British Isles weather diary

January 2018
February 2018
March 2018
April 2018
May 2018
June 2018
July 2018
August 2018
September 2018
October 2018
November 2018
December 2018
(Note: figures in parentheses give an indication, from first reports, of the spread of daily max and min temperatures, min daytime temperatures (occasionally), rainfall and sunshine in the 24 hours ending 2100 GMT.)

British Isles weather, January 2018

The 1st was a rather showery day in most areas, with some longer spells of rain over S England earlier in the day. Parts of N and E Scotland had a ground frost overnight - with air frost in N Scotland. Some thunder was heard in the W, with showers turning to snow over high ground in Scotland and over parts of the Pennines. It was rather dull over N Ireland and W and N areas of Scotland. (Isles of Scilly 10.8C, Tyndrum 1.7C maximum, Loch Glascarnoch -6.0C minimum, Tyndrum 17.8mm, Charterhall 5.5 h.)

Bands of rain crossed the British Isles on the 2nd and pressure fell as a low centre moved to SW Scotland by 2400 GMT - central pressure 966 mb (storm Eleanor). It was a sunless day in most areas and cold across N and Cent Scotland, after an early air frost here; ground was widespread before dawn across the British Isles. Snow fell in parts of Scotland and winds increased to gale force as the day progressed. Connaught Airport recorded a gust of 97 mph during the day. At least 50,000 ESB customers in the W and NW of Ireland were without power due to Storm Eleanor, the worst-affected counties being Mayo, Galway and Leitrim. In the evening there was extensive disruption around Galway city centre, after high tides caused extensive flooding. A number of cars were swept away by flash floods in Oranmore, Co Galway in the evening. (Isles of Scilly 13.2C, Strathallan 2.1C maximum, Aboyne -4.4C minimum, Capel Curig 39.6 mm, Lerwick 1.9 h.)

Storm Eleanor brought a windy day to all areas on the 3rd, but especially over Ireland, Wales and England. It was cold but largely dry across N and Cent Scotland - although there were some wintry showers. Elsewhere, rain followed by showers crossed the British Isles; there was thunder in places, especially over the Midlands, East Anglia and SW England. During the day some showers merged into longer periods of rain. The Met Office recorded gusts reaching 100 mph overnight and falling trees caused minor injuries to a man in Worcestershire as well as to a man in Wales after one fell on his car. There were numerous road closures and delays on public transport. Over 30,000 homes lost power at some point. Gusts reached 100 mph in Great Dun Fell and 77 mph in High Bradfield. Several major bridges were closed due to high winds and there were numerous reports of fallen trees blocking roads, including the M25. Overturned vehicles led to closures on the A1M, M6 and M5. The Thames Barrier closed at 1015 GMT to protect London from flooding. There were numerous train delays, with National Rail reporting disruption in many parts of the country, including between Worcester and Oxford, between Birmingham and Kings Norton and between Brighton and Haywards Heath in West Sussex. Police on the Isle of Man said a number of roads were closed due to fallen trees, flooding and debris from damaged buildings. The Severn Crossing between Gloucestershire and Monmouthshire and the Orwell Bridge near Ipswich also closed overnight due to the high winds. (Isles of Scilly 11.4C, Altnaharra 0.9C maximum, Altnaharra -5.5C minimum, Eskdalemuir 26.6 mm, Ronaldsway 3.6 h.)

On the 4th another depression crossed Ireland (centred 982 mb over the Isle of Man at 1200 GMT) and N England. The low spread rain NE'wards to the S of it, with windy conditions in S parts of England. To the N of the low it remained mainly dry for most of the time after an early air frost in many places here. It was a cold day to the N of the low - and most places remained rather dull. (Yeovilton 13.2C, Fyvie Castle 0.2C maximum, Altnaharra -6.9C minimum, Plymouth 24.0 mm, Shobdon 2.6 h.)

The 5th was a rather cloudy and showery day as a complex area of low pressure remained slow-moving over the British Isles. Away from S England there was a widespread ground frost over the UK, with a slight air frost in parts of Scotland and N Ireland. Showers fell as snow across Scotland - and in parts of the Midlands early in the day. It was cold in N areas in the N to NE'ly flow there. (Guernsey Airport 10.1C, Dalwhinnie 1.0C maximum, Katesbridge -2.9C minimum, Port Ellen 23.0 mm, Hurn 4.8 h.)

High pressure became established over N areas on the 6th (centre 1031 mb over Cent Scotland by 2400 GMT), leading to a cool NE'ly flow over the S half of the British Isles. There was frost and some showers overnight, with some fog patches by dawn in S England. Further showers occurred during the day - with some wintry falls over areas of Scotland. (St Helier 8.7C, Dalwhinnie -0.2C maximum, South Newington -4.7C minimum, Bainbridge 5.4 mm, Aldergrove 6.3 h.)

