with temperatures remaining above 12C overnight in parts if S Ireland, W Wales and S England. E parts of the UK had long sunny spells further W it was a little cloudier. Away from North Sea costs it was a warm day. (Gosport Fleetlands 24.2C, Fair Isle 10.7C maximum, Shap 0.2C minimum, Strathallan trace, East Malling 13.6 h.)

On the 20th cloud and outbreaks of rain spread into W and N Scotland. Other areas were sunny and very warm, locally hot, after the clearance of early haze, mist and fog patches (mainly over England, Wales and Ireland). (Gosport Fleetlands and Bournemouth 25.5C, Harris Quidnish 11.0C maximum, South Newington 0.2C minimum, Drumnadrochit 4.0 mm, East Malling 13.8 h.)

Many areas of the British Isles had patchy mist or haze at first on the 21st, while E England had slight ground frost in places. Away from N Scotland, where there was some rain, and W Ireland (where it was rather cloudy), most places had a warm and sunny day. Three of the UK's nations recorded their highest ever Easter Sunday temperatures, the Met Office has said. Scotland's peak was 23.4C, in Edinburgh, with the same temperature reached in Cardiff. Northern Ireland beat a 95-year-old record with 21.7C at Armagh. (Heathrow 24.6C, Fair Isle 10.2C maximum, South Newington 0.3C minimum, Lerwick 8.4 mm, East Malling 13.9 h.)

A S'ly flow under high pressure on the 22nd led to another warm day. There was early ground frost in parts of E England with early mist or haze in a few areas. There were a few spots of rain in parts of Ireland and in some SW areas of the UK during the day but sunshine was widespread and prolonged in E and N England, Ireland and Scotland. It was the hottest Easter Monday on record in all four nations of the UK, the Met Office said. Outside England, the temperature hit 24.2C (75.6F) in Kinlochewe, 23.6C in Cardiff and 21.4C in Armagh. (Northolt, Heathrow and Wisley 25.0C, Fair Isle 10.5C maximum, Ravensworth -0.9C minimum, Culdrose 0.2 mm, Kirkwall 13.5 h.)

A SE'ly flow on the 23rd gave another warm day in many areas but frontal cloud gave some light rain over Ireland, S Wales and SW England overnight and during the day, with slight falls later in the day as far E as the Midlands. Most places were sunny, but also rather cloudy away from Shetland. There was a slight ground at first in E Scotland, while Saharan dust created a spectacular sunrise and was visible on cars after it fell overnight. (Porthmadog 24.8C, Fair Isle 9.7C maximum, Braemar 0.2C minimum, Culdrose 1.6 mm, Lerwick 11.7h.)

There was little air or ground frost on the 24th but by dawn an area of rain, associated with low pressure to the SW of the British Isles, had spread NE'wards across W and S Ireland, S Wales and parts of S England. The rain area continued to move N'wards during the day, although falls were slight in E and S England. By late evening falls were spread across N and Cent Ireland, N Wales, NW England and S Scotland. It was a warm day in E England and East Anglia and sunny, albeit with some cloud, across East Anglia and N Scotland. The rain was heavy at times further west, and turned thundery over the western Midlands and Lancashire for a time in the afternoon, whilst thundery showers broke out in the warm air over the NE Midlands and southern Pennines regions. (Weybourne 22.8C, Braemar 8.5C maximum, Aboyne -0.6C minimum, Scolton Country Park 16.4 mm, Stornoway 12.8 h.)

Low pressure centres to the W and S of the British Isles, and several associated fronts, meant a rather unsettled day on the 25th. Outbreaks of rain pushed N'wards during the day, affecting most areas but giving only slight falls in many places. There was some hail and thunder from SW Scotland to N Wales as the rain turned showery. Most areas saw some sunshine, although amounts were generally reduced by cloud cover. (Achnagart 18.9C, Fair Isle 9.3C maximum, Redesdale Camp 2.0C minimum, Chivenor 22.0 mm, Camborne 10.6 h.)

An area of low pressure crossed Ireland late in the evening (storm Hannah, centre 988 mb over the Irish Sea at 2400 GMT on the 26th). There was some early mist and fog in parts of E England by dawn, with frontal rain across Ireland, W Wales and SW England. Other areas of rain affected parts of Scotland overnight. During the day further spells of rain, including fronts associated with Hannah, affected most areas although E England remained largely dry. Ahead of the rain, the best of the sunshine was to be found in E Britain. There were very strong winds on the S flank of the low in the evening across Ireland. (Donna Nook 18.2C, Lake Vyrnwy 8.5C maximum, South Newington 1.0C minimum, Threave 33.4 mm, Kirkwall 10.3 h.)

Storm Hannah crossed N England during the morning of the 27th giving some heavy falls of rain across Ireland and then across N Wales and N England. Behind the rain (which persisted across some E areas of England and Scotland by late evening) it turned sunny in W Ireland and SW England. It was a blustery day to the S of the low centre. About 25,000 households were left with no power and flights were cancelled as Storm Hannah hit the west coast of Ireland overnight. ESB Networks said the areas most affected include the Iveragh and Dingle peninsulas and parts of west Cork. The damage is mainly due to trees falling on overhead lines. Peak gusts across Ireland included Mace Head 76 mph, Shannon Airport 74 mph while winds of 82mph were recorded on the Llyn Peninsula overnight and 78 mph at Pembrey Sands. A Turkish Airlines flight had to return to Birmingham Airport 30 minutes after departure because a heavy gust caused the plane's tail to strike the runway during take-off. (Kinlochewe 15.1C, Leek 5.2C maximum, Loch Glascarnoch 2.2C minimum, Capel Curig 98.0 mm, Shannon Airport 11.0 h.)

Rain in E Britain from storm Hannah had largely cleared by dawn on the 28th but further frontal rain then moved across Ireland and into W areas of Scotland, W Wales and SW England by early evening. There were showers into the afternoon over East Anglia and Kent. In many places rainfall amounts were small. As a result, E Scotland was the sunniest area during the day, and it was also warm day here in places. (Kinlochewe 18.6C, Okehampton 9.2C maximum, Shap 0.3C minimum, Leek 14.4 mm, Leuchars 11.0 h.)

By dawn on the 29th there was patchy mist and fog in many areas from S Scotland S'wards. There was also some localised air frost in parts of N England and Scotland, although Ireland had a mild night with overnight temperatures remaining above 10C in some areas. Ireland and some parts of W Britain had a cloudy day with some light rain elsewhere, there were variable amounts of cloud but some long sunny spells in places. It was locally very warm in parts of N Scotland. (Achnagart 20.5C, Glenanne 9.4C maximum, Altnaharra -2.4C minimum, Valley 5.8 mm, Kinloss 14.7 h.)

On the 30th there was patchy fog and some air frost at first in central and eastern districts, then many of these areas were quite sunny and, away from windward coasts, fairly warm. There were, though, some cloudier areas, especially over a chilly East Anglia and east Kent, and it was cloudy and chilly in the most westerly regions with patchy rain, some of it heavy over Ireland and later Northern Ireland. (Altnaharra 19.4C, Killylane 9.1C maximum, Aboyne -1.6C minimum, Murlough 19.6 mm, Brize Norton 11.6 h.)

British Isles weather, May 2019

Overnight into the 1st spells of light rain affected many parts of Ireland and W Britain, while E areas of England had patches of mist around dawn. It was a cool night N and Cent Ireland once the rain had cleared. During the day the patchy, light rain moved E'wards - although it remained mainly dry in SE England. The best of the sunshine was across Ireland and the extreme W of Britain following the rain, while it was mild ahead of the rain in some E areas. (Santon Downham 19.3C, Lerwick 9.3C maximum, Santon Downham -0.5C minimum, Aviemore 31.2 mm, Weybourne 10.7 h.)

Frontal systems over many areas of the British Isles led to a cloudy day in most areas on the 2nd. There was a little mist in parts of S England at first while during the day most rainfall was light and showery, with isolated thunder over England. The sunniest places were to be found in SW Scotland and Northern Ireland. (Santon Downham 17.7C, Lerwick 7.4C maximum, Achnagart -1.0C minimum, Emley Moor 13.0 mm, Tiree 11.0 h.)

