Professor Steve Woolnough

Professor of Climate Science

Web Pages:

My Research: http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~swrwoono

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Recent Publications:

Publications for s.j.woolnough@reading.ac.uk

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Number of items: 52.

2017

Daleu, C. L., Plant, R. S. and Woolnough, S. J. (2017) Using the weak-temperature gradient approximation to evaluate parameterizations: an example of the transition from suppressed to active convection. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. ISSN 1942-2466 doi: 10.1002/2017MS000940 (In Press)

Shonk, J. K. .P., Guilyardi, E., Toniazzo, T., Woolnough, S. J. and Stockdale, T. (2017) Identifying causes of Western Pacific ITCZ drift in ECMWF System 4 hindcasts. Climate Dynamics. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-017-3650-9

Walters, D., Brooks, M., Boutle, I., Melvin, T., Stratton, R., Vosper, S., Wells, H., Williams, K., Wood, N., Allen, T., Bushell, A., Copsey, D., Earnshaw, P., Edwards, J., Gross, M., Hardiman, S., Harris, C., Heming, J., Klingaman, N., Levine, R., Manners, J., Martin, G., Milton, S., Mittermaier, M., Morcrette, C., Riddick, T., Roberts, M., Sanchez, C., Selwood, P., Stirling, A., Smith, C., Suri, D., Tennant, W., Vidale, P. L., Wilkinson, J., Willett, M., Woolnough, S. and Xavier, P. (2017) The Met Office Unified Model Global Atmosphere 6.0/6.1 and JULES Global Land 6.0/6.1 configurations. Geoscientific Model Development, 10 (4). pp. 1487-1520. ISSN 1991-9603 doi: 10.5194/gmd-10-1487-2017

Emerton, R., Cloke, H. L., Stephens, E. M., Zsoter, E., Woolnough, S. J. and Pappenberger, F. (2017) Complex picture for likelihood of ENSO-driven flood hazard. Nature Communications, 8. 14796 . ISSN 2041-1723 doi: 10.1038/ncomms14796

Johnson, S. J., Turner, A., Woolnough, S., Martin, G. and MacLachlan, C. (2017) An assessment of Indian monsoon seasonal forecasts and mechanisms underlying monsoon interannual variability in the Met Office GloSea5-GC2 system. Climate Dynamics, 48 (5). pp. 1447-1465. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-016-3151-2

Klingaman, N. P., Jiang, X., Xavier, P. K., Petch, J., Waliser, D. and Woolnough, S. J. (2017) Vertical structure and diabatic processes of the Madden-Julian oscillation. In: Chang, C.-P., Kuo, H.-C., Lau, N.-C., Johnson, R. H., Wang, B. and Wheeler, M. C. (eds.) Global Monsoon System: Research and Forecast (3rd Edition). World Scientific Series on Asia-Pacific Weather and Climate, 9. World Scientific, New Jersey, pp. 161-172. ISBN 9789813200906 doi: 10.1142/10305

Vitart, F., Ardilouze, C., Bonet, A., Brookshaw, A., Chen , M., Codorean, C., Deque, M., Ferranti, L., Fucile, E., Fuentes, M., Hendon, H., Hodgson, J., Kang, H. S., Kumar, A., Lin, H., Liu, G., Liu, X., Malguzzi, P., Mallas, I., Manoussakis, M., Mastrangelo, D., MacLachlan, C., McLean, P., Minami, A., Mladek, R., Nakazawa, T., Najim, S., Nie, Y., Rixen, M., Robertson, A. W., Ruti, P., Sun, C., Takaya, Y., Tlostykh, M., Venuti, F., Waliser, D., Woolnough, S., Wu, T., Won, D.-J., Xiao, H., Zaripov, R. and Zhang, L. (2017) The sub-seasonal to seasonal prediction (S2S) project database. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98 (1). pp. 163-173. ISSN 1520-0477 doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0017.1

2016

DeMott, C. A., Benedict, J. J., Klingaman, N. P., Woolnough, S. J. and Randall, D. A. (2016) Diagnosing ocean feedbacks to the MJO: SST-modulated surface fluxes and the moist static energy budget. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121 (14). pp. 8350-8373. ISSN 2169-8996 doi: 10.1002/2016JD025098

Daleu, C. L., Plant, R. S., Woolnough, S. J., Sessions, S., Herman, M. J., Sobel, A., Wang , S., Kim, D., Cheng, A., Bellon, G., Peyrille, P., Ferry, F., Siebesma, P. and van Ulft, L. (2016) Intercomparison of methods of coupling between convection and large-scale circulation. 2: comparison over non-uniform surface conditions. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 8 (1). pp. 387-405. ISSN 1942-2466 doi: 10.1002/2015MS000570