Pressure remained generally high on the 7th - above 1032 mb in some areas for a large part of the day. It was a cold, sunny and generally dry day due to the NE'ly wind. Across parts of N and Cent Scotland temperatures remained below freezing and there was some light snowfall in parts of N Scotland. W and N Scotland remained rather cloudy. A few areas close to the North Sea had a light shower or two. (Guernsey Airport 7.3C, Dalwhinnie -2.2C maximum, Dalwhinnie -9.8C minimum, Loftus 2.2 mm, Camborne 7.5 h.)

Ground frost was widespread into the 8th except in a few coastal locations, notably in S parts of England and Ireland. Most areas had an air frost - which was sharp in parts of Scotland and N England. High pressure continued to exert an influence, but a weak front spreading N across S Britain and Ireland later led to a cloudy day in S parts of England, Wales and Ireland. Elsewhere it was a sunny day. Police dealt with 25 road crashes in just one hour as freezing conditions were felt across much of Scotland in the morning. The cold weather also led to disruption on rail services with trains unable to stop at Johnstone in Renfrewshire due to icicles on the overhead lines. Several schools in Scotland were closed to pupils because of heating or water problems. (Isles of Scilly 9.5C, Strathallan -1.4C maximum, Strathallan -9.8C minimum, Stowe 0.4 mm, Aberdaron 6.9 h.)

The 9th was a rather cloudy day except across NW Scotland where the day began with sunny spells. Scotland, N Ireland, N Wales and N England had an air frost in places at first - and there was some fog in parts of England and Wales. Frontal rain spread across Ireland and into Wales and SW England. At Valentia 17 mm fell in the 12 hours ending 1800 GMT. (Isles of Scilly 10.6C, Spadeadam 1.3C maximum, Bridgefoot -4.9C minimum, Camborne 13.0 mm, Aviemore 5.1 h.)

Rain fell across W areas of the British Isles overnight into the 10th, and affected E Britain (mainly England) as it moved NE'wards during the day. Another area of rain affected SW Ireland later in the day (14 mm fell at Sherkin Island in the 12 hours ending 1800 GMT). As the rain moved E early in the day it led to some early fog in places - but most of E Ireland, Wales and S England then had a sunny day. The fog persisted locally, especially over Northern Ireland, and returned to some places in the evening. (Yeovilton 12.1C, Lough Fea 1.8C maximum, Shobdon -1.1C minimum, Cardiff Bute Park 9.2 mm, Yeovilton 7.1 h.)

A mainly mild S'ly flow affected much of the British Isles on the 11th. There was rain at times overnight in W Ireland before dawn (with falls of over 10 mm in the places in the 12 hours ending 0600 GMT). Most inland areas had a ground frost before dawn, with an air frost in places as far S as Hampshire. It was dull, misty and damp over E and SE England; elsewhere there were sunny spells (except in E England and E Scotland) . It remained cold in some areas of high ground (in fog) and in the Scottish glens. (Isles of Scilly 10.1C, Lentran 0.2C maximum, Altnaharra -6.0C minimum, Charsfield 10.2 mm, Camborne 7.0 h.)

There was some fog at first on the 12th with an air frost in E Ireland, Wales and inland areas of Scotland; most inland areas away from E England had a ground frost. Fog was rather persistent in parts of the W Midlands and E Wales. Rain spread into Ireland and W Britain in the evening. Most of Cent and E Britain was dull with a (mainly light) rain or drizzle in places and even in the brighter areas sunshine amounts were small. (Isles of Scilly 10.5C, Llysdinam 2.1Cmaximum, Tain Range -6.9C minimum, Banagher Caugh Hill 3.8 mm, Bala 2.6 h.)

Slow-moving frosts, especially over the W half of the British Isles, led to a mostly cloudy day on the 13th. It was wet in these frontal areas, with heavy falls in places that tended to become light into the evening. Low pressure towards the W of Scotland led to windy conditions in NW Scotland - while high pressure maintained control in E areas. A S#ly flow meant a mainly mild day. (Isles of Scilly 9.8C, Carterhouse 3.4C maximum, Eskdalemuir -0.3C minimum, Camborne 36.2 mm, Kirkwall 0.6 h.)

The 14th was a cloudy day in most areas due (at least in the W) to frontal systems - that brought heavy rain across W and N Scotland and much of Ireland later in the day. A deep low far to the NW led to a windy day in W and N areas with some severe gales later over N Scotland. Areas of Wales, SW England, E Ireland and the extreme SE corner of England had a few sunny spells. (Isles of Scilly 10.9C, Leek 1.8C maximum, Exeter Airport -0.7C minimum, Cluanie Inn 32.0 mm, Bude 5.4 h.)

Fronts crossed all areas on the 15th, introducing a brisk W'ly flow across the British Isles. It was cloudy with rain and strong winds overnight (and no ground frost at low levels), followed by showers weather from the W. It remained rather cloudy and dull in E areas of England with the rain not clearing from here until the afternoon, but Ireland and W areas of England and Wales had some sunny intervals during the day. There was some thunder towards the W during the late afternoon and evening, and mild before a cold front passed. Later the showers turned to snow over high ground in Scotland. (Hurn 12.5C, Dalwhinnie 3.3C maximum, Fylingdales 0.6C minimum, Capel Curig 44.8 mm, Dundrennan 3.6 h.)