A cold front edged S'wards on the 3rd introducing a cool, N'ly flow. Precipitation along the front was generally showery, while across Scotland there was some snow at low levels during the morning and evening, with some hail showers at other times across Shetland. N, Cent and E England was mainly cloudy with sunniest intervals in other areas. Much of Ireland and SW England was dry during the day, while across much of Scotland and N England maximum temperatures remained below 10C. (Gosport Fleetlands 16.2C, Cassley 5.9C maximum, Baltasound 0.0C minimum, Shoeburyness 10.2 mm, Tiree 10.8 h.)

High pressure to the NW of Scotland on the 4th (MSL pressure close to 1028 mb over the Western Isles at 1200 GMT) created a N'ly flow across the British Isles. Inland areas of Scotland and N England had an air frost while precipitation overnight in N Scotland fell as snow and hail in places. During the day showers were largely confined to N and E areas of Britain with further snow and hail in N Scotland. The showers were thundery in some SE areas. It was generally a sunny day (especially in the W) but also cool. (Plymouth 14.0C, Balmoral 5.8C maximum, Tulloch Bridge -3.9C minimum, Hawarden 10.6 mm, Ronaldsway 14.1 h.)

Overnight precipitation into the 5th was mainly confined to E England and N Scotland, with many inland areas of the UK and Ireland (as far S as Cent S England) had an air frost. Pressure remained high throughout the day, but frontal showers and rain affected N Scotland. It was a rather cloudy day in many areas, away from parts of SW England and W Ireland. It was a cold day away from the sunny areas. (Gosport Fleetlands 14.6C, Lerwick 6.5C maximum, Katesbridge -4.0C minimum, Loch Glascarnoch 8.2 mm, Bude 14.2 h.)

Pressure remained high on the 6th with a continuation of the N'ly flow in most areas. There was a slight air frost as far S as parts of Cent Ireland and Cent S England with some outbreaks of rain overnight, mainly across N Scotland. This rain moved slowly S'wards into N England and East Anglia (followed by showers across Scotland) with the best of the sunshine being across N Scotland and in the Channel Islands as a result. The cloudy skies led to another cold day. (Plymouth 13.8C, Fylingdales 5.9C maximum, Katesbridge -4.0C minimum, Pateley Bridge Ravens Nest 10.8 mm, Jersey Airport 12.5 h.)

Parts of Scotland had an air frost on the 7th and a cool and showery day followed here. W Scotland was rather sunny, but S Scotland and N England had a cloudy day with some outbreaks of rain, especially in the E. An area of low pressure to the W of Ireland pushed rain into S Ireland and SW England later in the day. ( Heathrow 17.5C, Lerwick 5.8C maximum, Kinbrace -6.2C minimum, Bridlington 12.6 mm, Stornoway 12.5 h.)

A complex area of low pressure affected the British Isles on the 8th - at 1800 GMT centres were located near Brest (986 mb), Tenby (987 mb) and Hull (987 mb). It was cold day in all areas with temperatures remaining below 10C in much of Scotland and in parts of E Ireland and N England. Rainfall was widespread, and heavy in places. Showers were often thundery within a zone from the West Country to London, the Chilterns and Suffolk. It became quite sunny later in parts of SE England, but with most areas remaining dull the best of the sunshine was to be found in W and N Scotland. (St James Park 16.1C, Braemar 4.3C maximum, Altnaharra -3.7C minimum, North Wyke 31.6 mm, Lerwick 11.9 h.)

On the 9th, after an early air frost in parts of N Scotland, the day across NE England, E and N Scotland, and SW and coastal parts of S England was mostly dry with sunny spells. It was also largely dry and sunny in W Ireland. Elsewhere, it was a generally wet day, with some heavy outbreaks of rain, especially in the SE where there was isolated thunder around the middle of the day. It remained generally cold and was very cold for the time of year over N England and N Wales. (Wisley 16.0C, Pateley Bridge Ravens Nest 6.1C maximum, Altnaharra -2.8C minimum, Derrylin Cornahoule 27.6 mm, Cork Airport 13.7 h.)

Generally light winds and slack pressure gradients led to an air frost in parts of N and E Scotland and NE England at first on the 10th. Many other inland areas of the British Isles had a ground frost while Cent and S England had mist or fog patches around dawn. There were showers in N areas overnight, and widespread showers in almost all areas during the day these were heavy, and thundery showers in places, especially over Northern Ireland, N Wales and in Cent England. The best of the sunshine was to be found in S Ireland and W Wales. (Northolt 17.2C, Dalwhinnie 8.1C maximum, Altnaharra -4.3C minimum, Katesbridge 34.6 mm, Valley 12.3 h.)

With high pressure to the W, the British Isles lay under a N'ly flow on the 11th. Many areas in, and adjacent to, Cent England had early mist or fog patches with many areas of Ireland, Wales, Scotland and N England having a widespread ground frost. Rain affected East Anglia and the Channel Islands at first, then E Britain had a showery day. Away from the cool, showery areas it was a sunny day. (Gosport Fleetlands 18.0C, Lerwick 7.9C maximum, Altnaharra -4.5C minimum, Brooms Barn 17.0 mm, Prestwick 14.9 h.)

Under a large area of high pressure (centre 1038 mb just E of Humberside at 1200 GMT), the 12th was a largely dry day. Overnight frost in various districts, quite sharp in some northern areas, gave way to a mostly sunny day (NW Ireland was rather cloudier with some early rain) with temperatures mostly rising to around normal. (Chivenor 18.4C, Baltasound 9.3C maximum, Kinbrace -4.6C minimum, Baltasound 1.2 mm, Eskdalemuir 14.8 h.)

Pressure remained high on the 13th; 1040 mb over parts of E England at 1200 GMT was unusually high for mid-May. Pressure rose to just over 1041mb on the East Anglian coast in the morning. Much of England and S Scotland had a ground frost and the day was then a very sunny one, away from the N half of Scotland. It became quite warm in the W and N, but temperatures mostly stayed rather below normal in the south-east, where there was a chilly NE'ly breeze during the day. (Aboyne 21.2C, Fair Isle 11.1C maximum, Santon Downham -1.2C minimum, Baltasound 0.8 mm, East Malling 14.9 h.)

Continuing high pressure on the 14th led to another sunny day with most places becoming warm. It was, however, chilly and rather breezy towards SE, and some SW, coasts. At Altnaharra there was a diurnal temperature range of 23.9 degC (from -1.6C to 22.3C). (Drumnadrochit 24.0C, Manston 13.2C maximum, Altnaharra -1.6C minimum, Plymouth (and a few other places) trace, East Malling 15.4 h.)

A S'ly flow under high pressure led to a sunny and mostly warm day everywhere on the 15th, although it was slightly cloudy at times across Ireland. After an early ground frost in parts of E, Cent and SE England, it was very warm in parts of the W and N, but cooler towards many S and E coasts. (Kinlochewe 25.8C, Fair Isle 12.3C maximum, Santon Downham 0.0C minimum, Goudhurst 0.2 mm, Lerwick 15.6 h.)

Parts of NE Scotland dawned misty on the 16th, while there was a ground frost in parts of E England while in W Ireland overnight minimum temperatures remained above 10C in many places. The day was mostly sunny and quite warm, although W Ireland and parts of SW England were rather dull and cloudy; some rain fell in parts of W Ireland and E Scotland with 2-3 mm failing in parts of W Ireland. (Kinlochewe 22.5C, Fair Isle 10.8C maximum, Ravensworth 0.3 minimum, Kinlochewe 3.0 mm, Kinloss 15.5 h.)

After some overnight rain into the 17th in N England, many northern and central areas were quite sunny and, away from windward coasts, warm. SE Ireland and S Britain was mostly dull and chilly with some drizzly rain, although the Channel Islands were fairly sunny. (Achnagart 21.1C, Okehampton 8.6C maximum, Braemar -1.3C minimum, Isle of Portland 8.4 mm, Kirkwall 15.3 h.)

On the 18th some coastal areas, especially in S England and Wales, were fairly sunny - otherwise it was mostly cloudy and dull with some slow-moving showers. Longer spells of rain moved W'wards from E Scotland overnight to affect W Scotland during the day. Temperatures were mostly below normal, and it was markedly cooler than recently in the north. It was locally quite warm in the south, chiefly on the inland edge of the coastal sunshine. However, 9 mm fell in nearly three hours of rain in the late afternoon at Hurn. (Herstmonceux 19.3C, Dalwhinnie 9.3C maximum, Altnaharra 4.5C minimum, Craibstone 14.4 mm, Aberdaron 7.8 h.)