Holloway, C. E. and Woolnough, S. J. (2016) The sensitivity of convective aggregation to diabatic processes in idealized radiative-convective equilibrium simulations. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 8 (1). pp. 166-195. ISSN 1942-2466 doi: 10.1002/2015MS000511

Johnson, S. J., Levine, R. C., Turner, A. G., Martin, G. M., Woolnough, S. J., Schiemann, R., Mizielinski, M. S., Roberts, M. J., Vidale, P. L., Demory, M.-E. and Strachan, J. (2016) The resolution sensitivity of the South Asian monsoon and Indo-Pacific in a global 0.35◦ AGCM. Climate Dynamics, 46 (3-4). pp. 807-831. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2614-1

2015

DeMott, C. A., Klingaman, N. P. and Woolnough, S. J. (2015) Atmosphere-ocean coupled processes in the Madden-Julian oscillation. Reviews of Geophysics, 53 (4). pp. 1099-1154. ISSN 8755-1209 doi: 10.1002/2014RG000478

Daleu, C. L., Plant, R. S., Woolnough, S. J., Sessions, S., Herman, M. J., Sobel, A., Wang, S., Kim, D., Cheng, A., Bellon, G., Peyrille, P., Ferry, F., Siebesma, P. and van Ulft, L. (2015) Intercomparison of methods of coupling between convection and large-scale circulation: 1. Comparison over uniform surface conditions. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 7 (4). pp. 1576-1601. ISSN 1942-2466 doi: 10.1002/2015MS000468

Holloway, C. E., Woolnough, S. J. and Lister, G. M. S. (2015) The effects of explicit versus parameterized convection on the MJO in a large-domain high-resolution tropical case study. Part II: Processes leading to differences in MJO development. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 72 (7). pp. 2719-2743. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-14-0308.1

Xavier, P. K., Petch, J. C., Klingaman, N. P., Woolnough, S. J., Jiang, X., Waliser, D. E., Caian, M., Cole, J., Hagos, S. M., Hannay, C., Kim, D., Miyakawa, T., Pritchard, M. S., Roehrig, R., Shindo, E., Vitart, F. and Wang, H. (2015) Vertical structure and physical processes of the Madden-Julian oscillation: Biases and uncertainties at short range. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 120 (10). pp. 4749-4763. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1002/2014JD022718

Klingaman, N. P., Woolnough, S., Jiang, X., Waliser, D., Xavier, P. K., Petch, J., Caian, M., Hannay, C., Kim, D., Ma, H.-Y., Merryfield, W. J., Miyakawa, T., Pritchard, M., Ridout, J. A., Roehrig, R., Shindo, E., Vitart, F., Wang, H., Cavanaugh, N. R., Mapes, B. E., Shelly, A. and Zhang, G. J. (2015) Vertical structure and physical processes of the Madden-Julian oscillation: Linking hindcast fidelity to simulated diabatic heating and moistening. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 120 (10). pp. 4690-4717. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1002/2014JD022374

Jiang, X., Waliser, D. E., Xavier, P. K., Petch, J., Klingaman, N. P., Woolnough, S. J., Guan, B., Bellon, G., Crueger, T., DeMott, C., Hannay, C., Lin, H., Hu, W., Kim, D., Lappen, C.-L., Lu, M.-M., Ma, H.-Y., Miyakawa, T., Ridout, J. A., Schubert, S. D., Scinocca, J., Seo, K.-H., Shindo, E., Song, X., Stan, C., Tseng, W.-L., Wang, W., Wu, T., Wu, X., Wyser, K., Zhang, G. J. and Zhu, H. (2015) Vertical structure and physical processes of the Madden-Julian oscillation: exploring key model physics in climate simulations. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 120 (10). pp. 4718-4748. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1002/2014JD022375

Klingaman, N. P., Jiang, X., Xavier, P. K., Petch, J., Waliser, D. and Woolnough, S. J. (2015) Vertical structure and physical processes of the Madden-Julian oscillation: synthesis and summary. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 120 (10). pp. 4671-4689. ISSN 0148-0227 doi: 10.1002/2015JD023196

Hirons, L.C., Klingaman, N.P. and Woolnough, S.J. (2015) MetUM-GOML: a near-globally coupled atmosphere–ocean-mixed-layer model. Geoscientific Model Development , 8. pp. 363-379. ISSN 1991-962X doi: 10.5194/gmd-8-363-2015

Daleu, C. L., Woolnough, S. J. and Plant, R.S. (2015) Transition from suppressed to active convection modulated by a weak-temperature gradient derived large-scale circulation. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 72 (2). pp. 834-853. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-14-0041.1

Bush, S. J., Turner, A. G., Woolnough, S. J., Martin, G. M. and Klingaman, N. P. (2015) The effect of increased convective entrainment on Asian monsoon biases in the MetUM General Circulation Model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 141 (686). pp. 311-326. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.2371