Storm Fionn was named on the 16th due to a period of strong winds (not an identifiable low centre) that affected Eire. The strongest gusts there included 137 km/h at Mace Head and 117 km/h at Shannon Airport and Sherkin Island. MSL pressure fell to around 969 ,mb on N Shetland at 1200 GMT in this W'ly flow. After an air frost in E Scotland and widespread overnight showers, the day continued generally showery - but with some sunny spells across England. The showers were mostly of snow or hail (and with local thunder) across Scotland, N England and in N and W Ireland - although snow also fell in Wales and in parts of SW England. Motorists were warned to drive with caution as snow and ice affected large parts of Scotland. Dozens of schools were closed in the Highlands and Dumfries and Galloway, after overnight snowfall. Police reported dealing with jack-knifed lorries on the A9 at Dalwhinnie, and on the M74 between Lockerbie and Moffat. Wintry conditions forced Inverness airport to close for a time. Flights in and out of Aberdeen Airport were also affected and Glasgow Airport was closed for a while as the runway, taxi and passenger routes were cleared. Reported snow depths included 17 cm at Sule Skerry and 28 cm at Drumalbin at 2100 GMT, and 7 cm at Great Dun Fell at 1200 GMT. (Isles of Scilly 9.5C, Dalwhinnie -0.7C maximum, Braemar -2.1C minimum, Sheffield 17.0 mm, Wattisham 6.4 h.)

A W to NW'ly flow dominated the weather for much of the 17th, although by late evening a deepening depression had crossed Ireland it then lay centred, N or Anglesey, at 981 mb at 2400 GMT. There was an air frost across Scotland, N Ireland and N England by dawn, with pockets of frost also as far S as the S Midlands. Hundreds of drivers spent the night in their cars after becoming stranded due to heavy snow. Mountain rescue teams were sent to help those stuck on the M74 in Dumfries and Galloway after severe weather led to closures at Millbank and Beattock. Public transport was disrupted and schools remained closed in parts of Scotland and Northern Ireland. Disruption was also reported on the M62 trans-Pennine motorway, although by Wednesday morning traffic was able to move. Except in W parts of Scotland and Ireland it was a sunny day - with showers (many of them wintry) over Ireland and W Britain overnight, these then spreading across much of Wales and N England during the day. Rain spread quickly NE'wards during the evening, turning to snow away from southern counties. Reported snow depths included 10 cm at Great Dun Fell at 1500 GMT and 39 cm at Eskdalemuir at 1200 GMT. (Isles of Scilly 10.8C, Carterhouse 0.8C maximum, Drumnadrochit -5.0C minimum, Glenanne 20.6 mm, Wattisham 6.5 h.)

The depression crossed N England quickly E'wards during the morning of the 18th. To its N there was a widespread ground frost with overnight snow in Scotland and N England and a sharp air frost in parts of Cent Scotland. The low brought a spell of heavy rain in places, and severe gales caused disruption to much of the UK - with gusts of up to 70 mph. Police in several areas, including Lincolnshire, Norfolk and Gloucestershire, reported fallen trees on or near roads. Damage to overhead electric wires caused problems for train services in the Midlands, and in Scotland, police urged motorists to drive with "extreme caution" in the wintry conditions; drivers in Scotland and N England were being warned not to travel at all until after 0500 GMT, the first such warning issued since high winds in January 2013. Rail commuters faced delays in London, Norfolk, Suffolk, Cambridgeshire, Buckinghamshire, Surrey, Sussex and Hampshire. In Sydenham, south east London, a train hit a tree. Scottish Borders Council said no schools would open today, affecting 15,000 pupils. It was a mild night in S England with overnight minimum temperatures around 8C in places. A blustery day followed in all areas with S England remaining mild but with wintry showers across N Ireland, N England and Scotland. Reported snow depths at 1800 GMT included 15 cm at South Uist Range, 26 cm at West Freugh and 13 cm at Keswick. There was thunder in parts of the southeast in the afternoon and also near a few W and NW coasts. (Swanage 10.5C, Drumnadrochit -0.5C maximum, Loch Glascarnoch -7.7C minimum, Rochdale 20.8 mm, Hurn 5.2 h.)

There was widespread ground frost into the 19th with many inland parts of Britain having a slight air frost. Wintry weather again affected Scotland, N Ireland and N England overnight. Some communities in Scotland remained cut-off and the wintry weather continued during the day in these N areas. Further S it was drier and sunnier. Reported snow depths at 2100 GMT included 13 cm at South Uist Range and 12 cm at Glenanne. Frontal rain spread into SW Ireland later in the day. (Isles of Scilly 8.9C, Dalwhinnie -0.6C maximum, Drumnadrochit -6.8C minimum, Machrihanish 14.8 mm, Lyneham 6.6 h.)