Slack pressure gradients and some weak fronts on the 19th led to a lot of cloud with only SW Ireland seeing much prolonged sunshine. It was a mild night in SW Ireland and in SW (and some parts of S coastal) England. Rain areas were slow-moving, resulting in large totals in places - notably in east Devon, Dorset, Wiltshire and south Hampshire. Many places, however, remained dry. Where there was any sunshine, it became rather warm, but generally temperatures were below normal. (Wiggonholt 20.1C, Fair Isle 10.1C maximum, South Newington 1.8C minimum, Exeter Airport 9.4 mm, Cork Airport 11.7 h.)

A mainly N'ly flow prevailed on the 20th with fronts leading to a rather cloudy day across Scotland; it was also rather dull in some places in S England. There was some sunshine, especially in the more W'ly and SW'ly regions. It was showery over Scotland, with a few showers elsewhere. Temperatures varied around the normal. (Cavendish 20.5C, Fair Isle 10.6C maximum, Sennybridge 2.3C minimum, Balmoral 20.6 mm, Morecambe 14.3 h.)

A weak area of high pressure over the British Isles on the 21st. Fronts led to N and E Scotland and the extreme NE of England being wet overnight and at first, with some heavy rain. The rain turned more showery during the day, and there was thunder around the Forth. Much of the rest of the British Isles was sunny after an early ground frost in parts of Ireland, Wales and N England. Temperatures were mostly not far from normal. (Wiggonholt 21.9C, Fair Isle 10.9C maximum, Katesbridge -0.3C minimum, Aboyne 22.6 mm, Morecambe 15.3 h.)

High pressure in the S on the 22nd meant a mainly dry and warm day across much of England and Wales, after some early rain in parts of N England. Much of Scotland was quite cloudy and chilly with patchy rain and there was also some rain during the day across parts of Ireland. (Heathrow 22.5C, Loch Glascarnoch 9.1C maximum, Eskdalemuir -1.3C minimum, Lossiemouth 22.4 mm, Dundrennan 15.4 h.)

Overnight into the 23rd areas of rain moved S'wards across N Scotland and also affected Ireland and parts of N England due to low pressure centres near Shetland and to the W of Ireland. Both areas of rain were slow-moving and much of S Scotland, England and Wales had a sunny day. It was a warm day in the London area, Cent England, East Anglia and in surrounding counties and rainfall amounts in Scotland and Ireland were mainly slight. (Heathrow 24.7C, Resallach 8.5C maximum, Sennybridge 0.9C minimum, Resallach 34.4 mm, Boulmer 15.4 h.)

Minimum temperatures across Ireland and in parts of SW England and Wales remained above 10C into the 24th with just light falls of rain across the Northern Isles and in parts of Ireland. It was a cloudy day across N Scotland, much of Ireland and in W areas of Britain with some light rain and showers in N Scotland and across parts of Ireland. S Scotland and E England had a mainly sunny day, but elsewhere over England varying amounts of cloud reduced the sunshine duration. (St James Park 23.2C, Fair Isle 9.8C maximum, Shap -0.6C minimum, Resallach 2.6 mm, Eskdalemuir 15.1 h.)

Overnight showers in SE parts of the UK into the 25th cleared to leave a fairly sunny, warm day over England and Wales. Frontal cloud and rain spread to many other districts, although there was only a little rain S of the Anglo-Scottish border. Except locally in the E, it was rather cool under this cloud, and became quite breezy in the N later. It was mainly cloudy across Ireland and Scotland. (Teddington Bushy Park 24.5C, Harris Quidnish 9.5C maximum, Braemar 0.8C minimum, South Uist 18.2 mm, St Athan 11.4 h.)

Low pressure centred across N Scotland on the 26th led to a wet day here, and patchy rain moved SE'wards across the rest of the UK. There was very little rain in the S, and the SE had a sunny morning. Brighter weather spread from the NW after the rain areas later, except across N Scotland where is stayed dull. S and Cent regions had a warm, night, with minimum temperatures of 15.3C at Shoeburyness and Hawarden; the day was quite warm in the SE, especially E of London, but generally rather chilly and breezy elsewhere. The extreme N of Scotland was cold. (Wattisham 23.0C, Wick Airport 8.0C maximum, Lerwick 4.2C minimum, Achnagart 46.4 mm, Cork Airport 9.6 h.)

On the 27th it was mostly dry and bright over S England, but showery elsewhere due to frontal cloud and low pressure persisting across Scotland. The heaviest, and often lengthy showers with some thunder, moved across Northern Ireland, Wales, N England and the Midlands. It was chilly, except over S and E England. (Teddington Bushy Park 20.1C, Fair Isle 9.1C maximum, Kinbrace 2.6C minimum, Hull East Park 20.6 mm, St Athan 9.4 h.)

Slock pressure gradients and a flow from the NW on the 28th led to a mainly dry day, with sunny spells in most places and some rain in parts of E Britain. The sunniest areas extended from SW Scotland to N Wales. In was generally rather cool with a ground frost at first in parts of N Scotland. (Frittenden 18.9C, Fair Isle 8.2C maximum, Achnagart 1.0 minimum, Cavendish 15.2 mm, Ronaldsway 13.6 h.)

The 29th had a bright start in parts of E England, and it was sunny for some time in N Scotland (after overnight air frost in places). Otherwise, it was overcast and rain or drizzle spread NE'wards across most districts. It was quite chilly under the thick cloud which led to a dull day across Ireland, Wales and W England following overnight minimum temperatures above 10C in places here. (Shoeburyness 18.5C, Lerwick 8.5C maximum, Tulloch Bridge -3.5C minimum, Capel Curig 18.4 mm, Loch Glascarnoch 10.3 h.)

On the 30th Shetland and much of the S coast of England was sunny. Most other districts were cloudy, although there was some sunshine over England and Wales. Much of Scotland, N Ireland and northern-most England was quite wet, and there was some drizzly rain over parts of Wales and Cornwall. It was chilly in the north, but warm and muggy in the south, away from windward coasts and in a mild night for S Scotland and areas to the S overnight minimum temperatures were in the range 10-15C. (Heathrow 24.8C, Lentran 7.9C maximum, Baltasound 2.2C minimum, Salsburgh 24.4 mm, Lerwick 11.4 h.)

Fronts affected N and W areas of the British Isle son the 31st with much of England lying under a warm sector as a result. There was further rain in N districts, but S Britain became increasingly sunny. Temperatures were mostly rather above normal, except in the wetter areas. It was breezy in the west and north. Overnight minimum temperatures were 14-15C in parts of England, Wales and N and Cent Ireland, though there was a good deal of variability depending on cloud cover. (Sheffield 21.6C, Fair Isle 9.3C maximum, Kirkwall 3.7C minimum, Dunstaffnage 40.6 mm, Camborne 9.8 h.)

British Isles weather, June 2019

Minimum temperatures into the 1st remained above 10C in many parts of the British Isles. There was some overnight rain in Scotland and lighter falls in parts of N England and N Ireland. It was a sunny day SE of a line Cardiff-The Wash but rather cloudy elsewhere with some patchy rain over N Scotland, N England, Ireland and N Wales. Heavier rain moved into areas of Ireland in the evening. In parts of East Anglia and in places close to London temperatures reached 25C and above in the afternoon. (Heathrow 27.6C, Lerwick 11.8C maximum, Katesbridge 4.6C minimum, Baltasound 7.0 mm, Guernsey Airport 14.4 h.)

Low pressure centred to the W of Ireland on the 2nd led to a rather unsettled day in W areas. Rain affected all areas except for East Anglia and SE England by late evening. Minimum temperatures overnight in parts of Cent and E England remained above 15C in places, including 17.3C at Kenley and 16.4C at Church Lawford. There were sunny spells ahead of, and behind, bands of rain that moved SE'wards during the day; afternoon temperatures reached 27C in some areas of E England. Heavy showers, with isolated thunder, affected NW Scotland in the evening. (Weybourne 28.8C, Lerwick 10.7C maximum, Braemar 5.2C minimum, Harris Quidnish 30.2 mm, East Malling 11.6 h.)

