Dr Christine Chiu

Associate Professor of Atmospheric Physics

Web Pages:

My Research: http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~xs902448/home

Research Interests:

  • Remote Sensing
  • Radiative Transfer
  • Aerosol-Cloud-Precipitation-Radiation Interactions

Research Projects:

  • Study of shortwave spectra in fully 3D environment: Synergy between scanning radars and spectral radiation measurements: The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program set out 20 years ago to "close" the radiation problem, that is, to improve radiation models to the point where they could routinely predict the observed spectral radiation fluxes knowing the optical properties of the surface and of gases, clouds and aerosols in the atmosphere. This project aims to advance the understanding and closure of the surface spectral shortwave radiation problem in fully 3D cloud situations by combining the new ARM scanning radars, shortwave spectrometers, and microwave radiometers with radiative transfer tools.
  • MAGIC Cloud Properties from zenith radiance data: To understand the feedback processes of marine boundary layer clouds, the AMF2 MAGIC field campaign, sponsored by the US Department of Energy, aims to observe the transition from the stratocumulus to shallow trade-wind cumulus. These clouds pose great challenges for remote sensing techniques because of their highly inhomogeneous and fast evolving nature. We aim to provide observations of cloud optical depth and effective droplet size at high temporal resolution using the ARM sunphotometer. The proposed sunphotometer deployment will be a pathfinder not just for seagoing deployments, but also for many future deployments.
  • Dynamics-aerosol-chemistry-cloud interactions in West Africa (DACCIWA): The DACCIWA project will conduct extensive fieldwork in southern West Africa to collect high-quality observations, spanning the entire process chain from surface-based natural and anthropogenic emissions to impacts on health, ecosystems and climate. Combining the resulting benchmark dataset with a wide range of modelling activities will allow (a) to assess all relevant physical and chemical processes, (b) to improve the monitoring of climate and compositional parameters from space and (c) to develop the next generation of weather and climate models capable of representing coupled cloud-aerosol interactions, which will ultimately lead to reduced uncertainties in climate predictions.

Postdoctoral & graduate student supervision

  • Dr Peter Hill works on cloud-radiation interactions over west Africa, funded by the EU FP7 DACCIWA project.

  • Dr Shannon Mason works on the development of cloud and precipitation retrievals for the forthcoming EarthCARE satellite, and their exploitation for understanding atmospheric processes and evaluating models, funded by the UK National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO).

  • Dr Yann Blanchard works on improving understanding and representations of cloud, aerosol, precipitation and radiation in climate models using novel, synergistic ground-based measurements, funded by the US Atmospheric System Research program.

  • Jake Gristey is a 3rd year PhD student working on understanding the Earth's energy flows at high temporal resolution using new, viable, and sustainable observation strategies from a constellation of satellites, co-supervised by Prof. Robert Gurney; the project is CASE-supported by the Met Office and the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

  • Rachael Byrom is a first-year PhD student working on methane radiative forcing, focusing on the solar near-IR, co-supervised by Prof. Keith Shine.

Recent Publications:

Publications for c.j.chiu@reading.ac.uk

Jump to: 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2004
Number of items: 41.


Young, M. P., Chiu, J. C., Williams, C. J. R., Stein, T. H. M., Stengel, M., Fielding, M. D. and Black, E. (2018) Spatiotemporal variability of warm rain events over southern West Africa from geostationary satellite observations for climate monitoring and model evaluation. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. ISSN 1477-870X doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.3372

Hill, P. G., Chiu, J. C., Allan, R. and Chern, J.-D. (2018) Characterizing the radiative effect of rain using a global ensemble of cloud resolving simulations. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. ISSN 19422466 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2018MS001415

Hill, P. G., Allan, R. P., Chiu, J. C., Bodas-Salcedo, A. and Knippertz, P. (2018) Quantifying the contribution of different cloud types to the radiation budget in southern West Africa. Journal of Climate, 31. pp. 5273-5291. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0586.1

Flamant, C., Knippertz, P., Fink, A. H., Akpo, A., Brooks, B., Chiu, C. J., Coe, H., Danuor, S., Evans, M., Jegede, O., Kalthoff, N., Konaré, A., Liousse, C., Lohou, F., Mari, C., Schlager, H., Schwarzenboeck, A., Adler, B., Amekudzi, L., Aryee, J., Ayoola, M., Batenburg, A. M., Bessardon, G., Borrmann, S., Brito, J., Bower, K., Burnet, F., Catoire, V., Colomb, A., Denjean, C., Fosu-Amankwah, K., Hill, P. G., Lee, J., Lothon, M., Maranan, M., Marsham, J., Meynadier, R., Ngamini, J.-B., Rosenberg, P., Sauer, D., Smith, V., Stratmann, G., Taylor, J. W., Voigt, C. and Yoboué, V. (2018) The Dynamics-Aerosol-Chemistry-Cloud Interactions in West Africa field campaign: overview and research highlights. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 99 (1). pp. 83-104. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0256.1