Much of Scotland was very cold on the 20th, with persistent frost in places over a snow cover; many places were sunny, but there were isolated freezing fog patches, and snow showers around northern coasts. It was mostly overcast over Northern Ireland, England and Wales, and except in the S and SW it was also cold. Snow showers also affected N Ireland, N England, N Wales and N parts of the Midlands. Fronts brought rain across much of the S half of England and Wales and it was mild in parts of S wales and SW England. Snow depths at 1200 GMT included 5 cm at Lerwick, 28 cm at Eskdalemuir, 7 cm at Carlisle and 3 cm at Connaught Airport. (Exeter Airport 12.4C, Kinbrace -3.6C maximum, Dalwhinnie -10.4C minimum, Culdrose 19.2 mm, Kinloss 6.4 h.)

Fronts crossed the British Isles from the SW on the 21st, bringing a spell or rain which fell as snow over higher ground and in the colder areas; it was a dull day as a result. There was a widespread frost overnight away from S Britain and S Ireland, and the frost was notably severe in parts of Scotland. The day became very wet everywhere, with rain, preceded by snow which lasted for several hours over much of eastern and northern Britain. There was flooding in Devon and Cornwall. Much milder, drier weather pushed steadily across from the W during the afternoon and evening. By early evening falling snow was largely confined to N Scotland. Motorists in Scotland were urged to exercise caution as the band of snow moved across the country. Earlier drivers in the south-west were urged to "avoid unnecessary journeys" following a spate of road accidents. Police said heavy snowfall across Dumfries and Galloway caused problems on roads including the A75, which was blocked just outside Dumfries for a time. Glasgow Airport was closed for a short time while the runway was cleared of snow. In north Devon, several homes were evacuated after "widespread flooding" sparked by heavy rain; by mid-afternoon the Environment Agency had five flood warnings in place for south-west England and 18 flood alerts while there were 17 flood alerts in Wales. Snow affected driving conditions on the A470 between Betws-y-coed and Blaenau Ffestiniog. In SW England the A399 at Combe Martin was closed following a landslide, while the A361 was also shut near Landkey in Barnstaple. (Exeter Airport 13.3C, Fylingdales -0.1C maximum, Kinbrace -13.7C minimum, Gogerddan 46.4 mm, Lerwick 0.8 h.)

Minimum temperatures across S Ireland, S Wales and S England into the 22nd were around 7-9C while parts of E Scotland had a slight air frost. Temperatures rose to around 12C in the early ours in S England in places before a cold front cleared from the NW. There was overnight rain in SW England (25 mm fell in places) and parts of S England with places elsewhere reporting slight showers during the day. E England was generally the sunniest area while much of W Britain and N Ireland remaining rather dull. (St Helier 11.8C. Carterhouse 4.2C maximum, Aboyne -3.0C minimum, Tyndrum 35.2 mm (possibly melting snow in the gauge), Jersey Airport 4.9 h.)

The 23rd was a mild day with temperatures reaching 10C in E Scotland and 13C in many parts of England. This followed a mild night in S districts - the minimum temperature at Valentia in the 12 hours ending 0600 GMT was 10.3C. There was light rain and drizzle in most areas as fronts passed overhead while heavy rain fell across N Wales, N England and W Scotland in places. The best of the sunshine was to be found across Ireland, following the passage of the rain areas - although the extreme E coast of England and Scotland was also sunny for a time. (Exeter Airport 14.6C, Dalwhinnie 6.5C maximum, Santon Downham 0.1C minimum, Achnagart 37.4 mm (possibly some melting of snow), Morpeth Cockle Park 4.1 h.)

A deepening low, storm Georgina, moved from NW Ireland towards the Northern Isles on the 24th (centre 963 mb at 1200 GMT over Orkney) bringing rain to all areas as its associated fronts moved NE'wards over the British Isles. Much of England remained cloudy but further W there were clearances and sunny spells following the frontal rain. It was mostly rather mild over Scotland and Northern Ireland, and mild or very mild over England and Wales, although it turned rather colder behind the cold front. There were some gusts of around 80 mph in the most exposed W and N areas in the morning and some of the precipitation fell as snow at times across N Scotland. (Santon Downham 14.3C, Aviemore 4.8C maximum, Fyvie Castle 1.3C minimum, Loch Glascarnoch 45.2 mm, Dyce 6.1 h.)

Low pressure was slow-moving over N Ireland and N England on the 25th and the resulting flow from the SW led to a mainly mild day. It was colder in Cent Scotland with some falls of snow here - while the depression brought a spell of frontal rain to Ireland and W Britain - falls in E England were mainly light. There was hail in places in the W, with isolated thunder. Away from W Scotland and N Ireland most places had sunny spells during the day. (Wisley 11.1C, Loch Glascarnoch 1.5C maximum, Fyvie Castle -2.2C minimum, Kinlochewe 21.4 mm, Tibenham Airfield 6.7 h.)

A weak ridge of high pressure on the 26th led to a day with sunny periods after some overnight air frost. Later in the day more general cloud and then rain spread from the W into W Scotland and across Ireland. (Pembrey Sands 10.3C, Baltasound 2.6C maximum, Strathallan -3.5C minimum, Whitechurch 6.2 mm, Morecambe 6.6 h.)