Stein, T. H. M., Parker, D. J., Hogan, R. J., Birch, C., Holloway, C. E., Lister, G., Marsham, J. H. and Woolnough, S. J. (2015) The representation of the West-African Monsoon vertical cloud structure in the Met Office Unified Model: an evaluation with CloudSat. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.2614

2014

Toniazzo, T. and Woolnough, S. (2014) Development of warm SST errors in the southern tropical Atlantic in CMIP5 decadal hindcasts. Climate Dynamics, 43 (11). pp. 2889-2913. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-013-1691-2

Klingaman, N. and Woolnough, S. (2014) The role of air–sea coupling in the simulation of the Madden–Julian oscillation in the Hadley Centre model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 140 (684). pp. 2272-2286. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.2295

Vanniere, B., Guilyardi, E., Toniazzo, T., Madec, G. and Woolnough, S. (2014) A systematic approach to identify the sources of tropical SST errors in coupled models using the adjustment of initialised experiments. Climate Dynamics, 43 (7-8). pp. 2261-2282. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-014-2051-6

Holloway, C. E., Petch, J. C., Beare, R. J., Bechtold, P., Craig, G. C., Derbyshire, S. H., Donner, L. J., Field, P. R., Gray, S. L., Marsham, J. H., Parker, D. J., Plant, R. S., Roberts, N. M., Schultz, D. M., Stirling, A. J. and Woolnough, S. J. (2014) Understanding and representing atmospheric convection across scales: recommendations from the meeting held at Dartington Hall, Devon, UK, 28–30 January 2013. Atmospheric Science Letters, 15 (4). pp. 348-353. ISSN 1530-261X doi: 10.1002/asl2.508

Pearson, K. J., Lister, G. M. S., Birch, C. E., Allan, R. P., Hogan, R. J. and Woolnough, S. J. (2014) Modelling the diurnal cycle of tropical convection across the "Grey Zone". Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 140 (679). pp. 491-499. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.2145

Klingaman, N. and Woolnough, S. (2014) Using a case-study approach to improve the Madden-Julian oscillation in the Hadley Centre model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 140 (685). pp. 2491-2505. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.2314

2013

Tobin, I., Bony, S., Holloway, C. E., Grandpeix, J.-Y., Seze, G., Coppin, D., Woolnough, S. J. and Roca, R. (2013) Does convective aggregation need to be represented in cumulus parameterizations? Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 5 (4). pp. 692-703. ISSN 1942-2466 doi: 10.1002/jame.20047

Klingaman, N., Woolnough, S. and Syktus, J. (2013) On the drivers of inter-annual and decadal rainfall variability in Queensland, Australia. International Journal of Climatology, 33 (10). pp. 2413-2430. ISSN 0899-8418 doi: 10.1002/joc.3593

Holloway, C. E., Woolnough, S. J. and Lister, G. M. S. (2013) The effects of explicit versus parameterized convection on the MJO in a large-domain high-resolution tropical case study. Part I: Characterization of large-scale organization and propagation. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70 (5). pp. 1342-1369. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-12-0227.1

Vannière, B., Guilyardi, E., Madec, G., Doblas-Reyes, F. J. and Woolnough, S. (2013) Using seasonal hindcasts to understand the origin of the equatorial cold tongue bias in CGCMs and its impact on ENSO. Climate Dynamics, 40 (3-4). pp. 963-981. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1429-6

2012

Holloway, C.E., Woolnough, S.J. and Lister, G.M.S. (2012) Precipitation distributions for explicit versus parameterized convection in a large-domain high-resolution tropical case study. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 138. pp. 1692-1708. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.1903

Turner, A. G., Joshi, M., Robertson, E. S. and Woolnough, S. J. (2012) The effect of Arabian Sea optical properties on SST biases and the South Asian summer monsoon in a coupled GCM. Climate Dynamics, 39 (3-4). pp. 811-826. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1254-3

Daleu, C. L., Woolnough, S. J. and Plant, R. S. (2012) Cloud-resolving model simulations with one- and two-way couplings via the weak temperature gradient approximation. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 69 (12). pp. 3683-3699. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-12-058.1

2011

Klingaman, N. P., Woolnough, S. J., Weller, H. and Slingo, J. M. (2011) The impact of finer-resolution air-sea coupling on the intraseasonal oscillation of the Indian monsoon. Journal of Climate, 24 (10). pp. 2451-2468. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3868.1

2010

Woolnough, S. J., Blossey, P.N., Xu, K.-M., Bechtold, P., Chaboureau, J.-P., Hosomi, T., Iacobellis, S.F., Luo, Y., Petch, J.C., Wong, R. and Xie, S. (2010) Modelling convective processes during the suppressed phase of the a Madden-Julian Oscillation: Comparing single-column models with cloud resolving models. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 136 (647). pp. 333-353. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.568