Low pressure moved slowly NE'wards to the N of Scotland on the 3rd. Rain and showers affected Scotland and Ireland overnight and during the day, while most of England and Wales had sunny spells during the day. Temperatures were close to normal in E England, but cooler towards W areas of the British Isles during the day. (Heathrow 22.0C, Resallach 10.9C maximum, Tain Range 6.2C minimum, Achnagart 19.8 mm, Morecambe 12.7 h.)

An area of low pressure moved NE'wards across S Ireland and Wales during the 4th (central pressure 999 mb over NE Wales at 1800 GMT). To the N, N Scotland had a showery day. Rain moved NE'wards across most other districts, with some heavy rain across Ireland and in W areas of Britain. There were sunny periods across Scotland, and in parts of S Ireland and S Britain once the rain cleared. (Otterbourne Water Works 20.7C, Lake Vyrnwy 10.6C maximum, Katesbridge 4.3C minimum, Armagh 25.6 mm, Lerwick 9.9 h.)

The 5th was a mainly cool day for the time of year, due to mainly cloudy skies from a slow-moving low pressure system over N England and S Scotland. Scotland and N Ireland saw little sunshine while, after a bright dawn, cloud spread N'wards over Cent and E England and SE Scotland. Many places in the S half of England and Wales were dry overnight, but there was later some rain in SE England, with further rain across Ireland, N Wales, NW England and Scotland. (Heathrow 19.8C, Dalwhinnie 8.3C maximum, Baltasound 4.1C minimum, Derrylin Cornahoule 24.8 mm, Shannon Airport 11.1 h.)

The low pressure centred remained over, or close to, Northern Ireland on the 6th. Overnight there was a touch of ground frost in parts of N Wales, the W Midlands and E Ireland, while 19 mm of rain fell in the 12 hours ending 0600 GMT at Connaught Airport. During the day, N and W Scotland and N Ireland were rather wet with showery spells in other W parts of the British Isles. There was thunder in the late afternoon and early evening over parts of E Wales, the NW Midlands and in parts of NW England and N Yorkshire. Away from N and W Scotland there were sunny spells especially so in the SE corner of England and NW Wales. (Heathrow 21.0C, Lerwick 9.7C maximum, Swyddffynnon 1.6C minimum, Tain Range 15.6 mm, Valley 15.6 h.)

A depression moved NE'wards over the Channels Islands later on the 7thbringing areas of rain N'wards as far as N as Cent Scotland. These were heavy in places with thunder in the late afternoon over, SW England, S Wales and the S Midlands. England and Wales were rather cloudy, with the best of the sunshine in N and W Scotland, and in parts of Ireland. Under the clearer skies, there were ground frosts in parts of E and S Scotland overnight. It was particularly cool in SW England, Wales and S Ireland under the heavy rain. Cars were left submerged and people faced disruption on the roads after a thunderstorm brought flash flooding to parts of Cardiff. South Wales Fire and Rescue Service said it had attended flooding calls in Llanrumney, Rumney and Pentwyn; there was heavy traffic on the M4 westbound at the Brynglas Tunnels after one lane was closed due to flooding. Heavy storms flooded shops and homes in Somerset, while a lightning strike left a hole in the roof of a nursery; fire crews called to Ready Steady Go nursery in Worle on said the strike caused severe structural damage. A pregnant woman was taken to hospital for checks and four others were treated at the scene for minor injuries. (Kinlochewe 20.5C, Lake Vyrnwy 10.9C maximum, Braemar 0.0C minimum, Liscombe 32.0 mm, Thomastown 13.0 h.)

Rain areas moved away NE'wards on the 8th after some heavy overnight falls in SW England. As a result the best of the sunshine was to be found in SW Britain and S Ireland, but this help to set off showers (some of them thundery) across S England which then tracked towards N Kent. They were at heaviest over the Hampshire Downs, the North Downs of Surrey and Kent; 23 mm fell just south of Dorking. Parts of W Scotland also had thunder later. Daytime temperatures failed to reach 15C in many places across the British Isles. A ship carrying 255 D-Day veterans back from the commemorations in France was diverted because of the weather; the MV Boudicca had been due to dock in Portsmouth for an official welcome home party and fireworks but adverse weather caused by Storm Miguel meant the ship had been diverted to Dover. A woman died after being struck by lightning in the Highlands. A group of seven walkers were on Na Gruagaichean, a mountain near Ben Nevis, on Saturday when the lightning struck. The party were all airlifted to Fort William, but the 55-year-old died as a result of her injuries. (Heathrow 20.3C, Lerwick 10.4C maximum, Baltasound 4.2C minimum, Stormont Castle 34.6 mm, Guernsey Airport 12.9 h.)

Low pressure centred to the NW of Ireland for much of the 9th led to rather showery day across the British Isles, with the showers moving SE'wards as the day developed. Some of the showers were heavy, with thunder over Northern Ireland, Wales, and England away from the SE. There was a touch of ground frost in parts of N and E Scotland, and in a few locations just NW of London. Away from S and Cent areas of, many places again failed to reach 15C during the day although the best of the sunshine was to be found around coasts of the Irish Sea.(Heathrow 21.0C, Fair Isle 10.0C maximum, Resallach 1.1C minimum, Aviemore 22.0 mm, Aberdaron 14.2 h.)

On the 10th northernmost Scotland was mostly dull and chilly with some drizzly rain. Parts of S Scotland and N England had a slight ground frost. Away from N Scotland most other W and N districts had sunny spells and temperatures not far from normal, but there were some heavy, thundery showers, especially over SW Wales and Devon. Thick cloud and rain, heavy at times, moved north over much of Cent and E England; the rain area turned more to the W during the day to envelop most of S Britain by the evening, when there was some thunder in SE England. It was a cold day under the rain. There was flooding in various parts of the southeast, notably in north Kent following an evening of torrential rain. Known rainfall totals in the 24 hours from 0600 GMT included 75.6 mm at Holbeach, 45 mm at South Farnborough and 53 mm at Kenley. The heavy rain has caused travel disruption amid weather warnings issued for large swathes of England. In London, an underground station, bridge and major road flooded due to the wet weather. Regent's Park tube station was also temporarily closed due to flooding during the evening rush but had re-opened by 1645 GMT. Flooding also closed Kingston Bridge, in west London, around 1500 GMT, forcing bus services to be redirected. A stretch of the North Circular was also flooded shortly before the evening commute, although Transport for London said the carriageway between Charlie Brown's Roundabout and Waterworks was cleared within an hour. Meanwhile, the Cricket World Cup fixture between South Africa and West Indies was abandoned after rain stopped play at the Rose Bowl in Southampton. (Threave 19.7C, Lerwick 9.1C maximum, Redesdale Camp -0.3C minimum, Kenley 53.0 mm, Edinburgh Gogarbank 14.9 h.)

Low pressure over the near continent drew a NE'ly across much of the British Isles on the 11th. It was cloudy and showery across Scotland and N Ireland as a result. Most of England and Wales was cool and dull although SE England had the best of the sunshine (along with parts of S Ireland). Heavy showers, thundery in places affected S Essex, N Kent, and parts of Sussex, Surrey and Hampshire in the later afternoon and early evening. Maximum temperatures during the day in the dull areas were unusually low for the time of year with many places failing to reach 12-13C. Homes were flooded, rivers burst their banks and people were left stranded amidst the heavy rains causing floods across Lincolnshire today. The emergency services responded to a high volume of calls about flooding and fallen trees blocking roads. Some schools across the county had to close, and many bus service routes were cancelled. Drains became overwhelmed as some areas received over a month's rainfall in 24 hours. (Writtle 19.5C, Pennerley 7.6C maximum, Dalwhinnie 3.2C minimum, Wainfleet 75.6 mm, Shoeburyness 13.4 h.)

A NE'ly flow led to another cool day on the 12th. Areas of rain moved NE'wards to affect, overnight, mainly Wales and N England (with some heavy falls in places) with another area of rain over SE parts of England during the day. Away from SW Scotland and NW Ireland there was little sunshine, and daytime temperatures were held at 12-14C in many parts of the British Isles, with lower maximum in parts of N Scotland. At about 0630 GMT, homeowners along Church View, Pentre, Flintshire, awoke to flood water pouring into the back of their houses. They are among many residents and businesses who have been trying to protect their properties. Two children were among four people rescued from a car after it was swept into a river following heavy rain near Cae'r Odyn Woods, Cilcain, Mold. Firefighters from Wrexham responded after reports a van driver was stuck in his vehicle on Cefn Road at 0500 GMT, while crews evacuated seven properties in the Bagillt Road area of Greenfield, Flintshire, at 0550 GMT. More homes are being evacuated following severe flooding in and around Wainfleet, amid concerns about flood defences along the River Steeping. The Environment Agency said water levels remained high and a decision had been made to "evacuate the highest risk areas and the most vulnerable". The Environment Agency has described the situation as "unprecedented" after 132 mm of rain fell between Monday and Wednesday. (Gosport Fleetlands 17.9C, Aviemore 8.5C maximum, Strathallan 3.7C minimum, Pennerley 39.4 mm, Tiree 15.3 h.)