During the 27th a depression moved steadily NE'wards towards Shetland (pressure on N Shetland was about 988 mb at 2400 GMT). After early frost in places, frontal cloud spread rapidly across all areas with rain and drizzle, and a rise in temperature behind a warm front. A following cold front cleared to give showery outbreaks from the W - and the winds increased in speed in N Scotland especially, with gusts of 70-80 mph in the Western and Northern Isles later in the day. (Hawarden and Keswick 13.6C, Lerwick 7.2C maximum, Shoreham -3.1C minimum, Eskdalemuir 24.0 mm, Dyce 2.7 h.)

A shallow frontal wave depression formed to the W and affected much of Scotland on the 28th, giving a wet day here. It was blustery on the S aside of the low (centre 1002 mb N of Peterhead at 2400 GMT) with some light rain and drizzle in places. Under a warm sector it was mainly mild to the S of the low - with some sunny spells in places. (Monks Wood 15.1C, Loch Glascarnoch 6.7C maximum, Balmoral 2.9C minimum, Achnagart 31.8 mm, Wittering 5.6 h.)

A weakening cold front drew rain across the British Isles from the NW during the 29th. Pressure rose behind the front - to pass 1032 mb over much of S England, S wales and S Ireland by late evening) - brining clearer weather with it. After a mild night over England (overnight minimum temperatures of 10-11C in places), showers developed across Scotland, becoming wintry places. It was a blustery day until pressure began to rise. (Heathrow 13.5C, Dalwhinnie 3.0C maximum, Loch Glascarnoch 0.9C minimum, Tyndrum 27.8 mm, Thomastown 6.3 h.)

The 30th saw a widespread air frost before dawn in places as S as SE England, along with some fog patches. Rain affected N Scotland at first. During the day much of Cent and E England was sunny, but frontal rain spread across Ireland and into W Scotland associated with low pressure to the W of Shetland. Another area of rain also affected SW and Cent S England. (Isles of Scilly 11.0C, Pennerley 3.8C maximum, Benson -5.6C minimum, Achnagart 72.0 mm (suspect?), Wellesbourne 6.9 h.)

Outbreaks of rain spread SE'wards during the 31st, with brighter skies following to most districts. The wind turned to a NW'ly direction and there were frequent showers in the N and W. Ahead of the rain it was mild in S England, but temperatures fell behind the (cold front) rainfall. Snow fell over Scotland and N Ireland by dawn, with falls in N England by midday and in the Midlands in the afternoon. There was also some hail and isolated thunder. (Swanage 10.6C, Salsburgh 0.4C maximum, Altnahinch Filters -1.0C minimum, Cassley 21.6 mm, Leeming 6.6 h.)

British Isles weather, February 2018

Low pressure towards the NE led to a cold surface flow from the N/NW on the 1st. Overnight showers fell over Ireland and W Britain with some snow falling over high ground here and in N England. Thunder occurred around the Wirral. Showers continued during the day in N Scotland and in W areas of the British Isles, while more general rain fell over parts of E England during the afternoon and early evening. (Swanage 8.9C, Dalwhinnie 2.8C maximum, Kielder Castle -1.7C minimum, Loch Glascarnoch 21.0 mm, Cork Airport 8.1 h.)

Many inland areas had a ground frost into the 2nd and showers, some of them wintry, affected N Scotland overnight. During the day it was generally cloudy with showers close to both W and E coasts. Later in the day frontal rain spread E'wards across Ireland and into some W parts of Britain. Pressure rose slightly during the day, reducing the strong winds in the E. (Cardiff Bute Park 9.7C, Dalwhinnie 3.5C maximum, Salsburgh -0.8C minimum, Bridlington 8.2 mm, Morecambe 7.2 h.)

Away from Ireland there was widespread ground frost into the 3rd before an area of rain spread from the W. Areas of E Scotland and E England also recorded an air frost ahead of the rain. It was a wet day in most areas, with some snow in the N and E - especially over higher ground - as the rain met colder air. It was a dull day in the E, but it brightened up across Ireland and W Scotland as the rain cleared. (St Helier 8.9C, Balmoral 0.9C maximum, Topcliffe -3.9C minimum, Capel Curig 15.8 mm, Shannon Airport 6.7 h.)

Away from S parts of Ireland and England a ground frost was widespread on the 4th, with an air frost in a few areas. E and SE areas of England, in particular, had some showers during the day - as did E Ireland. The best of the sunshine tended to occur in Ireland and W areas of Britain. A SE'ly flow led to a cold day in S areas - but it was milder in the N under a flow from the SW. (Belmullet 10.5C, Balmoral 2.1C maximum, Castlederg -2.1c minimum, Balmoral 6.4 mm, Tiree 7.8 h.)