2009

Waliser, D., Sperber, K., Hendon, H., Kim, D., Maloney, E., Wheeler, M., Weickmann, K., Zhang, C., Donner, L., Gottschalck, J., Higgins, W., Kang, I.-S., Legler, D., Moncrieff, M., Schubert, S., Stern, W., Vitart, F., Wang , B., Wang, W. and Woolnough, S. J. (2009) MJO Simulation Diagnostics. Journal of Climate, 22 (11). pp. 3006-3030. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2731.1

Klingaman, N. P., Weller, H., Woolnough, S. J., Inness, P. M. and Slingo, J. M. (2009) Coupled simulations of the Indian monsoon intraseasonal oscillation using a fine-resolution mixed-layer ocean model. Proceedings of the ECMWF Workshop on Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction. pp. 195-205.

2008

Bernie, D.J., Guilyardi, E., Madec, G., Slingo, J.M., Woolnough, S.J. and Cole, J. (2008) Impact of resolving the diurnal cycle in an ocean-atmosphere GCM. Part 2: A diurnally coupled CGCM. Climate Dynamics, 31 (7-8). pp. 909-925. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-008-0429-z

Willett, M.R., Bechtold, P., Williamson, D.L., Petch, J.C., Milton, S.F. and Woolnough, S.J. (2008) Modelling suppressed and active convection: Comparisons between three global atmospheric models. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 134 (636). pp. 1881-1896. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.317

2007

Bernie, D. J., Guilyardi, E., Madec, G., Slingo, J. M. and Woolnough, S. W. (2007) Impact of resolving the diurnal cycle in an ocean-atmosphere GCM. Part 1: A diurnally forced OGCM. Climate Dynamics, 29 (6). pp. 575-590. ISSN 0930-7575 doi: 10.1007/s00382-007-0249-6

Petch, J. C., Willet, M., Wong, R. Y. and Woolnough, S. J. (2007) Modelling suppressed and active convection. Comparing a numerical weather predicition, cloud resolving and single-column model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 133 (626). pp. 1087-1100. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.109

Vitart, F., Woolnough, S. J., Balmaseda, M. A. and Tompkins, A. M. (2007) Monthly Forecasting of the Madden-Julian Oscillation using a coupled GCM. Monthly Weather Review, 135 (7). pp. 2700-2715. ISSN 0027-0644 doi: 10.1175/MWR3415.1

Woolnough, S. J., Vitart, F. and Balmaseda, M. A. (2007) The role of the ocean in the Madden-Julian Oscillation: Implications for MJO prediction. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 133 (622). pp. 117-128. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.4

2005

Bernie, D. J., Woolnough, S. J., Slingo, J. M. and Guilyardi, E. (2005) Modeling diurnal and intraseasonal variability of the ocean mixed layer. Journal Of Climate, 18 (8). pp. 1190-1202. ISSN 1520-0442

2004

Woolnough, S. J., Slingo, J. M. and Hoskins, B. J. (2004) The diurnal cycle of convection and atmospheric tides in an aquaplanet. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 61. pp. 2559-2573. ISSN 1520-0469 doi: 10.1175/JAS3290.1

2002

Slingo, J., Inness, P., Neale, R., Woolnough, S. and Yang, G. (2002) Scale interactions on diurnal to seasonal timescales and their relevance to model systematic errors. Annals of Geophysics, 46 (1). pp. 139-155. ISSN 2037-416X doi: 10.4401/ag-3383

2001

Inness, P. M., Slingo, J. M., Woolnough, S. J., Neale, R. B. and Pope, V. D. (2001) Organisation of tropical convection in a GCM with varying vertical resolution: Implications for the simulation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation. Climate Dynamics, 17 (10). pp. 777-793. ISSN 1432-0894 doi: 10.1007/s003820000148

Woolnough, S. J., Slingo, J. M. and Hoskins, B. J. (2001) The organisation of tropical convection by intraseasonal sea surface temperature anomalies. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 127 (573). pp. 887-908. ISSN 1477-870X doi: 10.1002/qj.49712757310

2000

Woolnough, S. J., Slingo, J. M. and Hoskins, B. J. (2000) The relationship between convection and sea surface temperature on intraseasonal timescales. Journal of Climate, 13 (12). pp. 2086-2104. ISSN 1520-0442 doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<2086:TRBCAS>2.0.CO;2

1995

Woolnough, S. J., Allen, J. R. L. and Wood, W.L. (1995) An exploratory numerical model of sediment deposition over tidal saltmarshes. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 41 (5). pp. 515-543. ISSN 0272-7714 doi: 10.1016/0272-7714(95)90025-X

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