Low pressure centred close to E Britain throughout the 13th drew a surface flow from NE and widespread cloud across most areas. Widespread rain affected most areas although W Scotland and Ireland were rather more showery. The widespread cloud led to another cool day in most areas with maximum temperatures below 10C in many parts of E Scotland and NE England. Passengers stuck on a train for up to eight hours after torrential rain caused a landslip said it was "a nightmare". The London to Nottingham service was stranded in Corby, Northamptonshire. Commuters were transferred to a second train which also became stuck due to flooding on the line. (Shoeburyness 17.4C, Balmoral 7.6C maximum, Dalwhinnie 4.4C minimum, Chillingham Barns 56.4 mm, Tiree 6.3 h.)

The 14th was another unsettled day with a depression centred close to N Scotland all day. Areas of rain tended to weaken and become more showery as the day developed. Away from the sunniest, E, SE and Cent S England it was another cool day with maximum temperatures remaining below 15C in many places. (Heathrow 20.1C, Fair Isle 11.2C maximum, Katesbridge 1.2C minimum, Almondsbury 17.2 mm, Manston 12.7 h.)

Bands of showery rain, moving across from the W, affected most areas on the 15th - although in many places rainfall totals were small. Sunshine amounts were mainly small with the sunniest conditions in parts of Wales and SW England. Much of Ireland had a cool night with temperatures at inland sites remaining below 5C in most places a mainly cool day followed over the British Isles, although temperatures reached the normal in some of the more sheltered E and N districts. There was thunder over parts of the Midlands, Lincolnshire and Northern Ireland. (Weybourne 21.1C, Altnahinch Filters 11.0C maximum, Derrylin Cornahoule 1.4C minimum, Killowen 24.2 mm, Aberdaron 11.4 h.)

An area of low pressure W of Ireland on the helped to drive showery outbreaks across all areas on the .16th. Most places had sunny spells, especially those close to the E coast of England and Scotland. It was a cool day in places for the time of year, accentuated by rather blustery conditions, although 20C was reached in East Anglia and SE England. (Heathrow 21.4C, Fair Isle 12.4C maximum Kielder Castle 1.1C minimum, Capel Curig 21.6 mm, Tiree 9.7 h.)

As the low pressure centres transferred to NW of Scotland on the 17th, pressure, and temperatures, rose in SE England and places to the SE of London saw over 10 h of bright sunshine. Elsewhere, it was a cloudy day in many areas with spells of showery rain N'wards of a line SW England-Humberside. These wet areas were also largely cool again. Across Scotland and N Ireland some of the showers were heavy. (Santon Downham 22.9C, Dalwhinnie 12.2C maximum, Loch Glascarnoch 4.9C minimum, Tyndrum 29.0 mm, Morecambe 13.0 h.)

Overnight into the 18th showers affected Scotland and N Ireland, moving slowly SE'wards. These continued in places during the day across Scotland while a large area of rain spread into S England mid-morning, moving N'wards and reaching N England by late afternoon. Thunderstorms drifted across East Sussex and Kent in the late evening, with a separate outbreak in the Colchester/Ipswich area. Ahead of this S area of rain there were sunny spells, especially so across S Scotland and Cent Ireland. The S'ly flow led to a milder day in many areas, despite the increased cloud cover. (Frittenden 22.1C, Tulloch Bridge 13.0C maximum, Aboyne 3.4C minimum, Achnagart 20.0 mm, Dundrennan 13.8 h.)

Thunderstorms cleared from the Kent and East Anglian coasts early on the 19th but there were further showery outbreaks in many areas of the British Isles during the day. It was a dull day E of a line Hull-Exeter, but further N most places had some sunny spells, especially in W Wales and NW England. It was a slightly cool day for the time of year. (Frittenden 21.5C, Harris Quidnish 13.6C maximum, Katesbridge 2.5C minimum, Frittenden 16.2 mm, Morecambe 12.4 h.)

The 20th brought showers to most areas at some time during the day, with the heaviest and most frequent showers over parts of Scotland and S England. Temperatures during the day were, at best, close to average despite sunny spells occurring in all areas. (Heathrow 20.5C, Tulloch Bridge 12.0C maximum, Altnaharra 3.8C minimum, Harris Quidnish 12.0 mm, Guernsey Airport 12.6 h.)

After an initially generally W'ly flow into the 21st, high pressure built over S areas as the day developed. During the day, showers were largely confined to parts of Scotland and Ireland, with the best of the sunshine being mainly across S areas of Ireland and Britain. It was another cool day with temperatures struggling to reach much more than 20C in E and S England and remaining below 15C in W Scotland. (Heathrow 22.4C, Fair Isle 12.0C maximum, Katesbridge 1.2C minimum, Achnagart 12.6 mm, Aberdaron 15.5 h.)

High pressure initially dominated the weather on the 22nd but, later in the day, slipped away E'wards as fronts approached N and SW areas of the British Isles. Overnight there were a few showers in NW Scotland and W Ireland, and a slight ground frost in parts of E Scotland. W Ireland was cloudy with some showers during the day; elsewhere many places had long, sunny spells away from some E coast areas of England. Temperatures during the day were close to normal in most inland areas. (Northolt 23.8C, Fair Isle 13.3C maximum, Braemar 0.1C minimum, Kinbrace 7.0 mm, Manston 14.8 h.)

An area of low pressure to the SW of Ireland on the 23rd resulted in a series of fronts spreading frontal cloud across most areas during the day. Ahead of the rain there were sunny spells, but much of Ireland, SW England and S Wales had a dull day. With a mild S'ly flow, parts of S Wales and S Ireland had minimum temperatures overnight remaining above 15C. A warm day followed in parts of SE and E England, but in S Ireland temperatures changed only a little from their overnight values. (Shoreham 25.4C, Fair Isle 13.1C maximum, Braemar 5.4C minimum, Capel Curig 19.6 mm, Lerwick 14.5 h.)

Low pressure to the SW of Ireland led to a mainly E'ly flow across much of the British Isles on the 24th. Cent and S areas of England, Wales and Ireland had a mild night with rain across Scotland and N Ireland. Further rain followed in these areas during the day with outbreaks also moving N'wards over E England. The rain was heavy in parts of E Scotland. Edinburgh and Stirling were hit by flash flooding from thunderstorms with one man stranded on a car roof; heavy rain led to disruption in the west of the capital across Bankhead, Clermiston and Corstorphine. Tram services were temporarily shut down in some areas as flood water covered tracks. After soaking the capital, heavy rain made its way to Stirling, prompting warnings from police and Stirling Council about flash floods. After overnight minimum temperatures of 17-18C in parts of SE England, it was a warm day here and in East Anglia. (Santon Downham 26.3C, Lentran 11.5C maximum, Dalwhinnie 6.9C minimum, Edinburgh Gogarbank 44.4 mm, Camborne 7.2 h.)

There was some rain across N areas of Scotland into the 25th and another area of rain, heavy in places, with thunder in the extreme SE of England, moved N'wards over much of England and Wales overnight and during the morning and into the afternoon, gradually fading out during the day. Weak fronts gave some rain other areas including across Ireland. Away from the N and SW, minimum temperatures overnight across England were in the range 15-18C, although only in a few places in SE England did the temperature reach 25C during the day. In E Scotland and other E coast areas of England it was a cool day. (Herstmonceux 26.4C, Lentran and Loftus 12.1C maximum, Braemar 8.2C minimum, Winchcombe Sudeley Castle 38.4 mm, Tiree 14.2 h.)

Parts of NE England, N Wales and SW Ireland and had some rain overnight into the 26th and during the day, but amounts were small. The day dawned following a mild night in S England and S Wales with minimum temperatures above 15C in places. Much of the Midlands and East Anglia (and neighbouring counties) was dull, as was N Scotland and rather extensive cloud from the North Sea spread across many parts of England and Wales during the day. Temperatures were close to normal in many areas, but lower than normal along the E coast of the UK. (Porthmadog 24.7C, Fylingdales 11.3C maximum, Braemar 1.3C minimum, Ryhill 5.4 mm, Tiree 16.1 h.)