Away from S Ireland and some coastal areas there was a widespread air frost on the 5th. It was cloudy in many areas during the day and, after a misty start in parts of Ireland, showers affected some areas, notably Cent and E England. There was lying snow over parts of east Kent in the morning. Police warned drivers to take extra care after wintry conditions led to a series of accidents on the M20 motorway in Kent. Later in the day more cloud and some rain spread across Ireland and into W Scotland, with the rain falling as snow on the leading edge in many areas. (Stornoway 7.3C, Spadeadam 0.2C maximum, Katesbridge -6.0c minimum, Tiree 5.8 mm, Wellesbourne 7.7 h.)

Away from W Ireland and the Northern Isles a ground frost was widespread on the 6th with many inland areas having an air frost. There was overnight snow in parts of Ireland and Scotland - and many other areas had spells of sleet or snow during the day. It was a cold day - especially from N England through Wales and the W Midlands to SW England, where it was also a dull day. (Cork Airport 5.8C, Okehampton -0.9C maximum, South Newington -4.6C minimum, Camborne 10.4 mm, Cork Airport 8.5 h.)

Air frost was widespread into the 7th away from W and SW Ireland and SW England and the Channel Islands. There was some overnight snow in parts of E and SE England which slowly cleared away to the E. Frontal rain, turning later to snow as it moved E'wards, affected Ireland in the late morning and Scotland in the afternoon. Away from W Ireland it was a generally cold and cloudy day; ahead of the rain it was sunny across England and SE Scotland. (Belmullet and Valentia 8.5C, Spadeadam -1.0C maximum, Tulloch Bridge -10.1C minimum, Achnagart 10.6 mm, Odiham 7.7 h.)

Fronts were slow-moving from the W during the 8th. Cloud and rain affected Ireland, Scotland and W Britain o overnight - further E there was a widespread air frost. The rain affected Wales, W Britain, Scotland and Ireland during the day and, away from SE England and NE Scotland, it was a mainly dull day. Further outbreaks of rain moved into western and N Scotland and Northern Ireland during the late afternoon and evening. (Hawarden 10.5C, Dalwhinnie 3.8C maximum, Shoreham -6.4C minimum, Capel Curig 46.0 mm, Shoeburyness 6.8 h.)

Frontal rain crossed Britain during the morning of the 9th, with parts of Ireland and W Scotland having an air frost in the clearer air. As the rain cleared away towards the E most of the British Isles had spells of sunshine - an exception was the extreme E of East Anglia and Kent where it remained dull. After a spell of showery conditions, further frontal rain moved into Ireland and W Scotland in the afternoon and evening. (St Helier 7.8C, Dalwhinnie 1.7C maximum, Killylane -2.9C minimum, Usk No.2 12.4 mm, St Athan 8.3 h.)

Fronts pushed E'wards across all areas on the 10th, with a wave depression rapidly crossing the British Isles towards NE England (centred 983 mb at2400 GMT). Ireland, W and N Scotland were frost-free overnight with outbreaks of rain. The rain was followed by showers, but there was little sunshine away from Ireland and N areas of Scotland. Heavy rain spread across many central and northern districts during the afternoon with snow falling across parts of Scotland, N England and N Ireland in the evening. (Hawarden 12.4C, Dalwhinnie 4.8C maximum, Benson -6.5C minimum, Capel Curig 45.2 mm, Kinloss 3.9 h.)

Overnight rain fell as sleet and snow in parts of Scotland, N Ireland and N England into the 11th. As the rain and snow cleared it was followed by showers and sunny intervals from the W. These fell as snow and hail in places - with snow as far S as Cornwall. There was also some isolated thunder heard in NW England. There was an air frost in parts of the N half of the British Isles and a cold day followed everywhere. (Shoreham 8.4C, Banagher Caugh Hill 0.4C maximum, Loch Glascarnoch -4.5C minimum, West Freugh 14.4 mm, Charterhall 7.8 h.)

Air frost was widespread inland on the 12th in a NW'ly flow under a weak ridge of high pressure. Overnight showers fell in the W half of the British Isles - wintry in many parts of Scotland and N Ireland. These continued during the day - falling as rain in the S - although most areas also had long sells of sunshine. Rain moved into Ireland in the evening and also extended E'wards across S England. By 2400 GMT a shallow wave depression (centre 991 mb) was located over S Ireland. (Hurn 8.7C, Carterhouse 1.0C maximum, Drumnadrochit -7.1C minimum, Ballypatrick Forest 8.2 mm, Manston 8.5 h.)

England and E Scotland had a widespread ground frost into the 13th, ahead of rain (with snow in places away from the S) that moved E'wards across all areas overnight and into the day. Rain was still falling in East Anglia in the late evening, but away from E areas (and especially across Ireland) the rain was followed by sunny periods and a scattering of showers. These showers were wintry over N Scotland. (St Helier 8.7C, Dalwhinnie 0.8C maximum, Loch Glascarnoch -1.1C minimum, Achnagart 27.0 mm, Cork Airport 8.8 h.)

There was a widespread air frost over the UK into the 14th - with a ground across much of Ireland - ahead of rain that spread across Ireland by dawn. Parts of E England had some mist and fog patches around dawn. This rain then spread to all areas during the day, with some snow in N and Cent areas. It was a mainly cloudy day, but some sunshine occurred in parts of W Scotland and N and Cent Ireland as milder air moved NE'wards across S areas. Showers behind the main rain areas contained some thunder in the NW in the evening. (Bude 11.5C, Dalwhinnie 2.3C maximum, Topcliffe -7.6C minimum, Shap 21.6 mm, Thomastown 3.3 h.)