Gristey, J. J., Chiu, J. C., Gurney, R. J., Morcrette, C. J., Hill, P. G., Russell, J. E. and Brindley, H. E. (2018) Insights into the diurnal cycle of global Earth outgoing radiation using a numerical weather prediction model. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18. pp. 5129-5145. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-5129-2018


Mason, S. L., Chiu, J. C., Hogan, R. J. and Tian, L. (2017) Improved rain rate and drop size retrievals from airborne Doppler radar. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17 (18). pp. 11567-11589. ISSN 1680-7324 doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-11567-2017

Painemal, D., Chiu, J.-Y. C., Minnis, P., Yost, C., Zhou, X., Cadeddu, M., Eloranta, E., Lewis, E. R., Ferrare, R. and Kollias, P. (2017) Aerosol and cloud microphysics covariability in the northeast Pacific boundary layer estimated with ship-based and satellite remote sensing observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122 (4). pp. 2403-2418. ISSN 2169-8996 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JD025771

Gristey, J. J., Chiu, J. C., Gurney, R. J., Han, S.-C. and Morcrette, C. J. (2017) Determination of global Earth outgoing radiation at high temporal resolution using a theoretical constellation of satellites. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122 (2). pp. 1114-1131. ISSN 2169-8996 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JD025514


Yang, W., Marshak, A., McBride, P. J., Chiu, J. C., Knyazikhin, Y., Schmidt, K. S., Flynn, C., Lewis, E. R. and Eloranta, E. W. (2016) Observation of the spectrally invariant properties of clouds in cloudy-to-clear transition zones during the MAGIC field campaign. Atmospheric Research, 182. pp. 294-301. ISSN 0169-8059 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2016.08.004

Hill, P. G., Allan, R. P., Chiu, J. C. and Stein, T. H. M. (2016) A multi-satellite climatology of clouds, radiation and precipitation in southern West Africa and comparison to climate models. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121 (18). 10,857-10,879. ISSN 2169-8996 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JD025246

Schafer, S. A. K., Hogan, R. J., Klinger, C., Chiu, J. C. and Mayer, B. (2016) Representing 3-D cloud radiation effects in two-stream schemes: 1. Longwave considerations and effective cloud edge length. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121 (14). pp. 8567-8582. ISSN 2169-8996 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JD024876

Hogan, R. J., Schafer, S. A. K., Klinger, C., Chiu, J. C. and Mayer, B. (2016) Representing 3-D cloud radiation effects in two-stream schemes: 2. Matrix formulation and broadband evaluation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121 (14). pp. 8583-8599. ISSN 2169-8996 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JD024875


Knippertz, P., Coe, H., Chiu, J. C., Evans, M. J., Fink, A. H., Kalthoff, N., Liousse, C., Mari, C., Allan, R., Brooks, B., Danour, S., Flamant, C., Jegede, O. O., Lohou, F. and Marsham, J. H. (2015) The DACCIWA project: dynamics-aerosol-chemistry-cloud interactions in West Africa. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96 (9). pp. 1451-1460. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00108.1

Fielding, M. D., Chiu, J. C., Hogan, R. J., Feingold, G., Eloranta, E., O'Connor, E. J. and Cadeddu, M. P. (2015) Joint retrievals of cloud and drizzle in marine boundary layer clouds using ground-based radar, lidar and zenith radiances. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 8. pp. 2663-2683. ISSN 1867-8548 doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-8-2663-2015

Wood, R., Wyant, M., Bretherton, C. S., Remilliard, J., Kollais, P., Fletcher, J., Stemmler, J., De Szoeke, S., Yuter, S., Miller, M., Mechem, D., Tselioudis, G., Chiu, J. C., Mann, J. A. L., O'Connor, E., Hogan, R., Dong, X., Miller, M., Ghate, V., Jefferson, A., Min, Q., Minnis, P., Palikonda, R., Albrecht, B., Luke, E., Hannay, C. and Lin, Y. (2015) Clouds, aerosols, and precipitation in the marine boundary layer: an ARM Mobile Facility Deployment. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96 (3). pp. 419-440. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00180.1