The 27th was a mostly dry day a largely sunny one except in parts of N Scotland close to some E coast areas the UK. After a mild night in SW areas of England and Ireland (minimum temperatures of 17C in places) it turned quite warm in some W areas if Ireland and the UK, but remained chilly towards E-facing coasts, and breezy in S Britain. (Porthmadog 27.1C, Fair Isle 11.9C maximum, Ravensworth 2.3C minimum, Loftus 0.2 mm, Kinloss 17.0 h.)

It was cloudy across much of E and Cent areas of the UK at first on the 28th - but this soon cleared E'wards. After a clear start, cloud spread E'wards across Ireland during the day. It was a cloudy day in W Ireland and in a few E coast areas of the UK where the cloud lingered. After a mild night in S Ireland, W Wales and SW England where minimum temperatures remained above 15C, 30C was reached in Achnagart making this the warmest day of the year so far. Away from the cool E coast of the UK it was mainly a warm or very warm, and quite hot locally in some W areas of the UK. But in S Ireland temperatures remained below 18C in places. Police warned of the dangers of playing or swimming in rivers, lakes and reservoirs in the hot weather following a schoolgirl's death. 0.7 mm of rain fell in the Cork area during 0600-1800 GMT. (Achnagart 30.0C, Fair Isle 11.6C maximum, Shap 6.0C minimum, Charterhall 0.2 mm, Morecambe 15.3 h.)

Minimum temperatures into the 29th remained above 15C in many W areas of the UK, Northern Ireland and SW Ireland. Rain and thunderstorms overnight in Ireland moved NE'wards across Scotland. Narrow bands of showers and isolated thunder crossed areas of Wales and England, except the south, during the afternoon and evening, delineating an advancing cold front. Most of England and Wales, away from the extreme W, had a hot day with 30C in many places from the Midlands to SE England. It turned much cooler from the west later, and it was a chilly and misty day near some western coasts. Due to the advancing cold front cloud, the best of the sunshine was to be found E of a line Hull-Weymouth. The UK has had its hottest day of the year, as temperatures soared across S England. At Glastonbury Festival in Somerset, organisers were giving away free sun cream and water to help combat the heat. (Northolt and Heathrow 34.0C, Lerwick 15.9C maximum, Redesdale Camp 8.1C minimum, Edinburgh Botanic Gardens 15.8 mm, East Malling 15.6 h.)

Many areas, away from S and E England, had some rain into the 30th as a cold front cleared all E areas of the UK before dawn. The day was showery in the N where it became increasingly blustery. It remained warm in many E areas, albeit much cooler than in recent days. Much if E England had a sunny day, but it was cloudier towards the W. At Reading University maximum temperatures had been 24.2C, 32.3C and 22.7C on the 28th-30th respectively, corresponding to 24-hour changes in the maximum temperature of +8.1 degC and -9.6 degC in successive 24-hour periods; such a change in temperatures either side of a 30C day is unprecedented in the 110-year record. (Heathrow 25.1C, Loch Glascarnoch 14.2C maximum, Braemar 8.9C minimum, Baltasound 22.4 mm, Wattisham 13.8 h.)

British Isles weather, July 2019

Low pressure to the N of Scotland on the 1st led to a rather cloudy day with spells of rain and showers across Ireland, Scotland and N England in particular. N Scotland was rather dull, but here were sunny spells elsewhere, with the best of the sunshine to be found in parts of S Ireland, the Channel Islands and in Kent. Temperatures were generally slightly below normal during the day. (Frittenden 23.1C, Loch Glascarnoch 10.C maximum, Loch Glascarnoch 8.6 minimum, Resallach 17.0 mm, Guernsey Airport 12.5 h.)

High pressure slowly built from the SW during the 2nd, with most of Ireland reporting MSL pressure above 1028 mb by 1200 GMT. After some light rain in parts of Scotland and N Ireland overnight, daytime precipitation was mainly confined to N Scotland. Inland areas of Wales had a cool night, with most of Wales and England then having a sunny day. (Gosport Fleetlands 23.9C, Loch Glascarnoch 11.3C maximum, Sennybridge 3.2C minimum, Resallach 6.0 mm, Bude 15.2 h.)

High pressure dominated the weather over the British Isles on the 3rd, although a weak front gave light falls of rain and drizzle across N Scotland overnight and during the day. Clear skies led to a cool night in many parts of Scotland, Wales and Ireland - but then led to a widely sunny day, although N Scotland remained rather dull. (Northolt 23.7C, Lerwick 13.0C maximum, Katesbridge 1.7C minimum, Craibstone 4.8 mm, Dublin Airport 15.5 h.)

Pressure remained generally high on the 4th; there was some frontal rain overnight across Scotland this spread erratically SE'wards across other areas of Scotland during the day, although falls were mainly slight. Temperatures rose to 25C in parts of the Midlands and in some places in Cent and SE England. It was a sunny day across much of S Ireland, Wales and in Cent and S areas of England. By early evening there were some outbreaks of rain in N England. (Kew Gardens 26.8C, Fair Isle 11.2C maximum, Capel Curig 4.0C minimum, Resallach 29.6 mm, East Malling 15.7 h.)

Further outbreaks of (mainly light) rain and drizzle affected parts of Scotland and N Ireland on the 5th, moving slowly SE'wards across Scotland later. Further S it was warm and sunny with temperatures reaching 25C in Cent, S and E England in the afternoon. Later, a narrow zone of altocumulus lay across southern England, with some very some colourful skies here in the evening. (Heathrow 27.6C, Fair Isle 11.4C maximum, Baltasound 5.6C minimum, Baltasound 12.8 mm, Wellesbourne 15.1 h.)

Overnight into the 6th rain fell across N Scotland, and also in N Ireland and N England. The latter area moved slowly S'wards during the day although most falls were light. It remained cloudy across N Scotland but there were sunny conditions ahead of the rain and in S Scotland and N England once the rain had cleared. Cool air followed the rain from the N, but it was a warm day in cent S England. (Otterbourne Water Works 26.3C, Loch Glascarnoch 11.5C maximum, Tyndrum 5.3C minimum, Nottingham 5.0 mm, Prestwick 13.5 h.)

A N'ly flow under the influence of high pressure became established on the 7th in all areas once frontal rain across S England had cleared away S'wards in the morning. Some rain fell in N and E Scotland during the day while an area of heavy rain affected west London for an hour or so in the late evening. Many places in W Scotland, N Ireland and N wales had a sunny day but it was rather cloudy in some other areas. (Plymouth 25.3C, Fair Isle 10.6C maximum, Katesbridge 1.6C minimum, Thorney Island 5.0 mm, Aldergrove 15.0 h.)

Pressure remained high in E Britain on the 8th (centred at about 1023 mb near Lincolnshire in the afternoon) but by dawn fronts had spread light rain across much of Ireland. Parts of S England and S Wales had mist or fog patches by dawn while during the day the frontal rain spread into N England and W Scotland. After a cool night in some E areas (there was a ground frost in parts of N and E Scotland) there were sunny spells ahead of the advancing frontal cloud, with prolonged sunshine in parts of E Scotland, SW England and the Channel Islands. It was a cool day in parts of N Ireland. (Cardiff Bute Park 24.8C, Fair Isle 12.3C maximum, Altnaharra -0.4C minimum, Lough Fea 7.2 mm, Bude 14.2 h.)

A series of NE'wards-moving fronts led to spells of rain and rather cloudy skies in many areas away from SW England, S Wales, S Ireland and the Channel Islands on the 9th. It was also a sunny day on Shetland. Places from S Lancashire to London had a warm night with minimum temperatures above 15C in places while 25C was reached in the London area during the day. (Heathrow 25.8C, Fair Isle 12.5C maximum, Baltasound 4.4C minimum, Dunstaffnage 41.4 mm, Bude 15.2 h.)