A deep low initially to the NW of Scotland early on the 15th led to a blustery day with showers and sunshine. These showers fell as hail and snow in places. It was a cold day across Scotland and N Ireland although, away from W Scotland, most areas had a sunny day. It was mild in SE areas of England. (Langdon Bay 11.0C, Dalwhinnie 1.9C maximum, Killylane -0.2C minimum, Achnagart 39.4 mm, Hawarden 8.3 h.)

Air and ground frosts were fairly widespread on the 16th with rain and some snow overnight across many parts of Ireland and Scotland. E Scotland and most areas of England and Wales had sunny spells for much of the day, although it clouded over from the west, with rain moving into Ireland, and into N and W areas of Britain by late evening. It wasa quite a mild day in S areas. (Plymouth 11.2C, Dalwhinnie 3.3C maximum, South Newington -4.3C minimum, Harris Quidnish 18.6 mm, Tibenham Airfield 8.8 h.)

E areas of England began the 17th with an air frost - with some mist patches - ahead of frontal rain in W areas that moved further E'wards, weakening as it did so, during the day. The rain tended to die out over the E Midlands and East Anglia in the early afternoon. Showery conditions affected W areas during the day, but most areas saw brighter weather during the day. It was mostly quite mild, especially over England and Wales. In the evening a further area of rain reached S wares of England and Ireland from the W. (Hereford 11.9C, Dalwhinnie 3.5C maximum, Odiham -3.1C minimum, Cluanie Inn 17.8 mm, Aberdaron 9.1 h.)

On the 18th rain and drizzle spread slowly eastwards, but it was a dry day in the E and SE of England until the evening. There was an early ground frost in E Britain and in parts of E Ireland while there were areas of mist and fog in E England around dawn. The day was dull in most areas, although there was some sunshine ahead of the rain in NE Scotland, E and SE England. Some coasts and hills were foggy at during the day. The day turned mild as the rain arrived. (North Wyke 12.8C, Dalwhinnie 3.5C maximum, Aboyne -4.6C minimum, Port Ellen 10.4 mm, Manston 7.7 h.)

Slow-moving fronts led to a mainly dull day on the 19th. The cloud led to a relatively mild night in most areas - Ireland was misty overnight and as early rain moved E'wards patches of mist and fog formed in W Britain. A rather misty day followed in all areas and temperatures in many areas reach 10C. The best of any sunshine was to be found in Ireland with most of the UK having a dull day. (Cardiff Bute Park 14.2C, Inverbervie 6.0C maximum, Baltasound 1.0C minimum, Harris Quidnish 10.0 mm, Cork Airport 4.2 h.)

There was some rain overnight into the 20th in E Britain as high pressure began to build in the W - centred at 1032 mb over Cent Scotland by 2400 GMT. Many districts were quite sunny, but there were some showers in the NW, and much of E and SE England was quite cloudy with patchy rain. Away from the rain most areas were mild during the day - with areas around the Irish Sea being quite sunny. (Strathallan 12.0C, Cromer 5.6C maximum, Katesbridge -0.9C minimum, Lerwick 8.8 mm, Dundrennan 8.9 h.)

The 21st dawned mist in E England, across many parts of Ireland, and in a few other areas - under high pressure that led to a widespread ground frost. Air frost was widespread over Ireland and Scotland. The day was largely dry, apart from some patchy rain in parts of E England as the high pressure moved NE'wards. Ireland, S England and much of Scotland had a sunny day, with rather cloudy conditions over Cent England and East Anglia. It was mild in places in the sunnier areas. (Bridgefoot 10.5C, High Wycombe 4.4C maximum, Tulloch Bridge -6.0C minimum, Scarborough 2.8 mm, Charterhall 8.9 h.)

The British Isles lay under a slight ridge from an area of high pressure over Scandinavia on the 22nd. There were a few patches of rain at first, mainly in E and Cent areas and in parts of Ireland. Away from Ireland there was air frost in places and a widespread ground frost - with some mist in many E and S areas of England. Most places remained dry during the day - although it was generally rather cloudy away from parts of E and S England. (Valentia 9.1C, Leek 1.6C maximum, Shap -5.4C minimum, Machrihanish 4.2 mm, Bude 9.3 h.)

There was a widespread air frost over England, Wales and E Scotland into the 23rd along with widespread mist and haze in many areas by dawn. The day was mainly dry, although there were a few showers over Ireland and W Scotland. Elsewhere, there were long sunny spells in places. (Kinlochewe 8.1C, Okehampton 1.3C maximum, South Newington -7.1C minimum, Frittenden 0.2 mm, Yeovilton 9.4 h.)