Young, M. P., Williams, C. J. R., Chiu, J. C., Maidment, R. and Chen, S.-H. (2014) Investigation of discrepancies in satellite rainfall estimates over Ethiopia. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15. pp. 2347-2369. ISSN 1525-7541 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-13-0111.1

Fielding, M. D., Chiu, J. C., Hogan, R. J. and Feingold, G. (2014) A novel ensemble method for retrieving properties of warm cloud in 3-D using ground-based scanning radar and zenith radiances. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 119 (18). 10,912-10,930. ISSN 2169-8996 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JD021742

Chiu, J. C., Holmes, J. A., Hogan, R. J. and O'Connor, E. J. (2014) The interdependence of continental warm cloud properties derived from unexploited solar background signals in ground-based lidar measurements. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14. pp. 8389-8401. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-8389-2014

Mann, J. A.L., Chiu, J. C., Hogan, R. J., O'Connor, E. J., l'Ecuyer, T. S., Stein, T. H. M. and Jefferson, A. (2014) Aerosol impacts on drizzle properties in warm clouds from ARM Mobile Facility maritime and continental deployments. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 119 (7). pp. 4136-4148. ISSN 2169-8996 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JD021339


Fielding, M. D., Chiu, J. C., Hogan, R. J. and Feingold, G. (2013) 3D cloud reconstructions: evaluation of scanning radar scan strategy with a view to surface shortwave radiation closure. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 118 (16). pp. 9153-9167. ISSN 2169-8996 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrd.50614

Liu, J., Li, Z., Zheng, Y., Chiu, J. C., Zhao, F., Cadeddu, M., Weng, F. and Cribb, M. (2013) Cloud optical and microphysical properties derived from ground-based and satellite sensors over a site in the Yangtze Delta region. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 118 (16). pp. 9141-9152. ISSN 2169-8996 doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrd.50648

Vogelmann, A. M., McFarquhar, G. M., Ogren, J. A.,, Turner, D. D., Comstock, J. M., Feingold, G., Long, C. N., Jonsson, H. H., Bucholtz, A., Collins, D. R., Diskin, G. S., Gerber, H., Lawson, R. P., Woods, R. K., Andrews, E., Yang, H.-J., Chiu, J. C., Hartsock, D., Hubbe, J. M., Lo, C., Marshak, A., Monroe, J. W., McFarlane, S. A., Schmid, B., Tomlinson, J. M. and Toto, T. (2013) RACORO extended-term, aircraft observations of boundary-layer clouds. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93 (6). pp. 861-878. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00189.1


Anton, M., Alados-Arboledas, L., Guerrero-Rascado, J. L., Costa, M. J., Chiu, J. C. and Olmo, F. J. (2012) Experimental and modeled UV erthemal irradiance under overcast conditions: the role of cloud optical depth. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12 (23). pp. 11723-11732. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-11723-2012

Chiu, J. C., Marshak, A., Huang, C.-H., Carnai, T., Hogan, R. J., Giles, D. M., Holben, B. N., O'Connor, E. J., Knyazikhin, Y. and Wiscombe, W. J. (2012) Cloud droplet size and liquid water path retrievals from zenith radiance measurements: examples from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program and the Aerosol Robotic Network. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12. pp. 10313-10329. ISSN 1680-7324 doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-12-10313-2012

Marshak, A., Knyazikhin, Y., Chiu, J. C. and Wiscombe, W. J. (2012) On spectral invariance of single scattering albedo for water droplets and ice crystals at weakly absorbing wavelengths. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer, 113 (9). pp. 715-720. ISSN 0022-4073 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jqsrt.2012.02.021


Marshak, A., Knyazikhin, Y., Chiu, J. C. and Wiscombe, W.J. (2011) Spectrally invariant approximation within atmospheric radiative transfer. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 68 (12). pp. 3094-3111. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-11-060.1


Chiu, J. C., Marshak, A., Knyazikhin, Y. and Wiscombe, W. J. (2010) Spectrally-invariant behavior of zenith radiance around cloud edges simulated by radiative transfer. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10 (22). pp. 11295-11303. ISSN 1680-7316 doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-10-11295-2010

Betts, A. K. and Chiu, J. C. (2010) Idealized model for changes in equilibrium temperature, mixed layer depth, and boundary layer cloud over land in a doubled CO2 climate. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115 (D19). D19108. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2009JD012888