The 10th dawned after a warm night with minimum temperatures widely above 15C in S and Cent England, S Wales and S Ireland. Away from S England most areas saw some outbreaks of rain, mostly patchy but quite heavy in areas of Scotland and N Ireland, and also heavy in parts of N Wales and NW England in the evening. It was a warm day in the SE corner of England despite the day being rather cloudy away from SW England. Parts of Dingwall in the Highlands were flooded after more than a month's worth of rain fell in just a few hours in the evening. The town, along with other parts of northern and eastern Scotland, were affected by thundery downpours. (Heathrow 26.7C, Lerwick 12.1C maximum, Baltasound 7.1C minimum, Cassley 42.0 mm, Guernsey Airport 11.4 h.)

Many places from S Scotland S'wards had minimum temperatures above 15C into the 11th. S England was mostly dry, but a SW'ly flow brought spells of rain and showers to other areas. There was mist and fog around some of the coasts of NE Scotland. There were also some thundery outbreaks over E Scotland and in parts of N England and the N Midlands. It was warm in the SE corner of England with 25C being reached in places. (Heathrow 27.3C, Fair Isle 13.2C maximum, Lerwick 11.1C minimum, Balmoral 27.2 mm, St Athan 8.8 h.)

Minimum temperatures into the 12th remained above 15C in S England, S Wales and East Anglia. As a N'ly flow became established there were showers in N and E areas, with little sunshine over N Scotland and N Ireland. After a misty start in parts of the Midlands, the day tended to be warmer towards the S, with 25C recorded in Cent S and SE England. (Gosport Fleetlands 26.9C, Fair Isle 11.9C maximum, Tyndrum 7.3C minimum, Albemarle 17.0 mm, St Athan 14.2 h.)

Pressure remained high to the W on the 13th, with a centre of 1028 mb just W of Ireland at 1200 GMT. The day was rather cloudy, however, with falls of light rain in parts of Scotland and NE England in particular. In the evening a S'ward-moving trough began to bring rain to E England. As a result of the widespread cloud, temperatures failed to rise above 23C in many areas. (Wiggonholt 25.0C, Fair Isle 12.0C maximum, Shap 7.1C minimum, Redesdale Camp 8.2 mm, Guernsey Airport 14.2 h.)

: Outbreaks of rain moved southwards over E England overnight into the 14th, clearing the Se by late morning. There was then little further rainfall anywhere, but rather cloudy skies at times helped to keep the temperatures close to the normal by day for the time of year. The best of the sunshine was to be found from SW Scotland to SW Ireland. (Chivenor 24.7C, Fair Isle 12.9C maximum, Swyddffynnon 3.9C minimum, Gringley-on-the-hill 9.2 mm, Shannon Airport 15.5 h.)

The 15th was a mostly dry day. High pressure led to a sunny and warm day, although it was cloudy in E England at first (this was slow to clear from areas like Kent and East Anglia). Later in the day cloud spread across Ireland (where it was rather cloudy in the W) and later into W areas of England and Wales. There was some light rain and drizzle in S Ireland in the early evening. (Bainbridge 25.1C, Fair Isle 12.7C maximum, Kinbrace 4.2C minimum, Baltasound 1.4 mm, Kinloss and Stornoway 13.7 h.)

A series of fronts crossed the British Isles from the W on the 16th - although rainfall amounts were mainly slight. The day dawned after a warm night in Ireland where minimum temperatures overnight remained above 15C in places. However, the warmest areas during the day were those at inland sites SE of a line Weymouth-The Wash where 25C was widely reached. Away from the Northern Isles, where there was some early thick fog, many places were sunny. (Cavendish 27.4C, Lerwick 12.9C maximum, Cavendish 5.3C minimum, Fyvie Castle 16.4 mm, Shoeburyness 14.6 h.)

Fronts spread cloud across all areas of the British Isles from the W during the 17th, bringing some heavy falls of rain across Ireland and W Scotland during the day. Amounts tended to decrease towards the E; however, at Reading the 2.4 mm that fell in the 24 hours from 0900 GMT was the first measurable rainfall since 24 June although the rain did not start falling until later today. (Santon Downham 26.7C, Lerwick 12.9C maximum, Swyddffynnon 6.6C minimum, Gt Cumbrae Millport 22.2 mm, East Malling 9.2 h.)

: Patchy rain moved SE'wards overnight into the 18th, clearing SE England by midday. A cooler flow from the W became established following the rain with showers across Scotland and Ireland. A day with varying amounts of cloud followed in all areas. There was some thundery activity, for example over SW Ireland before dawn, over Cent Ireland in mid-afternoon and early evening, and in parts of SE England in the evening. (Heathrow 24.8C, Fair Isle 15.0C maximum, Tulloch Bridge 6.4C minimum, Fyvie Castle 22.2 mm, Morpeth Cockle Park 11.3 h.)

During the 19th an area of low pressure moved towards SW Ireland (centre 998 mb on the W coast at 1800 GMT) with frontal rain being pushed ahead of it across most of England, Wales and Ireland by early evening. N Scotland had sunny spells and some showers, while the rain further S was followed by showers from the SW across Ireland, Wales and N England. There were areas of heavy rain, especially in the SW and W England, with isolated thunder. Buildings and cars were damaged when an (unconfirmed) tornado swept through parts of Greater Manchester and Cheshire. Rain caused havoc near Manchester Airport and the RHS Flower Show at Tatton Park for about an hour from 1530 GMT. There were no reports of any injuries but there were reports that debris "swirled through the air" at Stamford Park. (Manston 22.0C, Fair Isle 15.1C maximum, Katesbridge 6.2C minimum, Almondsbury 40.0 mm, Lerwick 9.9 h.)

An area of low pressure moved from Ireland to Shetland during the 20th. The night was warm (minimum temperatures widely above 16C over England and Wales) but wet as an area of rain followed by showers affected most areas, with the showers continuing until later in the day especially in E areas of the UK. There was some thunder over E and SE England. Aberdeen was hit by flash flooding after sustained heavy rainfall. The city council said about 30 locations in the city were affected with a number of manhole covers forced up by the volume of water. Bridge of Don was the worst affected areas with some drivers being forced to push their vehicles to safety. (Heathrow 25.6C, Lerwick 13.8C maximum, Loch Glascarnoch 10.4C minimum, Shoreham 37.2 mm, Tiree 11.0 h.)

A SW'ly flow dominated the weather on the 21st, the flow becoming fresher later in the day across Ireland and W Scotland as fronts pushed across these areas. Parts of S Wales and SW England remained above 15C overnight and by dawn rain had spread E'wards in W areas of Scotland and Ireland. Cloud soon spread from the W across most areas, with the W half of the British Isles having a dull day. Some thunder was reported over N Ireland. In the evening there were some heavy falls of rain across parts of N England. (Writtle 25.2C, Harris Quidnish 15.1C maximum, Topcliffe 6.7C minimum, St Bees Head 31.2 mm, Jersey Airport 12.4 h.)

The 22nd dawned after a warm night, with minimum temperatures above 15C across much of the British Isles from Cent Scotland S'wards. Overnight rain and showers in many areas gradually became confined to parts of N and W Scotland during the day, and skies tended to clear of cloud in many E areas of England. It was a sunny and warm day in E England, with temperatures reaching 28C and above in East Anglia and Lincolnshire. (Cavendish 30.5C, Lerwick 15.1C maximum, Fair Isle 12.2C minimum, Achnagart 93.4 mm, Jersey Airport 13.7 h.)

High pressure, centred just to the SE of the British Isles on the 23rd, drew hot air over much of the British Isles. Overnight minimum temperatures remained above 15C across most of Ireland, inland Scotland, N England, Wales and SW England with rain falling overnight across N and NW Scotland giving some heavy falls in places. Away from parts of N Scotland the day was dry and hot or very hot. With widespread prolonged sunshine across E and S Scotland, and over England and Wales, temperatures rose to 25C as N as N Scotland and rose above 30C in E England, the Midlands, parts of E Wales and in Cent S and SE England. 36C was recorded at Jersey Airport equalling the previous highest there recorded in 2003, as the Channel Islands came under the influence of hot air of Saharan origin. 35.7C was recorded at the Maison St Louis Observatory on Jersey. (Jersey Airport 36.0C, Harris Quidnish 17.5C maximum, South Newington 10.6C minimum, Resallach 15.0 mm, Dyce 14.8 h.)