The 24th was mostly sunny, dry and cold with some places in England having one of their sunniest February days on record (in excess of 9 h of bright sunshine). Air frost was widespread over England, Wales and Scotland, while during the day parts of Ireland remained rather misty. Ireland, W and N Scotland were rather cloudy and cold. (Pembrey Sands 8.9C, Killylane 1.4C maximum, Wiggonholt -5.5C minimum, Lerwick 0.2 mm, Valley 9.7 h.)

High pressure over Scandinavia brought a brisk flow from the E across S parts of the UK on the 25th. After a widespread air frost (with some early mist over Ireland) the day was generally dry, cold and sunny. Light wintry showers began to affect eastern coastal districts during the evening. The day was, again, one of the sunniest in February on record at many locations - although parts of E and NE Scotland were rather dull. (Mona 9.4C, Lake Vyrnwy 1.6C maximum, Loch Glascarnoch -8.4C minimum, Baltasound 2.4 mm, Aberdaron, Valley 10.1 h.)

Except in some northwestern areas, it was very cold on the 26th. Air frost was widespread away from W Ireland and W Scotland. There was some sunshine, especially in the north and southwest, but also a lot of snow showers, especially over England. However, the water content of the snow was very low, with little water equivalent in raingauges, and generally a fairly rapid evaporation/sublimation of temporary snow cover. With further snow forecast, rail firms warned of disruption, with Southeastern advising passengers to complete journeys by 1800 GMT. A snow emergency was declared in Kent this afternoon. (Valentia 7.3C, Lake Vyrnwy -1.3C maximum, Aviemore -6.0C minimum, Dyce 1.8 mm, Lerwick 9.3 h.)

High pressure on the 27th continued to draw very cold air into the UK. After a widespread air frost (only a few coastal locations in W coastal areas of the UK and Ireland escaped this) it was a very cold day, exceptionally cold in much of the SE. There was some sunshine, but widespread snow showers. Longer spells of snow affected the extreme SE overnight, and also moved W'wards across much of Scotland, N England, the NW Midlands and N and W Wales overnight, with further prolonged outbreaks over much of E Scotland and NE England during the day. There was isolated thunder near the E coast. Hundreds of trains were cancelled, many schools closed with Kent, Surrey, Suffolk and Sussex among the worst-hit counties, seeing 5-10 cm of snow, while NE England received up to 8 cm as of 1000 GMT. Overnight, rail operators ran empty trains to keep tracks clear of snow, but hundreds of services were cancelled. The A19 in North Yorkshire was closed after a snow-related crash, and some lanes on motorways were blocked due to the snow. (Belmullet 7.5C. Wych Cross -2.5C maximum, South Farnborough -8.9C minimum, Morpeth Cockle Park 8.4 mm, Camborne 8.5 h.)

The 28th was exceptionally cold, with persistent frost in all except a few S and W districts and a fresh E'ly wind, bringing widespread snow showers. These were particularly heavy, and essentially persistent, off the long sea track into NE England and E Scotland; there was some thunder too, notably in the Newcastle area. Widespread disruption resulted. Away from the shower tracks it was quite sunny, chiefly in the S and W. Commuters were warned of major disruption on the road and rail networks after a second day of severe weather across the UK. There were major travel problems in Glasgow as well as many other places around the UK. The worst affected areas in England were Kent, East Anglia and NE England. Flights to and from Glasgow were cancelled while more than 100 flights at Heathrow were dropped and services at London City were also suspended. Schools in Wales were set to close until next week while more than 2,624 schools in England and 1,600 in Scotland were shut. Rural communities were warned they could be cut off by power outages and mobile phone signal failures. Most flights out of Edinburgh were cancelled. Train services impacted include c2c, Caledonian Sleeper, CrossCountry, East Midlands Trains, Grand Central, Greater Anglia, Hull Trains, London Overground, Merseyrail, Northern, ScotRail, South Western Railway, Southeastern, Stansted Express, TfL Rail, TransPennine Express, Virgin Trains and Virgin Trains East Coast. Major problems and closures on main roads across the country including various parts of the A1, and the A66 across the Pennines. The Met Office issued a red warning for snow, only the second ever issued by the Met Office for snow - with the first covering Wales in 2013. A boy in Basildon, Essex, was saved by firefighters after he got trapped in the middle of a frozen lake when the ice broke up. Police in Macclesfield said they arrested two suspected thieves after tracking their footprints through the snow. Hospitals in Glasgow, Grimsby, Scunthorpe and Goole cancelled all outpatient appointments while Harrogate hospital asked staff who can walk to work to go in to cover shifts. Chatham Ski and Snowboard Centre in Gillingham, Kent, was forced to close because of the heavy snow. (Belmullet 3.8C, Braemar -5.3C maximum, South Farnborough -11.7C minimum, Ravensworth 6.8 mm, Guernsey Airport 9.3 h.)

British Isles weather, March 2018

British Isles weather, April 2018

British Isles weather, May 2018

British Isles weather, June 2018

British Isles weather, July 2018

British Isles weather, August 2018

British Isles weather, September 2018

British Isles weather, October 2018

British Isles weather, November 2018

British Isles weather, December 2018

Last updated 2 March 2018.