Chiu, J. C., Huang, C.-H., Marshak, A., Slutsker, I., Giles, D. M., Holben, B. N., Knyazikhin, Y. and Wiscombe, W. J. (2010) Cloud optical depth retrievals from the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) cloud mode observations. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115 (D14). D14202. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2009JD013121


Hu, J.-C., Chen, W.-J., Chiu, J. C., Wang, J.-L. and Liu, G.-R. (2009) Quantitative precipitation estimation over ocean using Bayesian approach from microwave observations during the typhoon season. Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 20 (6). pp. 817-832. ISSN 1017-0839 doi: https://doi.org/10.3319/TAO.2008.12.17.01(A)

Marshak, A., Knyazikhin, Y., Chiu, J. C. and Wiscombe, W. J. (2009) Spectral invariant behavior of zenith radiance around cloud edges observed by ARM SWS. Geophysical Research Letters, 36. L16802. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2009GL039366

McComiskey, A., Feingold, G., Frisch, A. S., Turner, D. D., Miller, M. A., Chiu, J. C., Min, Q. and Ogren, J. A. (2009) An assessment of aerosol‐cloud interactions in marine stratus clouds based on surface remote sensing. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114 (D9). D09203. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2008JD011006

Chiu, J. C., Marshak, A., Knyazikhin, Y., Pilewskie, P. and Wiscombe, W. J. (2009) Physical interpretation of the spectral radiative signature in the transition zone between cloud-free and cloudy regions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9 (4). pp. 1419-1430. ISSN 1680-7324 doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-9-1419-2009


Yang, Y., Marshak, A., Chiu, J. C., Wiscombe, W. J., Palm, S. P., Davis, A. B., Spangenberg, D. A., Nguyen, L., Spinhirne, J. D. and Minnis, P. (2008) Retrievals of thick cloud optical depth from the Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) by calibration of solar background signal. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65 (11). pp. 3513-3526. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/2008JAS2744.1


Schull, M., Ganguly, S., Samanta, A., Huang, D., Shabanov, N., Jenkins, J., Chiu, J. C., Marshak, A., Blair, J., Myneni, R. and Knyazikhin, Y. (2007) Physical interpretation of the correlation between multi-angle spectral data and canopy height. Geophysical Research Letters, 34 (18). L18405. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2007GL031143

Chiu, J. C., Marshak, A., Wiscombe, W., Valencia, S. and Welton, E.J. (2007) Cloud optical depth retrievals from solar background "signals" of micropulse lidars. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 4 (3). pp. 456-460. ISSN 1545-598X doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/LGRS.2007.896722

Turner, D., Vogelmann, A., Austin, R., Barnard, J., Cady-Pereira, K., Chiu, J. C., Clough, S., Flynn, C., Khaiyer, M., Liljegren, J., Johnson, K., Lin, B., Long, C., Marshak, A., Matrosov, S., McFarlane, S., Miller, M., Min, Q., Minnis, P., O'Hirok, W., Wang, Z. and Wiscombe, W. (2007) Thin liquid water clouds: their importance and our challenge. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 88 (2). pp. 177-190. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-88-2-177


Chiu, J. C. and Petty, G.W. (2006) Bayesian retrieval of complete posterior PDFs of oceanic rain rate from microwave observations. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 45 (8). pp. 1073-1095. ISSN 1558-8424 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/JAM2392.1

Chiu, J. C., Marshak, A., Knyazikhin, Y., Wiscombe, W.J., Barker, H.W., Barnard, J.C. and Luo, Y. (2006) Remote sensing of cloud properties using ground-based measurements of zenith radiance. Journal of Geophysical Research, 111 (D16). D16201. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2005JD006843

Olson, W.S., Kummerow, C.D., Yang, S., Petty, G.W., Tao, W.-K., Bell, T.L., Braun, S.A., Wang, Y., Lang, S.E., Johnson, D.E. and Chiu, J. C. (2006) Precipitation and latent heating distributions from satellite passive microwave radiometry. Part I: improved method and uncertainties. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 45 (5). pp. 702-720. ISSN 1558-8424 doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/JAM2369.1


Chiu, J. C., Marshak, A. and Wiscombe, W. (2004) The effect of surface heterogeneity on cloud absorption estimates. Geophysical Research Letters, 31 (15). L15105. ISSN 0094-8276 doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2004GL020104

This list was generated on Thu Nov 15 08:42:44 2018 UTC.

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