Away from N Scotland, most inland areas remained above 15C into the 24th - and above 20C in parts of East Anglia and Kent. A widespread area of rain, thundery in places, pushed rapidly NE'wards across many areas of England and Wales from the S before dawn, and across Scotland during the morning. It was sunny in E, SE and Cent S England during the day, but cloudier elsewhere with some rain W Ireland by early evening. Temperatures rose above 25C around the Moray Firth and in E England, the Midlands and in Cent S and SE England, with 30C reached in East Anglia, along the Thames Estuary and in the London area. (Writtle 34.3C, Fair Isle 14.9C maximum, Braemar 11.9C minimum, Cardiff Bute Park 27.4 mm, Hurn 13.5 h.)

The 25th was the hottest day on record in the UK, with a maximum temperature of 38.7C being recorded in Cambridge. A hot S'ly flow continued to be drawn N'wards into the UK, but fronts crossing E'wards over Ireland began to introduce cooler air and rainfall here. Minimum temperatures were widely in the range 15-17C across England, Wales and Ireland; at Wattisham the overnight minimum was 20.5C. During the day, much of England (away from the SW) and Wales had a sunny day with temperatures widely reaching 30C across England. Edinburgh registered its hottest day ever with 31.6C recorded, and 30C was also reached around the Moray Firth. Commuters faced disruption in areas where trains were running slower on tracks at risk of buckling. In Bristol, thousands of people were left without water after a water main burst, with Bristol Water saying the problem might have been caused by the heat. Great Western cancelled some trains between London, Cardiff and Swansea because of the heat and routes between London and Scotland were also affected. In the early afternoon thunderstorms broke out over S Wales and moved N'wards into S Scotland by early evening. Another area of thundery activity affected SE England and East Anglia in the evening. (Cambridge Bot Gdns 38.7C, Fair Isle 16.4C maximum, Ravensworth 10.5C minimum, Charsfield 9.8 mm, Bala 13.2 h.)

Lines of thunderstorms affected parts of the Midlands and E England overnight and into the morning of the 26th. Minimum temperatures were widely above 15C as far N as Orkney, and above 20C in parts of East Anglia and E England. At Loftus the overnight minimum was 22.6C. A thunderstorm at 0400 GMT at South Darenth produced hailstones up to 20 mm diameter, covering the ground for a short time. There was widespread mist around dawn in E Scotland and most places had a rather cloudy day. Further thunderstorms affected E England and East Anglia in the afternoon. Temperatures rose above 25C later in the day in parts of E Scotland, E England, East Anglia, SE England and in parts of the Midlands but remained below 18C in W Ireland. (Charsfield 29.1C, Fair Isle 16.8C maximum, Shobdon 13.1C minimum, Boulmer 18.2 mm, Aberdaron 11.4 h.)

Minimum temperatures into the 27th remained above 15C in many parts of E Scotland and across much of England, away from the SW. Bands of rain were oriented SSE-NNW, becoming increasingly SE-NW, across the UK, with a very slow W'wards drift in the north and NE'wards drift in the south. Most of Ireland was dry after dawn (when there were a few fog patches in the N) and S Wales and SW England were also mainly dry apart for a few showers later in the day. S Ireland, SW England and the Channel Islands had the best of the sunshine. There were some heavy falls of rain over NE England during the day. (Hurn 24.8C, Leek 14.6C maximum, Derrylin Cornahoule 7.8C minimum, Herstmonceux 50.0 mm, Lerwick 14.9 h.)

On the 28th a persistent band of rain continued along a SE-NW, increasingly ESE-WNW, track across SW Scotland/N Ireland, NW England, parts of the north coast of Wales and parts of the Midlands; rain in East Anglian died out during the morning. Heavy showery outbreaks moved W over Scotland, while the best of the sunshine was to be found in Shetland (23.4C was reached at Baltasound), W and S Wales and in SW England leading to warm conditions in SW England. The recent rain had been persistent with heavy outbreaks and a consequence of this was flooding over parts of the Midlands and NW England. Roads and rail lines were closed in NW England. Motorists faced disruption as sections of the M60 motorway in Greater Manchester were temporarily shut following heavy rain. Trains between Manchester Victoria station and Southport were also delayed. Heavy rain also led to delays at the Senior Open at Royal Lytham and St Anne's Golf Club in Lancashire. The A77 was closed between Kilmarnock and Ayr in the evening due to flash flooding. (Hurn 24.7C, Altnahinch Filters 12.6C maximum, Scolton Country Park 8.8C minimum, Rochdale 91.0 mm, Lerwick 14.6 h.)

The 29th dawned after a warm and wet night across S Scotland and N England and it was also a warm night in E Scotland. During the day the best of the sunshine was to be found over S and Cent areas of England (away from the SW) and Wales. The overnight rain over N England, N Wales, N Ireland and S Scotland gradually died out during the day but an area of low pressure (located S of Scilly at 1800 GMT) spread rain across much of Ireland and SW parts of the UK by mid-evening. Temperatures rose above 25C in parts of the Midlands, East Anglia and the London area. Rush hour commuters faced delays as heavy rain continued to cause disruption to the road and rail network in NW England. Trains were cancelled between Manchester and nearby towns including Wigan and Stalybridge. The A555 Manchester Airport Relief Road remained closed. The Environment Agency had 12 flood warnings in place across the North West during the morning and said water levels would continue to rise. There were also flood warnings in Yorkshire and the Midlands. Several properties were flooded in Rochdale. (Heathrow and Wellesbourne 26.7C, Ballypatrick Forest 16.0C maximum, Libanus 7.3C minimum, Port Ellen 30.2 mm, Valley 12.7 h.)

An area of low pressure moved from SW England to N England during the 30th, with rain and showers affected most areas, and with some very heavy falls in the Midlands and N England. Thunderstorms (some with heavy hail) affected the N Midlands, N Wales and N England from late morning onwards, moving N'wards with later outbreaks in parts of E Ireland and SW Scotland, before dying out in the late evening. It was a warm night in parts of NE Scotland, and in much of E and S England with high temperatures in parts of N Scotland and NE England during the day. A bridge collapsed as flash flooding hit part of North Yorkshire after almost a month's rain fell in four hours. Roads remained shut and rail passengers faced disruption after a landslip between Carlisle and Skipton. Northern Rail said trains had been suspended between Ribblehead and Kirkby Stephen because of the landslip. Yorkshire was pounded by hailstones the size of "pickled onions" as a summer storm swept through and Malham Tarn in the Yorkshire Dales had 82 mm of rain in 24 hours, the majority in the space of four hours. The Brymor Ice Cream parlour, near Masham, was caught in a freak' hailstorm that left some customers with minor injuries as torrential rain caused water to come through the ceiling and left the town 'cut off'. The main road along Swaledale linking Richmond and villages including Reeth and Keld was washed away near Grinton. (Hull East Park 26.8C, Okehampton 15.0C maximum, Kielder Castle 7.4C minimum, Malham Tarn 82.2 mm, Dyce 10.4 h.)

An area of low pressure remained over, or close to, N England throughout the 31st. After a warm night across much of England, Wales and S Scotland, the day was fairly cloudy and showery over much of the British Isles, with further heavy downpours and thunderstorms over parts of S Scotland and N England. S areas and Ireland had only a few showers, while the best of the sunshine was across S England and S and Cent Scotland. Cheshire Fire and Rescue Service declared a major incident amid widespread problems in Poynton. Vehicles were left trapped in the town, and a nursery, several homes and a farm were also swamped. Floodwaters also caused disruption to the motorway network, resulting in the closure of the M60 between Stockport and Cheadle. Eleven people and four dogs have been rescued in Bramhall, Stockport from rising water, said Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service. Derbyshire Police said a number of properties had been flooded across the High Peak, in particular in and around Buxton, Whaley Bridge and New Mills. Rail services between Manchester and Chester via Altrincham were disrupted because of water on the track at Skelton junction near Timperley as well as lines between Stockport and Buxton, said Northern Rail. Workmen have had to pump 800,000 litres of water from the new £290m dual carriageway - the A555 in Stockport, Greater Manchester. It is the second time in a week the relief road linking the A6 at Hazel Grove and the M56 had been flooded. Flights at Manchester Airport were also disrupted. (Heathrow 24.9C, Pennerley 14.5C maximum, Dalwhinnie 9.1C minimum, High Mowthorpe 45.8 mm, Yeovilton 10.0 h.)

British Isles weather, August 2019

British Isles weather, September 2019

British Isles weather, October 2019

British Isles weather, November 2019

British Isles weather, December 2019


Last updated 2 August 2019.